G.V. ARZHANIKOV, Kotovsk, Tambov region
Oral training exercises
Exercise number 1. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is a dash between the subject and the predicate.
1. Rudeness – the same deformity as the hump. (
Exercise number 2. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is no dash between the subject and predicate.
1. Death is that which we do not pass. (
Redo these sentences so that they have a dash between the subject and predicate.
Exercise number 3. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is a dash between the subject and the predicate.
1. Smoking – harm health. (Proverb) 2. To live without work is to smoke the sky. (Proverb) 3. To live – to serve the motherland. (Proverb) 4. Teach – sharpen the mind. (proverb) 5. Hurry – to harm the cause. (Proverb) 6. Sorry, love – familiar verbs. (
Exercise number 4. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is a dash between the subject and the predicate.
1. Fifteen years is a happy time. (
Exercise number 5. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is a dash between the subject and the predicate.
1. Being rude means forgetting your own dignity. (
Exercise number 6. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is a dash between the subject and the predicate.
1. Indifference is the paralysis of the soul, premature death. (
Exercise number 7. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is no dash before them.
1. Opening it was a knife in the heart of a doctor. (
Exercise number 8. Expressively read the sentences. Explain why there is no dash between the subject and predicate.
1. You’re a hole in every hole. (
Exercise number 9. Expressively read the sentences. What is the reason for putting a dash between the subject and the predicate? Is it possible to consider as a punctuation error the absence of a dash in these sentences when writing a dictation?
1. I was absorbed in the war, I – her son. (
Exercise number 10. Practice in expressive reading the following sentences. Speak them so that classmates must put the author’s dash. Which member of the proposal will have a logical emphasis?
1. My land, dear mother! I am no longer a warrior, I am a plowman, I am a sower, I am a sculptor, I’ll open everything for work. (
Exercise number 11. Read carefully the following sentences. Analyze the punctuation in them. What conclusion can be made?
1. This is not life, this is a cruel death! (
Exercise number 12. Read the following sentences in pairs. Analyze the punctuation in them. What caused the absence / presence of dashes in these examples?
1. Shoot at the stone – only arrows to lose. (Proverb) – March is only the beginning of spring. (
Exercise number 13. Expressively read the sentences. Specify which dashes are required in the examples and which ones are optional. Argue your point.
1. To love others is a heavy cross. (
Exercise number 14. Compare punctuation in the following sentences. Are there any punctuation errors? Argue your answer.
1. Losing freedom is the same as losing your health. (
Exercise number 15. Compare punctuation in the following sentences. Is the absence of dashes in the 1st to 4th sentences a mistake? Do I need a dash in the 5th sentence? Why?
1. Still, what happiness to have a shelter in such bad weather! (
Exercise number 16. Compare punctuation in the following pairs of sentences. In which of them are the punctuation marks arranged in accordance with the rules?
1. Forest and my brother, and my sister, the wilderness is my own mother. (
Exercise number 17. Check for punctuation errors in the following sentences.
1. Their words are whip, then tricky network. (
Exercise number 18. Check the following sentences for punctuation errors.
1. Not only the sword, but also the mind – a weapon. (
Written training exercises
Exercise number 19. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, the missing punctuation marks.
1. To be born into the world is the simplest thing, but it is already very difficult to live in the world. (
Exercise number 20. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, punctuation.
1. Proverb flower proverb berry. (Proverb) 2. Attempt is not torture but demand is not a problem. (Proverb) 3. To lie to oneself for one’s benefit is a fake to lie to another forgery to lie in order to hurt, slander. (J.-J. Rousseau) 4. Forest as fabulous reeds and reeds as forest-baby. Quiet as life, and life as quiet. (
Exercise number 21. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, the missing punctuation marks.
1. A master is not a title, but calling is a person’s dedication to his business. (
Exercise number 22. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, the missing punctuation.
