The eruption of the first tooth in a child is the most important event in the life of the child and his parents. And therefore, many mothers worry how teeth grow, what should be the timing and order of their eruption. This process is individual, but on average, the appearance of the first teeth can be expected starting from three to four months, although it is possible that this event may be delayed, and the long-awaited tooth will appear late in about eight to ten months.
It is also necessary to note that the teeth that appeared earlier are more fragile and painful, therefore care for them should be more thorough. So parents should not be too happy with their early teeth, it also makes no sense to be upset if they appear later than at the peers of the baby.
The term teething depends on genetics, so it is wrong to assume that the teeth should appear in a certain period. In fact, they are cut by the kids in different ways and there is nothing wrong with that. But if we talk about the sequence of growth of teeth in children, it is more or less the same, though not always. For this it is worth remembering the cases when a child born into a world can have one or even two. But this happens once in two thousand newborns.
How do baby teeth grow? Timing and sequence of eruption
All parents know that milk teeth (they are often referred to as replaceable or falling out) climb first, which after a certain time will start to fall out, and permanent ones will grow to replace them. But quite often on this end all parental knowledge.
How do teeth grow and what is their sequence?
Embryos form in children even in the prenatal period somewhere between the eighth and twelfth week. Then these formations will be filled with all the necessary minerals. Therefore, a pregnant woman should monitor their diet. You should eat foods that are rich in calcium, fluoride and phosphorus. These items are rich dairy and dairy products, baked potatoes, dried fruits, fish. Reception of special vitamins for pregnant women is also possible.
In the process of teething and growth of milk teeth – permanent ones are laid. Therefore, after the baby is born, special attention should be paid to the quality of nutrition of both the child and the nursing mother. After all, mother’s breast milk gives the child all the necessary substances for its proper development and good growth. And babies-artificials should be fed a diet with vitamins and various minerals.
As practice shows, the child acquires the first tooth in four to seven months. If there is a deviation from the norm, then this should not be considered a cause for concern. And ends the process of eruption and growth of about two and a half – three years.
How to understand that the baby starts to cut teeth?
The main signs of eruption are considered to be:
- reddened and swollen gums;
- copious saliva;
- due to the painful sensations, the child becomes moody and often cries;
- during feeding the baby often bites the breast;
- diarrhea – occurs due to the appearance of a large amount of saliva, the child swallows it very much and increases intestinal motility;
- sensitive and intermittent sleep;
- due to the large amount of saliva, coughing fits occur;
- runny nose – due to the fact that during this period a lot of mucus is secreted by the nasal glands. To alleviate the condition of the child, it is recommended to clear the nose of mucus;
- increase in body temperature – because during the period of teeth growth in the body, a huge amount of biologically active substances is released, the temperature above 38 degrees must be brought down with antipyretic drugs;
- decreased appetite;
- child’s desire to drag everything in his mouth to rub his gums
This does not mean that each child necessarily has all of the above symptoms, even the same baby can have different teeth cut through in different ways. Sometimes the eruption is asymptomatic and the parents do not immediately notice that the crumbs have a new tooth, but sometimes they can erupt with very serious complications.
How does the process of teething?
With the growth of acute tooth edge injures gum tissue, after which the gum becomes inflamed, swollen and redness appears. After some time, a white protrusion appears, from which, in the future, but not very quickly, the long-awaited tooth will grow. Before appearing, it cuts through the bone tissue and mucous membrane. Then the gum tissue is separated and the tooth becomes visible later.
During the growth of canines, as well as molars, a bruise may occur. In this case, you should seek help from a specialist.
Dental growth pattern (with description and photo) and terms of their eruption
The order of teeth growth in children goes like this. Often the first lower central incisors begin to grow. This process can begin at the age of four months, and even after a year. Then the upper central incisors begin to make their way; on average, this occurs in eight to nine months.
At nine or twelve months, the lower lateral incisors begin to actively penetrate, but in the top row such teeth may appear between eight and fourteen months. The first molars can be expected from thirteen to nineteen months, but the fangs will erupt from sixteen to twenty-three. The order of teething in the baby has absolutely no effect on their condition in the future.
The fallout process will occur in the same order in which they grew.
How to calculate how many teeth should already grow to a certain age?
There is a formula with which you can count teeth:
H = K-6,
H is the total number of teeth,
K – age of the baby (months)
But do not forget that all these calculations are approximate, and if the amount of the baby differs from the indicator, it is not a reason to head to the doctor. All kids are individual.
Causes of delay in teething of the first teeth
Sometimes it happens that the child grows, and the teeth are not observed. When should start to worry and sound the alarm?
