Raid on the teeth in children occurs in several types and can be formed in a short period of time. Daily care requires not only permanent teeth of adults, but dairy in children. The plaque appears due to the accumulation of a large number of bacteria.
Causes of plaque are inadequate oral hygiene.
- lack of or irregular hygiene;
- increased consumption of soft foods;
- after long-term antibiotic treatment (tetracycline species);
- impaired metabolism;
- problems with the digestive system;
- after mechanical damage to the enamel (retaining substances accumulate on the inside and outside of the teeth);
- diseases that cause irregularities in the enamel (fluorosis, wedge-shaped defect, enamel hyperplasia).
Even regular cleaning does not save from the appearance of dark spots on the enamel. A child cleansing the oral cavity does not always reach hard-to-reach places, it is here that bacteria accumulate that promote the formation of caries that requires removal. Consumption of coarse food (apples) provides self-cleaning.
Soft food is difficult to clean, it gets stuck between the teeth, provoking the appearance of caries.
- the black;
Yellow plaque on the teeth is the most frequent. is he does not require professional removal. Formed during the night and day. It is not dangerous, it is easy to clean, treatment is not required. If cleaning of the oral cavity is carried out irregularly, the yellow plaque on the teeth will harden with time and will turn caries.
Brown plaque on the teeth of a child occurs due to salivation, in which there are unreduced iron residues. Iron, interacting with sulfur formed during the decomposition of proteins, paints the child’s teeth brown. Causes of brown: strong tea, cocoa, candy, Coca-Cola, Pepsi and other carbonated drinks. Brown color may indicate the development of caries, which requires professional removal.
Green plaque on baby teeth occurs between the ages of 5 and 6 years. The causative agent is a fungus, as part of which there is chlorophyll, which emits a green color, dye enamel. Self-cleaning results will not give, you should contact the dentist.
Black plaque on the teeth of a child appears unexpectedly. Sometimes it can occur overnight. It occurs most often among children older than a year. Black plaque does not always indicate the presence of caries, it is a problem of aesthetic appearance. Usually black color is observed on the inside. Clear the blackout between the teeth forever not work, they will return again.
The reasons may lie not in dental problems, but in gastroenterological problems. Therefore, you should consult a doctor gastroenterologist.
Pigment on the teeth occurs after eating berries, tea, cocoa with sugar. Whitish blotches on enamel that can not be brushed off. An exact diagnosis and determine why this problem has appeared in a child can only be a dentist. After the discovery of blackouts between the teeth of orange, pink, red colors, do not panic. Perhaps it was provoked by food dyes: carrots, beets, juice, drugs. In this case, home cleaning will help.
How to get rid
With the formation of yellow bloom professional cleaning is not needed. Here, the child will help regular oral hygiene. If the darker more serious nature: brown, green, black should contact a dentist. He will determine why and after which the problem appeared, and the baby will be assigned an age-appropriate cleaning.
The instrumental (manual) method is used when ultrasound and jet treatment are excluded due to contraindications. For the process of removing obscuration applies a special set of tools. Duration: from 30 minutes to 2 hours.
Ultrasound treatment carried out using the scaler apparatus, which generates sound vibrations, transmits them to the tips, knocking a hard patina. Tips replaceable. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. For the youngest children (from 1 year) is not suitable. Duration: 1 – 2 hours.
Jet cleaning is used to remove plaque caused by food dyes (cocoa, tea, coffee, juice, etc.). Particle Removal Procedure involves the use of fine abrasives.
The method is called "Air Flow", created on the basis of sandblasting method used for metal processing. The role of sand is played by soda (sodium bicarbonate). The removal procedure is carried out with a water supply (for softening) and air flow directed to the damaged areas.
- age up to 7 years;
- damage to the gums or oral cavity (inflammatory processes);
- chronic diseases (asthma, emphysema, bronchitis);
Hardware techniques can be carried out together and separately. Before the procedure should conduct a survey of the child, and to exclude the presence of contraindications.
If a child has black plaque, it can be removed with the help of chemical agents: solutions of alkali and acid, low concentration. To use this technique, dentists prescribe gels paste. Chemical stripping procedure is auxiliary., used in conjunction with other methods. Held under the supervision of a physician.
After prolonged use of pastes and gels containing acidic and alkaline preparations, the procedure must be stopped, since not only the stone but also the whole tooth softens.
How to remove plaque on the teeth? Having noticed that the child’s teeth are colored black, green or brown, which cannot be cleaned with a brush and paste, consult a dentist, he will examine the baby, determine the causes, and then prescribe the necessary treatment.
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