Today, playing sports and keeping yourself in good physical shape is becoming a fashionable trend. It becomes obvious that any physical activity is able to use all the processes of the human body, after training which a person feels a surge of new strength, is charged with energy and is satisfied with a good mood. Very often, when visiting an ophthalmologist, patients with poor eyesight think about the possibility of including sport in their rhythm of life without harming their health.
When sport is good for the eyes
As a result of recent studies conducted by experts, it was found that moderate exercise is not associated with deterioration of vision, but rather, recommended as an effective means of stopping the progression of the disease. However, since school times I remember how students suffering from eye disease were exempted from physical education. But, as it turns out, they quite had the opportunity to play sports, but only with the use of moderate loads on their body. This is because a sedentary lifestyle significantly slows down the blood circulation in the human body. This means that the organs cannot get enough nutrition, which further leads to serious health problems. While playing sports, a person increases the working capacity of all organs and systems, among which the ciliary muscle of the eye is involved, which is responsible for strengthening the vessels in it. Leading a sedentary lifestyle, they become lethargic and it is difficult for them to make a quick change of focal length.
It is worth paying attention that not all physical exercises are able to benefit a person suffering from eye diseases. People with short-sightedness and farsightedness will not be harmed by medium-intensity sports, such as running or swimming, where the pulse rate, which is 140 beats per minute, is not allowed. Intense physical exercises, including jumping and acrobatic exercises using gymnastic equipment, are contraindicated in poor vision, as the pulse exceeds the normal level, which can later cause ischemia of the visual organ.
Various kinds of sports will be useful for patients who have a weak degree of myopia and hyperopia. This may be volleyball, table tennis, basketball. This kind of activity causes the focus of the eye to switch to distant and close distances, attention is concentrated, which has a positive effect on the performance of the eye muscles, and is also the prevention of the deterioration of pathology.
What loads should be avoided
With a high degree of ocular ailment, as well as complications that have arisen, physical exertion should be significantly reduced. You should beware of practicing extremely harsh and active sports, which include cycling, boxing, jumping, football, weightlifting, alpine skiing, horseback riding. Traumatic forms of martial arts, leading to an increase in both intracranial and intraocular pressure, also belong there.
According to experts, swimming, badminton and tennis are considered among the best disciplines, which improve the blood circulation of the organs of vision and contribute to the work of the analyzers by one hundred percent. Also useful and healing properties have a neck massage and walks in the fresh air, where you can combine business with pleasure. Aerobics and yoga classes, which saturate the eyepieces with oxygen and nutrients, as well as improve metabolism, are not excluded.
Many people, despite their employment and workload, find free time in their schedule to visit the gym or fitness club. Those who suffer eye disease should not despair and think that for them it is completely contraindicated. Only high-intensity workouts associated with high voltage and sharp movements are prohibited. Also excluded are actions such as weightlifting, squats, chest presses. In particular, this applies to those who have a diagnosis of myopia, astigmatism, cataracts and glaucoma.
Sport and glasses
Sometimes the question arises that glasses, as a means of improving vision, can have a number of drawbacks. They can interfere with the movement, accidentally fall out and break, and even sweat during prolonged activity. In such a situation, you can resort to using contact lenses, which will make it possible to feel more comfortable and confident. But, in order to start playing sports, only one choice of convenient lenses is insufficient, you should always consult with a specialist to know all sorts of risks in advance.
And what sport do you do?
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Poor eyesight and sport
Since childhood, on a subconscious level, we were told that only a person who has everything in order with vision can actively participate in sports. Even in physical education classes, the bespectacled were always excused from practice. There are no grounds for such a conclusion. Moreover, the passive lifestyle that doctors offered to people with poor eyesight worsened their state of vision even more. The fact is that with a small exertion in humans, the normal blood circulation slows down.
Consequently, the eyes do not receive adequate nutrition, which is spread throughout the body by the bloodstream. Vision from this declines even more. And it is not necessary to wear glasses that represent a lot of inconvenience. Simply order a lens that strangers will not be visible. And the problem will be solved by itself.
Can I play sports with poor eyesight?
The answer to this question is unequivocal – it is necessary to provide your body with full physical exertion. With an increase in the level of blood circulation, the eyes will get the nutrition they need, and the eye and facial muscles will gain normal tone. However, you should know the measure in everything. It is not enough just to order lenses and go play rugby. If you have strong hyperopia or myopia, then prefer a calmer sport. It can be yoga, swimming, Pilates, jogging, walking, skiing, aerobics, badminton.
Occupations by more aggressive and traumatic sports can lead to eye strain, an increase in pressure, including intraocular pressure. As a result of such occupations, eyes may be harmed. The optometrist is better than others can tell you which lenses are better to order, and what kind of sport to do.
