The eruption of milk teeth is a very important milestone in the life of any child, and although milk teeth do not remain with a person for life, but are soon replaced by permanent ones, but the health of the entire dental system in the future depends on milk teeth. How permanent teeth grow will depend largely on the state of development of milk teeth. Therefore, to underestimate the proper development and health of milk teeth is a big mistake.
Parents are always worried about the appearance of the first teeth in a child, many worry and sincerely rejoice at the first tooth, despite the fact that teething always gives a lot of trouble and anxiety to both the baby and his parents. Of course, everyone cares about how many first teeth appear, what is the order of their appearance, are there any deviations from the norm, how to relieve painful symptoms during this period, how to care for baby teeth? There are many questions, but some even have no idea what effect the milk teeth have on the formation of molar teeth in the future and how important the care of baby milk teeth is already from the appearance of the first teeth. We will try to consecrate all these and other questions in this article. So, when do the first teeth climb?
When the first teeth appear
The process of formation and mineralization of baby’s teeth begins long before the first teeth appear. This process begins in prenatal development. The beginning of the third month of pregnancy is characterized by a fully formed fetus, the development of which occurs all subsequent months. At the beginning of the fourth month of pregnancy, the baby’s baby teeth are already laid. From the fifth to the eighth month of pregnancy follicles of individual molars are laid. It is not by chance that the health of the mother during pregnancy is extremely important and decisive in the development of healthy milk teeth and later molars in the future.
Already in the third month of a baby’s life, teething symptoms begin, and in some cases, by this time, the first teeth may begin to appear. On average, a child’s teeth begin to appear from 6-7 months and this process ends at the age of three.
When the first teeth are climbing, this is accompanied by characteristic symptoms – abundant salivation begins, you will notice how the child tries to gnaw at fists and toys with effort, and excessive tearfulness can also be observed. More active symptoms appear to varying degrees individually. Sometimes parents do not always observe any deviations in the behavior of the baby during this period, and then the child’s first tooth is a pleasant surprise for the parents. And sometimes the eruption of the first teeth can be accompanied by fever, diarrhea, and even a cold.
Knowing what time do the first teeth climb, You can be ready for this process and try to soften the condition of the baby during this period. It is advisable to buy a child a solid rubber ring toy, which he will chew with pleasure. The chewing process distracts the child and trains the gums.
The sequence of the appearance of the first teeth
The lower teeth first appear in the center – these are the frontal incisors of the lower jaw. Next in turn are the upper central incisors. After a month or two, the lateral upper incisors begin to cut. After another month after their eruption, a pair of lower lateral incisors begins to appear. As a result, by the year the child in the arsenal has eight front teeth – four incisors on the top and four incisors on the bottom.
It should be noted that such a teething schedule is not always maintained. In life, there are often exceptions, when the first teeth come out only closer to the year, which by no means can be considered an anomaly. And there are cases when a child is born already with one or two teeth, or the first teeth erupt literally in the first weeks of life. All of these are exceptions to the rules, the reasons for which should be sought in hereditary features. Perhaps it was at such times that the teeth of the parents or other close relatives of the baby were teething. It is noticed that girls are somewhat ahead in the physical development of boys and girls usually appear teeth a little earlier. than boys.
It is believed that what time do the first teeth appear, their strength and health depend. The first teeth that appeared too early do not always differ in strength compared with those that appear in the second half of the year. However, the later development of the teeth can still be the result of some diseases, transferred in the early period of life or in the prenatal period of development of the child, and also occurs in premature babies, or children with rickets. So, in the case when the first teeth come out late, you just have to show the child to the pediatrician for your own comfort. Most likely there are no deviations in the development of the baby, but it is important that the doctor directly tells you about this.
In the second year of life, at about 12 -15 months, the side chewing teeth start to be cut – molars, lower and upper. And by about two years of age the child’s fangs start cutting through. Last, up to three years, pairs of upper and lower second molars are cut. There are only twenty baby teeth in a child by the age of three, while an adult’s molar teeth are thirty-two.
Tips for parents when they climb their first teeth
During the period of abundant salivation, when the first teeth are most intensively climbed, a bib should be tied to the child, which is easy to change during the day. Wipe your baby’s face and neck more often from saliva to avoid irritation.
At the pharmacy, purchase teether rings that you will have put in the refrigerator for a short time before giving it to the baby.
The pharmacy sells a special silicone brush that can massage the baby’s gums. She can further brush the child’s teeth in the first year of life.
When the first teeth appear, The process of feeding the baby begins to change. With the advent of the first teeth, it is necessary to include in the diet foods of solid food – semi-cooked carrots, a crust of bread, a circle of cucumber, a quarter of an apple without seeds and peel. All products can be given to the child to chew only under the supervision of adults. Chewing improves blood circulation in the gums, strengthens them. Gradually, the food should be replaced with puree on cooked small, and then larger pieces.
It is necessary to abandon the pacifier, which can adversely affect the bite of the baby.
A few words must be said about the change of milk teeth. With the same impatience, as the parents waited for the first tooth of the baby, in the same way they care about what time the first molar teeth appear. Despite the fact that the process of changing teeth is highly individual, in general, the replacement of milk teeth with primary ones begins at about five years old. It should be understood that if dairy ones were laid in the womb of the mother, the molars begin to form immediately after the birth of the child. When the first teeth are climbing root, in fact, they begin to push their dairy brethren, in connection with which the milk tooth begins to falter and eventually falls out. There is no clear sequence of loss of milk teeth. This process is deeply individual. Although on average, tooth loss can be observed in the same sequence in which they appeared. Long before the first milk teeth fall out, the sixth molars appear in the child – these are molars. A complete change of milk teeth is completed by fifteen years.
