Social psychology topics

General view of the methodology of science; the formation of historical types of scientific knowledge; modern ideas about scientific knowledge; psychological cognition as an activity, various styles and images of psychological cognition; methodology of psychology, theory, method and methodology; paradigm; classical and postclassical paradigm of science; specifics of psychological knowledge; scientific and unscientific psychological knowledge; the problem of objectivity; categories of psychology: activity, reflection, personality; consciousness and communication; basic principles of psychology: activity, development, determinism, systematic; structure of psychological teachings; psychophysical and psychophysiological problems.

To master the discipline "History of Psychology," a student must have knowledge in the field of general psychology, philosophy, logic, history, sociology, concepts of modern science.

The objectives of the course "Methodological foundations of psychology"

Methodological – a) to form (corresponding to modern requirements) a system of cognitive attitudes, methodological coordinates of the study of the space of psychological problems; b) show the features of self-reflection of psychological science (identifying and investigating its categorical structure, explanatory principles and approaches, key problems, and the specifics of the psychological knowledge itself); c) outline the range of basic problems of theoretical psychology, strategies and approaches in their solution; d) identify universal criteria for assessing the quality of psychological theory, building a psychological research program.

Training – to give a detailed idea of ​​the methodology of psychology, the range of basic problems of psychology, its conceptual apparatus, the structure and functions of psychological knowledge.

Worldview – to show the importance of structuring psychological knowledge, to provide tools for the development of self-reflection of psychology.

Objectives of the course "Methodological foundations of psychology"

1. Identification of the object and subjects of the methodology of psychology in the system of the methodology of science.

2. Analysis of historical forms of methods for obtaining psychological knowledge, disclosure of the mechanisms of their development.

3. Synthesis of the selected forms of psychological knowledge in various formulations of the subject of the methodology of psychology and the key problems of psychological science.

4. Selection of the specifics of psychological knowledge and peculiarities of knowledge about the psyche, consciousness, communication, activities, personality and behavior.

5. Identification of the bases and factors of development of scientific paradigms and their criticism.

6. Identification of methods of psychological research, as well as methods and techniques of argumentation and justification.

7. Classification of psychological teachings, basic phenomena, problems and categories.

Themes of lectures

1. Principles of consideration of psychological theory.

2. Formation of historical types of consciousness and corresponding types of knowledge.

3. Features of scientific knowledge.

4. The form, structure, content and functions of scientific work.

5. Criteria for evaluation of scientific work.

6. Features of scientific terminology. Rules for determining the categories of scientific work, the introduction of the term.

7. Categorical structure of psychological science.

8. Explanatory principles of psychology.

9. Key problems of psychology.

10. Classification of psychological teachings.

11. Features of psychological science.

12. Differences and the general between theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice.

13. Borders and functions of psychological influence.

14. Pros and cons of existing paradigms in psychology.

15. Who is he: a modern psychologist? Building a perfect image.

16. The methodological significance of psychological practice and the importance of methodology for psychological practice.

17. Requirements for a new theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice.

Topic 1. Introduction to the methodological foundations of psychology

General view of the methodology of science. The value of the course "Methodological foundations of psychology."

The object and subject of the methodology of psychology. The concepts of methodology, paradigm, theory, method, methodology. Classical and postclassical paradigms of science. The value of methodology in research.

Formation of historical types of consciousness and their corresponding types of knowledge.

Modern ideas about scientific knowledge. Types and properties of knowledge. Basic operations knowledge. Stages of the cognitive process.

The specifics of psychological knowledge and knowledge. Scientific and unscientific psychological knowledge. Common sense as a source of knowledge about the psyche.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What is the methodology?

· What are the basis and the features of the methodology of psychology?

· What does methodological meaning mean? How can we measure it?

· How to distinguish scientific knowledge from unscientific?

· How do theory and myth relate?

Topic 2. Methodology of scientific work

Theory of argumentation and conceptualization. The rules of correct reasoning, scientific opposition and criticism. Features of scientific debate, discussion.

