To Suzdal by public transport You can drive with a transfer in Vladimir.
By train Nizhny Novgorod – Vladimir (the schedule can be specified on the Russian Railways site), then from the bus station, which is located opposite the railway station, by bus Vladimir-Suzdal. There are no direct trains to Suzdal.
In Suzdal by car You can get through Vladimir, on the highway M-7. Major settlements along the way: Gorokhovets, Vyazniki, Bogolyubovo. To get to Vladimir, at the entrance to Vladimir, you need to turn right (if you go straight, you will get to the center of Vladimir). Then go straight along the avenue, drive to the shopping center "Hyperglobus"a little further there will be a turn to the right and a pointer to Suzdal. You there. After 28 km, you will arrive in Suzdal.
The distance from Nizhny Novgorod to Suzdal is 290 km.
In the route Nizhny Novgorod – Suzdal, it will be optimal to include a visit to Vladimir,
Bus tours to Suzdal from Nizhny Novgorod
The economical option of an interesting, rich journey to Suzdal is a bus tour to Suzdal. The tour includes delivery to Suzdal and back on a tourist bus and a tour with a tour of the main attractions of Suzdal. Details can be found here.
Driving directions Nizhny Novgorod – Suzdal
The road scheme of the Golden Ring
Map of Suzdal
Map of the center of Suzdal with landmarks
History of Suzdal
Suzdal was first mentioned in the annals in 1024. In the middle of the XI century, Suzdal became a major trade and craft center,
In 1152, in the country residence of Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in the village of Kideksha, near Suzdal, on the banks of the Nerl River, the Church of Boris and Gleb was built, marking the beginning of white-stone architecture in northeast Russia.
Under the son of Yury Dolgoruky, Andrei Bogolyubsky, the capital of the Rostov-Suzdal principality was transferred to Vladimir, and the principality began to be called Vladimir-Suzdal. At the beginning of the 14th century, Suzdal became the capital of the Suzdal-Novgorod principality. At the time of the Mongol-Tatar invasion, Suzdal was burned and looted, a significant part of the city’s population was taken prisoner. But Suzdal was revived, and in the XV century it became part of the Moscow principality, remaining a religious, craft and cultural center of Russia.
In the XVI-XVII centuries in Suzdal construction was actively going on. At that time, all the existing ensembles were formed, the best of which are the ensembles of the ancient Kremlin, the Pokrovsky and Spaso-Evfimievsky monasteries.
Currently, Sudzal is a “city-museum”: there are over 200 architectural monuments from the 12th and 19th centuries. Suzdal is part of the Golden Ring of Russia, and white-stone architectural monuments of Suzdal are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Now there are only about 14 thousand people living in Suzdal, of the industrial enterprises in the city, only the plant for the production of mead works, and the majority of residents work in the tourism sector. There are no high-rise buildings in Suzdal, all buildings are no higher than 2 floors.
Sights of Suzdal
If you go to Suzdal from the direction of Vladimir, at the entrance to the city there will be 2 roads – straight and to the left.
If you go straight (it will be Lenin Street), you will immediately find yourself in the center of the vibrant life of a small, but terribly tourist town. This noisy whirlpool will capture you, and you, even without having time to blink an eye, throw the car and run in a multi-colored crowd to the main sights of the city. Here you will not pass merry souvenir sellers, you will instantly take balers from horse harnesses into circulation, and then you will return home with a supply of mead and tell everyone: "Suzdal is an endless holiday!"
If you go left on the ring road, then your acquaintance with Suzdal will begin smoothly, with a gradual increase in emotional intensity. You will come to the quiet Pokrovsky Monastery and be surprised "And where are the tourists?", you will see a huge fortress wall more similar to the Kremlin of the Savior-Euthymius monastery on the vast expanse of the Kamenka river. Then you go up the Krupskaya street to the Rizopolozhensky monastery (people with cameras already come across here). And then, slowly pouring into the stream of cars and people on Lenin Street, you will begin, step by step, to discover the pearls of the ancient Russian city. And you will be surprised to find that Suzdal is so different.
So, let’s begin our journey on Sights of Suzdal.
Suzdal streets are located on the banks of the Kamenka River, which zigzags through the city. The houses in Suzdal are mostly single-storey (there are no high-rise buildings at all), many of them are wooden or specially upholstered with wood to withstand the unique Suzdal style. Natural wood and white stone walls of the monasteries are the visiting cards of Suzdal. From the main attractions of Suzdal can be identified 5 monasteries, more than 15 churches, the ensemble of the Suzdal Kremlin, Shopping malls and the Museum of wooden architecture and peasant life.
