The appearance of the first milk teeth in a small child is a long-awaited and joyful event. However, the baby, as a rule, does not categorically share the joy of his parents.
Teething – the process is not the most pleasant and can cause in many of the children pain, redness of the gums, poor sleep, fever and moodiness. So how to smear the gums of a child when teeth are cut, and how to do it right?
Use of drugs
Here come to the aid of various drugs sold in the form of ointments, gels or solutions, so that they are convenient to apply to children’s gums. They relieve irritation, gently massage and cool the gums, eliminating pain, swelling and itching.
The growth of teeth from the use of such funds is not accelerated, but the painful side effects are transferred with them much easier.
They resort to the use of such means in cases where other means, for example, teething toys, are useless.
Local medicines are used for a short period of time to relieve severe pain and soothe the inflammation of the mucous during teething.
Teething of the first teeth is not a pleasant process.
In this way, the use of ointments and gels only makes sense if painful eruption. If the child does not feel discomfort and pain during the growth of teeth, then there is no need to use drugs – they do not accelerate the growth of teeth.
Using painkillers for more than 3 days in a row is not recommended.
If necessary, in the case of painful eruption of the drugs can be used for all teeth. The composition of the gel makes possible a long retention of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent in the gum, as it contains substances that enhance the adhesion.
Since the drugs are created primarily for use in children, solutions and ointments for pain relief during teething are usually pleasant to the taste.
Wherein they do not contain sugar and other substances that can have a negative effect on the still weak young tooth enamel.
However, apply medicine on the gums after breastfeeding, since the “freezing” effect is capable of causing mild numbness of the mucous membrane, which will complicate feeding somewhat.
Plus, it reduces the likelihood that the tool will be swallowed by the child.
There are many tools to facilitate the fate of the child during teething.
It is necessary to apply the gel by rubbing into the mucous membrane of the gums with clean fingers, taking care not to damage the soft tissues with your nails.
Relief will come in a few minutes and will last several hours, depending on the amount of the drug used. Store anesthetic need at room temperature in a dark place.
Gels and solutions
So than to smear gums, when teeth are cut, which medicines to use? There are several of the most popular drugs.
The first of these can be called Dentinox. The product is sold in the form of a dental gel or a solution intended for rubbing into the gums.
Indications for use: painful eruption, accompanied by inflammation of the soft tissues.
Use is considered acceptable for children from 3 months old. What is the action:
- the drug has an anesthetic effect on the gingival mucosa, as Lauromacrogol 400 and Lidocaine contained in it block the pain signals from the nerve receptors to the brain, and also dulls their response to external stimuli;
- antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects are achieved through the effects of chamomile extract, which is present in the composition of the drug;
A pea gel on a finger or a few drops of the solution on a cotton swab is rubbed into the gum of a penetrating tooth 2-3 times a day.
Effective procedure involves the use of the drug after a meal and before bedtime., avoid swallowing. The consistency of the drug allows it to stay in the gum tissue for a long time.
Among the possible side effects can be called perhaps the individual intolerance to the components of the drug, which cause an allergic reaction in the child.
The drug should not be used outside the oral cavity, and especially one should avoid his eyes.
As a rule, all agents act through local anesthesia and removal of inflammation in the gums.
Another effective remedy can be called Calgel. It is also sold in pharmacies in the form of a dental gel, but its use is permissible only from 5 months of age.
Indications for use are the same as in the previous case: pain during eruption and concomitant inflammation of the gums. How he acts:
- the drug contains lidocaine, which locally anesthetizes the gingival mucosa;
- in turn, cetylpyridinium chloride has a pronounced antiseptic effect, destroying viruses, bacteria and fungi, which contributes to the early disappearance of the inflammatory process in the mucous membrane.
The gel is well kept in the mucous and is not absorbed into the blood. It is applied in the same way as the previous one – by rubbing a growing tooth into the gum.
In some cases, an allergic reaction is possible in the form of itching, urticaria and edema of the oral mucosa. Also Kalgel can not be used at the age of 5 months, in the case of heart disease, kidney and liver. The use of Calgel requires prior consultation with a specialist..
The next drug on the list is called Kamistad. Like Dentinox, it is permissible for use after 3 months of life. Indications for use are the same.
The gel contains lidocaine for pain relief and chamomile extract to suppress inflammation and provide antiseptic effects.
Teething pain relievers act quickly and the baby becomes much more fun.
It is recommended to strictly ensure that no more than one pea gel is used at a time in order to avoid overdose.
The side effect, as in other cases, can manifest itself through an allergic reaction. The drug is prohibited to use at the age of 3 months and in case of a disease of internal organs such as the heart, kidneys and liver.
Benzocaine and herbal remedies
There are also a number of benzocaine preparations in the form of dental gels and solutions. Among them – Baby gel, Dentol, Bebident (solution). You can use them from the age of 4 months. Indications for use in them all the same – painful eruption and inflammation of the mucous.
Benzocaine in the composition of the drug produces an anesthetic effect, blocking the flow of signals from the nerve endings to the brain. Individual components of drugs, in turn, have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects.
The use of gels and solutions is the same: rubbing into the gums after eating and before bedtime. The side effects are the same – an allergic reaction in the form of edema, itching and urticaria. Also, the drug can not be used in age younger than 4 months, and in the case of individual intolerance to benzocaine
Have circulation medications called Holisal and Mundizal. They are used for the same indications, but primarily aimed at combating the inflammatory process in the mucosa. The use of drugs is permissible from the age of 1 year.
Choline salicylate eliminates inflammation and produces an anesthetic effect. Tsetalkoniya chloride, in turn, kills all pathogens in the area of its action.
Cholisal and Mundizal act purely locally, without being absorbed into the child’s circulatory system.
Each drug has its own contraindications, which must be reviewed on the back.
The method of use and possible side effects here are the same as in previous cases. An important distinction of these means is the possibility of their use only after the child is 1 year old.
Herbal preparations can also be used to facilitate the fate of the child during the growth of new teeth. Among these tools can be primarily called gel for gums. Baby doctor "First teeth" and children’s oral gel Pansoral "First teeth". They are allowed to use in 3 and 4 months respectively.
Depending on the drug, the number of herbs included in it varies. In most cases, these plants have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects. They are used the same way as all the gels in this case, through the rubbing of the gums.
A distinctive feature of herbal remedies can be considered almost complete absence of an allergic reaction. However, this does not negate the possibility of individual intolerance to certain components.
However, if the drugs do not help in eliminating pain and inflammation, the child should be taken to the dentist to determine the causes of his condition.
Immunity of a child under the age of 2-3 years is very weak, and teething can be a provoking factor for the development of various diseases in the oral cavity.