Methodology of scientific research programs in psychology. Methodology and educational process. Stages of theoretical work. Development of explanatory hypotheses as a stage of theoretical work.

Structure of scientific work (diploma, article, monograph, dissertation). Requirements for scientific work (from content to design, style and intonation of the text).

The problem of finding truth, criteria of truth and the problem of understanding. The concept of scientific language.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What makes a job scientific?

· What are the scientific criteria?

· What does scientific work necessarily contain?

· What does scientific work never contain?

Theme 3. The main methodological problems of psychological science

The problem of determining the subject and the main issues of psychology. The object, subject and main issues, tasks, functions of psychology. The problem of determining the specific features of psychological science.

Social psychology topics

The problem of developing and adopting a metalanguage. The concept of scientific language. Categorical structure of psychological science (protopsychological, basic, metapsychological, extrapsychological levels of categories). Features of the content, structure and functions of the basic categories of psychological science.

The problem of developing explanatory principles of psychology. The main explanatory principles of psychology (determinism, system, development, activity).

The problem of determining the key problems of psychology. Key problems of psychology (psychophysical, psychophysiological, psychognostic).

Psychogenetic problem. Psychoenergy problem. Psychopraxic problem. Psychosocial problem. Psycho-emotional problem. Psycho-cognitive problem.

The structure of psychological teachings. Classification problem.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· Why is the problem of determining and formulating the subject of psychology is still one of the most pressing problems of theoretical psychology?

· How do the general features of psychological science affect the methodology of psychology?

· What is the meaning of the disclosure of the specifics of psychological science? Distinctive features of psychology.

· What is the unifying meaning of all three key problems of psychology?

· What are the features of using general scientific explanatory principles in psychology?

Theme 4. The ratio of theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice

Differences and common between theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice. The problem of correlation of practical psychology and psychological practice.

The problem of isolation of psychological practice from psychological theory. The problem of the severity of the desired patterns in a particular object of study.

The problem of disclosing the boundaries of the methodological significance of psychological practice. Does it mean that for a fundamentally new advances in psychology, the psychologist researcher himself must change?

The problem of informational and substantive, problem isolation of theoretical psychology and practical, in particular, from the “popular, mass”.

Areas, objects and contexts of practical activity of psychologists. Types of knowledge used in psychological practice.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What are the possibilities of psychological science in ensuring the practical work of psychologists?

· What is the fundamental difference and fundamental connection between the three parts of psychology?

· How can the limits of the methodological meaning of psychological practice be determined?

· Does it mean that for a fundamentally new achievements in psychology, the psychologist researcher himself must change?

Topic 5. Content and limits of psychological impact

The problem of determining the content, boundaries and the effectiveness of psychological impact. The main functions of psychological impact.

The main types of determinants of the development and functioning of the psyche. Free will, determinism and scientific research of the psyche. Natural and artificial in the psyche and behavior. Interdetermination of the functioning and development of mental processes.

The structure of psychological teachings.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What is a psychological impact?

· What determines the effectiveness of psychological impact?

· What are the boundaries of psychological impact?

· What can the structure of psychological studies look like based on the criterion of determining the main determinants of the development and functioning of the psyche?

Topic 6. Methodological features of psychology in Russia and the conditions of its development

The problem of disclosing the historical and substantive specifics of the domestic theoretical and practical psychology, psychological practice.

Permanence of the ideological factor in Russia.

A broad understanding of the "mental."

The influence of Marxism on the methodology of domestic psychology.

Long absence of institutions of psychological practice. Mythologization of modern Russian culture.

The concept of psychotechnics (G. Munsterberg). Content and levels of psychotechnics.

The methodological significance of psychoanalysis, psychotechnique and theory of activity in the development of new research approaches.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What are the peculiarities of understanding the subject of psychology in Russia?

· The main methodological postulates of the theory of activity.

· Why

· What is missing from modern Russian psychology?

