Mexico, officially title – Mexican united states – a state in the south of North America, bordering on the north with the United States, in the south-east with Belize and Guatemala, washed in the west by the waters of the California Bay and the Pacific Ocean, in the east by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Mexico occupies almost the entire territory of Central America. It consists of 31 states and the capital of Mexico City, which is a federal district. The country’s population is more than 107 million. The country produces oil, natural gas (one of the leading places in Latin America), iron ore, sulfur, antimony ore, mercury and graphite. In agriculture, plant growing prevails – corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruits, tomatoes are grown; besides, cows and poultry are raised. Other important industries are logging, fishing, shrimp fishing.
Mexico – the cradle of the brightest civilizations created by the Maya Indians, the Aztecs, and lost in the darkness of ages – is a beautiful and unusually mysterious country. Her landscapes shake the imagination of diversity and cosmic grandeur. Its beaches captivate with a combination of white sand and clear, transparent water. Her animal and plant world is fantastically rich.
More than 107 million people. Historically, the country’s population was formed from three main ethnic groups: mestizos – 55% of the total population of the country, Indians – 30%, descendants of Europeans – 15%.
The climate of Mexico is influenced by coastal waters and sudden changes in altitude. In the area of the Mexican Highlands, it is usually cooler than on the coast, where the air temperature does not fall below + 20 ° C even in winter. In the northern part of Mexico in the winter a little snow falls. The climate of the Yucatan Peninsula is tropical. The resorts temperature from + 22 ° C (winter) to 35 ° C (summer). The average air temperature in the lowland resorts is + 26 ° C, the water temperature is + 22 ° C. As in most other tropical countries, there are two main seasons in Mexico: the rainy season (from June to October) and the dry period (from November to May).
Resorts of Mexico: In addition to ancient civilizations and rich history, Mexico is also a country of amazing beaches, which can be divided into 2 groups – the beaches of the Pacific Coast and the Caribbean Sea. On the Pacific coast is Acapulco, Puerto Vallarta, Mazatlan, Los Cabos; in the Caribbean – Cancun, Cozumel and Playa del Carmen.
Mexican time is 9 hours behind Moscow time.
93% of the population speak only Spanish and any Indian language, 1% know only the language of local Indians.
Mexican peso. In circulation there are banknotes of denomination of 500, 200, 100, 50 and 20 pesos and coins of denomination of 10 pesos, 5, 2 and 1 centavo. The Mexican peso is denoted by the icon $ with one line (as opposed to the American dollar – with two). 1 USD is about 11-13 pesos).
The mains voltage is 110/127 volts. Flat sockets are used. Adapters can be purchased in almost all shops of the hotel or outside of it.
The dominant religion is Catholicism. (76% of the population).
Citizens of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, as well as having a United States visa are allowed unimpeded entry into Mexico. For citizens of the Russian Federation, there is an electronic visa system. For a one-time trip, just fill out a form on the site and then print it. There is also the possibility of obtaining a Mexican visa valid for 10 years, with multiple entries.
The import is allowed: no more than 400 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco, up to 2 liters of strong alcoholic drinks or wine, one video camera, one camera, gifts worth no more than 300 USD.
The import of: fruits, vegetables, plants, flowers, products from vegetables, meat products, medicines (a prescription or medical card), psychotropic substances is prohibited.
Export is prohibited: archaeological valuables, antiques, rare animals and birds, their hides and stuffed animals, plants and their seeds, corals, etc.
WHAT TO WEAR
In Mexico, there are no special rules and restrictions regarding the appearance, and therefore often on the same street there are also glamorously dressed fashionable women and Indians in national dress. The bulk of the population, both local and tourist, wears shorts, T-shirts or other comfortable clothing made of lightweight fabrics. It is recommended to use sunscreen. On the coral, rocky beaches, it is desirable to put on special, special slippers with rubber soles. On excursions: comfortable sports shoes, a hat, a light jacket with long sleeves or a cape to protect from the sun, as well as cold air conditioner in the transport, an umbrella or a raincoat. It is cool in the mountainous areas in the morning, so we recommend taking warm clothes with you. In some five-star hotels for dinner, there is a dress code: for men – long pants and closed shoes, for women – an evening dress.
As in other major countries, in Mexico there is public transport: buses, route taxis, metro (in the capital), high-class intercity buses with all amenities. It is recommended to order an official taxi at the airports of the country.
If you are planning to rent a vehicle, you will need an international class driving license and a credit card.
The peculiarity of Mexican cuisine is a large number of dishes from corn (maize), the use of sauces and seasonings. The most popular dish of the Mexican national cuisine is taco – corn tortilla stuffed (meat, vegetables or fruits), fried over charcoal. The business card of Mexican cuisine is hot chilli peppers, there are more than 80 varieties. Of the alcoholic beverages, tequila has gained great popularity all over the world. Traditional alcoholic beverages also include: ulca, mescal, balce. Lime is served to almost any dish as a mandatory ingredient. Each state of Mexico has its own traditional menu. Due to this diversity, Mexican cuisine has become one of the most popular in the world.
Shops usually work with
HOLIDAYS AND NON-WORKING DAYS
January 1 – New Year’s Day February 5 — Constitution Day February 24 – Flag Day March 21 – the birthday of BenitoHuarez – the country’s national hero March – April – Good Friday and Easter April 30 – Children’s Day May 1 – Labor Day May 5 – anniversary of the Battle Day Puebla September 16 – National Holiday October 12 – Columbus Day of Coming to the Continent November 2 – All Saints Day November 20 — Revolution Day December 8 – Immaculate Conception Day December 12 – De Guadalupe Festival December 25 – Christmas.
CONTACTS RUSSIAN EMBASSY IN MEXICO
Address: JOSE VASCONCELOS 204, COLONIA HIPODROMO CONDESA, DELEGACION CUAUTEMOC, 06140 MEXICO, D. F. Phone: (52 55 5) 273-13-05, 516-08-70, 516-76-33 E-mail: embrumex @
Embassy of Mexico in Moscow Moscow, 119034 B. Levshinsky Pereulok, 4 Office: (495) 969-28-78 Fax: (495) 969-2877 http: //
The Consular Section: Tel .: (495) 637-48-48
Opening hours: Reception of documents and payment of the consular fee: Monday – Friday 9: 00-11: 30 Issuance of documents: Monday – Friday 12: 30-13: 30.
To call from Mexico to another country, you need to dial 00 – access to the international line, country code, city code, phone number.
To call a city number in Mexico you need to dial the international access number – 52, the country code – the city code – the subscriber number.
To call to Mexico, you need to dial the international access number – 52, country code – 1 – city code – subscriber number.
Mexico City – 555 Acapulco – 744 Veracruz – 229 Guadalajara – 33 Cancun – 988 Merida – 999 Monterrey – 81 Cozumel Island – 987 Playadel Carmen – 994
Address: metro Kuznetsky Bridge, st. Kuznetsky Most, 19,