The main symptoms of teething
The teething symptoms, as well as the timing of their appearance, are very individual. Even in one child, the appearance of different teeth may be accompanied by various symptoms. Someone has a high fever for a long time, the child is naughty, and parents forget for a long time what a normal sleep is, and sometimes the tooth erupts completely painlessly, just one day my mother is surprised to notice that the spoon, which she feeds the baby, produces a characteristic knock.
The most common sign that a baby will soon have new teeth is an increase in salivation, swelling of the gums and their soreness. Moreover, such symptoms may appear even two months before the eruption, that is, until such time as the tooth that has appeared can be seen. Children often become restless and capricious, sleep is disturbed, appetite disappears, and you may want to pull your fingers or other foreign objects into your mouth.
When the tooth is about to come out, other signs appear. On the baby’s gum, you can see a thin white strip or a whitish whitish. And if you gently tap on the gum with a spoon, then you can already hear the characteristic sound.
First teeth: symptoms of infectious diseases
Sometimes teething is accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, a runny nose, and even a wet cough may appear. That is, the symptoms characteristic of infectious diseases. However, the majority of doctors, despite the obvious link between the deterioration of the baby’s condition and the appearance of teeth, do not consider these signs as eruption symptoms. They argue their position by the fact that the appearance of a tooth lowers immunity, and as a result the child becomes susceptible to various diseases. And it is wrong to write off such disturbing symptoms solely on teething, without paying them proper attention.
The temperature in children during teething may increase due to the inflammatory process in the gum area. As a rule, the thermometer rises to 38 -39C, but the temperature is kept no more than two days. If the temperature lasts longer, be sure to call your doctor.
Teething with teething
Such signs of the first teeth, as a stool liquefaction, due to the fact that the baby increases salivation. He is forced to swallow saliva, increases the flow of fluid into the body, which speeds up intestinal peristalsis and dilutes the stool. However, some digestive upset, which is observed during teething, it is difficult to call diarrhea. The chair is watery, but not more than two or three times a day, and this phenomenon continues on the strength of two or three days.
With abundant watery, and even more bloody diarrhea, the child must be urgently shown to the pediatrician.
Runny nose when teething
A runny nose during teething is due to the fact that the nasal mucous secretes an increased amount of mucus. If a runny nose is not cold, the discharge is not abundant, flowing and transparent. His treatment can be limited only by cleansing about sputum of the nose.
In case of heavy greenish or purulent discharge, which lasts more than three days, with a strong nasal congestion, you should contact your pediatrician.
Sometimes there are signs of the first teeth, like a wet cough. It is provoked by the accumulation in the throat of salivary secretions, which appear in large numbers during teething.
Such a cough is quite rare, in the prone position, it increases, and passes a maximum of three days. This cough does not require treatment.
If the child coughs often, he has shortness of breath, sputum is released, wheezing in the bronchi is heard, then this phenomenon has nothing to do with teething. It is necessary to urgently consult a doctor.
It is best for any painful phenomena to consult with your pediatrician. Even if you are sure that the reason for your baby’s discomfort in precisely the erupting teeth, the doctor will be able to confirm or deny your diagnosis. Risking a child’s health is unacceptable.
How to help the baby during teething
When a child is teething, he often cries, becomes moody and restless. It is clear that parents also get tired, but try to devote as much time as possible to your crumbs, because the appearance of the first teeth gives the baby a lot of discomfort. Often take him in your arms, play with him, distract from painful sensations with interesting activities. If the baby is breastfed, give him a breast when he asks. Usually, the need for mother’s breast increases these days, and it’s not about feeding, but the fact that the baby needs a sense of security. If you planned on these days weaning, then postpone the event for a more favorable period, do not insist on the usual daily regimen or require the child to observe a certain schedule.
The most common signs of the appearance of the first teeth are that the child constantly wants to chew or nibble something. This process helps them to reduce the intensity of pain and help the teeth to quickly cut through. Special soft plastic teether rings are sold, but other elastic rubber toys can be used. Sometimes you can hear the advice that a toy should be cooled in a freezer before giving it to a child, a cold object will lower the sensitivity of the gums, but not all children will pull an object into their mouths, an unpleasant temperature for them. In addition, there are cases when the baby is not interested in a special ring, but choose their own favorite toy for themselves, which they gnaw. It is not worth insisting that the baby use the teether. Just make sure that the chosen object does not have small details that the baby can choke on, or sharp ends that can injure him. And many kids with great pleasure will gnaw a crust of bread or a wheel.
The mood of the kids is changing very quickly: just that pipsqueak bitterly sobbed, and after a minute happily. If your baby is cut first teeth, symptoms the appearance of which is too painful, take advantage of this phenomenon. Try to distract the baby, create a positive atmosphere around him, play more with him, show him new toys. If the baby has more positive emotions, it will be easier for him to suffer temporary discomfort.
On the advice of a physician, you can apply the gel, which eases the pain during teething. This tool is used when the pain is too intense and distract the child does not work. Gels are very easy to use. Apply them on your own finger and rub into the gum, gently massaging it. The procedure can be repeated up to six times per day.