The ideological basis of the work of doctors and psychologists is the principle “Do no harm!”. The ambiguous effect of antidepressants on the human body and possible side effects are known and are always taken into account by the attending physician when prescribing a particular drug to a patient.
Ideals and reality
The goal of the doctor is to eliminate the disease, so the antidepressant is prescribed in any case, if there are indications for its use, and the doctor is repelled by the idea that the benefits of the drug will undoubtedly be greater than the possible damage to the body.
The problem is that knowing for sure how the human body will react to an antidepressant in advance is impossible. It sometimes takes several months to find a suitable remedy for the patient and not a single attempt to replace the medication.
However, to date, antidepressant drugs remain primary means of struggle with diseases such as:
- bipolar disorder,
- anxiety disorder
- panic attacks,
- posttraumatic syndrome,
- bulimia and anorexia,
- severe pain of unexplained nature and other diseases.
The harder the psychological problem and the more “launched” it is, the more likely it is that the help of a psychologist will not be enough. The problem will turn into a disease, and the client into a patient who already psychiatrist will prescribe a course of antidepressants.
Maybe, if our society was culturally developed to such an extent that people would strive to solve their psychological problems as soon as they arise, rather than reaching “the handle”, antidepressants would not be needed. After all, most of the serious problems with the psyche are the result of the proliferation or accumulation of a huge number of smaller and seemingly unserious psychological problems, as well as an elementary absence psychological culture personality!
According to statistics ten% people in developed countries buy antidepressants just to improve their mood. But lowered mood is not such a big problem, so as not to cope with it yourself! To solve it, you do not need to run for the pills, it is better to try to understand yourself, to help yourself. But people simpler drink a “magic pill” rather than look for the cause of a low mood, eliminate it and resort to a more natural and useful way of raising the mood.
Someone will say: “I do not have time to understand myself and have fun! A lot of work, children, debts, worries, and so on! ” Without denying the negative impact of the accelerated rhythm of life, poor ecology, negative factors of labor and other negative phenomena of life in the modern world, I would like to note that work on yourself (mainly consisting in the timely solution of internal problems) – the key to psychological well-being and health, and hence happiness! And what could be more important than this?
Everyone wants to be happy, therefore, she strives to bring as many “attributes” of happiness as possible into her life (get married, take high office, get rich, make the body perfect, and so on). But in dealing with the form, many people forget about content: to marry still does not mean to become a happy wife, to get the desired position – to be realized in a profession, to lose weight – to love yourself and so on. The content of life is made up of thoughts, desires, intentions, actions of a person, his world view, attitude to the world and to himself. The external world of man, by and large, is determined by the internal.
Taking antidepressants is extreme measure. We must do our best, that is, help ourselves. by myself (change thoughts, habits, worldview) and seek help from specialists (psychologists, psychotherapists) to reduce the likelihood of an extreme condition (mental disorder or pathology), when it is impossible to help yourself with tablets.
Moreover, that conducted relatively recently, in 2012, research showed that even the most advanced, related to the new, fourth generation, antidepressants are not as effective as previously considered. Moreover, scientists have concluded that the side effects of taking these drugs may exceed the possible benefits!
Unfortunately, many modern standards of treatment do more harm than good to the person and are contrary to the principle of “Do no harm!”.
As Ilf and Petrov wrote in their novel “The Twelve Chairs”: “Saving the drowning is the work of the drowning!” This principle applies to the treatment of depression and not only because modern medicine is far from perfect, but because no one can help a person if he does not want help yourself!
The principle of action of antidepressants
To understand how antidepressants affect the body, you need to study the principles of the brain. For a person who is not familiar with the anatomy and physiology of higher nervous activity, this will not be easy. But basic postulates you can understand:
- The brain and the entire human nervous system consists of nerve cells – neurons.
- Each neuron is capable of transmitting a signal to other neurons, although it does not directly touch any of them.
- The signal is transmitted through the synapse – a small space between the neurons.
- A chemical element, a neurotransmitter, transmits a signal between neurons.
- There are a lot of neurotransmitters, but for the transmission of a signal that biologically causes a feeling of happiness, joy, pleasure and other positive emotions, three are responsible, called “Hormones of happiness”: serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine.
Most often, the “culprit” of depression is precisely insufficient serotonin level. Interestingly, this is, as ancient as the world, scientists have found substance not only in the human body, but also in plants, mushrooms, fruits and animals.
In particular, studies conducted on laboratory animals showed that only 5% of serotonin is contained in the brain, some more in the blood, and the main part in the intestines! This explains why people get pleasure from food (especially from products containing a large “dose” of serotonin, such as bananas and chocolate), and some develop dependence on a certain kind of products!
In general, the process of serotonin production is determined by the work of the central nervous system.
The important thing is that when happiness-bearing neurotransmitters in the brain for some reason become less than normal, i.e. not enough, disrupted the nervous system. Hence the bad mood, apathy, depression, unfounded fears and other problems.
