An antibiotic for inflammation of the gums and teeth may be prescribed in the presence of appropriate indications.
In dentistry, prescribing an antibiotic is an extreme measure that helps correct a medical error (choosing the wrong drug for treatment) or avoid complications. There are several medications that are prescribed if indicated. An antibiotic may be part of complex therapy, and may enhance the effect of antiseptics.
When are antibiotics prescribed?
Antibiotics for inflammation of the gums and teeth can be prescribed by a doctor if you have the following diseases:
- Gingivitis – is not a direct indication for treatment in the composition, which includes antibiotics, these drugs are prescribed only if complications have occurred.
- Periodontitis – treatment of this disease is not complete without the use of antibiotics, since the inflammatory process develops rapidly and can cause serious complications (lead to the loss of teeth and not only).
- Periodontitis is a disease that requires complex treatment. The structure of such therapy often includes antibiotics and antiseptics.
- Periostitis – can act as a complication of periodontitis, describes itself as inflammation of the periosteum of the tooth.
What will help antibiotic:
- Stop the inflammatory process in the tissues will help and save the tooth.
- If the gum is very swollen, it will remove swelling.
- If an abscess has formed, an abscess has appeared, or the gum surface is covered with ulcers, the prescription of an antibiotic can be considered expedient. It will help get rid of disease-causing bacteria.
In dentistry, drugs of this class are prescribed in the form of:
- Tablets, they can be taken orally or prepare a solution for rinsing from tablets, which will have a local effect.
- In the form of injections, both intramuscular and intravenous, if there is an urgent need. In this form, antibiotics act faster and do not have a harmful effect on the intestines and stomach of the patient.
“Even if a fistula appeared on the gum, there are signs of inflammation, you should not get rid of pus by squeezing it out yourself. Excess trauma will not lead to anything good. It is better to rinse your mouth with a solution of salt. This will provoke the ejaculation of pus and relieve unnecessary damage. "
Medicines for complex therapy
Antibiotics for gums are of several types, but in addition to these drugs, the doctor may prescribe other medicines.
For inflammation of the teeth and gums, the dentist may prescribe the following drugs:
- Antiseptics – they do not have to drink. In most cases, prescribe solutions that have an antiseptic effect. The solution is used to conduct mourning of the oral cavity. The most common antiseptics consider Miramistin, Chlorhexidine. Such therapy is most effective in gingivitis.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs – these may be ointments, creams and mouth rinses. From the inflammation of the gums well help means that have a local effect, they must be applied directly to the wound, with a cotton swab.
- Anesthetics – help not only from toothache, they are used in the treatment of various diseases of the oral cavity. Even when cutting teeth with soft tissue damage.
Important: But the inflammation of the root of the tooth, the appearance of an abscess, extensive ulcers, etc. requires the use of antibiotics. Since only drugs of this class will help stop the inflammatory process. In addition, the complex therapy may include:
- Healing baths – in the mouth just pick a decoction of herbs, a mixture of medical solutions and hold for about 1 minute.
- Physiotherapy procedure – they are carried out on doctor’s prescription, to enhance the overall effect of treatment and medication.
- Even for the teeth it is useful to conduct hygienic procedures (elimination of coarse plaque, which is one of the main reasons for the development of the inflammatory process).
And also it is necessary to heal all carious teeth, put fillings where they are not there and replace those that were delivered a long time ago.
Antibiotics for the treatment of inflammation: contraindications
Treatment of gingivitis with the use of such drugs has a number of contraindications. They can be complete or relative.
So, when it is better not to use antibiotics:
- Drugs are not prescribed, if we are talking about the treatment of a child under a certain age.
- If the patient has individual contraindications (intolerance of a drug). But in this case, you can adjust the therapy.
- The appointment is not carried out in the event that it does not make sense, the disease is either at an early stage of development, or to treat it too late. In this case, conduct surgical intervention.
Some medicines do not drink at all, they are used as solutions. The tablets are crushed, dissolved in water, and then the oral cavity is rinsed with a solution. With inflammation of the teeth and gums, this therapy is perceived as an alternative.
