Features of tooth extraction
Tooth extraction is a surgery to remove injured and non-viable bone tissue. Acute pain and other discomfort after extraction may be due to the following provoking factors:
- There is an inflammatory process in the mouth.
- The patient for a long time tried to suppress pain by taking analgesics.
- The patient is abusing alcohol.
- There was a ingrowth of the tooth into the soft tissues of the oral cavity.
- To remove the tooth, it was necessary to dissect the gums.
Gums most often cut because of the need to pull out a malformed tooth. For example, the root eight, growing at an angle, injures the adjacent teeth and shakes their root system. To remove such a tooth, you will need to cut the gum, cut the tooth itself and remove it in several stages.
Blood clot formation in the well
There are several other factors that complicate tooth extraction and make the rehabilitation period painful and long:
- All teeth were completely destroyed by the disease.
- The roots of the tooth to be removed are severely curved.
- Teeth suffer from increased brittleness.
- The tooth grows inside the gum, but does not cut.
Any complicated tooth extraction can lead to complications if an infection gets into the wound or mistakes are made by the doctor during the operation.
Why gum hurts after tooth extraction
Many patients because of ignorance are very afraid of pain at the site of tooth extraction, which occurs at the end of the action of the painkiller. However, this is a completely normal phenomenon, because there was a removal of tissues, even if destroyed, in the gum. a bloody hole appeared, and the surrounding tissues are inflamed. The following circumstances also affect pain after removal:
- The further the tooth is located, the more traumatic the removal will be and the recovery phase is more painful. This is especially true of wisdom teeth.
- Complicating the removal of partial or complete destruction of the crown of the tooth and the separation of the roots. The doctor will have to extract each of the fragments separately, and the operation may be delayed.
- A granuloma (purulent bag at the apex of the root) cannot always be removed simultaneously with the tooth. Because of this, there is a need for additional surgery in the well.
- Purification of the hole from the tissue of a pathological nature is quite traumatic for the jaw, as a result of which postoperative pain becomes very intense.
How long should the gum hurt after a tooth is pulled out
Normal pain in the gums Lasts no more than 1-2 days from the moment of the operation and for a few more days, the sensitivity of the tissues to mechanical stress is maintained. On average, the pain should completely subside after a week, however, the exact period depends on the complexity of the surgical intervention.
If, after the operation, the patient experiences constantly increasing pain of a pulsating nature, which is accompanied by swelling of mucous membranes and an unpleasant smell from the mouth, this is a sure sign of the onset of the disease as an inflammatory process. To eliminate it should not be time, but it is necessary to visit the attending physician and find a drug treatment.
How to remove pain after pulling out a tooth
To facilitate the state after extraction, doctors recommend applying cold compresses – cold reduces swelling and reduces inflammation. Pain relief pills also help relieve pain.
To suppress the inflammatory and purulent process, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic drugs. In addition, the use of antibiotics is recommended for patients who have experienced complex operations with a large area of surgical intervention and gum dissection.
Do not rinse the mouth in the first week after surgery! This may contribute to the resorption of the blood clot necessary for proper healing of the gums.
How to remove inflammation of the gums after the removal of a tooth (including the wisdom tooth)
These recommendations will help to alleviate the condition of the patient after tooth extraction, as sometimes the residual pain greatly interferes in everyday life. This is especially true of the period after the removal of wisdom teeth.
Rinsing can only be used after the risk of blood clot has disappeared!
- Pharmaceutical solution of propolis dilute with boiled water in the proportion of 30 drops of solution to a glass of water. In the resulting fluid moisten the cotton wool and gently wipe the inflamed gums.
- Tempalgin, Analgin and Paracetamol help relieve pain relief gums and reduce fever.
- Chlorhexidine Oral Bath relieve inflammation and disinfect the mouth.
- Hypericum, oak bark and sage – These are herbs with a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. To prepare the infusion, you must mix them in a ratio of 4 spoons of Hypericum, 2 spoons of oak bark and 3 spoons of sage and pour over all of a liter of boiling water. After the mixture has cooled and cooled, you can rinse the mouth.
Do not take aspirin with an open well – it can cause severe bleeding, as the drug dilutes the blood.
When you need to see a doctor
You should not postpone visiting a dental clinic, if the pain is accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms:
- There is a throbbing pain in the hole.
- From the gums secreted pus.
- Acute pain is given not only in the gums, but also in the surrounding tissues, as well as in the face.
- The gums are very swollen.
- The body temperature rises, fever begins.
These symptoms indicate the presence of infection in mucous tissues.
Alveolitis holes after wisdom tooth removal
What to do to speed up the healing process
In order for the regeneration process to proceed as comfortably and painlessly as possible, it is necessary to adhere to medical prescriptions, namely:
- Do not eat the first 3-5 hours after surgery.
- Monitor oral hygiene.
- Exclude from the diet too hard, spicy and sweet food.
- Take medication prescribed by a doctor and apply ointment.
- Replace the usual toothbrush with a softer one.
- Ensure that nothing is injuring a blood clot.
The dosage of anesthetic drug should be coordinated with your doctor.
What to do if the gum hurts in the place of a long-removed tooth
It happens that after the removal of a tooth, the infection gets into the hole, it begins to develop there even after the gum has healed. It also happens that during extraction the doctor leaves a cyst in the gum. For a while it may be completely unnoticed by the patient.
When the periosteum of the jawbone is affected by inflammation, the pain is fully felt.
All the patient can do is contact your doctor, for re-operation of cleaning the gums and curettage of purulent lesions.
Patients who have survived tooth extraction often experience the following complications:
- Alveolite it is an inflammation of a hole that affects nearby tissues. Occurs due to leaching (or absence) of a blood clot and infection in the wound.
- Hematoma occurs due to damage to the blood vessels or soft tissue. It is expressed as a bruise and puffiness on the face.
- Neuritis appears as a result of damage to the trigeminal nerve located in the lower jaw.
- Cyst develops as a result of infection of the dental root.
To remove the tooth should be approached with all responsibility and in any case not to postpone the operation indefinitely. A destroyed and inflamed tooth can be a source of infection that will spread throughout the mouth. Pain after tooth extraction is completely normal and temporary. The main thing is to constantly monitor the change of state and, if pathologies are detected, immediately consult a doctor.
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