How contact lenses can help in sports activities
A means of improving the eyesight of athletes should not interfere with his movement, distract from the main occupation. The athlete should feel as comfortable as possible. This is the quality of contact lenses Oasis. You can list the main advantages that contact lenses have compared with corrective glasses:
The athlete in the lenses perfectly sees peripheral vision, which is very important in some sports. Danger to eyes which may occur if glasses are broken. Objects in front of the athlete are observed in almost the same way as in the presence of normal vision, without distortion and deformation. No need to worry that Oasis lenses will accidentally fall out during movement. No condensation on lenses. They do not fog up, unlike points.
Contact lenses also perform some useful functions:
Some types of lenses do an excellent job with ultraviolet radiation, the excess of which is harmful to the eyes. Oasis lenses can play the role of light filters, partially absorbing certain colors. As a result, the athlete more clearly sees the color he needs. One-day lenses are becoming popular, which do not need to be stored. They are more convenient than rigid counterparts.
Eye diseases – not a reason to refuse sports
Not so long ago, the doctors recommended no more than the minimum physical activity for myopia.
But according to the results of recent clinical studies, this is completely wrong.
Exercising and practicing a particular sport for people with myopia are very important. They perform the following functions:
promote the development of the body in a positive way; activate the work of many functions in the body.
The increased performance of the ciliary muscle and the strengthening of the sclera of the membrane are provoked by proper physical exertion.
So the beam is projected
Whether it is allowed or not to engage in a certain type of physical activity depends not on the presence of the disease, but on the stage of its development.
Myopia and training in the pool
Quite often, patients are interested in whether it is possible to go swimming with the presence of myopia.
Water – a universal environment for training with low vision
Doctors say that at a weak or medium stage of development of the pathology (up to 6 diopters) without associated diseases this type of physical activity is allowed.
Moreover, some oculists even recommend swimming.
But: Training should be moderate with an average form of deviation in the optical system, so that the pulse does not exceed 140 beats per minute.
Thus, the eye load will be small.
It is better to give preference to training of medium intensity.
Important: Strong loads with poor vision at a distance, more than 6 diopters especially, are forbidden, because there is a risk of retinal detachment, which already threatens blindness.
With an average intensity and regularity of swimming lessons, you can even improve the state of the organs of vision.
Strength exercises for hands with myopia
Patients often ask an ophthalmologist if you can shake hands with myopia.
Power loads must be carried out with caution.
The pumping up of the arms for the development of the muscles of the forearm and trapezoid are possible only at the weak and medium stages of development of the ophthalmologic abnormality.
This type of physical activity refers to heavy loads not initially, but in the long term, so you need to find the perfect balance.
In order not to harm the eyes and get the effect of the exercises, it is worth increasing the load more slowly than the norm for a healthy person.
If the risk arises, it is advisable to consult with an ophthalmologist. The doctor will recommend further action.
Coach assistance is a must
With underdeveloped myopia, such physical activity is not harmful to the eyes. The main thing is not to be very zealous.
Sport and low vision: are these concepts compatible?
Regular exercise means a lot to the modern man.
In order for the body to be in good physical shape, the mood is always excellent, and the internal organs functioned as it should, it is necessary to systematically strengthen the body.
Healthy eating also means a lot
However, sometimes some sports activities are contraindicated due to dysfunction of the body. That is why ophthalmologists often hear questions about whether you can play sports with myopia.
Cyclic exercises of moderate severity are useful for myopia and do not harm the eyes. Moreover, they even have a benefit in speeding up the metabolic processes.
Sports that are allowed for impaired eye function up to 8 diopters include:
run; yoga; swimming; skiing; surfing.
Athletics has a positive effect on the body with myopia
High-intensity exercise is contraindicated due to increased heart rate and tension, which adversely affects the eyes.
Myopia and sport can coexist, but, if you treat this tandem with full responsibility and caution.
Important: Weight lifting in ophthalmic pathology with a deviation of more than 4 diopters is strictly prohibited.
In children with a decrease in physical activity and an increase in visual, myopia can develop.
That is why you should not forbid your child to engage in your favorite sport, if he has a genetic predisposition to this eye disease.
Diagnosis plays an important role
Important: If a child has already been diagnosed with myopia, it is worth including it in a special group of physical training, which is in every school.
Correctly calculated load during sports with myopia benefits both the body and the eyes.
Do not completely abandon the active lifestyle, even with a high level of myopia.
Yoga with individually selected exercises, as well as gymnastics, will allow you to keep your body in good shape and will not harm your eyes.
Yoga classes are ideal for those who can not see far away
Consultation on exactly which loads are allowed at different stages of the disease can be obtained from an ophthalmologist and a competent trainer in any sports center.
Also do not forget to do exercises for the eyes.
See also the video clip on this topic:
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