When an abscess appears on the gum of the baby, the parents begin to get nervous and worry, not knowing what to do. Most often it is formed due to problems with the teeth.
If you do nothing, the purulent lump will increase and bleed. In addition, the child’s gums will swell up severely and pain will arise. All this will lead to the development of flux. To avoid such complications, it is better to immediately consult a doctor.
The main causes of purulent bumps on the gums
In medicine, such an abscess is called an abscess. Moreover, it can be observed even in small children. Outwardly, this formation looks like a small lump. Pustules on the gums of a two-year-old child are dangerous because, if left untreated, the infection will begin to spread. In advanced cases, this condition can even lead to blood infection.
Ulcers on the gums of a child, the causes of which are very different, cause a lot of problems. They are formed, as a rule, due to:
- infection in the cyst-like structure that forms at the site of teething;
- damage to the gums with a sharp object;
- poor quality tooth fillings;
- caries of the baby tooth, which led to pulpitis.
How does a purulent lump develop?
In most cases, ulcers on the gums of a child appear due to caries. At the early stage, no symptoms occur, so the infection penetrates the tooth. When it reaches the root, the toxins will penetrate the tissues, causing swelling of the gums. Since bacteria are the cause, a purulent pouch is formed during the inflammatory process, which is soft to the touch.
This swelling is clearly visible on the X-ray, it is also possible to examine the area of inflammation in the tooth bone tissue. In the absence of proper treatment, the amount of purulent mass inside the formation will increase until it bursts. After this, a hole in the gum will appear at the site of the swelling, connected to the inflammatory focus.
When the inflammation has passed, the fistula will be delayed, but every time a weakening of the immunity or the slightest infection can occur, a purulent bump may reappear.
Signs of abscess
Parents begin to worry and worry when they notice an abscess on the upper gum of the child. The photo above allows you to see what it is. The symptoms of this disease are very specific. At an early stage of development of the inflammatory process, the baby may complain of a feeling of fullness and pain in the area of the tooth. At this very moment a red lump appears on the gum, which gradually grows, and pus accumulates in it. With the progression of the inflammatory process, the swelling becomes whitish, a white abscess appears.
The general well-being of the child during the formation of this formation may deteriorate: the temperature rises, appetite disappears, anxiety appears. If you do not start treatment at this stage, the white lump will burst as a result of the accumulation of pus. After this, the baby will feel relief: the pain will subside, mood will improve.
However, one should not think that recovery has come, as the purulent focus will remain unremoved. When the immune system is weakened, the disease can re-activate with the recurrence of a purulent lump. That is why it is so important to see a doctor, noticing an abscess on the gum of a child (the photos presented in the article will tell you what this formation looks like).
As already known, purulent education on the gums of the baby – the accumulation of infection. With reduced protective functions of the body or late treatment, negative consequences can occur:
- development of malocclusion and pathology of the formation of the jaw apparatus;
- the death of the rudiments of molars;
- persistent complications that lead to premature tooth loss;
- penetration of infection into nearby tissues and organs: eye socket, veins or mediastinum.
In addition, the accession of pathologies of the periodontal tissue (periodontitis) is possible. The long process of forming an abscess can weaken the child’s immunity, which can lead to the development of allergies. If pus enters the venous system, thrombophlebitis will occur, which can spread to the base of the skull and sinuses.
Even in advanced cases, infection of the skeletal system with the formation of osteomyelitis and septicemia, as well as infection of the blood, are not excluded. The penetration of the infection in the tonsils provokes the appearance of tonsillitis. That is why, as soon as an abscess was found on the child’s gum, do not delay treatment.
How to help a child with this disease?
If a child has an abscess on the gum, not everyone knows what to do in such a situation. The first thing when detecting a bump on the gum is to see a doctor. But before seeking medical help, it is impossible to squeeze, pierce or burn ulcers on the gums of a child. They should not be touched at all, so as not to cause an additional infection.