The Pokrovsky Convent is located in the river part of Suzdal on the Kamenka River. The monastery was built in the XIV century. In the 16th century, it served as a place of exile for disgraced queens and women of noble boyar families. Expelled from secular society, bored by their husbands, deprived of their state and privileges, they lived their lives outside the stone monastery walls.
Currently, the monastery operates. The Pokrovsky Monastery is surrounded by a white-stone wall, and the monastery complex itself is very clearly visible from the opposite bank of Kamenka, from the walls of the Savior Euthymius monastery. Entrance to the monastery is free.
The territory of the Pokrovsky Monastery resembles an ordinary village street, and all because the cells of the nuns are located in ordinary wooden houses. And there are not many tourists there, tourist groups generally do not drive there, so the monastery is quiet, just like the monastery’s befits.
The center of the monastery is the snow-white Pokrovsky Cathedral. The main value of the cathedral is its unique icons and artistic embroidery. In winter, the Intercession Cathedral is not working. Near the cathedral is Zachatievskaya church – the same snow-white, but smaller. One of the earliest buildings of the monastery is the Gate Church of the Annunciation. The building combines a little church and a fortress tower, consisting of two spans.
In the Pokrovsky monastery there are two rare buildings – a kitchen (destroyed in the course of history, but restored) and an orderly hut.
Savior Euthymius Monastery
The Savior Monastery of St. Evfimiev is the largest and most popular monastery in Suzdal. It is located on the high bank of the river Kamenka. Its fortress wall towering above the river is clearly visible from the Pokrovsky monastery. The monastery itself was founded in 1352 by Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod prince Boris Konstantinovich. A fortress wall with a length of 1160 meters, with 12 towers, was erected in 1660.
As usual, under the Soviet regime the monastery was closed and adapted for a regular political isolator, and then for a juvenile colony. But in the 90s of the 20th century restoration began, and now we all have a great opportunity to visit this ancient monument of architecture.
Entrance to the monastery is paid. 70 rubles is a ticket to inspect the territory of the monastery, and 30-40 rubles each. extra for visiting cathedrals and museums (2012). The working time of the monastery is from 10 am to 6 pm, the day off is Monday, the last Thursday of the month is a sanitary day.
Inside the monastery resembles a park in the best traditions of European culture, everything is so well maintained there, beautiful as in the picture. Paths, benches, trimmed bushes, children’s playground, pharmacy garden, traditional pancakes, mead, refectory for all comers.
On the territory of the Savior Monastery of St. Euthymius there are several architectural monuments at once: these are the Transfiguration Cathedral, the Assumption refectory church, the Nikolskaya church (and the hospital building attached to it), the Gate Church of the Annunciation. And also the belfry of an unusual architecture (well, what is not a European Town Hall?) With nineteen bells that ring to the joy of the public every half hour. There is in the Savior Transfiguration Monastery and its own prison (inoperative, of course). All these structures were built gradually over the XVI, XVII and XVIII centuries, and were recently restored, therefore in very good condition.
The legendary Prince Dmitry Pozharsky is buried in the Savior Monastery of St. Euthymius. At this place there is a monument-chapel and a memorial cross.
Plan of the Savior Efimievskogo monastery
Rizopolozhensky Convent is located in the heart of the city, opposite the central square with the administration building of Suzdal. The monastery was founded in 1207 and was originally wooden.
On the territory of the monastery there are Rizopolozhensky Cathedral, the Holy Gates, the Refectory Sretenskaya Church. The territory of the monastery is somewhat neglected, some buildings are under restoration, and in general, this monastery is like a monastery, and not as a tourist mecca.
To the north of the Rizopolozhensky monastery was very old Trinity Monastery. Over time, he became part of Rizopolozhensky. The venerable belfry of this monastery is the highest in the city.
A little further to the river from Rizopolozhensky stands the white-stone Alexander Monastery, it is located directly opposite the Pokrovsky Monastery, but on the counter-full bank of the Kamenka River.
The monastery was founded in 1240 by Alexander Nevsky. This structure is distinguished by a high sharp steeple of the bell tower.
