Teething symptoms in children are also differently called teething syndrome.
Despite the fact that all children are different, it is possible to identify a certain symptom complex that occurs in most babies during this difficult period.
Knowing the main symptoms of teething in infants, it is possible to determine how well the teething process in a child goes and to better understand the condition of the baby.
How do teeth grow in children?
A child grows, and teething is one of the important elements in the development of his body. The first teeth of an infant can begin to cut already at four months.
It is believed that with a similar signal his body says that the baby is preparing for the introduction of complementary foods.
Teething is a natural process of development, and, like all other processes, it has a certain system (albeit rather conditional, since all children are different and the teething schedule will be individual).
It is known that teeth erupt 2 times in a person’s life: the first time milk teeth appear, after which permanent ones replace them.
Baby teeth are laid in the baby in the period of perinatal development. Especially important in this regard will be the third and fourth months of pregnancy.
The structure of the dentition will be strongly influenced by the mother’s diet and the genetic heredity of the child.
So that the development of the fetus proceeds as adequately as possible and the future baby’s teeth and bones are strong and healthy, it is recommended for pregnant women to consume a lot of calcium and foods in which it is contained in large quantities (such as cottage cheese and milk) starting from the third month.
The process of teething of milk teeth is always accompanied by injury to the gums.
After all, when teeth are cut in a child, a baby tooth, passing through the soft tissues of the gums, breaks out, disrupting their integrity.
That is why the signs of teething, manifested in infants, can be quite unpleasant.
When a child is teething, the symptoms can be combined into a characteristic symptom complex, which was called the “eruption syndrome”.
Permanent teeth begin to form after the birth of the baby, but long before their time of eruption comes.
According to research, the process of formation of permanent teeth begins almost parallel to the process of teething milk.
Baby teeth are different from permanent. They are smaller and more fragile. In addition, their root is shorter, because of which they are less firmly held in the gum.
The change of teeth begins in a child already at the age of about six years. At this moment, the already formed permanent teeth, starting to rise, destroy the dairy roots.
So the cutting permanent tooth can be said to push the temporary one out. Milk drops out, and soon a new, already permanent tooth is shown in their place.
Indicators of the norm, when the first teeth of a child can begin to erupt, are quite wide. When this process begins, depends on the overall development of the baby, his physical health, diet and heredity.
Normally, teeth are cut in a certain sequence. There is even an approximate formula that helps assess how teeth are cut in babies.
According to the formula, you can calculate how much they should have a child. It will look something like this: N = n-4. N is the total number of teeth erupted, which should already be at this time, and n is the age of the child in months.
It is worth remembering that all children are individual, and if the deviations from the result obtained are insignificant, then you should not worry (the approximate age of the beginning of eruption is taken as the basis of the formula – 6 months).
But if time goes by, and the indicators do not pull up to the desired value, then it is worth consulting with a specialist.
Perhaps there are problems with the establishment of teeth in the perinatal period, and the infant may simply be missing their rudiments.
If teething in infants begins conditionally from 4 months, then finally all the teeth should get out by three years. At the age of three years, the baby should already have at least 20 teeth.
The front incisors should appear first: the lower ones are shown first, and then the upper ones. As a rule, teeth erupt in pairs – first two lower, and then two upper.
But sometimes couples are confused among themselves: it may seem one lower, then one upper, after which their neighbors will come out in parallel. But in most cases, symmetric pairing is maintained.
After the central incisors appear lateral – first the upper, and then the lower. From about a year to 14 months, a child should already have 8 teeth. Fangs begin to crawl to 22 – 24 months.
The eruption of molars in children goes in 2 stages. First molars are cut at about 16 months (the first molar can crawl out at about this time).
By two years, the first pair of molars cuts through, and after the canines (in the third year of life), the last 4 molars emerge from the children.
Milk teeth fall out in the same sequence as teeth climb in children at an early age, because the permanent dentition appears all on the same schedule and pushes the milk teeth out of the gums.
When changing teeth, the symptoms are not so uncomfortable. It happens like this, because permanent teeth go along the “beaten” path, replacing the structures of the milky ones, and such traumatization of the gums, as during the first eruption, no longer occurs.
The change of teeth begins about 6 years, and a permanent dentition can be completely cut only by 12 years.
And this is not counting the so-called “wisdom teeth” – the third molars that will appear after 20 years (the symptoms can also be extremely uncomfortable).
Characteristic symptoms for teething
As mentioned earlier, when erupting, the soft tissues of the gums are injured. The eruption process can proceed in different ways.
In some children, it passes almost imperceptibly, while in others it will be accompanied by whims and insomnia.
In most cases, the teething symptoms in babies are about the same and constitute the general teething syndrome caused by gum trauma, local immunity decline and the body’s struggle with possible inflammatory processes.
It is believed that the body of the child in a similar period is more vulnerable and weakened, so the baby during the period of eruption need special care and attention.
The simplest and innocuous signs of teething are itching in the gums and increased salivation in the child.
