The history of Rome is complex and confusing. But we turn to the sources, to the foundation of Rome and its most interesting legends.
Rome was founded in 753 BC. e., but long before that other tribes lived here. Archaeological excavations revealed remains of 12th century settlements to us.
Here, on the nearby hill of the Palatine, there lived a terrible Cacus, who held everyone around him in fear, but Heracles could overcome him. Yes, he was also here and had to fight with an ugly fire-breathing monster in order to recover the stolen Geryon’s bulls. On this hill, in memory of the heroic deed of Hercules, the Kakiev ladder still exists, and recently remains of an altar dedicated to Heracles were found nearby.
In Rome, myths and legends are resurrected, intertwined, reviving history. We all remember that Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Ram, but where did they come from? Let us turn to the origins.
We need to remember another legendary hero – Aeneas, the son of Venus, the goddess of love. The Trojan War … Troy burned … On the advice of the gods, Aeneas set out with the surviving Trayans on the ships to found a new city, they sailed for many years, stopping in Carfegen, past the coast of Odyssey, where they even saw the Cyclops strolling along the coast.
When the Trayans landed at the mouth of the Tiber, the gods gave them a sign that this was the land they were aiming for. It was here the kingdom of Latium (from there the modern name of the region Latium), and its ruler was looking for a groom for his daughter. Being the son of Venus, Aeneas easily charmed a young girl, and after the long obstacles described by Virgil in Aeneid, married her. For 200 years, the descendants of Aeneas ruled these lands in the city of Alba Long, until the mercenary Amulius overthrew his elder brother and the legitimate king Numitor; celibacy The girl in this way no longer represented a danger, because she should not have given birth to legitimate heirs. If only in the forests the god Mars had not met her and, enchanted by her beauty, would not have possessed her. We can only believe the words of the girl, although perhaps it was a simple warrior, and maybe Ray Sylvia harbored sympathy for him …
So are born Rumul and Rem, the descendants of Venus and the children of Mars. It is unthinkable to leave the legitimate heirs alive, and their murder is entrusted to the farmer Faustil, but he is unable to raise his hand to innocent babies, creates them a cradle made of wood and lets them along the Tiber. This cradle was nailed to the foot of the Palatine Hill, where they found a she-wolf and fed her milk. The she-wolf eventually becomes a symbol of Rome and his relics, because with the wolf’s milk, the twins were given strength and dexterity. And again, we can only guess where this legend comes from. Wolfs in Rome were called girls of easy virtue (Lupa), they howled at night that they got this unkind nickname, and the brothel later became known as Lupanaria.
So, probably, to such a girl Faustil and carried babies for feeding. Which explains another story: a peasant who found babies next to a she-wolf also bore the name Faustil.
When Romulus and Rem, having reached the age of 18, they learned about the secret of their origin (Faustil saved the cradle found), they overthrew the illegal ruler, freed his mother, Ray Sylvia, from imprisonment, and returned the throne to his grandfather Numitor. In gratitude, the king gave the brothers gold, slaves and artisans for the founding of a new city.
Romulus and Ram chose familiar places for laying the first stone of the city, where they grew up and were fed by a she-wolf off the coast of the Tiber. But here, for the first time, an argument broke out between the brothers, they could not decide on which hill to found the city. Romulus believed that the best location is Palatin Hill, while Ram was protruding over the Aventine hill. At the instigation of the priests, each of them rose at dawn on his hill, waiting for divine signs. First saw the sign of Ram, six kites began to circle over him, but after a few moments Romulus appeared as a kite, but there were already 12. Despite Ram’s resistance, the priests decided in favor of Romulus and chose Palatino.
That was the fate of Rome. At the founding of the city, Romulus delineates its boundaries, puts a heifer in the plow, as was customary at that time to consecrate the new settlement, but offended and insulted Rem, to touch his brother, begins to jump over the sacred border, showing how easy it will be for enemies to overcome the walls of the new city . Romulus, indignant at the blasphemy in a fit of rage, grabs his sword and says: “So it will be with everyone who crosses the walls of Rome,” kills his brother …
So Rome was the basis of Romulus and Ram, but the first king of the greatest city was Romulus.