To swelling on the gum of the baby do not have to put bags of heated salt or a heating pad. Hot compresses and rinses are also not recommended, as heat will only accelerate the spread of bacteria. A child with such a problem should not be given any drugs, especially antibacterial.
Oral Care Regulations
It is necessary to observe hygiene, brush your teeth at least twice a day, use rinsing. It is advisable to rinse your mouth with various decoctions of medicinal plants or antiseptic solutions to reduce the number of infections. If a child with this inflammation has a fever, then you can give him antipyretic medication.
It is recommended to put ice wrapped in a towel or a bottle of cold water on the cheek of a child in the place of a purulent formation. It is better to feed him with warm and soft food, so as not to damage the abscess and not to cause pain. Preference is better to give different mashed potatoes. Even in such situations it is useful to drink plenty of water.
In the event of a critical deterioration in the condition of the baby, an ambulance must be immediately called. In the event that the lump does not burst, you should rinse your mouth with a weak solution of salt and soda or chamomile extract. But if it is opened, you can only hold the healing broth in the mouth for a few seconds.
Young children solution injected with a syringe. To do this, the child’s face is tilted over the sink or bathroom and irrigates the sore spot.
How to treat abscess on the gums in a child?
The first thing to do is to turn to a dentist, since only he can assess the condition of the tooth. The specialist will prescribe an effective therapy and stop the spread of pus.
It should be noted that the treatment of permanent and milk teeth is slightly different. Suppose if an abscess appeared in the region of a baby tooth, the latter is immediately removed. They resort to this measure because it can infect the rudiments of permanent teeth located around it. In addition, lymph nodes may also be affected. Inflammation in them or tonsils leads to the development of chronic tonsillitis.
Eliminate ulcers on the gums of the child in the following way:
- First, the dentist carefully examines the area of localization of the bumps;
- then he relieves the site of the lesion;
- after these manipulations with special instruments, the doctor opens an abscess;
- Then a specialist cleans the cavity of accumulated purulent mass and treats the affected area with an antiseptic.
If necessary, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. If the inflammatory process has gone far, the tooth will most likely be removed.
Prevention of diseases of the oral cavity
As you know, any disease is easier to prevent than to treat. So that in the mouth of the child the purulent sacs do not appear, it is necessary to constantly and carefully carry out hygienic procedures.
Parents will help young children with this, and those who are older should be able to wash and handle the oral cavity on their own. In order not to have ulcers on the gums of a child, baby teeth should be cleaned from the moment of eruption. Now for such purposes there are many different means.
After feeding infants, you should always wipe their mouth with a sterile bandage wrapped around a finger. You must regularly visit the dentist with the child. Found an abscess or inflammation on the baby’s gums? Begin rinsing with special solutions, of course, only after consulting with a specialist.
What to do if a lump appeared on the site of an impacted tooth?
A small swelling on the gum of a baby may occur several weeks before the molar or baby tooth begins to be cut. Inside the boil is a liquid bluish tint or completely transparent. Such a bump is formed in extremely rare cases, and there is no danger to the child.
This swelling is not due to pathological processes, and therefore does not require treatment. Parents of the baby need only monitor changes in the oral cavity. Such an education on the gum does not cause discomfort and pain, even if pressed on it.
Lumps are resorted to when the inflammation begins, although this happens infrequently. On the pathological process indicate pain in the area of teething, swelling and redness of the oral mucosa, as well as fever.
If an abscess bothers parents, get rid of it. In such a situation, a dentist cuts a cyst under anesthesia and cleans the cavity of accumulated fluid. Sometimes during surgery, the doctor removes part of the wall of the lump, after which the tip of the penetrating canine becomes noticeable.
Remember that an ulcer on the gum of a baby is a very painful formation. In order to prevent surgical intervention, it is necessary to teach a child from an early age to oral hygiene, as well as periodically visit with him the dental office.