But Vasilyevsky monastery is located far from the tourist path, it can be reached in 15 minutes from the Market Square on Vasilyevskaya Street in the direction opposite to the river. This is an ordinary monastery, very simple and modest.
The Vasilievsky Monastery arose in the 13th century as an outpost of the city fortress on the road leading from the Suzdal Kremlin to Kideksha. The legend connects its foundation with Vladimir the Red Sun and the baptism of Suzdalians just at the place where they first built an oak church, and now stands a monastery. The monastery houses the Sretenskaya Church and the refectory.
Suzdal Market Square and Trading Rows
Not far from the Rizopolozhensky monastery (if you walk along
In the old days, a long rectangular building and a gallery were part of the shopping arcades. The building was divided into separate trade shops (there were more than 100 of them). In the square near the Gostiny Dvor, the residents of Suzdal walked in the evenings, here they met with friends and exchanged city news. Only the northern part of the Trading Row has been preserved.
The Resurrection Church is also located on the Market Square – a white-stone church, luxuriously decorated with pilasters and cornices. This church is mentioned in the chronicles in the XVI century. The Resurrection Church burned down during the fire of 1719, but was restored.
Being on the Market Square, it is impossible not to notice the noisy street to the left of the shopping arcades, which leads to the river. Just stepping on this street, the legs themselves are asking to dance. The overflowing harmonies, the neighing of horses, the urging of cabbies, the cries of merchants, laughter, the joyful exclamations of children – everything merges into the cacophony of an inevitable holiday. It is here that it is so difficult to walk past the tents with souvenirs and not to buy colored valenki for yourself, and it is simply impossible to abandon the next portion of mead with openwork pancake while it is hung. Kremlevskaya Street is generous in Russian and rampant, deceptively good-natured and provincial, fraught with the wonders of modern tourist infrastructure – here you can find boutiques, souvenir and folk shops, cafes and restaurants, hotels, antique shops, a photo studio, exhibition halls. It is this street that gives a small (or large) Suzdal holiday to any tourist, depending on the thickness of his wallet.
Having broken free from the Kremlin street, namely, having reached its end, you will hit the next white-stone wall with battlements. That’s what it is Suzdal Kremlin, in any case, it is so listed on the map of Suzdal. Although the Suzdal Kremlin is not a Kremlin as such, but a complex of ancient monuments of architecture, and its wall is purely symbolic.
Entrance to the territory of the Kremlin is free, but you have to pay for visiting museums and cathedrals. Opening hours of museums from 10 to 18 hours, a day off – Tuesday, the last Friday of the month – a sanitary day.
The structure of the Suzdal Kremlin includes:
Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin was built on the site of the collapsed temple in Suzdal in 1222. The walls of this cathedral are lined with bricks, lined with limestone on both sides, and painted with frescoes.
Cathedral bell tower (Jordan’s canopy) was built in the seventeenth century. This is the only surviving specimen in Russia. It is located on the south side of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. At the end of the 17th century, a clock was added to the bell tower, which beat off every hour and every 15 minutes.
Bishops’ Chambers were built near the Nativity Cathedral at the end of the XV century. The Archbishop’s courtyard in the Suzdal Kremlin included outbuildings, a refectory and a bishop’s refectory home church, which were connected by passages and hidden staircases.
Nikolskaya wooden church (church of Nikola from the village of Glotovo) – This is a unique monument of architecture, a typical example of a rural church in Russia. The church is made of wood, and even the nails that hold the building are wooden. It was erected in 1766, and has survived to our time.
From the territory of the Suzdal Kremlin offers a delightful view of the river Kamenka and the river part of the city. Through the footbridge you can cross the river and find yourself in the Museum of Wooden Architecture and Peasant Life.
Museum of wooden architecture and peasant life
The museum of wooden architecture and peasant life is a collection of wooden monuments of architecture from different eras. Here, in the place of the ancient non-preserved Dmitrievsky monastery, the most interesting wooden buildings of the XVIII-XIX centuries from the villages of the Vladimir region were brought. This is how the open-air museum appeared – the “village” with the Transfiguration and Resurrection churches, peasant huts, farm buildings, barns, sheepfolds, a well, windmills.
Entrance to the museum is paid, the ticket price is 180 rubles (2012).
The Museum of Wooden Architecture hosts various holidays – the Cucumber Day in July, goose fights on the Pancake Day, the festival of folk crafts on the Trinity.