1. For a bear to shrub his home. (
Exercise number 23. Read the proposals. Write down only those in which there are copyright (optional) punctuation marks. When rewriting, arrange the characters in accordance with the rules learned.
1. She is a brigadier, her job is to plant a forest. These forests are her home, and work, and repose from the work day. (From the newspaper) 2. To live without friends is the same as not to live. (
Exercise number 24. Read the proposals. Write down only those in which there are copyright (optional) punctuation marks. When rewriting, arrange the characters in accordance with the rules learned.
1. Evil is not fantasy, not myth, not abstraction. Good is not a sound empty, not a ghost, not a dream. (
Exercise number 25. Rewrite, placing punctuation. What is the extra sentence in this exercise? Why?
1. Us stronghold is the name. (
Exercise number 26. Rewrite, inserting the missing punctuation. Indicate the numbers of sentences in which there is no dash between the subject and the predicate. Why?
1. The sky, washed by rain, clean glass. (
Exercise number 27. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, the missing punctuation marks. Graphically mark the grammatical bases of sentences. What is their syntactic originality?
1. To decide is to conquer words worthy men. (
Exercise number 28. Rewrite, placing, where necessary, the missing punctuation marks. Graphically mark the grammatical basis of sentences. In which of them is the reverse word order? Does inversion affect the setting of dashes between the main members?
1. Glorious place is this valley! (
Exercise number 29. Work as a proofreader. Correct the errors found.
1. Youth is a dream. This is faith. This is a feat of exploit. This is the lyrics and romance. These are big plans for the future. This is the beginning of all perspectives. (
Fixed ____ errors.
Exercise number 30. Work as a proofreader. Correct the errors found.
1. I finally found a beautiful flower. This is your heart. (
Fixed ____ errors.
Exercise number 31. Work as a proofreader. Correct the errors found.
1. Fall is an unchanging companion of fear, and fear itself is a feeling of emptiness. (
Fixed ____ errors.
Exercise number 32. Transform sentences so that between the subject and the predicate it was necessary to put a dash.
1. In Russia since ancient times, Christmas trees are considered a symbol of winter beauty. 2. Packaging is a kind of clothing for the goods. 3. The hump of a camel is not a burden, but a nutrient reserve for a long way. 4. For deer, mushrooms serve as a treat. 5. Writers are called the conscience of the people. 6. The bad is the enemy of the good. 7. Our goal was to break through to Vladivostok. 8. Your praise is not new to her. 9. Horseshoe in superstitious people is considered a symbol of good luck, even happiness in life. 10. Justice is the act of truth, and truth is the tradition of the ancestors.
Exercise number 33. Transform sentences so that between the subject and the predicate it was necessary to put a dash.
1. For a cavalryman, a horse is a true friend who will help out in a difficult moment and will not let him die. 2. Man is considered the king of nature not by chance. 3. Gray cranes in our region have become rare. 4. Tap dance was a square and unhurried guy. 5. And in the world of the old man, nature, wisdom and peace are consolations. 6. The noise of the wind, the roar of the engine became familiar sounds for tourists. 7. Eucalyptus trees are considered the highest trees in the world. 8. Little dog to old puppy. 9. The owner of the tractor in the field. 10. Fairy tale song sister. 11. Courage to the strength of the governor.
Exercise number 34. Transform sentences so that between the subject and predicate did not need to put a dash.
1. A drop is not a drop at all, but the nickname of an eighty-year old man. (
Exercise number 35. Complete the proverbs, putting punctuation in them.
1. Hate bad. 2. Good friend. 3. Bread. and water. 4. Children educate. 5. Firewood 6. Life to live.
For reference: no field go; do not count chickens; spare no shoulders; valuable treasure in the world; adviser; father, mother.
Exercise number 36. Add the subject in each sentence, place the missing punctuation marks.
one. . the sun of Russian poetry. 2.. Mendeleev’s birthplace, the city of the storyteller Ershov. 3.. our nearest eastern neighbor. four. . The most ancient and massive sport. five. . renowned forest doctor. 6.. it is only the spring of human life. 7.. to fish without a hook and learn without a book. eight. . mow the grass, bypassing rocks and bushes.
