Vladimir Putin: biography
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is an outstanding political and state leader of Russia, the current President of the Russian Federation, the former chairman of the United Russia party. Since 2000, he became the successor to the ex-President of Russia Boris Yeltsin as head of state, he has been running the country for the third term in office. In all presidential elections, the head of Russia won the first round, gaining more than 50% of the vote. Thanks to the successful and efficient work of the Russian president in the country, fundamental changes have taken place both in the economy and in politics, which is why many experts call Russia 2008 and Russia 2000 completely different states.
Vladimir Putin in childhood
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad in an ordinary family of factory workers. His father, Vladimir Spiridonovich, was a former front-line soldier; during the Great Patriotic War, he served in the sabotage detachments of the NKVD, and later took an active part in the defense of Leningrad. Mama Maria Ivanovna worked at the plant, and after – as a nurse at a local hospital, she survived the blockade of Leningrad, was a very kind and sympathetic person. It is known that Vladimir Vladimirovich was a late child in the family: he had two older brothers, born and died during the Second World War, even before the birth of the future president of Russia.
Vladimir Putin with his parents
The Putin family lived in a communal apartment in Leningrad, located at number 12 in Baskov lane. To this day, the President of the Russian Federation recalls his childhood in housing without amenities, emphasizing his seemingly invisible connection with the population of the country. Vladimir Putin’s parents died of cancer in 1998 and 1999, and did not manage to enjoy his son’s success in politics.
He studied young Vladimir Putin in an ordinary eight-year school number 193, and at the end he moved to a special school with a chemical bias number 281, where he received a certificate of secondary education. As a child, Putin showed himself as a diligent student who was keen on learning foreign languages, but at the same time not indifferent to sports. At the age of 11 he became interested in martial arts and enrolled in the sambo and judo section.
Vladimir Putin on the mat
Vladimir Putin’s sports biography is filled with numerous achievements in this direction. To date, the President of the Russian Federation continues to practice martial arts, one of his latest achievements in sports was the ninth dan in Korean taekwondo fighting and the eighth dan of Kyokushin, assigned to him in 2013 and 2014.
Vladimir Putin in his youth
Upon graduation, Vladimir Putin entered the Leningrad State University, law faculty, which he graduated in 1975. In his student years, Putin met Anatoly Sobchak, who taught business law in high school. The future mayor of St. Petersburg later played a significant role in the successful career of Vladimir Vladimirovich.
Service in the KGB
As you know, in his youth, the future president worked in intelligence, which, as many media have suggested, affected his style of governing the country. After receiving a diploma from the Leningrad State University, the young distribution specialist got into the service in the state security organs. In the KGB of the USSR, Putin worked for almost 10 years. In the late 70s, Vladimir Putin was trained at the KGB Higher School No. 1 (currently the institution was renamed the Foreign Intelligence School), and also underwent training courses for the operational staff, where he received attestation of a junior officer in the KGB.
Vladimir Putin worked in the KGB
In 1985, the future head of Russia was seconded to the GDR. There, he worked in the state security organs of the territorial reconnaissance of Dresden, holding the position of director of the “House of Friendship of the GDR-USSR”. In his position, Vladimir Vladimirovich has achieved significant success, which is why he was awarded the medal “For merits in front of the National People’s Army of the GDR.” In the years of service, Putin was promoted to lieutenant colonel and offered a position in the central foreign intelligence apparatus of the KGB of the USSR in Moscow.
Vladimir Putin in the form
The future head of the Russian Federation refused from service in the Russian capital and returned to his first Leningrad in the first intelligence section of the KGB administration. In 1991, Vladimir Putin filed a report on dismissal from state security organs and became an assistant to the rector of the Leningrad State University on international issues. In 1992, with the rank of lieutenant colonel, he was transferred to the KGB reserve.
Vladimir Putin’s political biography was launched in 1991 at the St. Petersburg Mayor’s Office, where, after his dismissal from the KGB, he headed the Mayor’s External Relations Committee. Along with this, since 1994 he was the first deputy chairman of the government of St. Petersburg. Vladimir Vladimirovich took these posts at the suggestion of Anatoly Sobchak, to whom the rector of Leningrad State University recommended Putin as a responsible worker.