The churches of Suzdal are listed in alphabetical order (the location can be viewed on the map of Suzdal).
Alexander Nevsky Church
It is located on Mikhailovskaya Street, in the same area as Churches Flora and Laurus and Michael the Archangel. It is believed that it was built in the years 1875-1900, but the exact date is unknown. The church is richly decorated.
Located on the outskirts of Suzdal through the Rizopolozhensky gate. The wooden Antipievskaya church was consecrated in 1617 as Sretenskaya. Then in 1745 it was rebuilt, and the Antipievskaya church became stone. An octahedral bell tower standing on a cube was erected next to it. She has preserved this look to the present.
Located on the right bank of the river Kamenka. It was built in 1781.
It was founded in Suzdal in 1749. Located in the Zarechny side (near the museum of wooden architecture). At the place where the church was erected, there was the Boris and Gleb Monastery, which was burned down in the 17th century.
Church of Jerusalem
It is perfectly visible from the square in front of the Resurrection Church. The eastern facade of the Church of Entry into Jerusalem overlooks the town square. Originally the church was wooden, in the XVIII century it was rebuilt from stone.
It was built in the middle of the XVIII century. At this place in Suzdal was a convent (Vvedensky), but it was burned during the invasion of Batu. The church is located at the entrance to Suzdal from the side of Vladimir, on the bank of the dry river Mzhary.
The church can be clearly seen from the city bridge over Kamenka. Initially the church was wooden, in 1725 it became stone. The building combines as many as three independent buildings: the summer church, the winter church and the bell tower.
Krestovskaya (Kresto-Nikolskaya) church
Located at the very end of the mall. The church was built on the place where the inhabitants of Suzdal in 1654 asked God to save the city from the city of Mora. After getting rid of the disease, a wooden church was erected, which was later replaced by a stone one.
Lazarevskaya church is located near the Rizopolozhensky monastery. Summer Church. It was founded in the XV century, was originally wooden, then, in 1667, was rebuilt from stone. That same building has survived to the present.
Michael the Archangel church
Located on Mikhailovskaya street. It was built in 1769. The church is a summer temple, crowned with five onion domes. When the church built bell tower. The church and the bell tower are interconnected refectory.
The church was erected on the site of the burnt down tent church in the 18th century. The building of the church is very elegantly decorated. On the bell tower – the cupola with a coating in the form of a helmet.
Peter and Paul Church
It was built in 1694. It is located on Nikolskaya Sloboda, which is in the possession of the Pokrovsky Monastery, not far from Nikolsky Monastery. The church building has a porch and aisle.
Church of the Forerunner
Located on the right bank of the river Kamenka. Originally there were two wooden churches, but they burned down in the 17th century, after which in 1739 a stone church was built on the site of the burnt churches.
This wooden church rises on the banks of the river Kamenka. She was transported to Suzdal from the Kolchuginsky district. A gallery surrounds the building from all sides, and the bulb is covered with wooden tiles.
The church is located on the town square of Suzdal and is clearly visible from the Resurrection Church. This small church was originally wooden, but in the XVIII century it was rebuilt into a stone one.
The church was founded in 1777. It is located next to Church of the Sign.
The Assumption Church is located on Kremlin Street, on the way from the mall to the Suzdal Kremlin. It was originally wooden, then, in the XVII-XVIII centuries, it was rebuilt from a stone of red color. At the beginning of its existence, the Assumption Church was located on the prince’s courtyard and was a court.
On the main street of Suzdal (Lenin Street), not far from the Rizopolozhensky Monastery, there is a building built in 1834 as a poorhouse for 100 people by merchant Vasily Blokhin. In order for the poorhouse residents to have the opportunity to pray, a two-storied church was built on its territory. With the advent of Soviet power, the poorhouse was closed and was used for a long time not for its intended purpose: the Vladimir Regional Collective Farm School was opened in its building, then the School of Agricultural Mechanization, later called SPTU No. 8. At present, the Suzdal Art and Restoration School is located in the building of the Blokhinsky poorhouse.
Kideksha is an ancient village that is very strongly connected with the history of Suzdal. Kideksha is the word of Finno-Finnish, which is translated as “Kamenka” – a river, in the mouth of which there is a village. The mention of Kideksha was still present in pre-Slavic times. In this village there is a monument of ancient architecture – the Holy Gates. They were erected in the XVIII century by local craftsmen. The facades of the Holy Gate are unusual – they are made in different colors: red, yellow and blue.
