With the birth of a child, many joyful moments appear in the parents’ life: the smile of the baby, his first words and steps. But a special place in the development of the baby takes a period of teething, which is very scary for adults. As he becomes restless, he cries all the time, sometimes the temperature rises or diarrhea appears. It is easier to endure this period will help information about how the process of teething in infants, as well as what measures can be taken to alleviate the condition of the baby.
The first symptoms of eruption begin to appear at the age of 4–8 months. In isolated cases, this process starts at 3 months. Usually they are as follows:
- Swelling and redness of the gums.
- Increased salivation.
- Increased body temperature.
- Nasal congestion and cough.
- The constant desire of the baby to nibble, bite and hold in the mouth.
- Lack of appetite.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Restless sleep
Each baby has its own "set" of symptoms. Some people experience a disorder in the alimentary canal when teeth are cut in the lower jaw, when in the upper one there is an increase in temperature.
The appearance of teeth resembles the disease, since the symptoms are quite serious. The pain accompanying such an important event is strong, because the tooth needs to grow through bone tissue and gum.
How to distinguish an infection from teething?
All listed teething signs are considered normal. However, exactly the same symptoms may appear during infection. Since the first years of the baby’s life are marked by a high risk of its receipt. Therefore, diarrhea can appear as a completely innocuous "incident", and may also indicate the presence of a dangerous disease. So how do you distinguish these two states?
During teething, the presence of abundant salivation and mild cough is normal. When the baby is lying, withLuna is going to throat and he wants to get rid of her, so he coughs. Much less often a wet cough appears in a sitting position. As a rule, after 2-3 days he passes by himself and does not need special treatment.
But if the baby has a strong and frequent cough with excessive sputum and lasts more than 2 days, and is also accompanied by wheezing and shortness of breath, then it is necessary to immediately contact a pediatrician.
When babies are teething, an increase in the amount of mucus occurs in the nose. In appearance, it is transparent and liquid. After 3-4 days, a mild runny nose should normally end. To improve the condition of the accumulated mucus rinse nose.
If there is abundant mucus from the baby’s nose, which has a dull white or greenish color, and also does not pass after 3 days, then it is necessary to show it to the doctor.
A sign of teething is a rise in temperature to 37–38 degrees. She keeps a day or two, then comes back to normal. Why is it rising? The fact is that in the area of the gums there is an active production of bioactive substances, accompanying the appearance of teeth. With the help of antipyretics, you can knock down the temperature, but you need to use those that do not harm the small body.
However, in some cases, the child feels bad and has a temperature of more than two days. Then you need to contact your doctor. You also need to visit the pediatrician when the temperature has risen above the mark of 39 degrees.
During the period of teething in a baby, salivation increases, saliva interferes, so he swallows it, thereby accelerating intestinal motility. In this regard, there is diarrhea with a watery stool. The urge to toilet in the baby does not occur more than 2-3 times a day. After 2-3 days, diarrhea usually goes away.
A pediatrician should be consulted when diarrhea lasts a long time, with frequent and intense bowel movements, since this condition is dangerous and can lead to dehydration. Be wary should be taken when mucus or blood is found in the feces.
Sometimes, instead of diarrhea, constipation can begin. It should not be allowed for more than 3 days. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor, during which to find out how to clean the intestines of the baby.
And in general, parents who for the first time observe teething in their baby should in all incomprehensible cases seek help from a pediatrician. As it is better to ask once more, than to treat the developed disease. With the second baby will be much easier, because you will all know about the signs of teething.
At what age do teeth appear?
The appearance of teeth can begin at any time, therefore the following information has approximate values. After all, each child is different: someone acquires milk teeth earlier, someone later. But it is noticed that girls have teeth appear a little earlier than boys. On average, "zubastikami" become at this age:
- In 6–10 months, central incisors appear.
- Lateral incisors occur in 10–16 months.
- Fangs erupt in 17-23 months.
- The first molars are 14–18 months.
- The second molars are 23–31 months old.
In the top row, teeth erupt as follows:
- Central incisors appear in 8–12 months.
- Lateral incisors at 9–13 months.
- Fangs – at the age of 16-22 months.
- The first molars are 13–19 months old.
- The second molars are 25–33 months old.
In modern babies, the first tooth erupts at approximately