Prague (Czech Republic) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Prague with a description, guides and maps.
City Prague (Czech Republic)
Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and its largest city. Located on the banks of the Vltava in the central part of the country in the historical region of Bohemia. Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Central Europe, the historical center of which is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The capital of the Czech Republic is famous for its unique medieval architecture, landmarks, historical and cultural monuments, a unique atmosphere, delicious food and beer.
In Prague, the Gothic spiers of old churches pierce the sky, the tiled roofs of the old city paint the horizon, and the narrow cobbled streets hide wonderful places, cozy cafes and pubs. The main center of attraction for tourists and the place where almost all the main attractions are located is the old city: the Stare Mesto, Mala Strana and Vysehrad districts. Here are the main treasures of Prague: Charles Bridge, Prague Castle, Vyšehrad fortress, Old Town Square with the town hall and the Tyn Church.
Prague is famous for its magnificent architecture from Gothic to Baroque and is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Among the main architectural landmarks are 18 magnificent stone and steel bridges connecting the banks of the Vltava. One of the most beautiful and oldest stone bridges in the world is Charles Bridge, a work of medieval architecture. A masterpiece of European Gothic architecture is the St. Vitus Cathedral, which was built for nearly 600 years. Very impressive: the Tyn Church on the Old Town Square, the Old Town Hall with the astronomical clock, the Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul at Visegrad, the Powder Tower, Clementium.
A famous architectural landmark is the Dancing House, a deconstructivist building. The city is replete with many beautiful fountains. The five central historical districts of Prague in 1993 were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites as an architectural and historical reserve.
Geography and climate
Prague is located almost in the center of the Czech Republic on a hilly plain. The capital of the Czech Republic lies on both banks of the main Czech river – the Vltava.
The climate is moderately continental. Winters are quite mild with slight frosts, often with little snow. Summer is a bit rainy, but warm. Spring comes in March, and autumn ends in early December.
The average air temperature of the coldest month, January, is -1.4 ° C; the warmest, July, is +18.2 ° C. The average annual rainfall is about 500 mm. The rainiest months are from May to August, the driest months are January and February. The city is rich in greenery, which is slightly less than half of the city. The weather in Prague is very changeable. It often rains, so we advise you to take umbrellas and raincoats on your trip. It can be quite hot in the summer and cool enough, so I recommend taking jackets and sweaters with you.
Best time to visit
Prague can be visited all year round. Low season – January-March.
- Population – 1,280 thousand people
- Area – 496
Prague is divided into 22 administrative districts and 57 urban areas (the main subject of local government). However, in terms of postal, electoral, judicial and police administrative legislation, it is still (since 1960) divided into 10 urban districts.
Special attention deserve the main historical districts of Prague 1 and Prague 2 – Mala Strana, Stare Mesto and Vysehrad. Here are the main attractions. Therefore, it is better to look for housing in them.
Prague is a fairly inexpensive city for tourists. Here you can find hotels from 2500 rubles per room per night for two. We recommend that you use well-known services such as Booking and Tripadvisor, in which there are a lot of various options, for booking a home. In the high season it is better to look for hotels in advance.
The first Slavic settlements emerged at this place already in the 6th century. In the 10th century, Prague became the capital of the Czech Republic, and in the 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th centuries it was the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. The founding of the city is associated with the legend of the mythical princess Libus, the daughter of Krok, who predicted the flourishing of the city on the banks of the Vltava.
The founding date of Prague is considered to be the 9th century, when the Prague Castle was founded on a cliff on the left bank of the Vltava. In 950 another ancient fortress was built on the right bank – Vysehrad. In the 13th century, the city walls began to be erected. And in the 12th century Yuditin Bridge was built – the first bridge across the Vltava. Stare Mesto, fortified by the city walls, was founded by the Czech King Wenceslas I in the 13th century. The son of Vaclav Premysl Otakar II, under the Prague Castle, founded "Small Prague Castle" (in the 19th century, called Mala-Strana). The greatest prosperity of Prague reached under Charles IV. This king not only made Prague one of the centers of Europe and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, but also greatly changed the face of the city. He began to build the monumental Cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague Castle, which gave a collection of relics and valuables, build a new stone bridge connecting the two banks of the Vltava and preserved to this day and founded the University.
Prague, Charles Bridge
The 15th century was marked by the movement of the Hussites, which resulted in the city being taken over by the Habsburgs. In 1618 there was an uprising against the German authorities. During the Thirty Years War, the Czechs lost and remained dependent on the German rulers for as many as 3 centuries. This was followed by the decline of the Czech language, and Prague became an ordinary provincial city.
From October 28, 1918 Prague is the capital of the Czechoslovak Republic. Since 1993 – the capital of the Czech Republic.
