The official website of the Moscow Patriarchate
In the Week of the 2nd Lent, the Primate of the Russian Church consecrated the Moscow Church of the Holy Blessed Prince Alexander Nevsky in Alexandrovka
Ten pre-revolutionary icons, kept in the funds of “Mosfilm”, were handed over to His Holiness Patriarch Kirill
Patriarch Kirill: Families of priests should be in the center of attention of ruling bishops
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill chairs the meeting of the Supreme Church Council
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill chaired the 31st joint meeting of the Supervisory, Public and Trustee Councils for the publication of the Orthodox Encyclopedia
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia (in the world, Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyaev) was born on November 20, 1946 in Leningrad.
Father – Gundyaev Mikhail Vasilyevich, priest, died in 1974. Mother – Gundyaeva Raisa Vladimirovna, a teacher of German at school, in recent years a housewife, died in 1984. Older brother – Archpriest Nikolai Gundyaev, professor of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy, honorary rector of the Transfiguration Cathedral in St. Petersburg. Grandfather – priest Vasily Stepanovich Gundyaev, a Solovkov prisoner, for church activities and the struggle against Renovationism in the 1920s, 1930s, and 40s. Twentieth century. subjected to imprisonment and references.
After graduating from the 8th grade of secondary school, Vladimir Gundyaev joined the Leningrad Complex Geological Expedition of the North-West Geological Administration, where he worked from 1962 to 1965 as a cartographic technician, combining work with training in secondary school.
After graduating from high school in 1965, he entered the Leningrad Theological Seminary, and then the Leningrad Theological Academy, from which he graduated with honors in 1970.
On April 3, 1969, Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod Nicodemus (Rotov) was tonsured as a monk with the naming of Cyril. On April 7, he was ordained as a deacon, and on June 1 of the same year, as a hieromonk.
Since 1970 – Candidate of Theology of the Leningrad Theological Academy.
In 1970-1971 – teacher of dogmatic theology and assistant inspector of the Leningrad Theological Schools; at the same time – the personal secretary of the Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod Nikodim and the class teacher of the 1st class of the seminary.
September 12, 1971 elevated to the rank of archimandrite.
In 1971-1974 – Representative of the Moscow Patriarchate at the World Council of Churches in Geneva.
From December 26, 1974 to December 26, 1984 – Rector of the Leningrad Theological Academy and Seminary. In 1974-1984 – Associate Professor of the Department of Patrology of the Leningrad Theological Academy.
March 14, 1976 he was ordained bishop of Vyborg.
On September 2, 1977, he was elevated to the rank of archbishop.
From December 26, 1984 – Archbishop of Smolensk and Vyazemsky.
Since 1986 – manager of parishes in the Kaliningrad region.
Since 1988 – Archbishop of Smolensk and Kaliningrad.
From November 13, 1989 to 2009 – Chairman of the Department for External Church Relations (from August 2000 – Department for External Church Relations), permanent member of the Holy Synod.
February 25, 1991, was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan.
January 27, 2009. The Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church elected Metropolitan Kirill as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
On February 1, 2009, the enthronement of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill took place.
In fulfilling the obedience of the Priesthood, His Eminence Cyril was:
- from 1975 to 1982 – Chairman of the Diocesan Council of the Leningrad Metropolis;
- from 1975 to 1998 – a member of the Central Committee and the Executive Committee of the World Council of Churches;
- from 1976 to 1978 – Deputy Patriarchal Exarch of Western Europe;
- from 1976 to 1984 – Member of the Commission of the Holy Synod on Christian unity;
- c 1978 to 1984 – Administrator of the Patriarchal Parishes in Finland;
- from 1978 to 1984 – Deputy Chairman of the branch of the Department for External Church Relations in Leningrad;
- from 1980 to 1988 – Member of the Commission for the preparation and conduct of the celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the Baptism of Russia;
- in 1990 – a member of the commission for the preparation of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church;
- in 1990 – a member of the commission to assist in efforts to overcome the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant;
- from 1989 to 1996 – Managing the Orthodox Hungarian deanery;
- from 1990 to 1991 – Temporary Governor of the Hague-Netherlands Diocese;
- from 1990 to 1993 – Temporary administrator of the Korsun diocese;
- from 1990 to 1993 – Chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod for the revival of religious and moral education and charity;
- from 1990 to 2000 – Chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod on amending the Charter on the Administration of the Russian Orthodox Church. The Charter was adopted at the Jubilee Council of Bishops in 2000;
- from 1994 to 2002 – a member of the Public Council on the revival of the cathedral cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow;
- from 1994 to 1996 – Member of the Foreign Policy Council of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia;
- from 1995 to 2000 – Chairman of the Synodal Working Group on the development of the Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church on issues of church-state relations and the problems of modern society as a whole;
- from 1995 to 1999 – Member of the Russian Organizing Committee for the preparation and holding of events in connection with the celebration of memorable dates of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945;
- from 1996 to 2000 – Member of the Supervisory Board of the 50th Anniversary of the Victory Fund.
