What is spinal spondylosis? This is a pathology in which the vertebrae change their outlines and are deformed, narrowing the vertebral canal. Vertebrae change shape due to bony growths that look like spikes and protrusions. Such protrusions can have a negative effect on the longitudinal ligament of the spinal column. Often, the deformed vertebrae merge with each other, causing a narrowing of the spinal column, and can pinch the nerve endings.
When asked what spondylosis is, doctors respond briefly with a defensive reaction to the destruction of the patient’s intervertebral discs.
When the processes are located along the edges of the vertebra, the patient cannot fully move, osteophytes negatively affect the mobility of the person. With the progression of the disease appear aching pain, possible pinching of the nerve endings. Spondylosis – what is it and what people at risk than to treat it? Spondylosis often occurs in older people or in workers who sit motionless for a long time near a computer, and the neck is the most common location for its localization.
One of the main causes of the disease is considered to be osteochondrosis, which occurs due to age-related changes, in chronic diseases, and problems with metabolism. Its manifestations may be due to overweight, hypertension or diabetes. What threatens osteochondrosis? In this disease, the discs between the vertebrae become more fragile, less elastic, and the amount of moisture in them decreases. The height of the discs also changes, and the discs themselves begin to shift, the pressure on the displacement region increases. In this place the inflammatory process begins, in which the bone tissue thickens. Salts are deposited in the damaged area, and the development of spondylosis begins.
The next reason for the development of spinal disease is scoliosis. In this type of curvature, bone growths are localized in both the anterolateral and posterior vertebrae. There is a disease of the spine (spondylosis) and after injuries with tears in the anterior longitudinal ligament. Bone growths are formed in this area. Some doctors believe that it is spinal injuries that are the main cause of the disease. They refer to injuries not only fractures, but also minor injuries (microtraumas, vibration effects, etc.).
With the disease, the patient feels a nagging pain in a specific part of the spine due to irritation and pinching of the nerves and ligaments. A person complains of heaviness and muscle tone. Depreciation of the spine decreases, because the patient straightens the bends of the spinal column.
Signs of spinal spondylosis: a person feels limited in the affected part of the spine, and the pain gradually increases during the day and continues to alarm the patient at night. Pain is present not only when walking or body movements, but also at rest. It is difficult for a person to adopt a pose in which pain would not disturb him. In the initial stage of the disease, it may not cause discomfort and discomfort, but affects the mobility of the spine itself.
Spondylosis in the cervical spine is common among people with “sedentary work” and workers engaged in mental work. In addition to pain, spondylosis carries symptoms such as problems with blood pressure and dizziness. Often, patients suffering from this disease complain of tinnitus and reduced vision.
When manifestations of the disease in the thoracic region, people pay attention to pain in the sternum (with the defeat of the anterior branches of the spinal nerve) or in the chest, localized on one side. When you feel with your fingers, you can feel the inflamed areas.
When spinal spondylosis disease affects the lumbar region, irritation of the nerve roots begins without pinching. This patient complains of a partial loss of sensation in the limbs, discomfort in the gluteus and leg muscles. Discomfort occurs when standing or moving for a long time. But for spondylosis, it is characteristic that the symptoms disappear when the patient tilts forward or collapses into a ball. With "intermittent claudication," the symptoms do not disappear.
Spondylosis is a chronic, progressive disease of the spine, so you should not delay the treatment of spondylosis. It develops gradually and takes place at the stage of development 3 stages:
- The first stage is characterized by small processes that do not extend beyond the vertebral body. Symptoms of the disease is practically absent.
- Second degree spondylosis. What is it? Osteophytes of the spine grow, the patient has a restriction of movement, periodical aching pain begins. Pain increases with strong physical exertion on the spine or when exposed to drafts and cold.
- The third degree of the disease includes the fusion of the vertebrae with each other, threatening to complete immobility of the spine. The patient suffers from severe pain, increases muscle tone. Muscles have a high content of lactic acid. With further progression, the metabolism is disturbed, which greatly aggravates the disease.
As a rule, spondylosis affects 1-2-3 vertebra occurring in the neck or lower back, rarely manifesting itself in the thoracic spine.
To determine whether the patient has this disease or not is impossible on the basis of symptoms alone, and it will not be enough to pass tests. It is recommended to diagnose the disease using x-rays, made in 3 projections. So you can clearly see the presence or absence of osteophytes, the size of bone growths, their location, to track the course of the disease. Individually, the patient is assigned computed tomography.