How to get there
Prague has an international airport that takes many flights from most major cities in Russia and Europe. See the schedule and buy tickets here – https: //
Public transportation includes the metro system, trams and buses.
The Prague metro consists of 57 stations and three lines with a total length of 59.3 km, distinguished by letters and color: green A (Depot Hostivar station (czech. Depo Hostivař) – Hospital Motol (czech Nemocnice Motol), yellow “B” (station “Černý Most” (czech Černý Most) – station “Zlíčín” (czech Zličín)), red “C” (station “Letняany” (czech Letňany) – station “Gaye” (czech Háje). Currently, a project for the construction of the fourth line “D”, connecting the Main Station with the southern districts of Libus and Pisnice, is under preparation.
Prague metro map
The city has a developed tram network.
Prague metro station
Tickets are valid for all types of public transport. They can be bought at any metro station, tram and street kiosks. For payment there are several types of tickets: single-use (for 30 minutes and 75-90 minutes) and reusable (1, 3 days, month).
In Prague, a recreational water transport. It uses river buses and a variety of historical vessels, including steamers.
Shopping and Shopping
As a souvenir from Prague, they are bringing in beer mugs, decorative plates, glass figurines, ceramics, beer, metal dishes. We recommend buying souvenirs in specialized stores of Czech goods, of which there are quite a lot in the center. In Prague, you can also buy Bohemian glass and crystal jewelry. There are several shops of the company Moser. For kids, you can buy various toys, sweets from marzipan and marmalade. See article – Top 5 Souvenirs from Prague
Food and drink
In Prague, a huge number of restaurants and cafes for every taste and budget. Here is a paradise for gourmets and gastronomic tourists. Mostly Czech, European and Asian cuisine. It is logical that eating in the tourist center of the city will be much more expensive than on the outskirts. But at the same prices do not look exorbitant and afford most tourists. You can find a restaurant on this site – https: //
Prague, view from the Vltava
Czech cuisine is quite high in calories. Meals are usually large, so properly calculate your strength. It is mainly represented by pork dishes (although there are dishes from beef, duck), fried and pickled cheese, many dishes are served with dumplings – steamed dough or potato. Soups are usually prepared vole, chesnechki. The list of desserts is usually not large and is represented by different types of pastries – strudel, sweet dumplings, trdelnik.
We recommend to try: wild boar knee (pork), sweet fish (beef), pork ribs, fried and pickled cheese (Hermelin), garlic, trdelnik (especially with filling).
Beer is a separate topic. Prague and the Czech Republic as a whole are strongly associated with these drinks. There is a huge amount of beer. Beer is served in almost all restaurants and cafes. Here you can try both famous brands of beer – Budweiser, Krusovice, Kelt, Pilsner, Gambrinus, Kozel, and products of small breweries. The most popular beer is draft. It is stored in metal kegs.
The most common is light (lighter) and dark (tmave) beer. Dark beer is usually softer. Beer is the national drink of the Czech Republic, so almost everywhere it is very tasty and of excellent quality, and sometimes costs less than other drinks.
The main sights of Prague, which must see every tourist.
Vyshegrad (czech. Vyšehrad) – an ancient fortress (castle) and historic district. Vysehrad is located on a hill above the Vltava south of the city center. From here there is a beautiful view of Prague.
View of Vysehrad
Also in Visegrad there are several interesting sights. Within the walls of the ancient fortress are: the Novogothic Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, the remains of the ancient Romanesque Basilica, the Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin, the Vysehrad cemetery (the burial place of famous Czech figures).
Cathedral of sv. Peter and Paul
Charles Bridge (Czech Karl Karv most) – the most beautiful stone bridge across the Vltava, connecting the historic Mala Strana and Stare Mesto districts. This is one of the main symbols of Prague and, probably, the most beautiful stone bridge in the world. He began to exploit in 1380
According to legend, the first stone was laid in 1357 by Charles IV – the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. For a long time, Charles Bridge linked Stare Mesto and Mala Strana and served for the passage of kings and delegations to Prague Castle. The entrance to the bridge on both sides is decorated with magnificent Gothic bridge towers: the Old Town Tower (Staroměstská mostecká věž) and the Little-Country Towers (Malostranská mostecká věž).
The Powder Tower (czech. Prašná brána) is a majestic Gothic tower, built in the 15th century. The powder tower is located on the Republic Square. At the gate begins the first part of the road leading to Prague Castle. The height of the powder tower is 65 m. At an altitude of 44 m there is a viewing platform, which can be reached by a spiral staircase. The first stone of the tower was laid in 1475.
Prague Castle (czech. Pražský hrad) – the legendary fortress and castle, which for a long time was the center of the Czech state. Located on a hill, which stretches from Petrshin Hill. Prague Castle offers a wonderful view of Prague. In the south, the fortress is connected to the Mala Strana region, in the north it is bounded by the Deer Moat.