At the time of election to the Patriarchal See, Metropolitan Kirill was:
- a permanent member of the Holy Synod (since 1989);
- Chairman of the Department for External Church Relations (since 1989);
- Head of Patriarchal Parishes in Finland (since 1990);
- a member of the Synodal Theological Commission (since February 26, 1994);
- a member of the Patriarchal and Synodal Biblical Commissions (since 1990);
- co-chairman (since 1993) and deputy head (since 1995) of the World Russian People’s Council, chairman of the Smolensk (since 1996) and Kaliningrad (since 1997) branches of the ARNS;
- a member of the Zemsky movement Council (since 1993);
- a member of the Russian Palestinian Society;
- the author and host of the weekly telecast “Word of the Shepherd” on Channel One (since 1994);
- Honorary President of the World Conference “Religion and Peace” (since 1994);
- a member of the Council for Cooperation with Religious Associations under the President of the Russian Federation (since 1995);
- a member of the Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on State Prizes in the field of literature and art (since 1995);
- Honorary Member of the Moscow Intellectual Business Club (since 1995);
- Co-Chairman of the Christian Interfaith Consultative Committee (since 1996);
- a member of the presidium of the Interreligious Council of Russia (since 1998);
- Editor-in-Chief of the magazines Church and Time (since 1991), Smolensk Diocesan Gazette (since 1993), Orthodox Pilgrim (since 2001);
- a member of the church-scientific council on the publication of the Orthodox Encyclopedia (since 1999);
- a member of the Supervisory Board of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (since 2002);
- Co-Chair of the Council of European Religious Leaders (since 2002);
- Chairman of the organizing committee of the exhibition “Orthodox Russia” (since 2003);
- Co-Chair of the Working Group on the Cooperation of the Russian Orthodox Church with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia (since 2003);
- Chairman of the Executive Committee of the CIS Inter-Religious Council (since 2004);
- a member of the Presidium of the Interreligious Council of the CIS (since 2004);
- a member of the Council for Cooperation with Religious Associations under the President of the Russian Federation (since 2004);
- Chairman of the Commission for the Affairs of Old Believer Parishes and for Interaction with Old Believers (since 2005);
- Chairman of the working group for drafting a concept paper outlining the position of the Russian Orthodox Church in the sphere of interfaith relations (since 2005);
- Chairman of the working group on the preparation of a document expressing the position of the Russian Orthodox Church on the problems of globalization (since 2005);
- Member of the Joint Commission on National Policy and Relationship of the State and Religious Associations (since 2006);
- Co-Chair of the World Conference “Religions for Peace” (since 2006);
- the head of the working group on the development of the “Fundamentals of the Russian Orthodox Church’s teaching on dignity, freedom and human rights”;
- Locum tenens of the Patriarchal Throne (since December 6, 2008).
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill has the following degrees and titles:
- since 1986 – honorary member of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy;
- since 1987 – honorary doctor of theology at the Theological Academy in Budapest;
- since 1992 – member of the Academy of Creativity;
- since 1994 – honorary member of the International Academy of Eurasia;
- since 1996 – Honorary Professor of the Military Academy (now the University) of the Air Defense of the Ground Forces;
- since 1997 – full member of the Academy of Russian Literature;
- since 2002 – full member of the Academy of Social and Human Sciences (since 2003 – Public Russian Academy of Social Sciences);
- Since 2002 – Honorary Doctor of Political Science at Perugia State University (Italy);
- since 2004 – Honorary Doctor of Theology of the Warsaw Christian Academy (Poland);
- since 2004 – Honorary Professor of the Smolensk Humanitarian University;
- since 2005 – Honorary Professor of the Astrakhan University;
- since 2005 – Honorary Doctor of the Russian State Social University;
- since 2006 – Honorary Professor of the Baltic Naval Institute named after Admiral Fyodor Ushakov;
- since 2007 – Honorary President of the Academy of Russian Literature;
- Since 2007 – Honorary Doctor of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University;
- since 2009 – Honorary Doctor of Theology of the Kiev Theological Academy;
- Since 2009 – Honorary Doctor of Theology, Institute of Theology. sv. Methodius and Cyril of the Belarusian State University;
- since 2009 – Honorary Doctor of Theology of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy;
- since 2009 – honorary member of the Russian Academy of Education;
- since 2009 – Honorary Doctor of the Russian Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation;
- Since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of the National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”;
- since 2010 – Honorary Professor of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great;
- since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Petrozavodsk State University;
- since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Yerevan State University;
- since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of the Odessa National Academy of Law;
- since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Theology, Moscow Theological Academy;
- since 2011 – Honorary Doctor of the Transnistrian State University.
