Paris, 6th district

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In the conditions of the large-scale Civil War in the spring of 1919, the center of gravity in the hostilities was on the Eastern Front, where the Russian Army Admiral acted against the Red Army

The Siberian Army was formed by order of the supreme ruler of Admiral

Administratively, the entire rear area of ​​the Siberian army became part of the Tyumen military district in the theater of military operations. District Chief General

Initially, the First Siberian Army Corps of the General entered the Siberian Army

All these military units and formations were organized in the summer of 1918 as part of the first formation of the Siberian Army [8]. From January 1, 1919, the Votkinsk Division (1st Votkinsky Factory Division on August 17, 2nd Saygatsky name of the Czechoslovaks, 3rd Osinsky named after Minin and Pozharsky and 4th Votkinsky named Allied Powers of the Regiment) was included in the army lists

According to the admiral

For the preparation of manning chief of staff of the Supreme Commander General

In addition, on February 9, Gaida ordered the three divisions of the I Central-Siberian Corps to form a three-regiment front-line personnel brigade with headquarters in Perm, for the III Steppe Siberian corps – a two-regimental front-line personnel brigade with headquarters in Kungur, and for the 3rd Siberian rifle division frontline personnel regiment in Krasnoufimsk. For the recruitment of regiments, it was proposed to use the conscription calls for mobilization of soldiers in 1914–1920, including to General Pepelyaev ?? from Cherdynsky, Solikamsky, Perm and Okhan counties, to General Verzhbitsky ?? from Osa, Kungur and Verkhotursk counties, General Grivino ?? from Krasnoufimskogo County [12].

During the entire period of its existence, the organizational structure of the Siberian Army, at the level of the units that were part of it, was constantly changing. So, in January 1919, on his own initiative, General Pepelyaev began the formation of the 1st Perm (16th Siberian) rifle division as part of the First Siberian Corps of the 1st Perm, 2nd Cherdynsky, 3rd Dobryansky and 4th Solikamsky regiments (commander Major General

On March 26, General Gaida ordered the formation of the 1st Consolidated Siberian Corps as part of the 3rd and 15th Siberian infantry divisions, as well as the Zlatoust-Krasnoufimsky infantry brigade under the command of General

On March 23, General Gaida ordered the formation of the II Consolidated Army Corps, which included the Votkinsk Infantry Division, the 1st Ekaterinburg personnel regiment and the Immortal shock battalion. The personnel regiment was to be deployed in three regiments of three-battalion composition, and the Immortal shock battalion in a two-battalion regiment. For the newly formed division (from the personnel regiment and the shock battalion), a three-battery light artillery division was to be formed on the basis of the Tyumen personnel battery. On April 3, the corps received the name of the V Army, and the division formed in its composition – the Sarapul Rifle. Corps commander was appointed lieutenant general

The most recent creation was the Consolidated Siberian shock corps, which was formed as the main reserve of the Siberian army. It is known that military units, officially called “shock”, appeared in the Russian army during the 1917 revolution. “With many shelves, – wrote the general

According to General Gaida, the heroic halo and fighting traditions of the shock battalions of the Russian army and, above all, their external symbolism, could well work in raising the morale of the anti-Bolshevik armed forces.

Apparently, the idea of ​​the formation of the shock of the commander of the Siberian army, General Gayda filed Lieutenant Colonel

On February 13, 1919, the head of the Izhevsk partisan detachment, Lieutenant Colonel Vlasov, received an order from the commander to immediately begin forming in Yekaterinburg a Separate Immortal Battalion of the Siberian Army, soon transformed into the 1st Immortal Shock General Guyda regiment. Until the final formation, he was subordinated in all respects to the commander of the Yekaterinburg personnel brigade, Colonel V. Voronov, then he became part of the Sarapul rifle division, and from April 8 he came under direct submission to the army commander, General Gaide [19]. Probably, Gaida viewed this regiment as his personal “guard” [20].

February 5, 1919 the commander of the Siberian army ordered the lieutenant colonel

In pursuance of the order of the army of March 8, Colonel V. Voronov began the formation of the 2nd Separate Siberian shock brigade. It was planned to form the 4th, 5th, and 6th separate strike battalions, the 2nd separate attack machine gun battalion, the 2nd separate attack cavalry squadron, the 2nd separate attack artillery division, and the 2nd separate attack engineering division. a company. The formation of the 2nd brigade was carried out according to the states approved for the Separate Siberian shock brigade. The Yekaterinburg cadre brigade, which was formed on January 31, 1919 and consisted of two infantry personnel regiments and two cadre artillery battalions, was transferred to the formation of the 2nd shock brigade as a whole. In connection with the formation of the 2nd Shock Brigade of the previously formed brigade of Colonel Labuntsov, the first number was assigned [21].

By order of General Gaida of April 26, 1919, the 1st and 2nd Separate Siberian shock brigades were to be deployed in two three-regimental divisions, and merged into the Consolidated Corps. By order of April 30, a separate shock hussar division under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Matveyev was formed from individual cavalry squadrons of the former 1st and 2nd shock brigades. By order of May 20, pending the final formation, the Consolidated Corps was proposed to be called the Consolidated Shock Siberian Corps. The 1st Shock Siberian Division (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Shock Siberian Regiments) and the 2nd Shock Siberian Division (5th, 6th, 7th th and 8th Shock Siberian regiments. By the same order the Shock Siberian artillery divisions that were part of the divisions were reduced to the 1st and 2nd Shock Siberian artillery brigades. The separate Strike Hussar Division was renamed the Shock Siberian Hussar Regiment, and the engineering companies that were part of the divisions were consolidated into the Shock Siberian Engineering Battalion.

