Albert Einstein Born March 14, 1879 in the South German city of Ulm, in a poor Jewish family.
The scientist lived in Germany and the United States, however, has always denied that he knows English. The scientist was a public figure-humanist, an honorary doctor of about 20 leading universities in the world, a member of many academies of sciences, including a foreign honorary member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1926).
The discoveries of a great genius in science gave a huge growth to mathematics and physics in the 20th century. Einstein is the author of about 300 works on physics, as well as the author of more than 150 books in the field of other sciences. During his life, he developed many significant physical theories.
Einstein studied poorly
In childhood, the famous scientist was not a child prodigy. Many doubted his usefulness, and his mother even suspected the congenital deformity of her child (Einstein had a big head).
In the school, where the future genius proved to be closed, lazy, slow and almost incapable of anything, everyone laughed at him. And the teachers said that nothing good would ever come out of Albert.
Einstein never received a high school diploma, but he assured his parents that he would be able to prepare for entering the Higher Technical School (Polytechnic) in Zurich. But the first time he failed.
After entering the Polytechnic, the student Einstein often skipped lectures, reading magazines with the latest scientific theories in cafes.
After receiving the diploma, he got a job as an expert in the patent office. Due to the fact that the evaluation of the technical characteristics of a young specialist most often took about 10 minutes, he was engaged in developing his own theories.
Did not like sports
In addition to swimming (“a sport that requires the least energy,” as Einstein himself said), he avoided any vigorous activity. One day a scientist said: “When I come home from work, I don’t want to do anything but the work of the mind.”
Solved complex problems by playing the violin
Einstein had a special way of thinking. He singled out those ideas that were inelegant or disharmonious, based mainly on aesthetic criteria. Then he proclaimed the general principle by which harmony would be restored. And he made predictions on how physical objects would behave. Such an approach produced amazing results.
The scientist trained himself in the ability to rise above the problem, to see it from an unexpected angle and find an extraordinary way out. When he was at a dead end, playing the violin, the decision suddenly surfaced in the head.
Einstein “stopped wearing socks”
They say that Einstein was not very tidy and once spoke of it this way: “When I was young, I learned that my thumb always ends up with a hole in a sock. So I stopped wearing socks. ”
Loved to smoke a pipe
Einstein was a lifelong member of the Montreal pipe smokers club. He was very respectful of the pipe and believed that it “contributes calmly and objectively to judge human affairs.”
In order not to distort pure science and give people the false illusion of scientific understanding, he recommended total abstinence from any type of science fiction. “I never think about the future, it will come so soon,” he said.
Einstein’s parents were against his first marriage.
With his first wife, Mileva Maric, Einstein met in 1896 in Zurich, where they studied together at the Polytechnic. Albert was 17 years old, Mileve was 21. She was from a Catholic Serbian family living in Hungary. Einstein’s employee Abraham Pais, who became his biographer, wrote in a fundamental biography of his great boss, published in 1982, that both Albert’s parents were against this marriage. Only on his deathbed, Einstein’s father Hermann agreed to marry his son. And Paulina, the mother of the scientist, did not accept the daughter-in-law. “Everything in me resisted this marriage,” he quotes Einstein’s 1952 letter.
Nevertheless, the wedding was modestly celebrated on January 6, 1903.
2 years before the wedding, in 1901, Einstein wrote to his beloved: “… I lost my mind, I died, I burn with love and desire. The pillow on which you sleep is a hundred times happier than my heart! You come to me at night, but, unfortunately, only in a dream … “.
However, after a short time, the future father of the theory of relativity and the future father of the family wrote to his bride in a completely different tone: “If you want marriage, you will have to agree to my terms, here they are:
- first, you will take care of my clothes and bed;
- secondly, you will bring me to my office three times a day;
- thirdly, you will refuse all personal contacts with me, with the exception of those that are necessary for keeping up the decency in society;
- Fourthly, whenever I ask you about this, you will leave my bedroom and study;
- Fifth, without words of protest, you will carry out scientific calculations for me;
- sixthly, you will not expect any manifestations of feelings from me. ”
Mileva accepted these humiliating conditions and became not only a faithful wife, but also a valuable assistant in her work. On May 14, 1904, their son Hans Albert, the only successor of the Einstein family, was born. In 1910, the second son, Edward, was born who suffered from dementia from childhood and ended his life in 1965 in the Zurich psychiatric hospital.