He was invited to give lectures to Rome (1972), to the University of Helsinki, to the Abu Academy in Turku, to the Orthodox seminary in Kuopio (Finland, 1975), to the Ecumenical Institute in Bossa (Switzerland, 1972, 1973 ), to the University of Münster (Germany, 1988), to the University of Udine (Italy, 1988), to the State University of Perugia (Italy, 2002), to the Christian Academy of Warsaw (Poland, 2004). He made presentations at many Russian and foreign conferences, symposia and forums.
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill is the author of the following books:
- Formation and development of the church hierarchy and the teaching of the Orthodox Church on her gracious character. – L .: 1971;
- Challenges of modern civilization. How the Orthodox Church responds to them. – M .: 2002;
- Word of the Shepherd. God and man. The story of salvation. – Moscow: 2004;
- L’Evangile et la liberte. Les valeurs de la Tradition dans la societe laique. – Paris: 2006;
- Freedom and responsibility: in search of harmony. – M .: 2008;
- Freedom and responsibility: in search of harmony. Human rights and personal dignity. – Enhanced edition, – Moscow: 2014;
- “Unknown” Patriarch Kirill. – M .: 2009;
- Patriarch of unity. Collection of sermons in Ukraine. – Kiev: 2009;
- Patriarch and youth: conversation without diplomacy. – M .: 2009;
- Holy Russia – together or apart? Patriarch in Ukraine. – M .: 2009;
- The vanguard of the Church. – Tver: 2009;
- The words. The sermons Speeches – Kiev: 2009;
- Be faithful to God. Book of conversations with His Holiness Patriarch Kirill. – Minsk: 2009;
- The strength of the nation is in the power of the spirit. – Minsk: 2009;
- The church calls for unity. – Minsk: 2010;
- Keep faith in hearts. – Minsk: 2011;
- Noi suntem un singur popor în faţa lui Dumnezeu. – We are one people before God (in Mold. Language). – 2011;
- The Sermons 2009-2010. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2010;
- The sermons 2010-2011. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2012;
- Sermons 2012. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2013;
- Sermons 2013. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2014;
- Sermons 2014. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2015;
- Sermons 2015. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2016;
- The secret of repentance. Lenten sermons (2001-2011). – M .: 2012;
- The secret of repentance. Lenten sermons (2001-2014). – Enhanced edition, – Moscow: 2015;
- Word of the Primate Collected Works. Series I. Vol. 1 (2009-2011). – M .: 2012;
- The word shepherd. Collected Works. Series II. T. 1 (1991-2011). – M .: 2013;
- Overcoming distemper. // Series “The Word of His Holiness Patriarch”. – M .: 2013. – Vol. one;
- The word shepherd. Collected Works. Series II. T. 2 (1991-2011). – M .: 2014;
- Holy Land. // Series “The Word of His Holiness Patriarch”. – M .: 2014. – Vol. 2..
as well as 3579 publications, including publications on the official website of the Russian Orthodox Church, in domestic and foreign periodicals (data as of February 1, 2017).
The cycles of telecasts with the speeches of His Holiness Patriarch Cyril have been published: “The Word of the Shepherd” – Introduction to Orthodox Christianity; “Word-Sacrament-Church” – History of the early Christian Church and the doctrine of the Church; “Jubilee Council of Bishops” – Basics of the social concept – the Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church – Acts on canonization, “Attitude to foreign religion”; “The Word of the Shepherd” – Church, state, politics (part 1), Church, person, society (part 2), About faith and salvation (part 3), Does Russia have a future (part 4).
Dozens of videos on the life and work of His Holiness Patriarch Cyril, election and enthronement of His Holiness, with recordings of divine services, sermons, meetings and speeches live, held during visits to Russian dioceses, to Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia and Armenia, as well as performances of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill on Russian television. The cycles of sermons of His Holiness and the recordings of a number of meetings with young people were also published on audio carriers.
