The popularity of Peru as a tourist destination is due primarily to miracles and riddles – the mysterious heritage of ancient civilizations that once chose the lands of prehistoric Peru as their fiefdom. Even the most sophisticated travelers in astonishment freeze before perfectly fitted multi-ton monoliths in the temples of Machu Picchu, reverently inspect the perfect astronomical “instruments” of the prehistoric observatories of Peru and are lost in speculation about the origin of the geometrically correct multikilometer drawings of the Nazca plateau. Among other things, Peru can boast of even the richest ecosystem: in the Amazon delta alone there lives a third of all animal species known to science.
And Peru is the ancient Indian cities with mysterious structures, the “green hell” of the virgin jungle, the deepest canyon in the world, the high-mountain lake Titicaca, which was once part of the ocean.
Cities and regions of Peru
Major cities: Arequipa (Arequipa), Cajamarca, Trujillo, Huancayo, Cusco, Pisco.
The main tourist centers are Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, Chiclayo, Iquitos.
For a complete list of cities in the country, look at the page of the city and resorts of Peru, and about when it is best to go here and what to do on the spot, described in detail on the page tours in Peru.
Time difference with Moscow
- with Kaliningrad
- with Samara
- with Ekaterinburg
- with Omsk
- with Krasnoyarsk
- with Irkutsk
- with Yakutsk
- with Vladivostok
- with the North Kuril
- with Kamchatka
How to get to Peru
The easiest and most common option is to fly by international airlines with connections in Europe: Iberia and AirEuropa via Madrid, KLM via Amsterdam, Air France via Paris. A flight through Venezuela by Lufthansa and Taca Airlines flights is less convenient and longer in time, since it assumes two connections at once – in Frankfurt and in Caracas. In addition, there is an opportunity to get to Peru by Aeroflot flights with a transfer in Havana.
The duration of the flight, depending on the chosen route, is from 16 to 18 hours (without taking into account the time of connections).
On international flights, departing from Lima Airport is charged USD 28 or the equivalent in local currency. When departing from other airports in the country, the airport tax is 10 USD, and on domestic flights it is 5 USD.
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Visa in peru
For entry into the country for up to 90 days for citizens of Russia, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, a visa is not required. Health insurance at the border is also not asked, but without it, fly to South America is not worth it.
There are no restrictions on the import and export of local currency. Export of foreign currency is limited to the previously imported amount declared at the entrance. In the event of a reverse exchange of salt for dollars or euros, it is necessary to provide a certificate of the initial currency exchange made.
You can import 400 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 250 g of tobacco, 3 liters of strong alcoholic beverages into the country without duty. As well as perfumes in the range of personal needs, gifts and personal items, having intact factory packaging, not exceeding 300 USD at a total cost.
The importation of unpreserved food, weapons and drugs, as well as the importation and exportation without special permission of objects and things of historical, artistic or archaeological value is prohibited. For the importation of professional photographic, film or video equipment will require special permission. When exporting products from wool, leather, fur, jewelry at customs, they may be asked to present a receipt from the store where they were bought.
Useful phone numbers
Embassy of Peru in Moscow: Smolensky Boulevard, 22/14, of. eleven; tel .: (499) 248-07-49, 248-77-38, fax: (499) 248-00-72, website
Russian Embassy in Lima: Avenida Salaverry, 3424, San Isidro; tel .: (1) 264-00-36, 264-00-38, 264-11-70; Web site
Background of Lima International Airport: (1) 575-17-12 (around the clock)
Rescue and emergency services: 105, police: 714-313 (Lima)
Due to the complexity of the country’s relief, many of its regions can only be reached by plane. Several local airlines serve most of the cities of Peru, as well as make regular flights to neighboring countries.
Buses are cheap and convenient enough for long distance travel. Ticket for intercity flights can be purchased at bus stations and local travel agencies, but in the latter prices may be greatly overestimated.
In case of long-distance crossings, you should have a passport with you, as there are police posts on the roads that need to show it. Tariffs, as a rule, are the same and depend on the distance. Ticket for intercity flights can be purchased both at bus stations and local travel agencies, but in the latter prices may be greatly overestimated.