Vladimir Putin and Anatoly Sobchak
Part of the team of the future Russian chapter in the St. Petersburg City Hall, in particular, Dmitry Medvedev, Alexey Miller, Igor Sechin and Sergey Naryshkin remain his loyal associates even now, since they joined him in the Russian government, where they occupied responsible posts in the presidential administration and the head office of state-owned companies.
In 1996, after the failure of Sobchak in the gubernatorial elections, Vladimir Vladimirovich was invited to work in Moscow for the position of enslaving the affairs of the President of the Russian Federation. Literally a year later, Putin received a promotion and took over as head of the Main Directorate of the President of Russia. For two years of active work, the future president of the Russian Federation became one of the most influential persons in the Kremlin, thanks to which he again changed his position and headed the Federal Security Service of Russia, and later the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
Vladimir Putin and Boris Yeltsin
In 1999, former Russian President Boris Yeltsin decided to transfer his power to Vladimir Putin, presenting him in an official televised address to the people of the country as his successor. In view of the current Constitution of Russia, the future president of the country had to go through several steps of the career ladder in a short period to climb the highest pedestal of the state. Then he was appointed deputy prime minister and then prime minister of the Russian Federation. Already in March 2000, Vladimir Putin won his first presidential election.
President of the Russian Federation
Putin’s first presidential term was launched against the background of the invasion of Chechen militants in Dagestan. The decisive actions of the federal troops on the territory of Chechnya, thanks to the new president of Russia, brought a long-awaited victory for the population tired of the war, became the key moment of Putin’s strong position in the presidential chair. But the president tried not to break away from the people, and in 2001 the first broadcast was broadcast "Straight line with Vladimir Putin"which subsequently became annual. Any resident of the country could ask his question directly to the president.
Vladimir Putin as President of the Russian Federation
From the very first steps on the post of the Russian head, Vladimir Vladimirovich began to undertake cardinal reforms, which favorably affected the economic situation. Then his ratings of popularity and recognition among the population increased significantly, which allowed Putin to lead the country during the second presidential term. According to the results of the election of the Russian head in 2004, he again won the first round and beat his competitors in the fight for the post of head of the Russian Federation with a significant margin.
During the years of government, Russian President Vladimir Putin conducted a major constitutional and political reform, improved legislation in the judicial sphere, adopted a decree on the new Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, reorganized the Supreme and Supreme Arbitration Courts of the country, signed the law on ratification of the Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption and approved the Concept of foreign policy of the Russian Federation. According to many foreign experts, Vladimir Putin inherited a very heavy legacy in the form of Russia, which he "took away" from imminent decay.
Tandem with Medvedev
After the expiration of Vladimir Putin’s second presidential term, many critics of his activities claimed that he would find a way to stay at the head of the Russian government and beyond. However, he decided not to go against the Constitution of the Russian Federation, which does not provide for the possibility of a single president governing the country for more than two terms, so he transferred his powers to his successor, Dmitry Medvedev, who in 2008 was elected by the Russians as the new president. At the same time, Putin took the post of Prime Minister of the Russian Federation and became the head of the United Russia party.
Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev
During the period when the Russian Federation was in the hands of Dmitry Medvedev, the society continued to give primacy in making important political decisions to Putin, in connection with which the concept of “tandem” became firmly established in the Russian government. At that time, the country did not pass the world economic crisis, in connection with which the key activity of Vladimir Vladimirovich was the social orientation and preservation of stability in society.
Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev
In 2011, at that time, the current Russian president, Dmitry Medvedev, officially nominated Putin for the presidency — in the elections in 2012, Vladimir Vladimirovich again won the race for the presidency, gaining 63.6% of the vote. After taking office, he offered Medvedev the post of prime minister of the country.
