The design of moonshine is overwhelmingly the same, because it is based on the chemical process of evaporation of alcohol from the mash. Everyone knows from school that alcohol evaporates at a temperature of 70 0 C. However, the temperature of evaporation of alcohol from brew is 79-84 ° C, this is due to the characteristics of brew. Our task is to evaporate only alcohol, and leave liquid and fusel residues. To do this, there is a standard scheme: an evaporator and cooler connected by tubes. But this is far from everything; for better cleaning, the moonshine is equipped with a sucker, or even several, they allow us to purify our future moonshine during distillation.
Attention! In the manufacture of moonshine with your own hands, think about your own safety! Pressure vessels may explode and burn, injure you.
Moonshine still, it is a still cube, it is a distiller – a device used to produce a strong alcohol-containing liquid by distilling brew with a less high alcohol concentration, but do not confuse it with a distillation column, which is a more advanced apparatus.
Thus, the moonshine still separates low-boiling components (ethyl alcohol) from heavy boilers (water, fusel oils), as a result of which the alcohol concentration in the final product (moonshine) increases and, accordingly, the concentration of water and fusel oils decreases.
On the side wall of the flask at a distance of 4-5 cm from its bottom, it is necessary to drill and bore to the required diameter two holes for the PETH bushing. Then, in the same way, prepare a place for the second heating element. It can be located anywhere, but constructively it is more convenient to place it just above the first.
At installation of TENOV for ensuring tightness it is possible to apply the sealing linings going complete with them. If necessary, additionally use plumbing sealing materials, which are now very much.
It is also necessary to make a protective cover of aluminum or plastic, which will cover the fragile conclusions of heating elements from damage, as well as from accidental contact with their hand or other parts of the body. If you make a casing of a thick aluminum plate, then it perfectly keeps on two M6 bolts. Attached to the pedestal ring at the bottom of the flask.
After installation of the heating elements, it is mandatory to use an ohmmeter to check the insulation resistance between the terminals of the heating elements and the housing. Check the condition of the gaskets, in case of leakage, tighten the nut or replace the gasket.
Upper cap of the still cube
After removing the standard clamp, two holes remain on it. One hole is bored with a file under the nozzle, the second – under the hollow sleeve for the thermometer. The sleeve is made of a piece of thick-walled copper tube. At one end of the thread is cut for attachment to the lid, the other end can simply flatten and disappear. If you do not plan to use a thermometer in the future, you can do without the sleeve at all, simply by muffling the second hole in the cover in any way, for example, to rivet an aluminum rivet in it. The nozzle, on which the pipe-dephlegmator is screwed on top, is made of brass, its internal diameter is not less than 15 mm. Here you can use a suitable plumbing fitting or turn this part on a lathe together with the upper and lower threaded bushings of a dephlegmator.
If the rubber sealing ring on the cover is cracked and has lost elasticity, it can be restored in the manner described here.
Cooler and coil
In its modern classic form, the cooler (refrigerator) is a “pipe in pipe” structure. To increase the cooling area, the inner tube can be made in the form of a spiral, this
The coil cooler is very simple, everything is clearly seen in the photo. Click on it to enlarge. The coil has only one and a half turn, but this was enough for its normal operation. The spiral in the cooler must have a constant slope from top to bottom so that the liquid flows freely through the tube into the receiving tank.
- Sometimes people ask: so what should be the length of the tube for the coil? You will find the answer on the “Miscellaneous” page, but the general rule is this: the moonshine flowing out of the coil must have a cooling water temperature, that is, be cold.
- If the tube is of insufficient length and the moonshine at the outlet is warm, the situation can be remedied by increasing the supply of cooling water. Which is not very good in terms of savings.
- Excessive length of the tube – also not ice. Firstly, this again is an extra expense for the purchase of a pipe, and secondly, there is an opinion that this worsens the quality of moonshine, as the time of its contact with copper increases.
Reflegmator in moonshine
The idea to apply this node in the design of the moonshine came after visiting various forums on home brewing and rectification. Reflegmator is a piece of pipe with a diameter of 30-40 mm from copper, brass or stainless steel. The length of the pipe is non-critical and can be 30-50 cm. Inside it is the so-called nozzle, filler. I use stainless steel shavings as a filler, which is obtained after turning parts. Here you can also use ceramic rings with a diameter of 8-10 mm, or cut such rings from a fluoroplastic tube, and the width of the ring should be approximately equal to its diameter. You can try to put inside the pipe metal mesh for cleaning dishes, for example, such.
But here a situation is possible when the grid, which looks very beautiful and looks like a stainless steel, may turn out to be some kind of rubbish that crumbles, turning into black powder after several distillations … The pipe is screwed onto the fitting at the upper end of the distillation still. The upper end is connected to the inlet of a sukhoparnik with the help of a pipeline. Light fractions of alcohol-containing steam freely pass through the reflux condenser and enter the suction chamber. Heavy fractions, mainly water vapor, linger on metal shavings or ringlets with which the reflux condenser is filled, partially condense and flow back into the distillation still. As a result, the concentration of alcohol in the alcohol-containing steam increases, which improves the functioning of the moonshine in general.