I firmly believed that I would get the Nobel Prize
In fact, Einstein’s first marriage broke up in 1914, and in 1919, already during the legal divorce proceedings, Einstein’s written promise appeared: “I promise you that when I receive the Nobel Prize, I’ll give you all the money. You must agree to a divorce, otherwise you will not receive anything at all. ”
The couple were confident that Albert would become a Nobel Prize winner for the theory of relativity. He did receive the Nobel Prize in 1922, although with a completely different formulation (for explaining the laws of the photoelectric effect). Einstein kept his word: he gave all his 32 thousand dollars (a huge amount for that time) to his ex-wife. Until the end of his days, Einstein cared about the inferior Edward, wrote letters to him that he could not even read without help. Visiting sons in Zurich, Einstein stayed with Mileva in her house. Mileva was very hard going through a divorce, was depressed for a long time, was treated by psychoanalysts. She died in 1948 at the age of 73. Guilt in front of the first wife of Einstein to the end of his days.
Einstein’s second wife was his sister
In February 1917, the 38-year-old author of the theory of relativity was seriously ill. Extremely intense mental work with poor nutrition in the warring Germany (this was the Berlin period of life) and without proper care provoked acute liver disease. Then jaundice and a stomach ulcer were added. His maternal cousin and paternal cousin sister took the initiative to care for the sick Elsa Einstein-Lovental. She was three years older, divorced, had two daughters. Albert and Elsa were friends since childhood, new circumstances contributed to their rapprochement. Kind, cordial, motherly caring, in a word, a typical burgher, Elsa loved to care for her famous brother. As soon as Einstein’s first wife, Mileva Maric, agreed to a divorce, Albert and Elsa married, and Alza’s daughters of Elsa adopted and was in excellent relations with them.
Did not take trouble seriously
In his usual state, the scientist was unnaturally calm, almost inhibited. Of all the emotions he preferred smug cheerfulness. Absolutely not endured when someone was sad next. He did not see what he did not want to see. Not taken seriously to trouble. He believed that the misfortunes “dissolve” from jokes. And that they can be transferred from a personal plan to a common one. For example, compare the grief of his divorce with the grief brought by the people of war. “Maxima” Laroshfuko helped him to suppress emotions, he constantly re-read them.
Did not like the pronoun “we”
He said “I” and did not allow anyone to say “we.” The meaning of this pronoun simply did not reach the scientist. His close friend only once saw the imperturbable Einstein furious when his wife uttered the forbidden “we.”
Often became self-contained
To be independent of conventional wisdom, Einstein often closed in on his own. It was a childhood habit. He even began to talk at the age of 7 because he did not want to communicate. He built cozy worlds and contrasted them with reality. The world of the family, the world of like-minded people, the world of the patent office in which he worked, the temple of science. “If the wastewater of life licks the steps of your temple, close the door and laugh … Do not be angry, remain still holy in the temple.” He followed this advice.
Rested, playing the violin and falling into a trance
Genius always tried to be focused, even when he coddled with his sons. He wrote and composed, answering the questions of his eldest son, swinging on the knee of the younger one.
Einstein loved to relax in his kitchen, playing the violin of Mozart on the violin.
And in the second half of his life, the scientist was helped by a special trance, when his mind was not limited to anything, the body did not obey the pre-established rules. Slept until wake up. Awake until sent to bed. He ate until they stopped.
Einstein burned his last work
In the last years of his life, Einstein worked on the creation of the Unified Field Theory. Its meaning, mainly, consists in using a single equation to describe the interaction of three fundamental forces: electromagnetic, gravitational and nuclear. Most likely, the unexpected discovery in this area led Einstein to destroy his work. What were these works? The answer, alas, the great physicist forever took with him.
Allowed to explore your brain after death
Einstein believed that only a maniac, obsessed with one thought, is able to get a significant result. He agreed to have his brain examined after his death. As a result, the scientist’s brain was extracted 7 hours after the death of an outstanding physicist. And immediately stolen.
Death overtook a genius in Princeton Hospital (USA) in 1955. An autopsy was performed by a pathologist named Thomas Harvey. He extracted Einstein’s brain for study, but instead of giving it to science, he took it personally for himself.
Risking his reputation and workplace, Thomas placed the brain of the greatest genius in a jar of formaldehyde and took it to his home. He was convinced that such an action was a scientific duty for him. Moreover, for 40 years, Thomas Harvey sent pieces of Einstein’s brain for research to leading neurologists.
The descendants of Thomas Harvey tried to return Einstein’s daughter to what remained of her father’s brain, but she refused such a “gift”. From then until now, the remnants of the brain, ironically, are located in Princeton, from where it was stolen.
Scientists who investigated the brain of Einstein proved that gray matter was different from the norm. Scientific studies have shown that the areas of Einstein’s brain responsible for speech and language are reduced, while the areas responsible for processing numerical and spatial information are increased. Other studies have noted an increase in the number of neuroglial cells *.
* Glial cells [glial cell] (Greek: γλοιός – sticky substance, glue) – the type of cells of the nervous system. Glial cells are collectively called neuroglia or glia. They constitute at least half the volume of the central nervous system. The number of glial cells is 10–50 times more than neurons. The neurons of the central nervous system are surrounded by glial cells.