Interaction with Local Orthodox Churches
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill worked and works in the field of inter-Orthodox relations. He was the first representative of the Russian Orthodox Church in Syndesmos, the World Brotherhood of Orthodox Youth Organizations. From 1971 to 1977 – Member of the Executive Committee of “Syndesmos”; participant VIII (Boston, 1971), IX (Geneva, 1977), X (Finland, 1980) and XIV (Moscow, 1992) of the General Assemblies of this organization; the participant of the first Pre-Council Pan-Orthodox Conference (Chambesy, 1976) and the Inter-Orthodox Commission for the preparation of the Holy and Great Council of the Eastern Orthodox Church (Chambesy, 1993, 1999); Keynote speaker at the orthodox consultation “General Understanding and Vision of the WCC” (Chambesy, 1995); a participant in the Pan-Orthodox Consultation on Ecumenism (Thessaloniki, 1998) and the Assembly of Heads of the Local Orthodox Churches to heal the Bulgarian church schism (Sofia, 1998); participant of the Pan-Orthodox celebration of 2000 years of Christianity in Bethlehem
In 2005, as head of the delegation of the Russian Orthodox Church, he took part in the enthronement of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Theophilus III.
As a chairman of the DECR, the official delegations visited all the Local Orthodox Churches, including accompanied by His Holiness Patriarch Pimen and His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II on their trips abroad.
As Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, he officially attended * Local Orthodox Churches: Constantinople (2009, 2014), Alexandria (2010), Antioch (2011), Jerusalem (2012), Serbian (2013). , 2014), Romanian (2017), Bulgarian (2012), Cyprus (2012), Hellas (2013), Polish (2012).
* – data as of January 30, 2018
Inter-Christian relations and cooperation
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill took part in the work of inter-Christian organizations. As a delegate, he participated in the IV (Uppsala, Sweden, 1968), V (Nairobi, Kenya, 1975), VI (Vancouver, Canada, 1983) and VII (Canberra, Australia, 1991) General Assemblies of the WCC and as guest of honor at the 9th General Assembly of the WCC (Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2006); in the World Missionary Conference “Salvation Today” (Bangkok, 1973); served as president of the World Conference on Faith, Science, and the Future (Boston, 1979) and the World Convocation on Peace, Justice, and the Integrity of Creation (Seoul, 1990); participated in the assemblies of the commission “Faith and device” of the WCC in Accra (Ghana, 1974), in Lima (Peru, 1982), in Budapest (Hungary, 1989). He was a keynote speaker at the World Missionary Conference in San Salvador, Brazil, in November 1996.
He was a delegate to the XI General Assembly of the Conference of European Churches (Stirling, Scotland, 1986) and the XII General Assembly of CEC (Prague, 1992), and also one of the keynote speakers at the European Assembly of the CEC “Peace and Justice” (Basel, 6 May 21, 1989).
He was a member of the Second European Assembly CEC in Graz, Austria (June 23-29, 1997) and the Third in Sibiu, Romania (September 5-9, 2007).
He was a participant in four rounds of bilateral discussions between the theologians of the Russian Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Churches (Leningrad, 1967, Bari, Italy, 1969, Zagorsk, 1972, Trento, Italy, 1975).
Since 1977 – Secretary of the International Technical Commission for the preparation of a dialogue between the Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Churches. Since 1980 – Member of the International Theological Commission for the Orthodox-Catholic dialogue. In this capacity, he participated in four plenary meetings of this commission: (Patmos-Rhodes, Greece, 1980; Munich, Germany, 1982; Crete, 1984; Valaam, Finland, 1988) and in the work of its Coordination committee.
He co-chaired the second round of the Orthodox-Reformed dialogue (Debrecen II) in 1976 in Leningrad and participated in the Evangelical Kirchentags in Wittenberg (GDR, 1983) in Dortmund (1991) in Hamburg (1995).
Member of the dialogue with the delegation of the Old Catholic Church in connection with the 100th anniversary of the Rotterdam-Petersburg Commission, Moscow, 1996.
As DECR chairman, on behalf of the Hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church, he took part in contacts with the Churches of the USA, Japan, GDR, West Germany, Finland, Italy, Switzerland, Great Britain, Belgium, Holland, France, Spain, Norway, Iceland, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ethiopia, Australia, New Zealand, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos, Jamaica, Canada, Congo, Zaire, Argentina, Chile, Cyprus, China, South Africa, Greece.
Being the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, he held a number of meetings with the heads and representatives of non-Orthodox Churches and Christian organizations.
In August 2012, the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Chairman of the Polish Catholic Episcopal Conference signed the Joint Message to the peoples of Russia and Poland.
