To the lesson of astronomy. Posters in electronic form. Kepler laws. Determination of distances to the bodies of the solar system. Spectrum-luminosity diagram. Our Milky Galaxy
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To the lessons of astronomy. Krasnodar MOU SOSH №101 Physics teacher Marina Postovalova
Kepler laws. . Sun of Afhelia Perihelion Planet F 1 F 2 O Center of the Ellipse 1
Determination of distances to the bodies of the solar system. R O O1 R R D Parallax method, Earth basis-radius. D = _________ 206 265 R R R = ____ R = D _______ 206265 Earth Another planet Distance to the planet parallax Angular radius r r r Р
A B FG KM Spectral classes of stars 30000 20,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 3,000 3,000 ° C W e e m e c o rt u r a B L A S C supergiants giants White dwarfs gl a v n i am about the sun and the sun 0 +5 +10 +15 l Spectrum-luminosity diagram
crown Spherical clusters Spiral arms I d r about the position of the Sun Spiral arms 100000 light years Disk Our Galaxy-Milky Way Cosmic rays. Gravity fields. Electromagnetic fields. Gas and dust clouds.
Removal of the Milky Way Galaxies Milky Way
The scheme of solar and lunar eclipses. The Sun The Moon The Earth The Shadow A diagram of the total solar eclipse. Sun Earth Moon Diagram of a complete lunar eclipse Period of a full cycle of eclipses-18 years 11 days
Phases of the Moon Rays of the Sun New Moon First Quarter Last Quarter Moon Orbit P O L N O L U N I E Full cycle of changing lunar phases 29.5
Determination of geographic latitude. Horizon S N Earth Equator O1 The axis of the world The axis of the Earth The plumb line Z h The height of the pole of the world equals the geographical latitude. H = 90- + Z Z 1 N S Q Q 1 P P1 M1 M1 f f f f d f d H = 90 + – (north of the zenith) (south of the zenith) H = f Horizon Heavenly equator Axis of peace.
The distance to the stars. Method
The physical nature of the stars. Spectral classes of stars. O —- V —- A —- F —- G —- K —- G1 G2 G3. G10 white red blue yellow Star luminance L = 4 R T 2 4 p 2 d d – Stefan-Boltzmann constant R- star radius T-temperature stars Sun Subclasses 10km 2M Black hole Star formation. The final one. the stars
Other galaxies. Elliptical Spiral Irregularly Shaped Interactive Radio Galaxies Giant, Dwarf Red Giants. The most numerous. Milky Way, Andromeda nebula. Large and Small Mugglean Clouds. Centauri A. Radio galaxy. Weak-in optical. Strongly in the radio range. Swan a
Telescopes Refractors telescopes Lenses, refraction Lens Eyepiece Reflector telescopes. Mirrors, reflection. Radio telescopes Ratan 600 Telescopes in orbit. Garnet, Astron, Hubble. Kepler telescope. Newton’s telescope. 2 meters . 6 meters Observatory: Pulkovo, Moscow State University observatory, Zelenchukskaya, Byurakanskaya, Crimea.
Features of the movement of the Sun NORTH SOUTH Northern Arctic Circle Southern Polar Circle Tropic Southern Tropic Equator 66.5 66.5 23.5 23.5 0 September 21, December 22. March 23, June 22
By topic: methodical developments, presentations and notes
from the journal // Physics at school for 1994, №4. : Studying the patterns of long-term life on Earth and the potential for extraterrestrial effects on these patterns, paleontologist D. Raun came to the conclusion. Ten.
From the creative heritage of Andrei Bely. fragment of the article by Barabanov NN "I am a naturalist" // Physics, 2004, №1.
This presentation of the astronomy lesson in grade 11 "Big Planets of the Solar System" It provides an opportunity to visually show students 8 major planets in the solar system, as well as to check the assimilation.
Presentation for astronomy lessons.
This presentation can be used in physics lessons (in the subject "Atoms and stars", Grade 9) and astronomy. I use this material in the course of the course "Entertaining Universe" (Grade 9). Gift.
The main goal of modern education is to maximize the development of creative abilities of the individual. The development of creative productive thinking, the ability to informally apply the knowledge, ra.
Presentation to an astronomy lesson "Motion and phases of the moon".