Traveling on city buses is a dubious pleasure: they are always crowded, slow, but cheap. The route is marked on the poster under the windshield in the form of street names along which this car follows, but the conductors on the whole route, as a rule, also shout out their destination, leaning out of the window. You can stop the bus anywhere. In addition, along the busiest routes, shuttle buses “Kombis” ply, the cost of travel in them is slightly higher than in regular buses, but the level of comfort is much higher.
Taking a taxi to Peru is not a problem. It is better to negotiate the price in advance so that at the end of the trip there are no unpleasant surprises. It is better to use official licensed yellow taxis. Taxis that await passengers near train stations and airports will cost more than those that are literally around the corner. In addition, bicycles and auto rickshaws are popular in cities: they will be cheaper than taxis.
The main (and practically the only) transport in the Selva area is canoe boats and powerboats.
The railway is the cheapest form of long-distance transport in the country, so cars are usually crowded, and the schedule is rarely respected. Special tourist trains run daily on the routes Cusco – Machu Picchu and Ollantaytambo – Machu Picchu. It is better to buy tickets to the car is not lower than the second or first class.
The timetable for the movement of all types of transport in Peru is often not respected (or rather, it is observed infrequently), so transfers on a plane, planning trips by rail, etc., should always be done with a margin of time.
Rent a Car
You can rent a car in the offices of large rolling offices, which are located at the airport (some work around the clock). This requires an international driver’s license, credit card or deposit, paid insurance, as well as at least 25 years of earthly life in the background.
Rent a car in Peru is easy, but tourists should once again think about whether to do it. Self-driving by car around the country is not always safe: mountain roads are often in a terrible state, and many are simply knurled tracks, signs and markings are practically absent. In the cities, the picture is slightly better: there are almost no road signs and traffic lights, and the traffic rules are mostly unintentionally observed by local drivers. Therefore, in most cases it is cheaper, and in all it is much safer to use a taxi or rent a car with a driver.
The safety of tourists in Peru
Tourists in Peru should be extremely careful not to become victims of pickpockets – especially at train stations, on trains and public transport. You should not carry large sums of money with you, or leave your personal belongings unattended. In the hotel, all valuables are best kept in a safe. On the streets, tourists can be bothered by all sorts of beggars and peddlers who are absolutely not recommended to buy anything.
The country should drink only bottled water and pasteurized milk, and you should not buy food on the street or in cheap places.
You can take pictures of the local population only with permission.
Before visiting the Amazon, you should be vaccinated against yellow fever (at least 10 days before the trip), take care of malaria pills, repellents and sunscreens. There is a risk of getting hepatitis B and D.
Before visiting high-mountain sites, one should undergo gradual acclimatization at lower altitudes. It is facilitated by the rejection of coffee, cigarettes and liquor, light food, as well as the use of tea from coca leaves.
Here you have to seed the ancient Peruvian myth of how nearly came the end of the world. Once, one person brought his llama to a good pasture, but the animal did not eat anything, but only uttered mournful moans. When the owner asked what the matter was, the lama answered that she had no reason to feed: in five days the sea would rise and suck the land. Frightened, the man asked if he could be saved – and the lama advised him to hurry to the top of the mountain of Villacoto, taking with him only food for five days. The man with the lama, without hesitation, set off on a journey to the mountain peak, and when they reached it, they saw that all the animals and birds had already gathered there. And then the sea rose: the water got so close that the fox got its tail wet (that’s why foxes have dark tails). Five days later, the water subsided, and only one person survived, who spoke with his lama in time. It was from him, according to Peruvian beliefs, that the entire present human race occurred (the legend is silent about how he managed to produce offspring alone).
Bright colors of Peru
Climate of Peru
Climatic conditions vary greatly in different regions of the country. On the coast, winter lasts from June to September, the temperature during the year is kept at around +16. +25 ° C at very low humidity. In mountainous areas, at altitudes up to 3500 m, the climate is temperate, the temperature in winter (June-October) is +4. +6 ° С, in summer – up to +16. +17 ° C, and in the valleys – up to +24 ° C. Above, the “Puna” zone (“cold place”) begins, where the mountain climate is pronounced: the temperature in winter is from 0 to –7 ° C, and in summer it is +3. +7 ° С with high air discharge and sharp daily fluctuations in temperature (during the day it can reach +22. +28 ° С, at night – up to −12 ° C). The tops of the mountains are covered with snow and glaciers all year round.