The teeth will cause a desire to scratch the gums, so babies often gnaw their fingers and everything that comes their way and seems comfortable for these purposes.
Itching is accompanied by profuse drooling. The excretion of saliva in this case is a protective reaction of the body.
Saliva contains lecithin, which has a disinfecting effect: this is how the body tries to protect the gums from the effects of bacteria that can get into the baby’s mouth.
Sometimes the eruption is limited to similar symptoms, but often other, more serious signs of teething appear, giving the child considerable discomfort:
- elevated temperature;
- redness and swelling of the gums;
- changes in stool consistency and frequency;
- increased capriciousness;
- sleep and appetite disturbances;
- clear nasal discharge.
The temperature can rise already before the process of teething of the first teeth begins. She seems to be warning that the process has begun.
The temperature level usually ranges from 37 to 38 degrees. An increase in body temperature above this norm may indicate that the process of eruption proceeds with complications.
Many children do not tolerate fever, which is often exacerbated by painful sensations (especially when molars are climbing), so you can easily understand why an infant often naughty during such a period, becomes restless, and has signs of sleep disturbance.
Since the baby’s digestive tract is not yet fully formed and is also a vulnerable place, the syndrome often affects the baby’s eating behavior.
The baby will eat little and drink. His chair can become more frequent and change its consistency – it will become softer.
The eruption of the upper row is often accompanied by a clear discharge from the nose.
How to help the baby?
The process of teething in babies can be quite difficult.
To help your child experience this time more comfortably, you need to take care of some things in advance and closely monitor how your child behaves and how teeth are cut (you can even keep a teething diary, noting the exponential dates).
After all, when babies’ teeth are crawling, they still do not know how to talk and cannot convey their feelings and wishes to parents or other adults.
Contact with the world and the realization of opportunities in children under one year are carried out through their parents. Only their sensitive care, understanding and capturing of the changes taking place will help the baby to fulfill his needs and improve his well-being. Video:
Every prudent person has a first-aid kit, the more she should get when children appear in the house.
By the time the child’s teeth are crawling, the children’s first aid kit should have children’s soft antipyretics, painkillers and a teether.
What kind of drugs should be purchased, it is better to advise the pediatrician, based on the experience and knowledge about the health features of the child.
Alone without consulting a doctor should not pick up drugs. Especially in case of suspected inflammatory processes, it is not necessary to stuff the child with strong medicines.
As a rule, it is quite easy to bring down the temperature during eruption with the help of children’s Nurofen or Paracetamol in syrup.
Some parents prefer to use candles. These drugs also have an analgesic effect.
In addition, there are many topical painkillers for topical use on the drug market for the period of eruption.
As a rule, they are made in the form of gels that need to be rubbed into the gums of the baby with massaging movements.
The combination of massage and medication action should help the child to calm down and reduce discomfort.
Today, there are a large number of various teethers that will help the child more comfortable to go through this period.
Teethers can have a different shape and material. In addition, modern models can have a slight cooling effect, which will help reduce pain, if any.
When your baby suddenly teeth are crawling, the symptoms can be alleviated using the means in place.
What can say about the complications?
Approaching the age of six months, the child also approaches the stage of formation of his own immunity.
It is believed that the baby previously supported the mother’s immunity, transmitted to him during perinatal development and during breastfeeding with milk.
From the age of six months, the child begins to develop his own immune system, but during this period he will be vulnerable.
If the teething process goes away with complications, then the child’s immune system will be weakened, creating a favorable environment for bacteria.
Often, during this period, the child manifests many allergic reactions, there is stomatitis, or various infections stick to the baby.
Not always against the background of a teething, a non-specialist can distinguish which symptoms are caused by a natural process (for example, when molar teeth are crawling in children), and which are signs of a developing disease.
Therefore, it is necessary not only to be attentive to the baby, but also periodically to take him for routine checkups or to call a pediatrician to the house for a professional examination.
An obvious alarming deviation from the norm will be a consistently high temperature, which is difficult to bring down and which lasts for several days.
Usually, teething syndrome does not include vomiting. That is, the onset of vomiting is likely to be a sign of possible complications or an associated infection.
As mentioned earlier, the stool during the eruption period will become slightly more fluid and frequent, but there should be no diarrhea. Diarrhea is a dangerous symptom for a young child.
Frequent diarrhea can cause rapid dehydration in infants. It is necessary to control the water-salt balance in the body and, if diarrhea does not go away for a couple of days, call a doctor.
If the baby’s nasal discharge is opaque and viscous, it is most likely a symptom of a respiratory infection.
A combination of fever, vomiting and diarrhea can be a sign of an intestinal infection. If there are also respiratory symptoms, rotavirus can be assumed.
If the intestinal symptoms are absent in the presence of other symptoms, then perhaps a cold or other pathologies develop, which only a doctor can determine for sure.
It is necessary to carefully consider the health of the child and at the slightest deviations from the norm during the eruption period, seek the help of a specialist to prevent pathology from developing.
Taking care of your baby, you can safely and comfortably go through this period without meeting with complications.