The eruption of the first teeth in infants is a responsible and important event. He is awaited with impatience and fear. When teething, the gums become sensitive, redden and swell.
What do gums look like when teething
Permanent teeth are replaced by milk in a child, starting at the age of six. This process is not so painful, but parents should be prepared for it.
When teething babies
Terms teething milk teeth in babies are strictly individual. In normal development, all the teeth come out in the first 3 years of life.
Approximate terms of teething zubikov in children:
- Central incisors above and below – 1-12 months.
- Side cutters on top – 9-13 months.
- Lateral incisors below – 10-16 months.
- Fangs above and below – 16-23 months.
- First molar on top – 13-19 months.
- First molar below – 23-31 months.
- Second molar on top – 25-33 month.
- Second molar from the bottom – 14-18 months.
In some babies, the first tooth appears at 6 months, in others, the mouth is still empty. The timing of eruption depends on many factors. Among them are heredity and nutrition.
The behavior of the mother during pregnancy also affects the health of the child and the timing of the appearance of teeth. If the diet was not sufficiently balanced, there was not enough calcium, vitamin D, the teeth will appear later.
How to recognize baby teething
Inexperienced young parents can confuse the symptoms of eruption with a cold and begin to treat the child with antiviral medicines. To recognize teething can be the behavior of the baby, if part of the gum is swollen and it stands out from the general background. He tries to shove everything in his mouth to scratch his gums. The only thing parents should take care of when teething in infants is to slip a silicone teether. Then you just have to wait.
Cutting teeth bring discomfort to the baby. He stops sleeping well and often cries. Eruption is accompanied by symptoms:
- Swelling and redness of the gums.
- Bleeding gums.
- Abundant salivation.
- Decreased appetite, complete rejection of food.
- Low-grade body temperature.
- Sensitive, restless sleep.
Sometimes also in a baby during a period when teeth are cut, a rash appears on the body. Due to increased salivation, the child may begin to cough.
Baby with teether
The process of teething is long. Symptoms will not pass in 1–2 days, as many parents think. They can pass and appear again until the tooth appears completely. If there is any doubt about the state of health of the child, it is better to seek help from a pediatrician.
Teething condition during teething
Milk teeth literally cut the gums. The gum at the site of the cutting tooth first swells, then becomes red. How does the gum when teething, it is easy to see with the naked eye. You can feel a small, hard bump on the gum with your finger. This is the future tooth. The child feels a strong itch, therefore constantly pulls handles in a mouth.
Swollen gums at the site of eruption can also bleed. The sharp surface of the tooth damages small vessels. A small hematoma may form, it will pass quickly. Sometimes blood clots form on the surface of the gum. They can not be torn off, so that the bleeding does not resume.
During teething in babies you need to make sure that nothing dirty is in your mouth. It is good to wash all nipples, rattles, rubber teethers. In the open wound infection can join, provoke the development of inflammation. When inflammation of the gum swells up, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth. In the language of the child can be seen whitish bloom. There is a high temperature. If unwanted symptoms appear, a doctor should be called.
If the teeth do not climb for a long time
If the child already has a year, and his teeth have not erupted, you do not need to sound the alarm and raise panic. But ask the pediatrician’s advice.
The delay in the appearance of teeth in infants is usually associated with such reasons:
- Heredity. One of the parents teeth appeared very late.
- Mother’s behavior during pregnancy. Smoking and unhealthy diet can cause a delay in the development of bone tissue in a child.
- Maternal health during pregnancy. If the mother has an infection, it can affect the appearance of teeth.
- Baby food. Breastfeeding promotes bone development.
There are two pathological reasons for the lack of baby teeth. One of them is adentia. This is a condition in which there is no basis for future teeth. It is laid in the embryo at 6-7 week. If during this period, the expectant mother did not take enough vitamins and calcium, or suffered an infection, the foundation may simply not be formed. Determine the edentulous can only X-rays.
Rickets is the second pathological reason why teeth do not climb. This is a lack of bone mineralization, which is associated with a lack of vitamin D. Rickets in developed countries is rare in infants, but parents should be aware of this disease.
Replacement of milk teeth in children
Permanent teeth erupt in children from 6 to 12 years. This event is as significant as the appearance of the first teeth in an infant. The appearance of molars is the first sign of growing up.
Permanent teeth appear in this order:
- Sixes (first molars) – erupt at the age of six.
- Front incisors – grow instead of milk incisors at the age of six.
- Lateral incisors – erupt at the age of seven or eight.
- Fours (first premolars) – erupt after nine years, all appear up to eleven years old.
- Fangs – crawl out instead of milk fangs up to the age of twelve, usually after the appearance of the first premolar.
- Fives (second premolars) – grow in the period between ten and twelve years.
- Seventh teeth grow in their place in a child after eleven years.
Replacement of milk teeth
Third molars, who received the title of wisdom teeth, can erupt at any time. In some people, they appear in 16 years, some in 30.
Adult children tolerate teething much easier than babies. Discomfort is delivered by swollen gums.
Symptoms of teething permanent teeth
Molars grow gradually. Signs of teething visible to the naked eye. The main sign that a molar tooth will soon appear is a loss of milk. The gum swells up before eruption and becomes red. You can feel the sharp edge of the tooth under the gum with your finger.
The front teeth erupt less painful than the back. This is due to the area of the crown. Molars are often cut very slowly. The child feels a periodic nagging pain. The pain can give to the adjacent teeth. The eruption process is often accompanied by high fever and malaise.
In the period of the emergence of the molar teeth, it is very important to monitor the oral hygiene of the child. It is necessary to clean and rinse your mouth twice a day. Remove the painful symptoms and swelling of the gums will help decoction of chamomile or hypericum.
Parents should pay attention to how smoothly their teeth grow. Improper bite can affect the health of your teeth and gums in the future. To avoid problems, you need to take the child to the dentist after replacing several milk teeth.
Often, the molars can crawl out when the milk teeth have not yet dropped out. This greatly affects the bite. It is best to take the child to the dentist to remove a baby tooth.
How to relieve teething symptoms
Parents are very anxious about the period of first teeth appearance in children. I really want to speed up the process and make life easier for the kid. With the modern development of medicine, this is not only possible, but necessary. At any pharmacy, you can buy ointment or gel for children’s gums.
The composition of ointments for gums most often includes such components:
- lidocaine (local anesthetic);
- chamomile drug extract;
- calendula extract.
The drug Lidocaine – spray and gel
To relieve pain, you can give the baby a child "Nurofen", water herbal tea with chamomile. In the presence of an inflammatory process, it is forbidden to self-treat a child with antibiotics.
If your child’s gums have swollen when replacing milk teeth with permanent teeth, you can get rid of the discomfort with the help of rinsing. Good remedies for swelling are soda, chamomile, aloe pulp.
Teething is an event that children forget, and parents remember all their lives. The signs are easily confused with acute respiratory infections, but it is worth examining how the gums look, and everything falls into place. It is necessary to take special care of the baby during this difficult period, more often to take him in your arms, to embrace. Then it will be easier for him to bear the first serious sufferings in life.