The eastern and northeastern parts of the country differ greatly in weather conditions from the center and west: on the Selva plains, the average monthly temperature in summer ranges from +18 to +27 ° C, in winter – from +16 to +26 ° C. There are two seasons in the country – dry (May-October) and wet (November-April).
The best time to visit the mountainous areas and Selva is June-August, the coasts are December-March. Actual information: weather forecast for the main resorts of Peru for the coming days.
The general level of Peru’s hotel base is quite high and corresponds to world standards. Even three-star hotels are distinguished by spacious rooms and decent food.
The voltage in the mains is 220 V, 60 Hz, in some hotels the voltage is 110 V. Sockets are flat with two pins, but round two-pin connectors are also common everywhere. In the lodges located in the jungles of the Amazon, electricity is usually served until 22:00, later they are lit with kerosene lamps.
The monetary unit of the country is the New Salt (PEN), in 1 salt 100 centimes. Actual rate: 1 PEN = 19.74 RUB (1 USD = 3.32 PEN, 1 EUR = 3.72 PEN).
Money can be exchanged at exchange offices (casas de cambio), hotels (not always profitable, since a large commission is charged) and banks. It is best to carry US dollars with you, as the currency of other countries can often be exchanged only in large banks of the capital. Exchange of old and old bills can be difficult.
Banks are open from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00, and on Saturdays from 9:00 to 13:00. In the provinces, some banks may operate on an individual schedule.
Credit cards and travelers checks (better in US dollars) can only be served in the capital and major tourist centers: it is almost impossible to pay them in the provinces.
Tips in bars, restaurants and hotels (usually 10% of the order amount) are already included in the bill. In addition, in restaurants and high-class hotels, various taxes are added to the bill, which can add up to 28%. In a taxi, tips are optional, guides make tea 3-5 USD per day.
Shopping and shopping
Most shops and shopping centers are open from 9:00 to 20:00 without days off. Some supermarkets in the capital are open until 22:00 or work around the clock. In small towns, shops have their own schedule. In the local markets always need to bargain.
Jewelry from gold, silver and copper, pullovers and other alpaca products, wall carpets from llama wool, traditional products with woodcarving or stone, souvenirs from dried pumpkins, pottery, furs, musical instruments and leather are usually brought from Peru. the drums. In local markets, you can and should bargain.
In some supermarkets of Lima in the cash voucher they beat out two prices: in salt and in dollars. With such a check, you can pay in dollars, but the change will be given in salts at the bank rate.
Kitchen and restaurants Peru
The national traditions of Peru were strongly influenced by European traditions, but at the same time it remained very diverse and original. In different parts of the country, culinary traditions vary, but the abundance of pepper, garlic, potatoes, yams (a type of root crop), corn and vegetables is common.
Almost any kind of meat is used – from beef and lamb to guinea pigs, the only exception is alpaca-like llamas, which are bred only for wool.
On the coast and in the valley of the Amazon “they rule” fish and seafood. Popular local food is fresh fish marinated in lemon juice and spices. As for potato dishes, they are popular everywhere in Peru – they are both ordinary boiled potatoes with sauce, pancakes with “Papa Rellen” meat filling, and “Kausa” – mashed potato pie and spicy salad with chicken or tuna. In addition, the variety of fruits is considered the hallmark of the local cuisine – these are the usual oranges, papayas, peaches and bananas, and exotic things like cherimoya, lukums or prickly pears.
In the country, you should try “saltado” – a stew of vegetables with different seasonings, rice in a “Peruvian” pot, lentil soups, beans and other legumes, “arros-con-choklo” – rice or cereal porridge, “karapulkru” – dried potatoes with pork, chicken and sunflower seeds. And also very spicy “soup a la Creole” made from beef with noodles, eggs, milk and vegetables, assorted “Pachamanka” meat varieties (fried in a covered dish on hot stones), alpaca “Puno” meat steaks and Traditional local delicacy “Kui” – stewed or roasted whole guinea pig, a very tasty dish that you should definitely try “ceviche” – is a special image of pickled fish or seafood.