Not the most budget-friendly research option, but the most reliable and effective is an MRI. It allows you to see the diseased spine and measure the size of osteophytes to millimeters. Computerized tomography is more informative for a doctor than an x-ray, but less effective than an MRI.
Doctors do not find methods of treating the patient, helping to completely overcome spondylosis, because the disease process is degenerative. Treatment is aimed at eliminating pain, improving blood flow, relieving inflammation, slowing down irreversible changes in the tissues of the affected spine.
What if the patient has spondylosis, what treatment should be prescribed? The doctor uses anti-inflammatory drugs, a course of physiotherapy, acupuncture treatment, folk remedies, physical exertion, etc.
Prescribed medications relieve pain and inflammation, but do not cure the cause. Doctors appointed Movalis, ibuprofen, diclofenac, ketonal. The periodic massage course is also important for relieving pain and improving blood circulation.
With the disease, periods of exacerbation are replaced by chronic symptoms. With the appearance of acute pain, patients are advised to take baralgin, kerotol, and produce blockade with novocaine. Injections are given to the patient within a few days. This time is enough to relieve spasms, but in the long term, it is necessary to perform daily exercises in gymnastics and monitor posture.
On the question of how to treat spondylosis, doctors answer unanimously – exercise therapy. Such exercises help relieve recurrences of diseases, activate muscle activity and maintain their functionality. Exercises exercise therapy to help maintain the mobility of all parts of the spine. Exercise on the spine is done while lying down or standing on all fours. Part of the exercises (as prescribed by the doctor) can be performed while standing, perhaps wearing a special supporting corset.
When asked how to cure spondylosis, doctors recommend the complex effect of several treatment methods. One of the complementary treatments will be folk remedies, which involve the use of natural ingredients. They facilitate the aggravations arising at the patient.
- Well help shoots mistletoe white. Ointments and decoctions of the plant relax tense muscles, relieve pain, heal wounds, strengthen the immune system.
- Another remedy used to treat American agave, which contains steroids and vitamin C.
- A decoction of parsley roots also relieves pain, and its use should be daily.
- Tea from sunflower roots will help to remove salt from the tissues.
- Recommendations of traditional medicine – taking hot showers and hirudotherapy. Leech saliva and hirudin injected into the blood have a complex anti-inflammatory effect on the body. Due to this, the patient’s immunity rises, and the plasticity of the spine improves.
The patient is prescribed a course of physiotherapy. This may be electrophoresis with novocaine in the affected area or the effect of diadynamic currents, ultrasound. Acupuncture, massage of the affected spine, a course of manual therapy are used sparingly.
In order to prevent it is recommended to monitor the position of the body during work and posture. You should not fix the spine in the slope for a long time, be in static postures. If it is impossible to avoid prolonged sitting (for example, when working at a computer), the patient should occasionally get up, walk, and warm up.
Such treatment of spondylosis is prescribed by a doctor when the disease is started, complications begin, and other methods of treatment do not bring results. The surgeon makes an incision on this part of the spine, with surgical instruments osteophytes are removed, moving parts of the spine are released. In some cases, it is recommended to replace patients with vertebral prostheses made of artificial materials.
It is important for spondylosis to eat right. When the disease does not need strict restrictions, but at the insistence of the doctor should follow a number of recommendations. Myth about spondylosis: the main factor causing the disease is salt. Yes, salt should be eaten less, but so that atherosclerosis does not develop and the pressure does not increase.
It was previously believed that the disease was caused by an excess of calcium, but now doctors have concluded that spondylosis is calcium deficiency, so the patient is recommended to eat more fermented milk products, cheese, vegetables, and nuts. Recommended to patients and a large number of fruits. The patient should remember that the growths that have appeared will not disappear, their growth can only be stopped.
What complicates the disease?
If you do not treat spondylosis or when it goes into a chronic stage, on the background of the disease, hernias develop between the vertebrae, your back muscles can atrophy, leading to a person’s real estate. Possible patient paralysis, stenosis of the spinal canal, paresis of the spine. The patient does not hold urine and feces.
So that the disease does not develop (if the patient is at risk), then from a young age, doctors recommend to lead an active lifestyle (daily gymnastics, visiting the gym or gym). If a person has “sedentary work” with low mobility, you should warm up during the working day, make sure that your posture does not deteriorate. To improve metabolism, you need to monitor the diet, so that the body receives the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals.
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