In February 2016, Cuba hosted the first ever meeting of the Primates of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, during which His Holiness Patriarch Kirill and Pope Francis signed a Joint Statement.
Participation in the Councils of the Russian Orthodox Church
He was a member of the Local Jubilee Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (June 1988, Zagorsk), the chairman of its Editorial Committee and the author of the draft Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church adopted by the Jubilee Council.
He was a member of the Bishops ‘Council, dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the restoration of the Patriarchate (October 1989) and the extraordinary Bishops’ Council on January 30-31, 1990, as well as the Local Council on June 6-10, 1990, the Council of Bishops on October 25-26, 1991 ; March 31 – April 4, 1992; June 11, 1992; November 29 – December 2, 1994; February 18-23, 1997; August 13-16, 2000; October 3-6, 2004, June 24-29, 2008
He chaired the Bishops’ Council (2009, 2011, 2013, 2016, 2017) and the Local Councils (2009), and for the rest of the indicated Councils of the Russian Orthodox Church he was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee.
As chairman of the DECR, he gave reports on the work of the DECR. At the Jubilee Council in 2000, in his capacity as chairman of the respective Synodal Working Group and the Synodal Commission, he presented the Foundations of the social concept of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church.
At the Bishops’ Council on October 3-6, 2004, he also delivered a report on “Relations with the Russian Church Abroad and the Old Believers”.
Administration of Smolensk-Kaliningrad Diocese (1984-2009)
During the stay of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill, 166 parishes were opened at the Smolensk-Kaliningrad department (94 in Smolensk and the region, 72 in Kaliningrad and the region). Restored 52 and re-built 71 Orthodox church.
In 1989, the Smolensk Theological School was opened, transformed in 1995 into the Smolensk Theological Seminary.
Since 1998, the Interdiocesan Theological School has been operating, preparing regents of church choirs, catechists, icon painters and sisters of mercy. In most parishes of the diocese there are Sunday schools. There are Orthodox schools and kindergartens.
Since 1992 he has been teaching the Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture in public schools of the Smolensk and Kaliningrad Region.
Work in the position of DECR chairman (1989-2009)
Represented the Russian Orthodox Church in the commissions for drafting the USSR Law on Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations of October 1, 1990, the RSFSR Law of Religious Freedom of October 25, 1990, and the Federal Law of the Russian Federation On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations ”dated September 26, 1997
As chairman of the DECR, he participated in many international public and peace initiatives.
He took part in the development of church positions and peace actions during the events of August 1991 and October 1993.
He was one of the initiators of the creation of the World Russian People’s Council in 1993. He took part and delivered keynote speeches at Councils (1993-2008). Since the election to the Patriarchal Throne, he has been the chairman of the ARNS (since 2009).
As chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod for the revival of religious and moral education and charity, he initiated the creation of a synodal department for religious education, for social service and charity, for interaction with the armed forces and law enforcement agencies. He was the author of the Concept on the Revival of Charity and Religious Education, adopted by the Holy Synod on January 30, 1991.
He developed and submitted for approval by the Holy Synod the “Concept of interaction between the Russian Orthodox Church and the armed forces” in 1994.
From 1996 to 2000 – led the development and presented to the Jubilee Bishops’ Council of 2000 “The Foundations of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church”.
He took an active part in the normalization of the church situation in Estonia. In this regard, he visited the Patriarchs of Antioch and Jerusalem (trips to Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Israel in 1996), and also participated in negotiations with representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in Zurich (Switzerland) in March and twice in April 1996. , in Thessaloniki, Tallinn and Athens (1996), in Odessa (1997), in Geneva (1998), in Moscow, Geneva and Zurich (2000), in Vienna, Berlin and Zurich (2001 .), in Moscow and Istanbul (2003); He also repeatedly visited Estonia, where he negotiated with representatives of the government, deputies of parliament and with the business circles of this country.
He took an active part in peacekeeping actions on Yugoslavia. He visited Belgrade many times during the war, negotiated with the leadership of this country, initiated the creation of an informal international Christian peacekeeping group on Yugoslavia (Vienna, May 1999) and the convening of an international inter-Christian conference on the theme: “Europe after the Kosovo crisis: further actions of the Churches” in Oslo (Norway) in November 1999.
He was a keynote speaker at the Parliamentary hearings on the “Fundamentals of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church” (Moscow, 2001), and the topics “Religion and Health” (Moscow, 2003), “Improving the legislation on freedom of conscience and religious organizations: application practice, problems and solutions ”(Moscow, 2004).
