In Quebec, you can still stumble upon real walls and walk along the “European” streets of the Old City, which were settled in the XVII century. Despite the fact that the city was conquered by the British, its French roots have not gone away – they still continue to influence the lives of citizens.
It is known that Quebec is not located in the warmest climate zone, but people have learned to take advantage of this situation. They organized a fun Winter Carnival, and every year they build an ice hotel, where a long line of tourists prepares. Moreover, Quebec is surrounded by unique nature. Not far from the city is located the magnificent Montmorency Falls and the magnificent Jacques-Cartier Park.
What to see and where to go in Quebec?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and brief description.
1. Castle Hotel Chateau-Frontenac
Quebec Hotel Chateau-Frontenac, located on Cape Diamond, became known throughout the world thanks to its unusual architecture. From afar, it seems as if this is a real medieval castle with bastions, towers and powerful walls. The building was built at the end of the XIX century on the site of the former residence of the governors of the metropolis. As befits a castle, the building is located on an elevation and dominates over the rest of the buildings.
2. Old Quebec
The historic center of Quebec, which is a protected monument of UNESCO. The first buildings of Old Quebec date from the beginning of the XVII century, but most of the buildings appeared in the XIX century. The area resembles the typical French quarter of the Old World, on its territory there are cathedrals, historic mansions, fortifications, completely unique to North America.
3. Royal Square
The square is a picturesque piece of Europe, as if transferred to the North American continent. It is covered with centenary paving stones, stone narrow streets diverge from it, restaurants work on the first floors of old mansions for tourists. The square is decorated with an elegant church building, Notre-Dame de Victoire, which was built in 1690. This is one of the oldest temples of the New World.
4. The old port of Quebec
The harbor is the second largest after the port of Montreal. In the XIX century, she played an important role in the commercial shipping of Canada, every day hundreds of ships passed through the port. After the construction of a more modern harbor, cruise liners moored in the Old Port, and it turned into a popular landmark. From the harbor offers a magnificent view of the Chateau-Frontenac.
5. Quebec Fortress
Defensive structures at Cape Diamond, built in the shape of a star. They were built up to the middle of the XIX century. On the territory of the Quebec fortress is still a military base and the residence of the Governor-General. Here the English monarch will stay in case of his visit to Quebec. By the end of the XIX century, the fort lost its military significance; an artillery school was opened on its territory.
6. The city walls
The fortress wall was erected in the middle of the XVIII century, it is the only building of this kind in North America, since the rest did not reach our days. In 1985, the remains of the walls were declared a UNESCO monument, which prevented attempts at demolition. The fortress wall gives Quebec an original historical appearance and recalls the times of the British and French confrontation.
7. Parliament building
The facility is located on Parliament Hill. It was built on the project E.-E. Tash in the second half of the XIX century. The architecture of the building clearly demonstrates the imperial ambitions that were common in Britain at that time. The facade is designed in a pompous style; a lot of expensive wood, marble and decor with an abundance of gilding were used to finish the interior.
8. Railway station
The station building is a picturesque monument of architecture in the French style. The building is built of red brick, the facade is characterized by the presence of a large number of elegant stained glass windows. The sloping roof, the two towers at the main entrance and the clock dial create a resemblance to the European castle or the Old Town City Hall. The station is not designed for a large number of passengers, in the evenings there are quite a few trains.
9. National Museum of Fine Arts
The museum was organized in 1933. It is located in the historic part of the city and consists of three buildings. Until 1970, there was a prison in one of the pavilions. The interior of some prison rooms was left unchanged, including them in the historical exposition. The museum collection has about 38 thousand copies, including many sculptures, paintings, photographs, and objects of applied art.
10. Museum of Civilization
The museum was opened in 1988, since then it has won the title of the largest in Canada. The museum collections contain about 1 million exhibits, covering a large time period. Three permanent exhibitions on the history of Quebec, the indigenous people of Canada and the history of the city are open to visitors. Temporary expositions are organized periodically.
11. Morrin Center
Former city prison, which turned into a cultural center. Now on the territory of the building there is a scientific laboratory and a library. Previously, there was even a college. The Morrin Center book collection is considered the oldest and one of the most respected in Canada. For tourists organized 30-40 minute excursions, during which the guide will tell a lot of interesting things about the history of the building.
12. Quebec fresco
A huge street picture painted on the wall of a building located on the street of Notre Dame. The mural was created in 1999. It depicts historical characters who played an important role in the fate of the city and the province, as well as the architectural sights of Quebec – Château-Frontenac and the city mansions of the Old City. The image is applied in detail and accurately, so during the inspection of the fresco, the effect of “revived reality” is created.
