The compulsory school curriculum includes physical education classes. Such lessons are conducted in order to fully develop the kids, both mentally and physically. Among other things, physical education lessons make it possible to keep the body in good shape and maintain health, in view of the need to spend most of the time in a sedentary position at the desk.
For the majority of children, physical education is safe. However, there is always a list of schoolchildren who are not allowed to undergo certain loads on the body. They enter the medical groups for physical training. Let’s find out who belongs to this category of students, how health groups are formed in educational institutions.
What factors can affect the deterioration of the health of babies?
- the presence of poor heredity;
- negative microclimate in the family;
- poor living conditions;
- insufficient rest;
- negative sanitary and hygienic conditions in school or in everyday life.
Criteria for division into health groups
The main indicator that is taken into account when deciding on the enrollment of a student in a special group for physical education, is the presence of deviations in the functioning of the determining systems of the body. Physical education classes in a special medical group may also be prescribed for babies who suffer from chronic illnesses.
A special category also includes children whose body is unable to fully resist certain environmental factors. To the medical groups for physical culture classes can get kids with insufficient physical development for their age.
Baby Health Assessment
- Students who do not suffer from chronic ailments, and their level of physical development meets age standards, should perform the program without difficulty in physical education classes.
- As potential candidates for admission to special groups are considered guys with slow physical development or the most minor deviations in health status.
- Pupils with physical delays who are feeling well get into the medical groups for physical training. Children who have a temporary loss of working capacity and need to limit loads for a certain period may also be enrolled here.
- Patients with chronic illnesses that are observed in hospitals, are enrolled in special groups for classes according to the individual program.
- the main ones;
In these medical groups, children are offered to perform a different amount of work. There are differences in the intensity of physical activity.
A special category of students includes children who are enrolled in a special group. Based on the assessment of the state of health, they can be defined in the physical culture or medical subgroup.
Next, we consider in more detail the features of physical education classes in each medical group.
In the classroom, children are required to perform a range of exercises:
- general labor;
- sports and applied;
The main medical groups for physical education at school include students with a high and medium level of physical fitness, as well as children with temporary or insignificant deviations in their health status. Excluded from this category are children who, during the course of their studies, have noted the inability of the cardiovascular system to cope with loads that meet the standard requirements of the generally accepted program.
Preparatory medical groups for physical training at the pre-school and secondary schools are formed from students who have a below-average level of physical training and do not have serious diseases. Also, children with medium to high levels of physical development, who for a given period of time suffer from deviations in their health status, may be credited here.
As noted above, in a special group of children, they are often distributed into physical culture or medical subgroups. In the first case, students can study under the same conditions with classmates, however, they can fulfill the requirements of an individual program.
As for treatment subgroups, they are formed from schoolchildren, who suffer from rather serious illnesses, and have significant deviations in their physical development. These children are prescribed extremely limited performance of intense, complex exercises. In some cases, physical education lessons for them are conducted under the imperative control of a teacher or a qualified medical specialist. As an alternative to physical training in the conditions of an educational institution, babies are sometimes assigned to visit special dispensaries, where they are treated with a special rehabilitation program.
The division of children into separate categories in physical education in the conditions of an educational institution is a common practice. With noticeable progress in improving health, babies can be transferred to general groups. However, only according to the results of special examinations or recommendations of doctors. According to generally accepted requirements, transfer of students from one medical group to another is possible only after a comprehensive assessment of their health status at the end of the study quarter.