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HR specialists have to work with various legal acts, constantly monitor their updating. Particular attention is paid to the system of labor protection, which is also governed by certain regulations and standards.

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Overalls and safety shoes are designed for workers whose activities are carried out in dangerous and health-threatening conditions. According to the standards, workers should wear overalls, drivers of public transport, catering workers, medical institutions, housing and utilities, etc.

Technological clothing is a type of workwear. It is used to protect tools. In addition to overalls and shoes, you also need to have additional protective equipment – individual.

Varieties of protective equipment:

  • protection against mechanical impact and heat, dirt, hazardous liquids, etc .;
  • protection of eyes, respiratory organs from dangerous factors;
  • hygiene supplies.

Who should be?

Overalls, safety shoes, protective devices are issued only to those employees whose professions are listed in the Classifier and provided for by standards.

If the specialty is not included in the documentation, a person can purchase protective equipment for personal convenience for their money, in agreement with the supervisor – with partial payment.

All new employees are obliged to become familiar with the procedure and rules for issuing workwear prior to the conclusion of an employment contract.

If the organization for any reason has not issued remedies, it is impossible to start work. In this case, the worker is paid idle time in the amount of about 65% of wages.

Legislative regulation

The rules for issuing workers overalls can be found in the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia

Article 221 of the Labor Code states that when working in hazardous conditions, employees are provided with certified protective equipment in accordance with legal regulations.

The issuance of protective equipment is subject to the Model industry standards for their free provision. The document contains a list of professions and positions to which these rules apply.

Employers in coordination with the state inspector on labor protection can replace some types of protective equipment with others, which also provide full protection at work.

Model norms approved by the Decree of the Ministry of Labor №63.

Free provision of workwear depends on a number of factors:

  • scope of the company;
  • working conditions;
  • categories of hazards and so on.

Accepted norms

Provision of protective equipment is carried out according to the specifications of the configuration and staffing. Positions and specialties should be included in the classifier of specialties.

All clothes, shoes and additional funds are subject to certification (Article 215 of the Labor Code).

The manual may introduce additional standards for the provision of protective equipment for the implementation of a program to protect the health of workers in hazardous and hazardous work. Reducing the limit of protective equipment is not allowed.

The improvement in free provision of workwear is reflected in the collective agreement. After certification of workplaces and coordination with an inspector of labor protection, extradition norms can be adopted.


There are several categories of norms: industry, intersectoral and climatic zones.


In various areas of economic activity they rely on the annex to the Model Industry Standards adopted by the Ministry of Labor in 1997. These standards give different categories of workers the right to receive protective equipment, establish their names and quantity.


Inter-industry norms establish the procedure for providing protective clothing and footwear in various sectors of the economy.

The decrees of the Ministries of Labor and Healthcare define a list of specialties that are entitled to special protection. Intersectoral rules are adopted in accordance with Order No. 290-n.

Companions clothing and shoes are provided according to the rules for citizens, combining the profession. Pupils and trainees receive protective equipment at the time of internship.

Climatic zones

Resolution of the Ministry of Labor No. 70 introduces uniform rules for the provision of insulated protective equipment for climatic conditions.

Terms of use (in months):

Additional fur clothing for special belts:

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Legal issues of labor protection of mothers – here.

Requirements for workwear and safety shoes

Labor protection requirements for working clothes for each profession are different.

Increased requirements are imposed on the protective clothing of builders, since they are worn by people working in extreme conditions.

Requirements for builders overalls:

  • compliance with the stated protective qualities;
  • comfortable microclimate regardless of weather conditions;
  • high wear resistance, resistance to mechanical damage;
  • high-quality sewing material;
  • convenience;
  • compliance with hygiene requirements;
  • aesthetics

The main types of protective equipment:

  • suit;
  • vest;
  • jacket, pants;
  • waterproof coat;
  • shirt;
  • cap;
  • boots, rubber boots;
  • personal protective equipment for head, eyes, hands, etc.

In order to minimize accidents, some workers are issued with signal vests of the second class of protection.

The list of professions and specialties has recently been supplemented: the number of free protective equipment has increased, the list of winterized clothes has been expanded. The leadership relies an extended set of clothes and shoes.