Antidepressants – These are chemical drugs that prevent the breakdown of neurotransmitters in the human brain. In simple terms, antidepressants do the work that the brain normally needs to do by itself. They do this in order to return balance and harmony to the body.
Here lies the main problem. If you accustom the brain to the fact that there is an artificial alternative to natural neurotransmitters, you can develop a dependence on antidepressants. The help of antidepressants can be a disservice if you take them wrong.
Read more about the types of modern antidepressants and which of them are recognized as the best, read the article https: //
Dependence on antidepressants
Modern antidepressants successfully eliminate the symptoms of depression and similar mental disorders. If the medicine is chosen correctly, then balance, energy, ability to enjoy life both during and after taking the medicine will return to the person.
But it often happens that after drug withdrawal, relapse, that is, the return of all the symptoms of the disease and even the deterioration of the patient’s state of health.
Symptoms with the abolition of antidepressants are similar to the symptoms of withdrawal from an addict. Their collection was called antidepressant withdrawal syndrome. This is drowsiness, and aches throughout the body, and headache, and all the same feeling of hopelessness and terrifying anxiety.
It is very important that the doctor selects not only the correct antidepressant, but also accurately determined the dose and duration of its use!
Today, doctors try to prescribe only a short and gentle course of treatment with antidepressants (including a one-time intake), and they are canceled gradually within half a year after the main course of treatment, so that the body gradually withdraws from outside help and gets used to working on its own.
If antidepressants are taken for too long, addiction may occur. Dependence on antidepressants similar to the drug. The body becomes accustomed to antidepressants and becomes unable to maintain homeostasis without them. Getting rid of this addiction is very difficult.
In pharmacies without a prescription, of course, not a single strong antidepressant is released, but some light anti-depressants are sold, mostly on a plant-based basis. It is these drugs most often resorted to by people who want to quickly get rid of the heavy mood, anxiety, and just excitement, while not consulting a doctor.
OTC antidepressants seem harmless, but even these drugs should be used with caution, they can also be addictive! Always before use you must carefully read the instructions and not exceed the allowable rate of medication!
Self-medication and taking too long antidepressants (including those prescribed by a doctor) can cause irreparable harm to human health.
When a person begins to take an antidepressant suitable for him, he feels much better, anxiety, panic, apathy, insomnia, suicidal thoughts and other symptoms of depression or another mental disorder go away.
But at the same time such side effects of antidepressants as:
- dry mouth
- stomach disorders (nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea),
- violation of the cardiovascular system,
- urination disorders
- decreased libido
- inability to stay long without movement (Akatizia),
- weight gain or, on the contrary, its decrease,
- reduced concentration
Even such an effective, natural, time-tested and experimentally, drug sold in a pharmacy without a prescription as tincture of Hypericum, has a number of side effects, such as:
- feeling of fullness of the stomach,
- increased fatigue
- photosensitivity (hypersensitivity to light).
You can imagine what the consequences will be if you use the antidepressant for longer and longer than expected!
For example, it has been established that if a person can normally experience only a decrease in libido when a person takes an antidepressant, then in case of an overdose, the lesion and death of reproductive cells begins.
In addition to side effects, natural, OTC, and antidepressants prescribed by a doctor have a number of contraindications and are incompatible with some other drugs. These points are also important to consider.
Tablet or “dummy”?
Side effects and the risk factor for the emergence of dependence on antidepressants have worried scientists ever since these drugs were used in the middle of the last century.
American and British scientists have conducted many experiments and experiments in order to find a solution to the problem “how to treat people for depression without harm to their own health?”
The most interesting is their conclusion: the effectiveness of antidepressant and placebo almost the same!
This information also “surfaced” and was confirmed several years ago, when in the US a group of scientists demanded from an organization that controls the production of licensed drugs to provide access to all published and unpublished (!) Research on the effectiveness of antidepressants.
Analysis of published materials showed that antidepressants are 94% more effective than placebo. When unpublished materials were added to the published ones, this indicator decreased only in half of the cases (50%) antidepressant was more effective than placebo.
Today, in the UK, the difference between placebo and real medicine is considered so insignificant that in most cases people are given a “dummy”! Antidepressants are prescribed only in very severe cases.
Placebo from Latin translates as “I will please – I will like it.” This substance has no medicinal properties (most often lactose), used as a medicine. The curative effect of such a “dummy” is due to by faith patient in the effectiveness of the drug.
The conclusion is simple: main component any medicine should be a person’s faith in their recovery!
Alternative Drug treatment of depression and other similar diseases are psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, as well as simple joys and values in life: walking in the fresh air, playing sports, good nutrition, healthy sleep, traveling, studying, hobbies, friendship, love, altruism.
Myosin protein molecules step along the actin filament, pulling the endorphin ball into the inner part of the parietal cortex (prekuneus), which is responsible for happiness.