Prague Castle is a complex of buildings, temples and fortifications located around the three main courtyards, St. George’s Square and Irzhskaya Street. The main architectural landmark is the majestic St. Vitus Cathedral and Golden Lane.
The Old Town Square (czech Staroměstské náměstí) is one of the most beautiful old Prague squares, located in the historic city center in the area of Stare Mesto. On the square, various architectural styles intertwined: Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo. Old Town Square embodies the spirit of Prague, so all the tourists need to visit here.
The Old Town Hall is a famous landmark of the Old Town Square. This is one of the most important and beautiful buildings of this historic district of Prague. The base of the town hall dates back to the 14th century. At a height of 70 meters there is a viewing platform, which can be reached on weekdays from
Old Town Hall with Orloo
Tyn Church is a cult building in Prague, one of the most impressive Gothic buildings in Europe and a visiting card of the Old Town Square. Its spiky spiers pierce the sky, and the temple dominates the square, hiding behind the facades of houses, but at the same time being the most visible part of it. Tyn Church is an extensive gallery of Gothic, Renaissance and Early Baroque, and its body is the oldest in Prague.
The history of the temple begins in the 12th century. Already at this time, in its place was built Romanesque basilica. In the 14th century, the history of the modern Tyn Church was begun, when rich Prague residents decided to build a new church here. The construction of the temple continued until the beginning of the 16th century. In the 17th century, the interior was reconstructed in the Baroque style.
The Tyn Church reached us through the centuries practically undamaged, not counting a couple of fires, after which they restored the northern tower and the vault of the nave.
The Dancing House is an office building in Prague. The building was built in the style of deconstruction. It consists of two cylindrical towers, one of which is normal and the other is destructive. Dancing house stands out from the surrounding architecture. The dancing house resembles a dancing couple. One part of the building (the one that expands upwards) symbolizes the male figure, and the second part of the building visually resembles the female figure.
Clementium (Czech Klementinum) is an architectural complex located in the historic district of Stare Mesto. This is one of the largest architectural complexes of the city, second only to Prague Castle.
Josefov (czech. Josefov) is a Jewish quarter and one of the most mysterious and mysterious places of the city. Located in Prague 1. Until 1850, it was the center of the Jewish community. The name of the quarter comes from the name of Emperor Joseph II, who in the course of the reforms improved the life of the Jews. The Jewish quarter is located between the right bank of the Vltava River and Old Town Square.
Mystical Josefov – Old New Synagogue
Josefov appeared in Prague in 1850 during an administrative transformation. There are several interesting sights here: the Old-New Synagogue, the Pinkas Synagogue, the Maisel Synagogue, the Klaus Synagogue, the High Synagogue, the Jewish Town Hall, the Prague Jewish Cemetery.
Wallenstein Garden (Valdštejnská zahrada) is a beautiful garden (fence) located in the center of Prague. A real corner of peace and tranquility. A garden appeared at the Waldstein Palace at the beginning of the 17th century, and now the Senate of the Republic is in this quiet and comfortable place. Here you can see peacocks, large carps in the pond and beautiful bronze sculptures.
Kampa Island (czech Kampa) – an artificial island in Prague, referred to as "Prague Venice". This is an amazingly picturesque and romantic place. To get to the island of Kampa you can go down the stairs from the Charles Bridge, just behind the statue of Brunswick. On the one hand, Kampa is separated by the majestic Vltava, on the other hand by Devil’s, one of its arms.
Kampa Island was formed around the 15th century. It was originally covered with gardens. But after a fire in 1541, from which Prague was very badly damaged, the remains of the buildings that struck the city were brought to the island. Due to this, managed to level the surface and build up the island. The first artisans began to settle here. Behind them, wealthy people began to inhabit the island.
Now on Kampa Island there are many cafes, restaurants with a great view of the Vltava and Charles Bridge, many hotels. On the island it’s nice to stroll along the banks of the Vltava and Chertovka, admire the architecture of the buildings, which are located on the very edge of the water.
Other interesting places of Prague
In fact, in Prague, a huge number of other interesting places:
- Prague Zoo is one of the largest and most interesting in Europe.
- Troja Castle with a beautiful garden next to the zoo.
- Strahov Monastery – one of the oldest monasteries of Prague.
- Wenceslas Square is one of the central Prague squares, very much loved by the Prague residents themselves.
- Petrin Hill with gardens – green "lungs" Prague. One of the most picturesque places in the capital of the Czech Republic. Czech is found here "Eiffel" tower.
- Prague Loreta – a magnificent baroque complex.
- The Church of Our Lady of the Snows is an old Gothic church from the 14th century with baroque elements.
- The Kranner Fountain is a stone fountain of the 19th century in the Gothic style.
- And dozens of other attractions, old buildings and interesting places.