On the coast and in the Amazon valley, fish and seafood are widely used. In addition, the variety of fruits is considered the hallmark of the local cuisine – these are the usual oranges, papayas, peaches, bananas, and more exotic options – Chirimoya, Turkish delight, and tuna.
From the national drinks can be distinguished pisco (pisco) – distilled grape spirit, from which they make Pisco Sour. Also in Peru, a lot of different juices, herbal teas, and, of course, coffee. It is worth trying “chicha morada” – a refreshing drink brewed from corn grains with added sugar and spices.
Guides in Peru
Entertainment and attractions of Peru
The sights of Peru can be divided into two categories: the heritage of ancient civilizations (known and unknown) and natural beauty, carefully preserved in the vast national parks.
Pisac is a city and an ancient Inca fortress located 33 km from Cusco in the Sacred Valley of the Incas near the Urubamba River. In the vicinity of Pisac, you can visit the ruins of an ancient fortification that protected the entrance to the river valley. In addition, in the Sacred Valley, interesting are the pyramid city of Ollantaytambo and the village of Chinchero.
The Nazca desert, one of the tourist “pearls” of the country, is located in the south of Peru between the rivers Ingenio and Nazca. It is an almost square stone plateau, festooned with mysterious drawings of enormous size visible only from the air and made with one continuous line carved in stone. The drawings depict human figures, as well as birds and animals, many of which, oddly enough, are not found in the Nazca area. It is assumed that the creation date of these “megarisunkov” – 350-700 years BC. e. Also in this region is interesting Chauchilla necropolis (1st century AD.)
Arequipa is the most beautiful city in the country, located in the very south of Peru at an altitude of 2335 m above sea level. The main attractions are the Convento de Santa Catalina Convent, the cathedral, the Jesuit church of La Campagna, the central Plaza de Armas, the former Casa de la Moneda mint, the Casa Moral mansion. And 180 km from Arequipa there is a unique natural site – the Kolka Canyon, which is considered the deepest in the world.
Costa – the Pacific coast of the country. There you can visit the national marine reserve “Paracas”, the sand dunes of Uacachina, the oases around the “capital of winemakers” Iki, the national park “Uuskaran” and the Wailas valley, the ancient clay city of Chan Chan and the pre-Inca cities of Sipan and Tukume.
Trujillo is the capital of Costa, founded in the 16th century. and preserved the style of the colonial era. The main square of the city’s Plaza de Armas, the Town Hall, the Bishop’s Palace, the Cathedral, the Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Cassinel, the art gallery in the Casa Ganos building and numerous monasteries are worth seeing. There are also many interesting things in the vicinity of Trujillo – these are the ruins of ancient cities, temples-fortresses, and the ecological reserve in Batan Grande.
Selva – the eastern part of the country. The main thing that attracts tourists here is the unique flora and fauna: in the jungle grow mahogany, rubber, sarsaparilla, vanilla tree and a great variety of exotic tropical flowers. On the Amazon you can watch pink dolphins, caimans and other reptiles, many endemic birds. In addition, there live purebred Indian tribes, and in the jungle numerous monuments of ancient cultures are lost.
5 things to do in Peru
- To get to the annual October religious holiday – El Senor de los Milagros, held on the main square of Lima, Plaza de armas.
- A peek into the House of Aliaga (Casa de Aliaga) in Lima, the oldest house of the colonial era, within which the descendants of Aliaga still live in the 16th generation, so you can visit the house for 30 PEN, if you agree with the owners.
- Personally attend a meeting with a local shaman in the jungle, who will dedicate you to the ritual with Ayahua, smell a bottle of magical liquid, and at the same time replenish the supplies of the first-aid kit with the famous “7 roots” remedy that heals from all diseases.
- Take a walk through the Olive Grove in the area of San Isidro, where about 1500 trees grow.
- To visit the only beach in Peru with red sand, which is located in the national park “Paracas”.