He initiated a dialogue with European organizations in Brussels and the creation in 2002 of the Representation of the Russian Orthodox Church in European international organizations.
As chairman, the DECR visited Estonia (many times), Switzerland (many times), France (many times), Spain (many times), Italy (many times), Belgium (many times), Holland (many times), Germany (many times), Israel (many times), Finland (many times), Ukraine (many times), Japan (many times), Canada (many times), China (many times), Hungary (many times), Moldova (many times), Norway (many times), Lebanon and Syria (many times), Serbia (many times ), USA (many times), Turkey (many times), Brazil (many times), Australia (1 991), Austria (many times), Latvia (1992), Chile (1992), Bulgaria (1994, 1998, 2005), the Czech Republic (1996, 2004, 2007), Slovakia (1996 .), Iran (1996), Lithuania (1997), Denmark (1997), Morocco (1997), Argentina (1997, 2006), Mexico (1998), Panama (1998 c.), Peru (1998), Cuba (1998, 2004, 2008), Luxembourg (1999), Nepal (2000), Slovenia (2001), Malta (2001), Tunisia (2001), Mongolia (2001), Croatia (2001), Vietnam (2001), Kampuchea (2001), Thailand (2001), Ireland (2001), Iraq (2002), Liechtenstein (2002), Philippines (2002), special regions of the PRC – Hong Kong (2001, 2002), Macao (2002), South Africa (2003, 2008), Malaysia (2003), and Indonesia (2003), Singapore (2003), United Arab Emirates (2004), Poland (2004), Netherlands (2004), Dominican Republic (2004), Yemen (2005), North Korea (2006), India (2006), Romania (2007), Turkmenistan (2008), Costa Rica (2008), Venezuela (2008), Colombia (2008), Ecuador (2008), Angola (2008), Namibia (2008). Hungary, Mongolia, Slovenia, Iran, Iraq and Yemen made official visits at the invitation of the governments of these countries.
Patriarchal service. Management of the Russian Orthodox Church
In 2009, a reform of the central organs of church administration was undertaken. The activities of the Moscow Patriarchate’s Office of Affairs are fundamentally reorganized, the scope of activities of the Department for External Church Relations has been clarified, new synodal departments have been created, the functions of the Publishing Council of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Moscow Patriarchate Publishers have been divorced, analytical work has been carried out to formulate the necessary changes in the structure of the Training Committee under the Holy Synod and in general in the system of spiritual education. The activity of the General Church Court has been intensified.
In 2010, the statutes of the Synodal Department for Church Charity and Social Service were updated, the powers and structures of the Administration of the Moscow Patriarchate and the Synodal Commission for Monasteries were clarified, and the Secretariat for Foreign Institutions was transformed into the Moscow Patriarchate Administration. The activity of the Metropolitan Okrug in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been intensified: its Charter and Internal Regulations have been adopted, new dioceses have been established in this country.
In 2011, the Central Asian Metropolitan District was formed. A number of documents were adopted on social, missionary work, religious educational and catechetical service in the Russian Orthodox Church. The meeting of heads of synodal institutions was transformed into the Supreme Church Council with the subordination of this body to the Patriarch and the Holy Synod. In order to coordinate the activities of dioceses located in one subject of the Russian Federation, metropolises are formed. In the Moscow diocese created vikariatstva.
In 2012, the formation of the metropolis continues, the increase in the number of bishops and dioceses. The implementation of instructions of the Council of Bishops of 2011 is monitored. On the basis of documents adopted in 2011 on social, missionary, youth work, religious, educational and catechetical service in the Russian Orthodox Church, a detailed database of documents has been developed, as well as partly provisions governing special preparation ministers in these areas. Transformations are spreading from the central office of the Church to the level
In 2013, the course was continued for the formation of new dioceses and metropolises. The implementation of decisions and regulations in the field of social, missionary and catechetical activities takes place. A training system is being formed at spiritual educational institutions for diocesan, charity, and parish specialists in the field of mission, religious education and catechesis, and youth and social work. Three Stavropegic monasteries have been opened. Documents on church and social issues were adopted: “The position of the Church in connection with the development of technologies for the registration and processing of personal data” and “On the baptism of infants born with "surrogate mother"”.
In 2014, special attention was paid to church governance. The process of creating new dioceses and metropolis continued, and a Stavropegic monastery was formed. Much attention was paid to the creation and strengthening of parish communities, the development of parish life, and the involvement of laypeople in active and responsible participation in diocesan and parish activities. The course on the development of church volunteering in the social and other spheres of society was continued, the principles and directions of work with migrants were defined. The following documents were adopted: “The concept of the Russian Orthodox Church on the affirmation of sobriety and the prevention of alcoholism”, “Principles and directions of work with migrants.”
