Consanguinity in a straight line
In neighboring generations
- The father (colloquy. Papa, papa, papa, papa, dad, dad; rude, papa) is a man in relation to his children.
- Mother (colloquial mother, mother, mother, mother, mother, mother, mother, rude, mother) is a woman in relation to her children.
- Son (colloquy son, son, son, son, son) – a boy / man in relation to his parents.
- Daughter (Daughter. Daughter, Daughter, Daughter; Outdated Daughter, Daughter, Daughter) – a girl / woman in relation to her parents.
- Parents is a generic term for father and mother.
- Children is a generic term for sons and daughters.
- Out-of-wedlock children (illegitimate children, bastards, bastards (bastards), outdated, careless children, fatherless) – children whose parents were not married.
- Bastards (in Western Europe in the Middle Ages) – the illegitimate children of an influential person (king, duke, etc.), are now often used in a vulgar, offensive sense: bastards.
- Chipped children – in Pomerania XIX – early XX century children born premarital.
- Morganatic children are children born in a marriage between a member of a royal, royal, etc. family with a person of non-royal, non-royal origin. Do not have the right to the throne. See Morganatic Marriage.
After a generation
- Grandfather (grandfather, grandfather, grandfather) is a man in relation to the children of a son or daughter, the father of a father or mother, the husband of a grandmother.
- Grandmother (granny, baba) – a woman in relation to the children of a son or daughter, the mother of a father or mother, the wife of a grandfather.
- Grandson (granddaughter) – boy / man in relation to grandparents, son of a son or daughter, son of a nephew or niece.
- Granddaughter (granddaughter) – a girl / woman in relation to her grandparents, a daughter of a son or daughter, a daughter of a nephew or niece.
After two generations
- Great-grandfather, great-grandfather – a man in relation to the children of a grandson or granddaughter, the father of a grandfather or grandmother, the grandfather of a parent.
- A great-grandmother, great-grandmother is a woman in relation to the children of a grandson or granddaughter, the mother of a grandfather or grandmother, a grandmother of a parent.
- Great-grandson – a boy / man in relation to the great-grandfather and great-grandmother, the son of a grandson or granddaughter, the grandson of a child.
- Great-grandchild – a girl / woman in relation to the great-grandfather and great-grandmother, the daughter of a grandson or granddaughter, the granddaughter of a child.
After many generations
- Ancestor – an ancient predecessor of the genus, as well as a compatriot from previous generations.
- Ancestor – the father of a great-great-grandfather or great-grandmother, or even a distant ancestor.
- Great-grandfather – the mother of great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandmother, or even a distant ancestor.
- Ancestor (ancestor, forefather) – the first known representative of the genus, which is the lineage.
- The progenitress (ancestor, mother) is the first known representative of the genus, from which the genealogy is kept.
- Proband (propose) – the person with whom the compilation of the pedigree begins.
- A descendant is a person born by birth from someone (opp. Ancestor). In mn. including ("descendants") – people of future generations.
- (Ph) grandfather, (great) grandmother, (great) grandson, (great) granddaughter (eg great-grandfather) – ancestors and descendants through generations
It should be noted that in Russian genealogy, kinship is considered to be exclusively in the male line: “descending from father to son”; this rule is well illustrated by the irrelevant status of belonging to the nobility, which, as we know, was not inherited through the mother, that is, ancestors and descendants on the maternal line are not in direct relationship (it is the only and last in its line direct descendant) . It is not by chance that there is an expression: “the race has been cut short,” which means, above all, the absence of sons. Another example of rigor in the understanding of direct kinship is the rules of succession.
Indirect blood relationship (in the mother’s line, along the branches and lines of the father’s line)
In one generation
Full-blooded, full-blooded – brothers and sisters (relative to each other), descended from the same father and mother.
- Brother is a boy / man in relation to another child (children) of his parents
- The older brother is a boy / man in relation to the younger child (children) of his parents.
- The younger brother is a boy / man in relation to the older child (children) of their parents.
- Cried brother (outdated) is a brother born before the marriage of parents and recognized by them.
Step brothers and sisters are children whose parents are married to each other, but do not have children in common; – the only and quite interesting case, when their position in the genealogy, social and legal status, are classified as necral kinship. The direct tribal relations between the descendants of stepbrothers and sisters will be regarded as peculiar (see below) until their parents have common children – their one-blood and half-brothers and sisters. All of them will become blood relatives through descendants, since their descendants and descendants of their common (one-blood and single-minded) brothers and sisters will be related by blood, by definition, and with their parents, and with them, and among themselves, respectively.
Cousins - children of brothers and sisters in relation to each other:
- A cousin (or cousin, from Fr. cousin) is a boy / man in relation to a child’s uncle and / or aunt, the son of an uncle and / or aunt.
- Stryichich (stryy) – (outdated) cousin by father, son of uncle.
- Uychich (vuychich, wui) – (outdated.) Maternal cousin, son of the aunt.
Second cousins - children of cousins and sisters in relation to each other:
- Second cousin – grandson of brother and / or sister of grandfather or grandmother; the son of a great-uncle or aunt, the great-nephew of the parent.
- Second cousin – granddaughter of a brother or sister of a grandfather or grandmother; the daughter of a great-uncle or aunt, great-niece of the parent.
Fourth cousins are children of second cousins and sisters in relation to each other.
Siblings have common parents, cousins have a common grandfather and grandmother, second cousins have a common great grandfather and great-grandmother, and four cousins have a common great-great-grandfather and great-great-grandmother, and so on.
In neighboring generations
Parent’s brothers and sisters (and their spouses):
- Uncle (uncle) – a man in relation to the children of a brother or sister, the brother of his father or mother.
- Stry (stry, stroytsy) – (outdated.) Father-uncle (father’s brother).
- Uy (wui) – (outdated) maternal uncle (mother’s brother).
Children brother or sister:
- Nephew (nephew, netiy) – a boy / man in relation to an uncle or aunt, the son of a brother or sister.
- Bratych (brother, brother, son) – (outdated) son of his brother, nephew of his brother.
- Bratanich – (ustar.) Nephew, son of elder brother. The younger son is a brother.
- Sister (sisterly, sister, sister) – (outdated) sister’s sister’s sister’s nephew.
- A uncle cousin is a boy / man in relation to the children of a cousin or sister = cousin of a father or mother.
- A cousin is a woman in relation to the children of a cousin or sister = cousin of a father or mother.
Cousin or sister children:
- A cousin nephew is a boy / man in relation to a cousin uncle or aunt, the son of a cousin or sister.
- Dscherich – nephew of aunt.