Alternative treatment helps to prescribe the patient the necessary drug and at the same time minimize its toxic effects on the body.
Antibiotics in the form of a solution for inflammation of the gums and roots of the teeth can be applied without fear. The drug affects the pathogenic microflora, which is located in the oral cavity, leads to the death of bacteria and does not affect the functioning of the organism as a whole. Just swallow the solution is not worth it, you may have problems with digestion.
“When a fistula appears on the gum, teeth hurt or become inflamed, it is not necessary to rinse the mouth with an injection solution. Such treatment will not end with anything good. Since such a solution is not intended for rinsing. It can harm the mucosa. "
An antibiotic injection in the gum may be prescribed by a doctor for diseases of the teeth and oral cavity. The drug is injected into the soft tissue, its dosage is very high. Despite the powerful antibacterial effect, the injection is associated with certain complications.
If the gum is swollen, the tooth, the periosteum or the root of the tooth is inflamed, then unnecessary trauma will not benefit the body.
With a fistula, this treatment is also not very effective. Gums unnecessary trauma to anything. And the injection and the introduction of the drug – this is additional damage.
What drug can be prescribed by a dentist?
Answer the question: "What antibiotics should be taken for gum disease?" – should the doctor. The fact is that there are quite a few drugs that use dentistry in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity.
For the treatment and relief of the inflammatory process, the doctor may recommend taking:
- Penicillin class drugs include the following drugs: Flemoklav, Amoxiclav and Arlet. If there is a fistula on the gum, inflammation of the periosteum or other unpleasant symptoms, then such medicines can be prescribed by a doctor. They are more effective than Penicillin or Ampicillin, which everyone is so used to.
- Macrolides are often prescribed for inflammation of the gums, the appearance of ulcers or plaque. For drugs of this class include: Ecozetrin, Clerimed, Vilprafen. The uniqueness of the drugs is that they affect the pathogenic bacteria, while not affecting the natural microflora of the oral cavity.
- Tetracyclines, this class of drugs may also be part of complex therapy and not only. Treatment of fistula on the gums or inflammation, most often carried out using Tetracycline or its analogues.
Tip: Lincomycin is used for rinsing. For some reason, when a question arises about how to treat an abscess, an abscess, ulcers about this drug are most often remembered.
What other antibiotics for inflammation of the root of the tooth can be prescribed by a dentist:
- Ceftriaxone – the drug is considered powerful, for this reason it is prescribed only if the inflammation is prolonged, there is a risk of complications.
- Gentamicin is prescribed when the bone began to inflame and osteomyelitis or a condition close to it appeared in symptoms.
- Azithromycin – the doctor may say: “drink this particular drug,” even if there are no symptoms of acute inflammation. The drug is often unnecessarily attributed by doctors, even if the situation does not require the administration of such drugs.
- Tsiprolet A is prescribed for periodontitis or when the root of a tooth is inflamed, unwanted complications arise.
To treat inflammation of the gums with antibiotics is a necessary measure, but do not forget about the means that can be used without fear of harm to health.
Supplement to drug treatment
An addition to the mainstream therapy adopted by dentists is the use of alternative medicine. They will help strengthen the effect of the antibiotic, quickly get rid of the disease and normalize the recovery process.
So, inflammation of the gums and teeth, treatment with folk remedies, which can be applied:
- Decoction of chamomile and calendula – these herbs have a beneficial effect on the treatment process. Chamomile is considered a powerful antiseptic, and calendula has a regenerating effect, accelerates the healing of wounds and ulcers.
- When dental caries or in the presence of various diseases of the oral cavity, you can prepare a rinse, mixing salt and soda in a glass of boiled water. When all components are dissolved, and the water cools the rinse can be used for its intended purpose.
- Bark of an oak is applied by fans of alternative medicine very willingly. The bark is simply brewed with water, you can add a decoction of chamomile, hunter and yarrow. This will help improve its effectiveness.
In the methods of treatment of diseases of the oral cavity, alternative medicine, there are positive moments. But do not rely only on essential oils and herbs. Without taking antibiotics and antiseptics, such treatment will not bring any result. Diseases of the teeth and gums will progress and will certainly lead to the development of complications.