The owners of these cute creatures are sure that they are the most friendly, cheerful and positive doggies that have a pleasant character. In addition, the Japanese spitz has a bright appearance and developed intelligence. Despite the relative youth of the breed, it has fans all over the world, although it is inferior in popularity to some species of spitz-like dogs.
Researchers have not yet managed to find out exactly which breeds became the ancestors of Japanese Spitz, but most are inclined to believe that they were German dwarf spitz or Samoyed huskies. The first attempts at breeding a new breed date back to 1920, when Japanese breeders began work using the best of the exported dogs. At that time, they applied the mating technique between representatives of different breeds.
Later, German Spitz were used for crossing, whose pedigree qualities were well established by that time. At the final stage, blood was added to eske. When World War II ended, the breed standard was set by the breeders. After a couple of years, representatives of the new breed in their homeland turned out to be extremely popular, at the same time many individuals were taken out of the country.
In 1964, the breed received recognition from the International Canine Federation, and 13 years later – the English Club. But it turned out to be more and more difficult with the American Kennel Club, so far the Japanese Spitz is not recognized as a separate breed here, as its representatives are too similar to the American Spitz. Although a number of US associations still included it in their registers.
Description breed Japanese Spitz
People of these charming snow-white dogs are called Japanese dwarf spitz, but this is not entirely true. Japanese Spitz is much larger than pocket decorative doggies, it is a full-fledged companion, strong, active, flexible, well-trained.
Since miniature dogs are valued more today, some sellers are cunning and offer a mini breed for sale. However, such a Japanese Spitz does not exist – height Purebred specimens range from 30-38 cm.
As for masses body, it is not regulated by the standard, the average weight of dogs is 5-8 kg, but a 10-pound “miniature” dog, if it meets the standard requirements, will receive recognition. Usually females are smaller than males and are distinguished by smaller features of the face.
The standard contains the following description of the representatives of the breed:
- Head, characteristic of all shpitzovyh – with a wide nape, moderately protruding and broad forehead, the foot is markedly pronounced, does not have a “fracture”. The facial area is considerably narrowed to the nose, pointed with a neat curve at the end.
- The lips are thin, tight, edging black. Because of the shape of the face, resembling a fox, and the black edging of the lips, it seems that the dog is smiling, it is considered to be a pedigree feature of Japanese Spitz.
- Teeth – small, strong, form a dense row, closed in a scissor bite.
- The nose is neat, miniature, pigmented with a black tone.
- Eyes medium, almond-shaped, with a slight slanting. Look inquisitive, kind, interested. The tint of the iris is dark, the standard states that it should be almost black so that the pupil does not differ.
- Ears – medium, triangular in shape, due to the abundant, fluffy wool cover look small. Highly located, relatively close, when the dog is excited, they lean slightly toward the muzzle.
- Body type males and females are almost the same. In dogs, the neck is of a proportional size, with clearly defined flexing and developed muscles. The neck passes into a developed withers, shoulders of decent width and a flat back.
- The lumbar belt is wide enough, the croup is inclined.
- Thorax standard size, well developed, oval in shape, drops to the elbows. The inguinal line is well tucked, but it is not visible under the coat.
- Limbs flat, straight, strong, flexible joints, shoulder blades and shoulders slightly back. Sheer forearms, elbows tightly against the body. At the rear bevel hips are more pronounced, they are located under the body, but when the dog takes the stand, they are spaced wider than the front. Round-shaped brushes, well assembled, with arched fingers, with strong, black, fleshy pads and dark claws.
- Tail is high on the back and pressed against it. According to the standard, the tail should not be twisted in a ring, but is allowed if it is slightly lowered and pressed to the thigh.
Wool quality and color
Ostev hair is mostly straight, soft to the touch, because of the thick, not very dense, but voluminous undercoat lifts up. The muzzle, the ears and the front part of the body are covered with shorter hair. The tail, the collar and the legs are fluffy.
The color of the representatives of the breed is one – white, the presence of specks, markings, any shades of wool is considered to be serious flaws. If Japanese spitz with red wool is offered for sale, then, most likely, we are talking about German (Pomeranian) Spitz.
Features of character and character
The Japanese Spitz is a cheerful and friendly dog, very contacty, quickly becoming attached to the owner. She is boundless devoted to her owner, affectionate and docile. With other family members, the charming pet also quickly finds a common language.
The dog does well with the children, but it will not become a caring nurse. However, the aggression will not show, even if the baby is too crony about him.
Sooner or later, the owners of the “Japanese” will notice one feature – these dogs are laconic and practically do not bark. Someone of the owners of this behavior can be alerted, scare others – whether the pet is not sick. But such a dog can bark only if it has a strong fear. In other situations, he expresses his emotions in other ways.
The representative of the breed is a real “zinger”, it retains its activity and playfulness throughout life. The dog will be happy to play at home, on the street, during a field trip or a normal walk. Japanese Spitz is not conflicted and very friendly to his fellows. And since he has no hunting instincts, the dog gets along very well with other pets – with cats, rodents and other animals.
As soon as the Japanese spitz crosses the threshold of the house, it immediately becomes the universal favorite. Without the attention of a person, he is sad, he does not tolerate long loneliness and is glad when they play with him, talk, caress him.
How to educate and train Japanese Spitz
Do not think that this small and flexible dog does not require education and training. From the first day the baby should know his place, have bowls for food and own toys. At puppy age, the dog is overly playful and restless, it can be stubborn, obsessive. Therefore, he needs to communicate, train and train the pet through games.
