People are surprisingly careless about their own health, especially when it comes to teeth. Many have watched over the years as a tiny brownish spot grows into a black hole. The emerging pain is easily suppressed by pills, but its absence does not mean the cessation of the destructive process: the started caries continues to infect all new areas, as a result of which odontogenic periostitis occurs. In a simple way – flux. What is it? How to recognize the disease in time? What to do for a speedy cure?
What is tooth flux?
Dental flux is a disease of the periosteum, which is inflammatory. The development of periostitis is associated with infection: food debris enters the tooth cavity or gum pocket, which begins to rot. As a result, a large amount of pus accumulates, making a way through the bone in search of a way out. When the pus reaches the periosteum and stops there, a flux is formed.
In the circulatory tissues begins the pathological process, accompanied by pulsating pain. If you continue to ignore the disease, the inflammation will go to the periosteum. You can learn about this by a very strong pain and high body temperature.
Do not confuse flux with a cyst: the latter most often precedes the development of periostitis. The cyst is a kind of bag filled with purulent liquid contents. It grows and gradually replaces the healthy tissue.
In fact, periostitis is not as bad as its complications. Most patients experience the following lack of treatment:
- Jaw osteomyelitis – inflammation passes to the jaw bones, most often the lower jaw.
- Abscess – is a limited lesion of the tissue of soft tissue.
- Cellulitis is a deadly phenomenon: pus is no longer limited by anything and simply spreads through the body, penetrating between the facial muscles, going down to the neck or to the heart.
- The defeat of the sinuses of the skull – in this case, the inflammation reaches the sphenoid, maxillary or frontal sinuses. Sometimes the infection enters the brain membrane.
When spontaneous opening of a purulent focus, the periosteum thickens, which means the transition of periostitis to the recurrent chronic form.
Causes and symptoms
Among the main factors provoking the occurrence of periostitis:
- Acute or chronic dental diseases (caries, pulpitis, periodontitis, periodontitis).
- Mechanical trauma to the gums, contusion of the dental-toothed tissues.
- Difficult teething.
- Failed tooth extraction, especially against the background of sore throat or flu.
In any of the above cases, soft tissue damage occurs, so that the pathogens gain access to the inside.
Recognizing periostitis is easy enough for such symptoms:
- intense painful sensations often radiating to the ear;
- constantly increasing swelling of the gums;
- temperature increase up to 38 degrees;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- forming a seal at the base of the tooth;
- increased pain when biting, pain spreads to adjacent teeth;
- swelling of the cheek or lips near the problem tooth.
Finding signs of flux, you should immediately consult a doctor. Every day, delays are fraught with complications in the upcoming treatment and an increased risk of death.
Periostitis is diagnosed by X-ray, as it is very difficult to determine the causative tooth by eye.
How to treat
It is possible to get rid of periostitis only in the dental clinic: no home procedures will help. Before visiting the doctor should not take painkillers, as this may complicate the diagnosis.
The treatment is aimed at the formation of the outflow of purulent or inflammatory contents. In addition, the necessary anti-inflammatory and restorative therapy.