The term of use depends on the climatic zone, and not the type of clothing.

The procedure for issuing workwear to motor transport workers was updated in 2009. The norms of warm and summer clothes are divided.

Summer clothes:

  • cotton suit;
  • costume made of mixed material;
  • boots or boots;
  • gloves.

Warm clothing:

  • warm suit;
  • warm boots or boots;
  • woolen gloves.

In accordance with the Order of the Ministry of Health No. 777-n, when finding employment for cooks, overalls and hygiene items are issued free of charge.


According to the annex to the Order of the Ministry of Labor of Russia


  • warm pants and jacket (in winter);
  • jumpsuit with mittens (summer).

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Trade workers

The list of clothes for trade workers in accordance with Annex No. 7 to the Industry Norms:

  • waterproof sleeves and apron;
  • bathrobe;
  • Insulated jacket and felt boots (for premises not heated in winter).

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Overalls for workers of housing and communal services in accordance with the Order N 997n:

  • overalls;
  • signal coat or vest (or suit);
  • gloves;
  • boots;
  • warm jacket, pants, boots and mittens (in winter).


Overalls for workers of the agricultural sector in accordance with the annex to the Order of the Ministry of Health No. 416-n:

In winter, warm clothing is issued.

Clothing set depends on the industry in which the worker is engaged.

The list of workwear in accordance with the annexes to the Model Regulations:

  • waterproof suit;
  • waterproof raincoat;
  • boots or boots;
  • warm pants, boots and jacket (in winter).

Health workers

Employees of medical institutions in accordance with the Order of the Ministry of Health No. 777-n are issued:

Emergency medical services are provided with winter and summer kits. Additional protective equipment includes glasses, rubber aprons, masks, etc.

The rules for the provision of overalls to Russian Railways employees are established by the Regulations of Russian Railways.

Workwear includes:

  • suit;
  • boots or boots;
  • jacket;
  • signal vest;
  • waterproof clothing;
  • gloves.

In winter, a coat, fur jacket, boots, mittens, hat and helmet are issued.

Power engineers

According to Appendix No. 11 to the Model Regulations, the fabric for making clothes must be heat resistant.

Set of clothes:

  • dielectric galoshes, gloves;
  • helmet with heat-resistant screen;
  • heat resistant underwear;
  • winter heat-resistant kit.

The procedure for issuing and replacing

For each worker, a personal registration card is inserted, in which protective equipment, clothing, footwear and dimensions are entered. After receiving the kit, the employee signs it.

If there is no signature, it is considered that the clothes were not issued. In addition to the cards, a register of personal protective equipment is started.

Download document forms on our website:

Is labor protection regulation mandatory or not? Read here.

What is an introductory instruction on labor protection? Find out here.

Duties of the parties

Employer Responsibilities:

  • purchase of workwear and shoes for their own money;
  • provision of cleaning, maintenance and storage of work clothes, equipment for changing rooms and cabinets;
  • disinfection and repair of working clothes (in the absence of such opportunities an agreement is concluded with a specialized company);
  • replacement of the unsuccessful uniform on the basis of the act;
  • conducting inspections of labor protection instructors on the use of clothing, checking the integrity of the protective equipment entered in the Journal;
  • provision of hygienic and preventive means to employees (in dirty production).

Employee Responsibilities:

  • it is forbidden to take out clothes from the enterprise;
  • do not do the washing at home;
  • the return of a set of protective equipment for dismissal or transfer;
  • timely notification of the head of clothing damage or contamination.

If the clothes and shoes are damaged due to the fault of the employee, a new set is issued after subtracting the residual price of the damaged one. If there are no violations from the side of the worker, the early write-off is carried out by the commission.

Care and storage

Overalls are stored in a specially equipped room according to the rules of storage and instructions of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance (when working with harmful substances).

Winter sets in the summer must be deposited.

Clothes and shoes are issued only after processing. Rented protective equipment used in accordance with the regulations, are entered into the employee’s personal card.

  • Due to frequent changes in legislation, information sometimes becomes outdated faster than we manage to update it on the site.
  • All cases are very individual and depend on many factors. Basic information does not guarantee the solution of your problems.

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