Crimea and the situation in Ukraine
The third presidential term of Vladimir Vladimirovich began with the signing of a series of May decrees of 2012. The most resonant changes in the country were the events of 2014, when Putin supported the Crimea who turned to Russia for help because of the refusal of the local population to accept the legitimacy of the new government after the coup in Ukraine.
Riots on Independence Square in Kiev
During Euromaidan, Ukrainian protesters overthrew their president and held their own elections. The new President of Ukraine was a businessman and billionaire Petro Poroshenko, who first built his election campaign on the promise of soon joining the European Union, and then abandoned his words because, as quoted by the Ukrainian leader, the press "small support of this idea by the population". Crimeans refused to recognize the new government, which resulted in conflicts involving the use of force.
Petro Poroshenko on the anniversary of Euromaidan
Then the Kremlin signed the Agreement on the Admission of the Crimea to Russia through the formation of new subjects in the Russian Federation, namely, Sevastopol and the Republic of Crimea. With the help of the Russian authorities, a referendum was organized in Crimea, on the results of which the sovereign Republic of Crimea was proclaimed on March 11, and already on March 18, 2014, an agreement was signed on the entry of the Crimean republic into the Russian Federation.
Crimean residents celebrate referendum results
After that, Russia was attacked by a wave of criticism and attacks from European countries, who consider the annexation of Crimea to Russia as an annexation, and the situation in the Donbas – acts of the Russian president. Inside the country, opinions were also divided, some believed that the return of the Crimea was quite a logical act, others blamed the government that Russia deliberately exacerbated the situation in Ukraine and seized the territory, like in ancient wars.
Obama, Merkel and Hollande initiated sanctions against Russia
As a result of the annexation of the Crimea, the Russian Federation was accused of allegedly conducting a secret military campaign in the south-east of Ukraine, of supporting and financing the militia forces, and of the active participation of the Russian military in the clashes in the Donbas. In addition, international experts blamed Russia for involvement in the crash of a Boeing-777 plane, which fell in the Donetsk region. The trial lasted more than a year, some of the materials were strangely lost, and some were compromised by falsification, so the guilty tragedies have not yet been found, and many blank spots remain in the story itself.
Plane crash in the Donbass
Against the background of these events, the EU and the government of some other foreign countries, blaming Russia for the political crisis and the subsequent military conflict in Ukraine, adopted a number of sanctions against the Russian Federation, which naturally had a negative impact on the economies of both parties.
Scandals and "viruses"
In addition, every year more and more questions from experts and ordinary citizens began to cause Chechnya and how the internal policy of the Russian Federation correlates with the lawlessness created in the republic, which is part of Russia and receives funding from Moscow. The region constantly delivers scandalous news: these are forced marriages with minors, and children’s battles, and threats to the press, and personal security forces of the head of the region, Ramzan Kadyrov — all this makes the public for many years resent the fact that Chechnya receives big money from the capital.
Vladimir Putin and Ramzan Kadyrov
The press once again began to circulate rumors "friends" president who get financial support no matter what. On the other hand, many experts and foreign media agree that, most likely, such a monetary peg is the only thing that allows you to control the region.
In 2015, the Russians were distracted from the discussion of the grim news of foreign and domestic policy is a funny event. At a press conference with the President of the Russian Federation among various tricky questions, journalist Vladimir Mamatov asked why chain stores do not take on implementation "Vyatka kvass". The president laughed off, but promised to help the national product get a fragment of the market due to him.
A video with the original question instantly became viral, and jokes about "Vyatka kvass" became hits of the internet. In this case, the questioner achieved his goal. The Vyatich Brewery was offered contracts by many retail chains, journalists, public relations leaders and even managers of rapper Timati became interested in the Vyatka kvass. The geography of sales of suddenly popular kvass reached the USA and Germany.
In the same year a documentary was released "The president"telling about 15 years that Putin has already spent in power. The film received a warm response from the press secretary of the President, Dmitry Peskov, and in the world caused a radically different reaction. Some media outlets called him an attempt to justify himself, others an encouraging portrayal of the leader.