Causes that cause growth retardation:
- mom’s bad habits during pregnancy;
- trauma at birth;
- poor nutrition of the mother during the carrying of the child;
- short frenulum of tongue;
If there is one or more signs – this is a reason to seek help from a doctor.
What can be done to accelerate the growth of teeth?
- Include in the diet of the baby as much as possible fruits and vegetables. Be sure to eat cottage cheese and dairy products. Limit the use of flour foods, as well as sweets. Correctly combine products with each other.
- Use gentle movements of your fingers to massage the gums, use special children’s toys that facilitate the process of eruption.
How to help a child if the teeth are cut very painfully?
As soon as the crumbs begin to climb their teeth, Mom should help move and relieve the child this unpleasant process.
- parents should as often as possible take the child in their arms, swing, distract the attention of the kid with exciting activities;
- if the baby is breastfed, then on such “painful” days it is better to abandon the feeding schedule and give the breast on demand. This period lasts about three days, then comes relief;
- use teethers, which are made of latex with gel filler. This toy can be cooled in the refrigerator, it will help relieve itching and burning;
- perform gum massage – to do this, it is necessary to moisten a gauze cloth in water, wrap it on a finger and gently massage the gums. Movement should be done carefully, so as not to injure the mouth of the child.
- the use of the brush-fingertip will help relieve discomfort in the area of eruption
Drugs for teething
To relieve the condition of the baby, you can use some medications. But before using them, you should definitely consult with your doctor.
Gel based on lidocaine, has a low-intensity anesthetic effect, can cause allergic reactions. Allowed to use for children aged five months and older. The drug can be used up to six times a day.
It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Do not apply to children under one year old.
Herbal preparation, has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Hypoallergenic.
Homeopathic medicine, eliminates pain, reduces inflammation, normalizes digestion.
Permanent teeth. Order growth in children
At the age of five to seven years, temporary teeth begin to fall out. Embryos of molars, which are formed at an early age, gradually begin to displace the roots of interchangeable teeth, loosen them and eventually replace the teeth that fall out.
More often it does not give the child any discomfort. However, a temporary tooth can be very firmly in the gum tissue, and then you should seek the help of a dental surgeon to remove this tooth.
The first, as a rule, fall central lower incisors, and then the same upper. Following them, at the age of eight, lateral incisors fall out.
The first molars begin to falter and fall out at the age of nine or eleven. In ten or twelve years – fangs, while most often in the bottom row. About in the same period, the second molars fall out.
Based on this scheme, we can conclude that baby teeth fall out just as they appear.
In general, by the age of twelve or thirteen, all temporary teeth of a child will be replaced by permanent ones. But it is possible that all permanent teeth will grow only by fifteen years.
If the teeth are in no hurry to change, then the reasons may be varied..
- previous diseases;
- chronic diseases;
- various pathologies
If this situation develops, then it is better not to postpone the visit of a specialist. The dentist will determine the exact cause and tell you how to solve the problem.
Often, in order to determine why the molars do not appear, it is necessary to conduct a specific examination and make an x-ray. The picture will show the presence or absence of tooth germs. Only After such a thorough check, the doctor will be able to provide qualified and effective assistance..
What are the basic rules of hygiene
Some parents believe that there is no need to care for and replace replaceable teeth, because they still fall out and permanent ones will grow in their place. But such a proposition is erroneous, since the embryos of molars are formed at an early age. Therefore, caries, which can develop on temporary teeth, will subsequently harm the condition of permanent teeth.
Therefore, as soon as the child has the first teeth, they need care and cleaning twice a day.
For the smallest manufacturers produce special silicone brushes and fingertips. You can also purchase toothbrushes with rubberized edges and soft bristles to ensure safe tooth care. On the packaging of such brushes necessarily there will be a designation “0+”.
Toothpaste should be exclusively for children, it is necessary to carefully study the instructions and find out how old it can be used.
After each meal, be sure to clean the mouth. Reduce the amount of sweets in the diet of the crumbs.
Toothbrush should be replaced every two to two and a half months and treated with boiling water after cleaning the teeth.
Of particular importance is the cleaning of teeth before bedtime. At night, the formation of saliva decreases, and bacteria multiply faster, causing tooth decay.
When should you start visiting the pediatric dentist
Approximately at the age of twelve months, the child should be recorded with the dentist. The doctor should not only examine the temporary teeth, but also check the entire oral cavity of the child, including the joints of the jaw, bridle, gums.
Subsequent visits to the doctor depend on the condition of the teeth in the crumbs. If there are no problems, the teeth are healthy and strong, then as a preventive measure, you need to visit a specialist once a year. If there are any problems, then at least once every six months.