Do you know that professional teeth cleaning is needed not only if you have problems with the gums or you are going to have a dental treatment? Dentists recommend it to be held every six months, in extreme cases – once a year. A properly chosen technique will allow to preserve the health of the gums and teeth in their original form for many years. Today there are several types of professional cleaning, but the most common are Air Flow and ultrasonic. Which option is better depends only on the characteristics of your body.
Professional cleaning is needed at least due to the fact that using a brush alone you can hardly remove all the pathogenic bacteria and soft plaque from the oral cavity. But it is precisely these two problems that lead to caries and gum disease: plaque eventually turns into stone, which in turn destroys the gum and tooth.
Ultrasonic cleaning is carried out as follows. The raid and deposits are removed using a special nozzle tip (aka scaler), from which ultrasonic waves exit at a high frequency. Such waves of sediment and stone are crushed into tiny particles. Then it remains only to wash them with water. The last stage of cleaning – polishing the surfaces of the teeth with abrasive paste and nylon nozzles.
Anesthesia is rarely used for ultrasonic cleaning. Lidocaine is appropriate for sensitive enamel or gum disease. The cleaning itself lasts from a third of an hour to 40 minutes: it depends on how much dental deposits there are. The peculiarity of the procedure is that dental plaque is removed not only from the enamel, but also under the gums and the space between the teeth. This makes the cleaning of capital. The safest enamel cleaning method. Ultrasound literally knocks out foreign inclusions from enamel and can crumble even the largest stone, however, it does not polish it, which means that the teeth are not particularly bleached.
Important! Whatever type of hygienic cleaning you choose, dentists recommend that all existing cavities be healed before and not after.
Advantages and disadvantages of ultrasonic cleaning
As mentioned above, this is a very safe type of cleaning, because there is no chemical and mechanical effect on the teeth. The way is contactless and perfectly copes with such a thunderstorm of healthy teeth, like a stone, which is impossible to bring out at home. And after ultrasonic cleaning, such a problem as bad breath also disappears.
In addition, ultrasonic cleaning removes the subgingival stone, which often provokes chronic inflammatory processes in the gums, such as periodontitis and gingivitis. It is often recommended immediately before treating gum ailments. Ultrasonic cleaning with a scaler is an excellent preventive measure to combat these ailments. But it has other advantages:
- In this procedure, the enamel is not erased and is not damaged;
- pathogenic bacteria are destroyed, which means that gingivitis and periodontitis have no chance;
- allows you to get rid of hard plaque, even in hard-to-reach areas of the dentition;
- teeth get a natural shade.
This type of cleansing is contraindicated for those who have arrhythmia, asthma and chronic bronchitis. Also not performed for people with a pacemaker. In addition, ultrasonic cleaning is not intended to clean dentures and implants: an ultrasonic wave can disturb the structure of the prosthesis. Ultrasonic cleaning of pregnant women in the first trimester is also not done. The only drawback is that there is no pronounced bleaching effect.
Important! There is another cleaning option – chemical cleaning. With it, a special paste is applied to the teeth and gums, and in turn it is affected by a special lamp. This cleaning has side effects, so nowadays it is used quite rarely and is not very popular. But if you have contraindications for abrasive or ultrasonic cleaning, it can also be used.
Air Flow is a Swiss sandblasting machine created by EMS. He copes with mild bacterial bloom. Removes dental plaques if they have not yet hardened and become tartar. Also, the procedure is called pearl (or abrasive) cleaning, and from English the name of the device is translated as air flow.
How it goes
The device is equipped with a thin tip. Through him, due to the high pressure in the mouth cavity gets an abrasive mixture. The mixture itself is water, air and fine soda powder (sodium bicarbonate). The composition of the jet can also be minerals and flavors. Dental plaques are removed with a powerful jet of soda and water, therefore they literally wash off the enamel, at the same time grinding and polishing it, the enamel becomes shiny and smooth.
The method is completely safe, because sodium bicarbonate crystals are used as crushed as possible. Enamel they can not damage. But if the teeth are too sensitive, and your enamel is weakened and thinned, it is better to refuse the procedure: drink calcium and strengthen the enamel, use toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
Airflow also allows you to prepare the tooth surface for further therapeutic and aesthetic procedures. You can apply this cleaning before fluoridation, installation of braces or veneers, before professional bleaching, that is, before any procedures where perfect clean and smooth enamel is needed. The procedure is short, and you will see the result immediately.
There is, however, one thing: during the procedure organic film comes off the tooth, which means that the next couple of hours after the air flow you cannot drink coffee with tea (and other drinks that can stain), smoke and eat coloring products. However, for the sake of this effect, you can suffer.
In addition, a rather painful mechanical cleaning is sometimes performed in front of Air Flow to remove plaque with the help of special brushes and hooks.
Pros and cons of Air Flow
Pearl cleansing has both minuses and advantages. Let’s start with the benefits:
- Sometimes after such a cleaning there is no need for bleaching;
- the procedure is not painful and safe;
- pigment spots on teeth disappear, as well as brown or yellow bloom after cigarettes, coffee or wine;
- the procedure does not accumulate on the fly in the future and does not allow the formation of hard calculus;
- With the help of Air-Flow, you can clean any orthopedic products in the oral cavity, as well as crowns and implants.
- does not remove tartar;
- does not get rid of stones and deposits under the gum;
- although it removes bacterial plaque, it does not have a bactericidal effect on the gums and teeth.
Abrasive cleaning is not recommended for diseases of the lungs and throat, as well as bronchi, for periodontitis, for a large number of carious lesions of the teeth, as well as for pregnant women.
Important! Sometimes only one method of professional cleaning is indispensable. Then a comprehensive cleansing combining both methods can be carried out. It is suitable for those who neglect oral hygiene and everything is neglected there, as well as those who have not visited a dentist for a long time.