Wisdom teeth – the eighth in the jaw row of man. They erupt late, which is why the people have such a name. They usually erupt between the ages of 17 and 25, but there are exceptions to this rule. It would seem that the teeth that grew later than all should be the strongest. But in reality this is not the case, and they are subject to diseases even more than others. In the article we will tell you what to do if a wisdom tooth hurts, why it hurts and how to relieve pain.
Causes of pain
The wisdom teeth, despite their late eruption, are weak and easily susceptible to various diseases. They are difficult to erupt, delivering the patient a lot of unpleasant minutes and harassing him with unbearable pain. The fact is that the jaw of a man at the time of the cutting of the "eights" has already formed, and often they do not have enough space to properly cut through. The growth process is delayed for long months, while the gum is sore due to the fact that it is constantly injured and inflamed.
In addition, the eighth teeth can hurt for other reasons – for example, due to the presence of caries, pulpitis and other diseases. Consider these cases in more detail.
A situation where a wisdom tooth is cut and sore is typical of most patients. Since the G8s are being cut late, this process is painful, and the gums are constantly injured in the process of eruption. Is it worth mentioning that permanent injury to the gums is the most common cause of inflammation.
Often, when the “eights” erupt, the patient experiences severe headaches, general weakness, and the temperature may even rise. Do not stoically tolerate and suffer, it is better to turn to a dentist. In many cases, you only need to make an excision of the hood (gums, which covers the top eight) to help it painlessly cut through.
Pain with growth
If a patient’s wisdom tooth grows and it hurts at the same time, do not be afraid, this is a common phenomenon. It may even be said that the absence of pain is the exception rather than the rule. Indeed, with age, the jaw of a person becomes smaller, therefore, there is no room for the eruption of new teeth. And the later the G8 come through, the more painful this process will be. Wisdom teeth not only have to make their way through the gums, but also slightly displace adjacent teeth in order to prepare for themselves a place for further growth. All this is somehow accompanied by pain. Therefore, doctors often prescribe painkillers that help endure pain while growing teeth.
The pain is already cut through the "eight"
If the tooth has already completely erupted and suddenly began to hurt, then, most likely, we are talking about one of the dental diseases – caries, periodontitis, or pulpitis. The fact is that the “eights” are located in the very corner of the jaw, it is extremely inconvenient to clean them, it is almost impossible to completely remove food debris from the interdental spaces. Therefore, they quickly begin to deteriorate. Sometimes it also happens that the tooth is affected by caries before it is fully erupted.
If a wisdom tooth has already broken through a long time, it has suddenly started to hurt you – urgently to the dentist, most likely you have one of the stages of caries.
If the gum hurts near the wisdom tooth, then most likely we are talking about such a disease as pericoronitis, in which the gums are inflamed around an incomplete cutting tooth. If the tooth in the jaw is positioned incorrectly, its eruption is usually very difficult. In this case, the gum around it is very inflamed. Especially strongly inflamed that part of the gums, which partially covers the incomplete cut tooth. Dentists call it a hood. Food debris may fall under it, causing an exacerbation of the inflammatory process up to the formation of purulent exudate. In this case, the dentist makes a decision about the excision of the hood, to facilitate teething and remove the cause of the exacerbation of the inflammatory process.
Do not be afraid of excision of the hood. It is performed under local anesthesia, so you will not feel pain. If you don’t react in time, you can lose the wisdom tooth at the eruption stage, since when the inflammatory process is triggered, the doctor may decide to remove it.
After excision of the hood, the doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. You should also rinse the mouth with antiseptic solutions and herbal decoctions.
In no case can not warm the sore spot! Such manipulations can only strengthen the inflammatory process, thereby putting your life at risk.
Wisdom teeth diseases
Wisdom teeth, like any other teeth, are subject to various dental diseases. As mentioned above, the eights are located so that it is sometimes impossible to thoroughly clean them from plaque and food debris. Therefore, they deteriorate very quickly.
The most common diseases are:
- Caries. The symptoms of the disease are the same as for ordinary caries. The tooth begins to react with pain to temperature or chemical stimuli, and the pain disappears as soon as the stimulus ceases to act on the tooth. In this case, there is reason to believe that there is a carious lesion.
- Pulpitis. The patient experiences a sharp, throbbing pain in the tooth, which occurs on its own, for no apparent reason. Pain also occurs with a mechanical or thermal stimulus, but, unlike caries, the pain in the pulpitis does not go so quickly.
- Periodontitis. The pain is aching in nature and is localized in the wisdom tooth, and not in the gum, and pain is multiplied when biting. Swelling of the gums and mobility of the sick tooth itself may also appear.
How to get rid of a toothache
Few people can boast that his "eights" cut through them painlessly and easily. Therefore, you need to know how to deal with pain before visiting the dentist.
It is important to remember that it is impossible to cope with the pain in the tooth yourself; be sure to consult a doctor for advice.
- Before visiting the doctor, you can relieve your condition by rinsing the mouth with a tincture of calendula after each meal.
- Effectively rinsing the mouth with a solution of drinking soda in the proportions of one teaspoon per glass of water.
- Propolis has a good analgesic effect.
But remember: all these measures and folk remedies are good only before visiting the doctor and cannot replace the help of an experienced dentist. Therefore, at the earliest opportunity, contact the dental clinic.