13. Quebec Aquarium
City Aquarium, formed on the basis of a biological research center. Since 1959, the center has been open to ordinary visitors so that they can get closer to the marine fauna. Since 1971, scientists have moved to another place, on the old public aquarium remained. About 300 species of marine inhabitants (10 thousand individuals) live in the aquarium. Also here live seals, polar bears and walruses.
14. Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Quebec
Quebec Cathedral, one of the oldest temples in Canada. The first building on the site of the modern cathedral appeared in the middle of the XVII century, but 100 years later it was destroyed during the siege. The building was reconstructed in 1744-49. on the project J. Baillarge. The architect also worked on the interior of the temple. Since 1989, the cathedral building is considered a historical monument of Canada.
15. Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupre
Catholic church, built in 1658. The first building stood before the fire in 1922. A few years later, the basilica was rebuilt. It is believed that miracles happen in this temple. People with injured limbs are healed – they get up from wheelchairs or throw crutches. Before entering the church there are even special racks where various canes, sticks, crutches, which were thrown away by the former owners, are stored.
16. Funicular in Old Quebec
The funicular connects the historical part of Quebec with the Museum of Civilizations. The system earned in 1879. Since then, three major repairs have been made – in 1946, 1978 and 1998. The length of the cableway reaches 64 meters, the height of the rise – 59 meters. In 1996 there was an accident that killed a man. After that, the funicular was closed for 2 years. He earned again only after a major overhaul.
17. Quebec Bridge
The bridge is spanned over the St. Lawrence River in the southwestern part of the city at the beginning of the 20th century. On it is open to rail, road and foot traffic. The length of the construction reaches almost 1 km., The width is 29 meters, the maximum height above the water is 104 meters. Since 1993, the Quebec Bridge is considered an important historical monument and is under the jurisdiction of state institutions.
18. Street Petit Champlain
Historic street located in Old Quebec. She is famous for being here in the 80s. XVII century settled French artisans. In the XIX century the Irish were added to them. Petit-Champlain orderly decayed by the XX century, but fully preserved its unique appearance. Former residential buildings converted into shops and restaurants. The street can be reached by walking along the “Dangerous ladder.”
19. Promenade Samuel de Champlain
The picturesque street, located along the well-groomed promenade, is a popular place for walking. The promenade is named after S. de. Champlain – the famous French traveler and founder of Quebec. The walkway is decorated in a modern, dynamic style with an abundance of wooden platforms, geometric lawns and a stone embankment near the water, which creates the effect of a rocky shore.
20. Paul Abraham
The historic site of the battle of the French and British troops in 1759. As a result of this battle, Quebec departed Britain. In those distant times, Paul Abram was outside the city limits, now they are included in the historical part of Quebec. At the site of the former battle, a park was laid out and a small museum was built, where you can learn more about the war for Quebec. There are several concert venues in the park where performances take place.
21. Orleans Island
The island of 120 km², opened in 1535 by J. Cartier. From the second half of the 17th century, some French immigrants began to move to the island, who founded a small village there. In 1759, on the eve of the British attack, all residents fled to the mainland. Subsequently, their homes were destroyed. At the moment, the island is home to several thousand people, mostly they are engaged in agriculture.
22. National Park Jacques-Cartier
The park is located a few dozen kilometers from Quebec, it is named after J. Cartier, the discoverer and navigator, thanks to whom Canada was colonized. The park has many cycling and skiing trails, hiking trails and places for boating. In terms of nature, it is somewhat reminiscent of the Russian North-West region, as it lies in the same climatic zone.
23. Montmorency Falls
The picturesque and powerful Montmorency Falls is as much as 30 meters above the world famous Niagara (streams of water fall from a height of 84 meters). Quebec residents are extremely proud of this fact. The waterfall is located in close proximity to the city, equipped with a network of walking trails and stairs, so that it can be viewed from virtually any angle. The stream was named after A. de Montmorency – admiral and viceroy of New France.
24. Ice Hotel in Quebec
A unique hotel, completely built of ice. This is a real hotel with rooms, a bar and a spa. The only difference is that it needs to be rebuilt every winter, since over the summer period, the walls and furnishings melt. The hotel constantly changes its location. The hotel is always a different number of rooms. In order not to freeze, people sleep on special mattresses and pillows, wrapped in sleeping bags.
25. Quebec Winter Carnival
The holiday, which is held annually at the end of January and lasts two and a half weeks. Tourists from all over the world come to the carnival. The program provides more than 300 different activities – the creation of sculptures of ice and snow, parades, races on children’s typewriters, snowboarding and much more. Quebec Carnival is a real celebration, which shows that you can enjoy the winter weather.