The tooth reacts to hot and cold – such complaints can often be found in the dentist’s office. Today, quite a large number of people suffer from hypersensitivity, which doctors call hyperesthesia. In the presence of this disease, the symptoms of each are quite individual. Irritating factors can be mass – ranging from acidic foods, to spicy foods. In some cases, for example, a tooth reacts to a sweet tooth. It should be noted that the pain is short-lived and almost immediately passes. This is the main difference of sensitivity from pulpitis, in which there are prolonged discomfort due to inflammation of the nerve.
Bad feelings: cause or effect?
A simple example of having hyperesthesia is pain while brushing your teeth. Discomfort can be triggered by chocolate, ice cream or even ordinary cold water. This problem is typical for almost every third inhabitant of the planet Earth, regardless of age. Often occurs in adolescents during hormonal changes occurring during puberty. If the tooth reacts to hot and cold, this may indicate the presence of some other disease and be a symptom of an infectious disease, periodontal disease or endocrine disorders in the body.
The main causes of hypersensitivity
There is an extensive list of all factors that can lead to hyperesthesia. They are usually divided into two large groups: non-system and system.
1. Effect of various acids on enamel. They are contained in larger quantities in citrus fruits and soda (Fanta, Coca-Cola, and others.) 2. Apply toothpaste that is intended for whitening, paired with a very stiff brush. Sometimes it will be useful to trace the tendency of pain, namely, the moment when it first manifested itself. The tooth reacts to the sweet, but before buying a new paste, everything was different? The reason could easily be in it. 3. Pathological disorders of enamel, under which its rapid erasure occurs. 4. The initial stage of caries, erosion or wedge-shaped defects. 5. Sensitivity may manifest itself after turning the teeth under the installation of crowns. 6. Visit the dental office, during which the procedure was carried out cleaning and whitening of teeth (stone removal, etc.). 7. Tooth reacts to cold after filling. 8. A variety of microtrauma. They can result in bad habits, including nibbling of nails, seeds, or wire.
1. The lack of beneficial minerals necessary for the healthy life of the tooth (calcium, phosphorus and magnesium). 2. Infectious and viral diseases that may not even be associated with the oral cavity. 3. Gastrointestinal diseases, endocrine disorders. 4. There are cases when doctors blamed the occurrence of this problem on psychological trauma and stress. 5. Acceptance of hormonal contraceptives. 6. The tooth reacts to hot and cold in pregnant women during toxicosis. 7. Work at chemical plants or contact with harmful substances.
The essence of the problem
Due to the above reasons, enamel is gradually thinning, which is the protective shield of the tooth. Under it is dentin, which is in close contact with the nerve endings. When the enamel becomes very thin, the path opens for any irritants that, bypassing the dentin, affect the pulp (nerve). At the first stage, the tooth reacts to hot and cold, to the second list is filled with sweet, spicy and salty. The final stage of the disease is the third one, during which painful sensations appear when a tooth comes in contact with absolutely any irritant.
Tooth responds to hot – what to do?
As with any disease, you first need to see a specialist. Only he will help to identify the main causes and prescribe treatment. The first thing a doctor advises is to follow a diet whenever possible. For example, eat less candy or citrus fruits. Be sure to adhere to the following rule: do not interfere with cold food with very hot. Such a contrast is harmful even for relatively healthy people. Hot tea + ice cream is a direct way to the destruction of enamel and microtraumas. Forget crackers, seeds and hard nuts. But fish, milk and cottage cheese are a rich container of calcium and phosphorus, which are so necessary for healthy bones and teeth.
Other methods of getting rid of the problem
When teeth react to cold and hot, the treatment can be varied – from a simple diet to special desensitizing toothpastes. This is very convenient for any patient, because along with ordinary oral hygiene, prevention also occurs. Dentists usually prescribe Oral-B Sensetive or Sensodyne-F. Without the need to apply these pastes should not be, because in some cases they may have the opposite effect. Teeth brushing in this case is identified with the course of this treatment, which must be adhered to as strictly as possible.
Pasta is not the only method of struggle
Pharmacists have developed a huge variety of gels and foams that struggle with the problem of hypersensitivity. In especially neglected cases or at the request of the client, electrophoresis can be applied (the effect of an electric current on the human body).
There are folk remedies. Tea tree oil works especially well – three drops per glass of water. Rinsing should be carried out at least 1-2 times a day (can be combined with brushing).