The main diseases caused by stress make it clear that mental stress not only causes negative emotions, but also exacerbates chronic inflammatory processes in diseases.
Studies allow you to make a list of violations caused or exacerbated by stress. This list includes obesity, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal problems and asthma.
The body’s response to stress is a physiological reaction that arises at times when we feel that we are not able to control the situation. Stress accompanies people from the very birth of humanity, only its sources change over time: from battles with predators to feelings due to appearance or unpaid bills, difficult exams or the loss of a loved one.
When stress becomes fatal
People who often experience a feeling of tension are more likely to develop diseases. Although many believe that the effect of stress on mental health is limited, the destructive effects of stress at the physiological level have been proven more than once. Scientists were able to determine that stress is one of the frequent causes of various somatic diseases.
When the body is threatened, physical or psychological, it begins to produce what are called stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol.
Adrenaline increases the heart rate, so oxygen is better delivered to the tissues. When the threat disappears, the state of adrenaline rush softens. But when stress is chronic, excessive release of adrenaline can lead to diseases.
Cortisol, another stress hormone, performs several functions in the body, from regulating blood sugar levels to helping metabolic processes. Allocated in large quantities by chronic stress, cortisol can delay the response to pain, weaken libido, and can also actively participate in the development of serious diseases such as obesity and diabetes.
1. Vascular diseases and heart diseases.
Accelerated heartbeat and high blood pressure are two effects of stress that have negative effects on the heart. Many reputable studies have shown a definite link between high levels of stress and an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.
High concentrations of stress hormones in the body can cause severe inflammation, which exacerbates existing diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, eczema, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
3. Sleep disturbances.
Stress often plays a central role in the development and manifestation of sleep disorders, which include difficulty falling asleep in the evenings and waking up in the morning. Extensive studies in 2013, conducted in Europe, found a direct link between insomnia and heart failure in people suffering from sleep disorders.
Chronic lack of sleep not only causes constant fatigue and irritability, but also provokes injuries. Hypnotherapy and meditation are two types of therapy that are often effective in treating stress-induced insomnia.
4. Muscle tension and headache.
When the body releases stress hormones, muscle tension increases, which is a normal defensive response. This can cause long-term effects in the form of headaches and muscle tension.
These problems can be solved with the help of exercises, breathing techniques and massage.
5. Depression and anxiety.
Anxiety caused by anxiety and mental stress provokes the development of health problems and contributes to the development of depression.
6. Disorders of digestion.
Digestive disorders, such as persistent nausea or abdominal cramps, can be directly related to stress. Irritable bowel syndrome, bloating, cramps, diarrhea and constipation are often associated with stress levels.
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7. Respiratory failure.
Researchers have found that stress can aggravate the clinical manifestations of asthma. Some scientific evidence suggests that chronic parental stress can increase the risk of developing asthma in their children in early childhood.
People under stress tend to accumulate fat in the abdomen due to excessive secretion of cortisol. In addition, people under stress, probably due to emotional problems, are prone to overeating.
Stress contributes to the development of bad eating habits that trigger the development of type 2 diabetes.