Many parents are concerned about the question: how to remove the gap between the child’s teeth, especially in cases where it causes diction problems? And this is absolutely correct, because if you leave everything as it is and do not remove the gap between the teeth, then in the future it may cause serious and unpleasant problems. That is why with the diastema (that is how the doctors call the gap), the issue should be solved in childhood. It is known that the bone tissue in children is not yet fully formed, so any manipulations to correct the location of the teeth take place at an early age more quickly and are more easily tolerated.
If the diastema, or the gap between the child’s teeth, is pronounced, record the baby to the Mira dentist for a consultation. The doctor will talk about the causes of this phenomenon, the possible consequences, as well as ways to eliminate the gap.
The causes of diastema are ambiguous. There are a number of hereditary genetic prerequisites for the occurrence of a large distance between the front teeth. Also, some features of the structure of the oral cavity directly affect the occurrence of diastema: defect of the frenulum of the lips, large interdental nipples, problems with changing the milk teeth to permanent, incorrect position of the teeth, pathology of the teeth and gums.
As a rule, regular observation by the dentist from the very first months of a baby’s life avoids the formation of a large gap between the teeth – diastema. In addition, it is very important to monitor the oral hygiene of the child and timely teach him to take care of the teeth on his own. As a prevention of dental problems, it is recommended to pay attention to a good diet rich in vitamins. This will protect the baby from the development of possible pathologies, prevent caries and avoid periodontitis, which with the appearance of the gap is very likely.
The gap between the teeth – diastema
Diastema – a fairly common phenomenon. In adults, you can often notice a gap, expressed to a greater or lesser extent. Statistics show that literally every second baby is at risk of a gap between the front teeth.
If the gap between the upper or lower frontal teeth is more than 1 mm and varies in width to 10 mm (most often the limit is 2–6 mm), we can speak with confidence about the diastema. The gaps between the other teeth have a different name – trema.
Due to the formation of a gap, all kinds of inconveniences arise in the implementation of everyday and vital functions. Diastema complicates the normal process of eating, affects diction, so if there is a sufficiently pronounced gap, the child speaks poorly. In addition, the gap is an additional incentive for the appearance of caries and periodontitis.
There is a classification of diastema, including a false one: this implies the presence of a gap between the milk teeth, which naturally passes during a tooth change to a molar one.
If the gap occurs after the appearance of permanent teeth, should be taken as soon as possible to eliminate it. And although dentists eliminate diastema even in adulthood, it is most comfortable to carry out treatment in childhood.
What could be the gap? The main division implies the existence of symmetric and asymmetrical diastems. In the first case, the upper or lower incisors are equally spaced from each other. In the second, only one tooth has the wrong position, while the second remains in its rightful place.
Also, the gaps between the teeth can be divided into the direction of growth of the incisors. The gap can be caused by a divergence of the incisors in different directions with parallel roots (lateral deviation of the crowns) or a divergence starting from the roots (case lateral displacement).
In addition, the so-called medial tilt is possible when the teeth grow with rotation around their axis or have a clear direction to the side.
Ways to correct the gap between the child’s teeth
Eliminating diastema is not so difficult. Many ways to correct the gap between the teeth of the child give a wide choice to parents and the dentist. Depending on the width of the gap, individual characteristics and financial capabilities, the correction of the anomaly will take some time (from 1 procedure to several years). Among the ways to treat diastema you will see the most common dental procedures. So, below we present a list of methods for returning the teeth to a natural healthy state.
Braces are considered the most common and widely available way to correct bite. Gradual alignment of the teeth eliminates the gap. Braces are best to put in childhood, since the bone tissue is at the stage of formation and is easier to change. If, however, to install braces at a mature age, you need to be prepared for the fact that after the end of the course of wearing braces, it is necessary to wear the retainer for a long time in order to consolidate the effect and restructure muscular memory.
Braces to eliminate the gap between the front incisors are a safe and gentle way to get a beautiful, even smile.
Another way to fix the position of the teeth are records. They belong to the category of removable designs and are designed mainly for wearing under the age of 12 years. The removable nature of the plates simplifies the process of orthodontic treatment in comparison with braces, however, with a large gap size between the incisors, the plates will not bring the desired effect.
Capes for teeth are the dream of many patients, because they are made of transparent material in each case individually and are designed to be worn for several hours a day. Transparent caps have the same effect as braces and plates, but they are not suitable for strongly pronounced abnormal bite.
Installation is considered another way. veneers and crowns on the front teeth. This solution to the diastema does not require a lengthy bite correction process. In this case, the dentist selects a shade of veneers, completely repeating the natural shade of the patient’s teeth enamel, which makes the teeth even and well-groomed, closing an unaesthetic gap. Before installing the veneers will have to carry out some preparatory work – turning the teeth.
If the diastema is mild, the dentist may suggest improving the quality of the smile with cosmetic fillings, reducing the gap between the teeth. There is a more aesthetic and modern way to eliminate the gap – artistic restoration. It consists in building up teeth with the help of a composite filling material. After such procedures, care must be taken when crushing solid food and actively using the front teeth during meals.
If the cause of the diastema is an anomaly of the frenulum of the upper lip, an operation is needed on its plastic, and then correcting the position of the teeth or masking the gap in any way.
The cost of correcting diastema
It is easy to guess that the cost of correcting a diastema depends on the method chosen, the need to use certain materials. Also important is the severity of the defect.
In general, the most cost-effective way to find a beautiful smile will be cosmetic correction or surgical plastic. Art restoration, braces and other methods of correcting the position of the teeth will cost more, but the cost of these methods remains affordable for most patients. If we talk about caps, their production will be the most expensive.
What will be the consequences if you do not fix the gap between the teeth
Are the consequences for the child if the gap between the teeth is not corrected? Answer definitely can not. At the consultation, the dentist will assess the degree of development of the diastema, correlate it with a number of other factors. However, it is impossible to predict exactly the consequences. The gap may not manifest itself throughout life, but serious consequences are not excluded. The diastema can expand, become a cause of bite disorder, diction. If your child is already lumpy, then it makes sense to get rid of the diastema instead of trying to solve the problem of diction with a speech therapist.
With age, the load on the teeth increases, especially if they are not correctly positioned in a row. This easily leads to caries, can cause periodontitis. Incorrect bite often causes teeth to loose, ache, erase, and are at risk for infections and inflammation.
Therefore, in order to protect the child from frequent visits to the clinic in the future, take care of the position of his teeth today.