Corps commander, General Gaida was going to appoint a colonel

Due to the presence of the two main operational areas of the Siberian army – Glazovsky and Kazan ?? in the end of April ?? At the beginning of May 1919, General Gaida set about organizing two army groups in the army. The composition of the Northern General Group

By the beginning of 1919, the Siberian army was staffed mainly by recruits in 1898 ?? 1899. born, called up to the troops by the Provisional Siberian Government in the fall of 1918. In the course of the upcoming offensive, it was necessary to organize an uninterrupted replenishment of the Siberian army with personnel, in connection with which a number of mobilizations were carried out on the territory of the Tyumen military district with the sanction of Admiral Kolchak.

On January 26, 1919, General Gayda signed an order to mobilize the army for a period of six months of recruits serving in 1914–1918, residing in Perm, Solikamsky, Okhansky, Kungursky, Verkhoturye, Krasnoufimsky and Yekaterinburg districts. Conscripts from the Irbit, Shadrinsk and Kamyshlov districts were registered with the county military commanders. The first day of mobilization was appointed on February 1, 1919.

Two days later, on January 28, men from 18 to 25 years old were called up to the army for the same period on the entire territory of the Perm province with the formation of at least four classes of secondary schools. The collection points for those called up in Perm, Okhansk and Solikamsk counties were Perm, in Kungur and Verkhotursk counties – Kungur, in Krasnoufimsky district – Krasnoufimsk, in Irbit, Kamyshlovsky, Shadrinsky and Yekaterinburg districts – Yekaterinburg. All the called-ups were asked to go to the indicated points no later than February 4, 1919. According to both orders, the called-ups had to carry with them felt boots, sheepskin jackets, and two or three changes of linen. Workers and employees of railways, as well as factories and plants that carried out military orders, were exempted from conscription, but transferred to the position of military service [24].

Paris, 6th district

March 25, 1919 on the territory of Irbit, Turin, Berezovsky, Tobolsk, Tyumen, Yalutor and Ishim districts was announced early conscription of service life recruits in 1921, i.e. born in 1900. The first day of mobilization was established March 30 [25] . A month later, on April 30, 1919, Gaida gave an order to mobilize spare service soldiers for six months in 1908 and 1913, who lived in the counties on the left bank of the r. Kama. In both cases, all the mobilized should be sent to Yekaterinburg [26].

In general, the mobilization on the territory of the Tyumen military district was quite successful, although the majority of recruits did not experience mass enthusiasm from the upcoming military service. On March 18, 1919, the Tobolsk newspaper Sibirsky leaf was noted: “The smooth response of the intelligent part of the population was as smooth and with a great rise, the conscription among conscript soldiers of the last five ages was observed as rough and with great friction.” The largest excesses were the armed uprisings in Turinsk (March 7) and Tyumen (March 13), in which about a thousand mobilized soldiers participated [27].

Apparently, a noticeable spread among the soldiers called up and put into service received desertion. This led to the adoption of a number of very strict measures by the command of the Siberian Army. Of the soldiers who voluntarily left the company before March 2 and voluntarily appeared by March 15, General Gaida ordered the formation of a disciplinary battalion and sent him to the front to General Grivina “for correction”; of all who left without permission after March 2 and all those who failed to appear by March 15 ?? to bring to court-martial, by whose verdict and shoot; do the same with deserters belonging to units of the Western Army. Haida also ordered the persons who sheltered deserters to the court-martial with subsequent shipment to penal servitude for a period of 10 years with full confiscation of property [28].

On April 24, 1919, General Gaida ordered to mobilize for six months undersigns, sergeants and noncommissioned officers of all arms of service from 1907 to 1914. inclusively in Cherdynsky, Solikamsky, Perm, Glazov, Ohansk, Sarapulsky, Osinsk, Krasnoufimsky, Kungursky, Yekaterinburg, Verkhoturye, Irbitsky, Kamyshlovsky, Shadrinsky, Turin, Berezovsky, Tyumensky, Yalutorovsky, Ishimsky and Tobolsk uyezd, Ukhdimsky, Shadrinsky, Turinsky, Berezovsky, Tyumensky, Yalutorovsky, Ishimsky and Tobolsky uyezd The overall leadership of the mobilization was assigned to the chief of the Perm local brigade. The first day of mobilization was established on May 1. From the collection points of the district military commanders, all those mobilized were to be sent to Ekaterinburg.

For retraining called on mobilization of ensigns, sergeant specialties and non-commissioned officers, on May 6, temporary repetitive non-commissioned officers’ courses were opened for 1 thousand people. The head of the course was a staff officer for missions under the commander of the Siberian Army, Lieutenant Colonel Lutskov. On June 16, the training period for the courses ended, and their variable composition went to replenish the existing corps of the Siberian Army [29].

The level of discipline of this contingent also caused serious complaints. In the order for the troops of the Siberian Army on May 26, 1919, General Gaida drew attention to the fact that “mobilized non-commissioned officers and sub-ensigns who are already dressed in military uniform show complete disregard for the elementary requirements of military discipline: meeting with officers does not only not welcome their, but deliberately emphasize a complete inattention to them. ” Such an attitude of old soldiers to military discipline, as Gaida rightly pointed out, had a very harmful effect on young soldiers [30].

The maximum number of all time of its existence, the Siberian army reached by the end of May 1919. As of June 1, there were 152,142 people in the ranks of the Siberian army and the Tyumen military district under the jurisdiction of the Tyumen military district. (see tab. 1).

Table 1. The strength of the Siberian Army on June 1, 1919 *

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