Winter trail on the river Kamenka
This attraction is not in any guide to Suzdal. Nevertheless, this is an interesting feature of Suzdal – in winter, a snowmobile track is set up along the frozen river that goes around the city. It is especially interesting to watch these races from the bridge leading from the Kremlin to the Museum of Wooden Architecture, or from the mountain from the Savior Euthymius monastery. In general, the residents of Suzdal actively use the frozen river for walks on skis, and the always hurrying tourists – for running over rough terrain from one sight to another.
Holidays and souvenirs in Suzdal
Guests from many cities of Russia and from abroad come to Suzdal on Maslenitsa. A rich entertainment program will be presented to the attention of tourists. Fun farewell Maslenitsa will be held on the territory of the Museum of wooden architecture and peasant life. Guests are waited by folklore performances, goose fights, horseback riding. Anyone can take part in fun contests and youth competitions. And of course, as without refreshments at Shrovetide? Pancakes with heat, heat, pies, branded mead – without this there is no Shrovetide in Suzdal!
Cucumber Day in Suzdal
Held in July In 2016, the Cucumber Festival will be held from July 15 to 17. Along Suzdal Square, shopping arcades, next to the Savior Euthymius monastery and on the territory of the Museum of Wooden Architecture on this day lined up a whole series of cucumber exhibits for every taste. Cucumbers, large and small, fresh, pickled and pickled, as well as a variety of cucumber dishes, cucumber crafts (this is a lot of imagination!), Large figures and cucumber dolls, processions of unimaginable figures – ours, Suzdal is the answer to the carnival of Nice and Venice.
Residents and guests of the city take part in a fun fair of cucumbers (and not only: all sorts of souvenirs, treats, traditional Suzdal mead) are presented here. This is a very cheerful holiday, people lead round dances, around – songs, dances, games, performances of folklore ensembles, theatrical performances, comic contests for eating cucumbers are held.
On Cucumber Day in Suzdal organized bus tour from Nizhny Novgorod.
It so happened that in Suzdal where you will not go – you will not escape from the mead. Suzdal mead is sold everywhere and everywhere, it is tasted at every turn, every seller has a huge assortment on trays, in every store she is in a central place. Suzdal Mead is a traditional souvenir, which is simply obliged to grab home with everyone who has visited Suzdal.
Mead is a low alcohol drink made from honey. Medovukha is made at the Suzdal Honey Plant by a special technology, only from natural products. And she really is very tasty! There are several types of mead of different strength, without additives and with different additives (for example, with cinnamon, with rosehip), the price per liter bottle ranges from 150 to 250 rubles.
Hotels of Suzdal
In Suzdal, the hotel is almost at every step, in the center of the city – no matter what the house, then the guest. Off-season free rooms are everywhere, and on weekends as well, you can safely go and check in wherever your heart desires. The exceptions are holidays (New Year, Christmas Holidays, Maslenitsa, March 8), and the high season is from May to September. At this time, it is better to book a hotel in advance by phone.
Here are some of Suzdal hotels :
Hotel “Golden Stream”, st. Lenina, 72, telephone (49231) 2-51-01
Hotel “Tatiana House”, st. Lenin, 46 b. Phone (49231) 2-30-06
Hotel complex “Pushkarskaya Sloboda”, st. Lenin, 45, phone (49231) 2-33-03
Hotel “Cherry Orchard”, st. Lenina, 10, telephone (49231) 2-32-46
Guest house “Compound”, st. Gogol, d. 14, telephone (49231) 2-33-37
Hotel “Kremlin”, st. Tolstoy, d. 5, telephone (49231) 2-34-80
Hotel complex “Hot keys”, st. Barns, 14, telephone (49231) 2-40-00
Hotel “Suzdal”, st. Barns, 45, telephone (49231) 2-15-30
Hotel “U Kamenki”, Krasnoarmeysky lane.,
Hotel “Stromynka”, st. Stromynka, 2, telephone (49231) 2-51-55
Hotel “Likhoninsky house”, st. 34, Slobodskaya St., telephone (49231) 2-19-01
Hotel “Fairy Courtyard”, st. Sovkhoznaya, 9, telephone (49231) 2-15-80
Hotel in Vasilyevsky Monastery, telephone (49231) 2-18-00