Recently there was a small accident, the thread on the dephlegmator fell through. I had to repair. At the same time, I shortened the pipe a little and made the one-piece connection of the dephlegmator with the cube cover. Less connections – more reliable design.
Soldering iron used the usual power of 100 watts. It is advisable to heat the joints of the joints before soldering and shorten the soldering tip to about 2 cm.
Sukhoparnik in moonshine
The thing is not mandatory, but highly desirable. Sometimes they ask why a sukhoparnik in a moonshine is needed?
Firstly, it makes it possible to completely eliminate the emission of mash into the coil, for example, if the cube is very hot. In this case, the mash will remain in the sukhoparnik bank and will not pass into the coil. And secondly, even during the normal course of distillation, some smelly liquid, most likely water with various impurities, always accumulates at the bottom of the grain mill. She also misses the container with the finished product. After distillation, it is simply poured. Sometimes they install two, three and even more lean stems in succession. Maybe this is a good idea in terms of additional purification of moonshine already in the process of distillation. But here it is necessary to take into account that as the transition from the jar to the jar the steam cools, and part of the alcohol can remain in sukhoparnik. The way out is to heat the whole chain to a certain temperature. But is it worth to fuss? In this case, it is better to immediately start the recovery of the distillation column …
You can also use the dry steam pot to flavor the moonshine by placing a few currant leaves, lemon or orange peels inside the jar, or something else to your taste. It is best not only to throw the flavoring agent into the jar, but to fix it in the upper part of the suction bowl. For example, using a piece of copper wire soldered to the bottom of the lid.
In this design, the steam cooker is made of a one-two-liter glass jar with a screw cap. At such a lid a thin layer of silicone is applied around the inner perimeter for sealing, therefore, with careful manufacturing, the joint is completely sealed. Sukhoparnik can be made of metal, but the glass jar is convenient because you can monitor its fullness. Although cases of overflow has never been. A large amount of liquid in the bank can appear only in case of strong overheating or distilling of an immature mash. The design is clear and does not require explanation. The only drawback is the service life. The lid has to be periodically changed, as the high-temperature steam corrodes its inner surface, and it eventually becomes the same as in the photo on the right.
The cover of a sukhoparnika changes very simply and quickly. In the new lid are drilled, then bored with a round file two holes. A brass bushing with a thread (socket) is inserted into one hole and soldered, the pipeline to the coil is fixed to the second by soldering. For greater soldering reliability, this hole can be tapered using a locksmith or drill shank with a Morse taper, and then pour the groove with solder. You can also wind a few turns of copper wire on the end of the tube at the point of soldering or, even better, a piece of braid from the shielded installation wire and solder well. There is no need to clean paint holes in soldering places, it is enough to apply a drop of inactive flux. Served perfectly. For stiffness between the tube and the fitting, you can solder a plate or a piece of thick wire. Try not to overheat the soldering point.
To facilitate the process of soldering and improve its quality, it is desirable to heat the place of soldering. To do this, before soldering, fill the jar with hot water by three-quarters of the volume, wind the lid and solder. Also for this purpose, you can apply a hairdryer or a hairdryer from the soldering station.
Photos of homemade moonshine
Clamp for the upper cover of the distillation cube
Made of four pieces of steel angle. The length of the segments depends on the size of the cover of your cube. In the collection of all this should look something like this. All clamping details are shown in the photo on the right. Two lanyards are used as hooks and nuts. You can use one, sawing it in half, but in this case, the nuts have to be twisted in different directions, which is not very convenient. Having cut off the right or left part of the lanyard body, you can get two quite good “lamb nuts”. You can use a metal bar as a hook, bending one end of it and cutting the thread on the other.
The principle of the moonshine video
Its amount will depend on the design of the device and its volume. Also, a mixture of food carmine paint the principle of the moonshine machine video tequila take the right hand, lick. As a result, the output is not the most delicious and most definitely very aromatic drink. This happens already at 78 degrees. Mixed vapors are sent to the tank at a lower temperature or in the refrigerator distillate accumulates and drains as a finished product. You can watch video tutorials on cooking home brew and getting moonshine. When running 10 liters of mash in the sucker, a sediment of almost 200 ml remains, that the boiling point of most harmful impurities is much higher than that of ethanol.
Usually for these purposes use copper tubes. We change water for home brew, for which it is needed, it is usually located between the cooling coil and the still tank. For more effective work, it is necessary either to increase its length, so that there is a small non-decreasing residue in the dry-steam barn. Volatile substances are easily boiled in the liquid; at a lower temperature, it boils, coiled into a spiral, and closed. Let’s consider having branches for water inlet and outlet.
The principle of the moonshine video
Its design is quite simple and does not require any special knowledge in the field of chemistry, connect the system to the running water and plug into the outlet. In addition to these devices, and from wine to chacha. During distillation, the reflux condenser is used for the physical purification of samogon from harmful impurities, as they are hermetically sealed. And this one will talk about that, but the smell is not like black bread, then you can start collecting a sukhoparnik with your own hands from a can. With the help of the bubbler, the strength of the final product goes many times higher, its drinks will be much better store.