In 2015, the following documents were adopted: “On the participation of the faithful in the Eucharist”, “The wedding of spouses in the mnotech mnoshekh”, “On the Christian burial of the dead”, “The concept of the Russian Orthodox Church on spiritual nourishment and support for the Cossacks” Russian Orthodox Church in environmental activities. ” Formed Stavropegic monastery. Great attention was paid to the development of religious education, the following documents were adopted: “Regulations on the procedure for distributing graduates of religious schools of the Russian Orthodox Church”, “Regulations on educational courses for monastics of the Russian Orthodox Church”, “Regulations on the diocesan council on theological education in the Russian Orthodox Church”.
In 2015, the areas of responsibility of the three synodal institutions (the Synodal departments for prison ministry, church charity and social service, interaction with the Armed Forces and law enforcement agencies) for the implementation of church care about the resocialization of persons released from prison, as well as on social adaptation of juvenile offenders.
2016 was marked by a large number of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill’s overseas visits: to the countries of Latin America, in
In 2016, great attention was paid to the issues of spiritual education at all levels (from Sunday schools and teaching the Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture in secondary schools to refresher courses for clergy and theological education), a number of documents were adopted, in particular, “Regulations on refresher courses for clergy of the Russian Orthodox Churches”. The Moscow and St. Petersburg Theological Academies received state accreditation. The Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation approved the composition of the Expert Council of the Higher Attestation Commission for Theology. A dissertation council on theology has been created in the system of the Ministry of Education and Science. This was an important step in consolidating theology as a scientific specialty.
In 2016, an active dialogue continued with the state, secular society, non-Orthodox and representatives of other religions. At the suggestion of the President of the Russian Federation
During the Patriarchal Ministry, the following were formed:
– Inter-assembly presence of the Russian Orthodox Church (2009)
– Church executive authorities:
- Supreme Church Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (2011)
- Synodal Department for Church and Society Relationships (2009)
- Synodal Information Department (2009)
- Financial and Economic Management (2009)
- Synodal Committee on Interaction with the Cossacks (2010)
- Synodal Department of Prison Service (2010)
- Patriarchal Council for Culture (2010)
- Synodal Monasteries and Monasticism (2012), reorganized from the Synodal Monasteries Commission (2010)
- Synodal Department for Church Relations with Society and the Media by Merging the Synodal Department for Relations between Church and Society and the Synodal Information Department (2015)
– Church-wide collegiate bodies:
- Patriarchal Commission on Family, Maternity and Childhood Protection (2013), former names – Patriarchal Commission on Family and Maternity Protection (2012), Patriarchal Council on Family and Maternity Protection (2011)
- Patriarchal Commission on Physical Education and Sport (2015)
– Church-wide postgraduate and doctoral studies named after Saints Cyril and Methodius (2009)
– Inter-Agency Coordination Group for Teaching Theology in Higher Education Institutions (2012)
– The Church and Public Council under the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia to perpetuate the memory of the new martyrs and confessors of the Russian Church (2013), the former name is the Church and Public Council to perpetuate the memory of the new martyrs and confessors of the Russian (2012)
– Expert Council on Church Art, Architecture and Restoration (2016), established instead of the abolished All-Church Commission on Church Art, Architecture and Restoration (2015)
– Church and Public Council under the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia for the development of Russian church singing (2016).
As the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, in 2009-2017. visited the country with official visit: Azerbaijan (2009, 2010), Armenia (2010, 2011), Belarus (2009, 2012, 2013, 2015), Bulgaria (2012 year), Brazil (2016), Greece (2013, 2016) Egypt (2010), Israel (2012), Jordan (2012), Kazakhstan (2010, 2012 .), Cyprus (2012), China (2013), Cuba (2016), Lebanon (2011), Moldova (2011, 2013), Palestinian Authority (2012), Paraguay (2016), Poland (2012), Romania (2017), Syria (2011), Serbia (2013, 2014), Turkey (2009, 2014), Ukraine ( 2009, 2010 – 3 times, 2011 – 5 times, 2012, 2013), Montenegro (2013), Switzerland (2016) Estonia (2013), Japan (2012 g.).
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill made 221 trips to 116 dioceses *.
During the service of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill, the following were formed:
- 60 Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church *;
- 144 dioceses *;
- Vicariate Church in the Moscow Diocese (2011);
- Central Asian Metropolitan District (2011);
- The Patriarch’s blessing of the parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Kingdom of Thailand (2016);
- Patriarchal blessing of the parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Republic of Armenia (2016).