For information: hunting, Tobolsk, Pushkin, youth, woodpecker, Japan, useless labor, hard work.
Exercise number 37. Write at the beginning of the sentence, in which you must put a dash between the subject and predicate, and then the remaining ones. Explain the punctuation.
1. Not power is cunning, but stone walls are crumbling. (
Exercise number 38. Rewrite sentences, inserting the missing letters and punctuation marks and opening brackets.
1. To demand gratitude nonsense (not) to be grateful meanness. (
Exercise number 39. Rewrite the sentences by inserting the missing letters and punctuation marks and opening brackets.
1. This nasty thing (not) a guest in the sky. (
Exercise number 40. Check on the control code, as you learned the topic.
1 – need dash 2 – do not need dash
1. Five thousand reward is not small. (
1. Raindrops on the face like tears. (
Woodpecker – the son of the forest. A forest without a woodpecker is like a field without a lark, like a sea without a seagull. The whole life of a woodpecker takes place in the forest. There is his nest, there is his “forge”, his “drum” and “drinking ring”. The “forge” is a hole in the bark. A woodpecker sticks a lump into it and breaks scales with its nose. A tongue, long and sticky, deftly draws seeds from under the scales. The “drinking ring” is a series of holes on the birch, a ring around the trunk. The woodpecker punches holes in his nose and licks his tongue with sweetish juice. And the “drum” is the drum. This is a strong dry bitch. The woodpecker beats its nose so fast that it makes a loud trill. A blacksmith, a bander and a drummer! And also a forest surgeon. Tapping sore tree, listen; with its beak, the hole will pierce and pull out in the language of the harmful bark beetle or sapman It works like a tongue and nose. But that’s not all! Woodpecker is also a builder. And he builds housing not only for himself, but for many residents of the forest.
Note: Warn students about quotes and semicolons in this text.
Baikal is a unique creation of nature. Its depth is one thousand six hundred and twenty meters. The lake can accommodate in its basin all the water of the Baltic Sea, ninety-two Azov and twenty-three Aral. To fill the hollow of the lake, all the rivers of the world must “work” for almost a year. Such a body of water is a world value. It must be protected. Therefore, as early as one thousand nine hundred and sixty-nine, the government adopted a special decree on the conservation of the Baikal Basin. The rivers that feed Baikal are cleared from sunken wood, and the banks – from debris and clutter. The area of the water protection zone is tens of thousands of square kilometers. Great is the scientific value of Baikal. One thousand eight hundred different animals and plants inhabit the lake. Three-quarters of them are found only in Baikal. This lake is a natural museum. On the territory of the Baikal Basin there are state forest parks, reserves and game reserves. Baikal is our national pride. Protecting it from environmental catastrophe is a matter of honor for all Russians.
In the blue mist of the sky six swans are swimming. But none of the hunters shoots them. Each covers a fiery thirst for the sun, summer, juicy grass. With these swans winter is over. Eight-nine months of frost, snow, twilight; the flashes of the sky, numb fingers, sweat freezing on the eyebrows — that is what winter is here. The bird is for the Kolyma people – this is spring. And spring – annual difficulties. Since autumn, the main food is, of course, fish. By the end of winter, it ends. That is why spring days are the most difficult, painful, long. We have to interrupt something. A hunt rescues. Bird in the spring – this is the main food and the only delicacy at the same time. In the autumn and winter, the Kolyma people hunt a white partridge with a hair loop. The partridge jumps in the bushes, gets into the loop and, without ceasing to go forward, strangles itself. But the partridge is a small bird. Meat in it for pennies, little help to the peasant from the partridge. Therefore, to beat her with a gun means to waste the charge. A real bird is a duck, a goose, a swan. The hunt for them begins in the spring.