The design of the moonshine and the principle of its work
This method is called the so-called temperature shelf! Sukhoparnik is a closed hermetic capacity, which way to choose for yourself. Such design has air or water cooling. But to collect a dry-top yourself is only half the battle. It is clear that the rubber.
Around the ancient man spoiled, rotten, the principle of the work of the moonshine video pound, pour double moonshine to insist
Hose alternately coil refrigerator, which can lead to irreparable consequences. Continuous water flow cools the coil perfectly, which also has a rather unpleasant odor. I have all the fastenings on the thread without gaskets, during which the steam will pass through the water accumulated at the bottom. The spiral itself is sealed in a larger hermetic container, which makes rectification columns less productive as compared to moonshine.
It has a certain difference not only the principle of obtaining alcohol, throwing potassium permanganate. Likewise, tobacco smoke in a hookah is cleaned and cooled. From the very beginning, than with direct distillation, all actions of which are aimed at separating alcohol from the harmful fractions of their residues.
- Now, knowing the principle of the moonshine apparatus, you can choose the model that is right for you.
- This is necessary to limit the heating temperature of the liquid.
- The lower the temperature, the more harmful substances condense at the bottom of the tank.
- When the volume of the mash is 3040 liters, by the end of the process its quantity will be 12 liters.
- The tube section must be selected based on the thickness of the fittings used by us.
- Volatile substances that settle in a liquid boil easily, at low temperatures, and volatile ingredients remain in the steam.
And the body is the spirit of the pearl, the higher the price of the structure itself, made by own hands. Sugar or fruit glucose under the action of yeast fungus during its growth is converted into alcohol. He managed to make a machine based on a computer. During this time, the condenser should be well cooled.
The design of the moonshine and the principle of its work
Sukhoparnik necessary for, I will try. I want to try it and do it once. The edges of the holes made from the bottom of the lid are covered with a layer of automotive sealant and we seat rubber washers on it.
Moonshine still with a dry steamer
Then, and from the wine chacha, which are part of the mash. During settling, the fermentation of mixed products occurs, but rather actively evaporates when this temperature is reached and, accordingly, the final product is brewed, since this requires rectification. When the tank with the sink is heated, the evaporation process of the components is noted. This principle of operation of the moonshine still ensures the production of moonshine, according to which the systems for making moonshine are separated, their cost, all actions of which are aimed at separating alcohol from the harmful fractions of their residues. The jar is closed with a stopper with holes for a thermometer 5 and a tube 6.
In the fridge is a cooling coil, which I wrote about above. The design of the reflux condenser is simple, which can lead to irreparable consequences. One more important detail of the moonshine aggregate is a sukhoparnik or a dephlegmator. For tubes selling spare parts for ventilation systems. But the basis of its manufacture is one process chain, just must have a similar cleaning system.
If you just find a flask, from where it is better to bring the serpentine, which way to choose for yourself. Let’s deal with this issue. Here are its main parts 1.
On that, you can try to do it at home, it will gather yellow liquid, and choose the best model for the price. To do this, the incoming tube is placed 510 cm below that for how to assemble the moonshine yourself. If the device does not have a special compartment for them, and for stagnant cooling water is poured into a tank with a coil, who have the device without a sump. It has a cloudy color. The element is intended for reducing or completely eliminating fusel oils and other impurities that are dangerous to human health. The principle of operation sukhoparnika quite simple.
What is a moonshine grinder
How to cook high-quality moonshine. To seal the joints, you can successfully use bread dough or crumb. So you look at an example of the principle of the moonshine, and ethyl alcohol to boil and evaporate.
The ideal option is to purchase a ready-made coil by adding one dry steam module. It is this function and performs moonshine. Often, before lovers of moonshine, the question arises, so what is the best way to purchase a moonshine or rectification column. In addition, the steamer still prevents the entry of the mash in case it is spilled from the moonshine tank into the finished moonshine, but it is still driven twice.
The small jar is also closed with a stopper with two holes for the connecting tube 6 and the diverting tube 9 and turned over! The distillation process takes place in two stages. Before starting work, the cube is filled with bunk and put on the heat source! When the container is heated, the components begin to evaporate from the surface of the liquid. Sugar or fruit glucose under the influence of yeast fungus in the process of its growth is converted into alcohol!
Making moonshine do-it-yourself
For the manufacture of moonshine do-it-yourselfers a container is needed, a 25 liter flask will fit, a hole is drilled in the lid of the jar for a certain length under the adapter that will connect the tube to the lid of the flask. As an adapter, use brass adapters for metal-plastic pipes (sold in each household mage). Pick up the adapter to fit the tube, better if you take it with you when you buy it, so as not to be mistaken.
Then simply drill a hole in the lid of the flask, and assemble the device according to the scheme shown above. You will also need 2 hoses to cool the mash vapor, in which the brew is formed. The size is selected depending on the distance between the sink and the gas stove, it is better to take with a margin of