The editors of the club “My Planet” that surprised or pleased her this week. A selection of photos, videos and fun facts about people and the planet.
See you through
Slava Shvets on her blog on Facebook posted a curious compilation called Losapevi dell’arte, which in Italian means “Did you know this about art?”. It was created by Paolo Platania, released by L’Espresso magazine in 2004, and has won numerous awards. The author gracefully used Photoshop to “enlighten” the old paintings with x-rays. As a result, we can literally see the inside of art and find out what is hidden inside the “Ladies with an Ermine”. Earlier, My Planet published a large photo project about images created with the help of x-rays.
Who knew for sure what was inside the glacier?
This is what the Vatnajökull glacier in Iceland looks like from the inside. It is the largest glacier in Europe, its area is 8.1 km², which is about 8% of the entire island! The average ice thickness here is 400 m, and in some places it even exceeds 1 km! The name of the glacier translates as “giving water” – it feeds many Icelandic lakes and rivers. For example, the river Yokulsau-a-Witches, which forms the most powerful waterfall in Europe – Dettifoss. At the same time under the layer of ice several volcanoes are hidden, which periodically begin to erupt. When the lava spills out of the volcano’s mouth, large areas of the glacier are rapidly melting, and ice frees the land for grazing.
By the way, do you know why ice in Iceland is blue? This can also be seen, for example, in Antarctica (read the history of the development of this harsh continent). The fact is that the older the ice blocks are, the denser the ice and the less air bubbles there are. Because of this, it looks “blue” (in fact, of course, it is white): light penetrates into it to a greater thickness, while the red component of the spectrum is absorbed, and only the blue comes back.
You’re just space, baby!
This caterpillar looks like a stranger from distant planets, who also brought a little space with him. In fact, it is the larva of the Pacific fruit moth, or, in Latin, Eudocima fullonia. In an adult insect, it will turn within 30-60 days. The moth is nocturnal and feeds on mango, banana, melon, citrus, guava and other fruits. These insects are widely distributed in the Pacific, Asia and Africa. They can be found in Australia, China, Japan and Thailand. But in Hawaii, they first appeared in 1985. By the way, do you know what will happen if all insects disappear? The ecologist answers this question.
Sleep my joy sleep
Oh, how sweet the red panda sleeps, or, as it is also called, the cat bear! No wonder they are called small – they are a little larger than a domestic cat. But they have plenty of charm! The first mention of the animal in China are found in the XIII century, but it became known to Europeans only in the XIX century. It was officially opened in 1821 by a naturalist and English general, Thomas Hardwick. He proposed to call the animal the word ya (wah) – the Chinese called it because the beast made similar sounds. The inhabitants of Nepal also called him “punya”, from which the modern “panda” subsequently went. However, at that time, Hardwick was unlucky: he was delayed in returning home, and the Frenchman Frederic Cuvier was ahead of him. He called the beast “a shining cat,” Ailurus fulgens. Many, by the way, believe that the cat bear is lucky, because being “shining” is much nicer than some kind of “wa.” See also the report of AirPano from the “oasis of pandas” in China.
Yes, during the First World War in Sheffield (Great Britain), the teams were harnessed. elephants. The country was forced to send to the front not only men, but also livestock. About 1.2 million heads of mules and horses were sent to the line of defense. Because of this, there was an acute shortage of pack animals. However, it was still necessary to plow the land and transport weights! So farmers attracted circus elephants to field work. By the way, after the end of the war, many giants remained in the care of farmers, and used them during World War II. Find out more about who, when, and why harnessed elephants to the plow, in the article “My Planet”.