“Japanese” is very touchy, do not insult a small pet or treat dismissively – he will definitely feel it. It is not necessary to train the spitz as larger representatives of the canine world, paying much attention to the process. But the dog still needs to learn the basic commands so that he does not begin to rule in the house.
The best incentive in raising such a dog is snacks, but you shouldn’t be too zealous for your pet to gain extra weight.
How to care for a fluffy pet
Care activities include a number of standard procedures: care for hair, eyes, ears, teeth, claws. Almost all spitz-shaped dogs, and the Japanese spitz-dog is not an exception, have a luxurious fur coat, which will require compulsory, regular care.
But the “Japanese” for a long time, it can maintain the perfect look, so it does not bring much trouble. Even if the weather is rainy for a few days, and the dog goes for walks, it will still look neat and well-groomed – the coat is covered with natural impregnation, which repels moisture and pollution.
However, the pet still needs to be bathed – once every 2-3 weeks, using a special shampoo that is suitable for this type of wool. Spitz has sensitive skin, therefore it is impossible to use shampoo or soap intended for people, it can cause an allergic reaction and overdry it.
After the procedure, you can apply a balm or conditioner on the wool, which will reduce the likelihood of hair tangling and give it extra shine. Care products are best purchased at a specialized pet store.
Pet wrapped in a towel, promakivayut to get rid of excess moisture. The dried-up fur coat is combed with natural bristle comb.
If you do not accustom to the basic hygienic procedures of the puppy, then the adult pet will be outraged and in every way show discontent during their conduct. Therefore, care for the four-legged friend should begin as early as possible.
Pet ears should be inspected weekly, if necessary, cleaning from excess sulfur and contamination. Spitz eyes are washed every day with a cotton pad or cloth moistened with boiled water. The claws of a dog are cut off with a special device – a claw cutter, but the dog can be very stressed, so sometimes without the help of a professional groomer.
Another aspect that should not be overlooked is the care of the oral cavity. She is regularly examined for damage to the tooth enamel and soft tissue. Even a small wound can cause a strong pain to a pet, and often the owner is at a loss when the pet’s mood deteriorates for no apparent reason and he refuses to eat.
The Japanese Spitz is a real neat, it doesn’t like dirt and is very clean. Such a pet cannot live in bad conditions, even if it experiences the most tender feelings and affection for the owner.
In general, the breed can be called prosperous, since its representatives have practically no genetic diseases. The list of diseases most often found in Japanese Spitz are the following:
- dislocation of the kneecaps.
Thanks to modern medicine with the help of genetic tests, it is possible to find out whether the animal is a carrier of the damaged gene or not.
According to statistics, among the breeds with snow-white wool, there are often individuals suffering from allergies or congenital deafness. However, among Japanese Spitz, this is the exception rather than the rule. If you take care of your pet properly, conducting timely vaccination, de-worming, anti-parasitic treatment, it can live for 15 years and even more.
Diet and feeding regimen
Most breeders tend to feed their wards with high-quality industrial rations. For such dogs, super premium and holistic class feeds are ideal, having an excellent composition and balanced formula.
The menu is selected based on the main criteria: age, health features, pet size, as well as its taste. If the dog is cheerful, cheerful, he has a normal, regular chair, clean eyes and a shiny, fluffy fur, then he eats properly.
If the owner decides to feed the pet with natural food, then it is important to create a balanced diet consisting of the following products:
- meat and offal (25 g per kilogram of animal weight);
- cereal – rice or buckwheat porridge;
- of vegetables – they are given every day, but little by little.
1-2 times a week, the meat portion can be replaced with lean fish boiled sea fish, treat your pet with boiled chicken or quail eggs, give cottage cheese or kefir.
No matter what the dog eats – natural food or dry granules, it must have round-the-clock access to clean, drinking water.
In addition, an important diet is considered. Puppies are fed about 4 times a day, and adults – twice in the morning and evening. You can not give snacks between the main meals, otherwise the pet will get used to intercept, refusing to eat normal food.
Conditions of the Japanese spitz
Representatives of this breed are not decorative sissies and are quite capable of living on the street, in a spacious aviary. But if a dog is physically easy to tolerate this, it can get stressful due to long loneliness. He needs attention, caress, communication, which is difficult to ensure if the dog is kept out of the house.
“Japanese” does not need intensive load, it is enough for him to twice-run, during which it is desirable to run and play with your pet. Also, it is useful to lower it off the leash in a safe place, giving the opportunity to frolic. The Spitz is the perfect companion for all trips, walks and runs.
Photos of Japanese Spitz
Japanese Spitz video
Acquisition of a Japanese Spitz puppy
If the decision to purchase a puppy is made, you can start searching for a suitable seller. But first it is important to decide for what purposes a dog is required – as a pet, without a subsequent show career and participation in breeding, or the owner implies that his pet will knit and enter the show ring.
Such requirements affect the price of a puppy: the lower they are, the cheaper it will cost a pet. You can save a lot if you buy a puppy from your hands, from random sellers, but there is a high risk of getting a half-breed or a baby with genetic abnormalities.
The breed is not very common in Russia, but still there are nurseries that specialize in its breeding. Here you can buy purebred Japanese Spitz with good data. For example, in Moscow there is a nursery “Maho Mirai” (Japanese spitz-dog) https: //
The cost of puppies of this breed varies, depending on the class, from 25,000 to 60,000 rubles. For a pet show class, the future champion, you may have to pay even more.
Japanese Spitz – handsome, clever and a great friend. Only his appearance is able to cheer up, and the pet needs reciprocity.