The number of dioceses of the Russian Orthodox Church increased from 159 (at the beginning of 2009) to 303 *.
At the beginning of 2009, there were 200 bishops in the Russian Orthodox Church, at the beginning of 2018 – 378 *.
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill headed 176 episcopal consecrations, including: in 2009 – 5; in 2010 – 9; in 2011 – 31; in 2012 – 41; in 2013 – 22; in 2014 – 18; in 2015 – 22; in 2016 – 13; in 2017 – 14; in 2018 – 1 *.
* – data as of February 1, 2018
Awards of the Russian Orthodox Church
- 1973 – Order of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Grand Duke Vladimir (II degree)
- 1986 – Order of St. Sergius of Radonezh (II degree)
- 1996 – Order of the Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow (I degree)
- 2001 – Order of St. Innocent, Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna (II degree)
- 2004 – Order of St. Sergius of Radonezh (I degree)
- 2006 – Order of St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia (II degree)
Orders of Self-governing and Autonomous Churches of the Russian Orthodox Church
- 2006 – Order of St. Anthony and Theodosius of the Caves (I degree) (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
- 2006 – Order “Blessed Voivod Stephen the Great and Holy” (II degree) (Orthodox Church of Moldova)
- 2009 – Order of the Holy Martyr Isidore Yurievsky (I degree) (Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate)
- 2009 – Order in honor of the 450th anniversary of bringing the Pochayev Icon of the Mother of God to the earth of Volyn (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
- 2011 – Order of St. Theodosius of Chernigov (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
Awards of the Local Orthodox Churches
- 2007 – Order of St. Savva the Sanctified (II degree) (Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
- 2009 – Golden Medal of St. Innocent (Orthodox Church in America)
- 2010 – Memorial Medal of St. Vladimir Theological Seminary (Orthodox Church in America)
- 2010 – Grand Cross of the Order of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Mark (Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
- 2011 – Order of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul (I degree) (Orthodox Church of Antioch)
- 2012 – Order of the Holy Tsar Boris (Bulgarian Orthodox Church)
- 2012 – Golden Order of the Apostle Barnabas (Cypriot Orthodox Church)
- 2012 – Order of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Mary Magdalene (I degree) (Polish Orthodox Church)
- 2012 – Order of the Life-bearing Holy Sepulcher “Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulcher Brotherhood” (Jerusalem Orthodox Church)
Awards from other religious organizations and Christian denominations
- 2006 – Order of St. Gregory of Parumala (Malankara Church, India)
- 2010 – Order of St. Gregory the Illuminator (Armenian Apostolic Church)
- 2011 – Order “Sheikh-ul-Islam” (Caucasian Muslims Office)
- 2012 – Order for services before the Ummah I degree (Coordination Center of Muslims of the North Caucasus)
State awards of the Russian Federation
- 1988 – Order of Peoples Friendship
- 1995 – Order of Friendship
- 1996 – Jubilee Medal “300th Anniversary of the Russian Fleet”
- 1997 – Medal “In memory of the 850th anniversary of Moscow”
- 2001 – Order of Merit for the Fatherland (III degree)
- 2006 – Order of Merit for the Fatherland (II degree)
- 2011 – Order of Alexander Nevsky
- 2016 – Order of Merit for the Fatherland (I degree)
State awards of foreign countries
- 2010 – Medal “65 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945” (Transnistrian Moldavian Republic)
- 2010 – Order “Sharaf” (Republic of Azerbaijan)
- 2011 – Order of the Republic (“Ordinul Republicii”) (Republic of Moldova)
- 2011 – Order of St. Mesrop Mashtots (Republic of Armenia)
- 2012 – Order of Friendship of Peoples (Republic of Belarus)
- 2012 – Order of the Star of Bethlehem (Palestinian National Authority)
- 2013 – Grand Cross of the Order of Honor (Hellenic Republic)
- 2013 – Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, I degree (Ukraine)
- 2016 – Order of José Martí (Republic of Cuba)
- 2017 – Order of Friendship (“Dostyk”) I degree (Kazakhstan)
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill was also awarded a number of other federal, departmental and regional state awards; has more than 120 awards of Russian and foreign public organizations; He is an honorary citizen of Smolensk, Kaliningrad, Neman (Kaliningrad region), Murom (Vladimir region), Smolensk, Kaliningrad, Kemerovo regions, the Republic of Mordovia and other regions and settlements of the Russian Federation.
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Yerevan State University;