Documentary film "film career" President is not limited; Vladimir Vladimirovich is often the hero of popular production video works, the most memorable of them is the video clip "Vladimir Putin Well done!" to a song of praise about the president that quickly became viral.
Now the whole country is once again following foreign policy. In the United States, which for many years has been the object of particular interest of our country, presidential elections were held. The place of Barack Obama, who supported the sanctions undermining the Russian economy, was taken by businessman Donald Trump, who spoke very respectfully about Russia throughout the entire election campaign.
Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump
Vladimir Putin congratulated Trump on the presidency, the two leaders spoke for the first time by phone. But, despite the warm attitude of the new president to Russia, he is not in a hurry to influence the sanctions.
Presidential elections in our country also excite the minds of the public, but Putin is still avoiding specific answers to questions about the 2018 elections, and even says that he has not yet decided whether he will take part in them at all. Detractors associate this with the age of Vladimir Vladimirovich, who is now 64 years old. Nevertheless, the majority of the population still expects Vladimir Vladimirovich to again claim the presidency.
Vladimir Putin. New Year’s greetings 2017
According to VTsIOM, if the elections were held right now, more than 70 percent of citizens would vote for the current president, and the level of trust of citizens to the leader of the state is even greater — according to various sources, from 82 to 89% of the population approve of his actions.
The personal life of Vladimir Putin is safely hidden from the public and the eyes of Russians. According to official data, it is known that the Russian head married in 1983 to Lyudmila Shkrebneva, with whom she had been married for about 30 years. Lyudmila Putin is not a public person, she rarely appeared with her husband at various events. There is also information that the head of Russia has two daughters – Maria and Katerina. There is no more detailed information about the life of children and the wife of the state leader in official sources. The private life of Putin’s daughters, like the president of the Russian Federation himself, is carefully guarded and does not lend itself to publicity.
Vladimir Putin with his wife and children
In 2013, Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin officially announced their divorce. According to the spouses, they experienced a “civilized divorce.” The official reason for Putin’s divorce with his wife was the full employment of the Russian head at work, as a result of which the spouses hardly saw each other. The ex-wife Lyudmila Putina reported that, despite the divorce, Vladimir Vladimirovich is very good towards her and the children, giving full support in all matters.
Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin
After Putin and his wife’s divorce, Russian and foreign media have been flooded with unconfirmed information about the love affair of the Russian head with gymnast Alina Kabaeva. Given that the private life of the first person of Russia is a “taboo” for journalists, the relationship between Vladimir Putin and Alina Kabaeva has been actively discussed for several years. The Russian chapter does not give any comments on all public speculations; he considers them nonsense.
Vladimir Putin and Alina Kabaeva
Press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov on such rumors made a statement that "the Russians chose the president, not the man"In this connection, I strongly advised journalists to discuss the personality of the Russian president only in a political manner, without interfering with his personal life.
Despite the perfectly grounded secrecy of the head of state, the press is aware of several interesting facts about the president’s passions and hobbies. For example, Vladimir Vladimirovich is an avid dog lover, Putin has three dogs of different breeds: Labrador, Bulgarian Shepherd Dog and Akita Inu. All three animals live together with the president in his residence near Moscow. The last two animals are gifts that, knowing about the president’s love for dogs, were presented to him by the Bulgarian and Japanese delegations, respectively.
Also, the president does not hide his birth year and birthday, which allowed especially interested people to find out which stars and planets I patronize the Russian leader. According to the sign of the zodiac, Vladimir Vladimirovich is Libra, that astrologers interpreted in relation to Putin as having a desire for harmony and diplomatic talent. And according to the Chinese horoscope, Vladimir Putin is a Dragon, which, without any interpretation, causes pride in his fans.
Interestingly, Putin has a rather small height – only 170 cm, which very often leads people who for the first time see the President of the Russian Federation personally, into a stupor. The point is the psychological effect, according to which people with public respect and pronounced charisma seem to be much higher than their height. So even with a small actual growth, Vladimir Vladimirovich always seems to be above his opponents due to public support and his own character traits.