· What are the strengths and weaknesses of the methodology of Russian psychology?

Theme 7. Fundamental paradigm of psychology

The problem of determining the types of psychological reality. The problem of determining the criteria of the degree of scientific and criteria of truth of psychological theory.

The problem of the disclosure of the practical, transformative role of knowledge (as opposed to the contemplation of the "pure object"). Two methodological schemes – two positions of the researcher in relation to reality (“External Observer” (philosophy of epistemology) and “Engaged activist” (philosophy of practice)).

The problem of fundamental paradigm of psychology. Three main approaches to solving the problem of a methodological crisis (“Methodological liberalism” (eg,

Three prevailing paradigms in psychology (natural science, humanistic, psychotechnical). The specificity of activities, attitudes towards people, the methods of work of a psychologist, depending on the paradigm he shares.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What is “psychological reality”? Why is there a problem of determining the types of psychological reality?

· What is the reason for and how big is the transformative role of knowledge?

· How to distinguish mental from non-mental?

· What is the essence of the methodological crisis of psychological science?

· What are the possible ways out of the crisis?

Theme 8. "Psychology of psychology" and its prospects

The problem of social, cultural responsibility of psychology for their own achievements. The problem of the culturalization of psychology and the psychologization of culture.

The problem of creating a model and methods for studying the mental world of a holistic, living person.

The problem of determining the current state of psychological science. Crisis or schizis? Features of the crisis of science (for example,

The problem of opening methodological perspectives. Forecast of the development of the methodology of psychology. The value of the methodology for psychological practice. Methodology and activities of a practical psychologist. Methodology and education.

The problem of methodological complexes of psychology. The problem of an adequate self-awareness of psychology, a psychologist researcher, a practical psychologist and a psychologist is a practice.

Questions for self-control and work at the seminar:

· What are the main features of the crisis of science?

· What requirements must meet the new psychology?

· What are the ethical issues of practical and theoretical activities in psychology.

· What is the significance of methodology for psychological practice?

· How should psychologists treat themselves? What public opinion should form about yourself?

For self-control, monitoring of knowledge and intermediate certification for the course "Methodological foundations of psychology"

Instructions for the execution of tests in the course "Methodological foundations of psychology"

How to choose a theme (two main options)

1. Progressive option. As a test, it is proposed to study the existing logical (methodological, general scientific and special-scientific) approaches to solving and methods for solving problems similar to those set by you in your thesis (of course, while preserving the general requirements for tests – see below ). Thus, a student “kills two birds with one stone” – writes a control on the Methodological Foundations of Psychology, the compressed material of which then places in the first chapter of the diploma, in the section devoted to the theory and methodology of research, and also in the introduction – to the section “Theoretical Foundations of Research”.

2. Formal option. The topic of the test is chosen by the student according to the last digit of the gradebook number. For example, if the last digit is 5, then you can choose topics numbered 5,15,25,35, etc.

General Requirements for Examination

Examination should be performed on A4 sheets, printed on a printer or written in legible handwriting.

Examination involves the student performing two tasks:

I. Detailed presentation of the proposed topic (abstract work on 15-20 p.)

This part of the test should contain:

a) title page and table of contents;

b) introduction (in the introduction it is necessary to show the problem or range of problems covered in the framework of the chosen topic; further, the relevant goal and objectives of your work);

c) a review of approaches to the identified problems and their solutions in the considered concepts, directions and data thinkers. This is the main part, which should contain answers to the following questions:

· How is the problem understood, the subject and object of research in the framework of this topic of the test, which distinguish methodological approaches, paradigms, concepts in the study of the whole range of issues on this topic.

· What units of analysis are highlighted by the developers of questions and problems within the scope of the test paper (what they analyze, what they primarily pay attention to).

· What concepts are used as the main ones when describing mental phenomena and psychological facts, what differences in understanding of the main categories (concepts) exist and what are they caused by.

· What are the methods of solving scientific questions inherent in the considered approaches, methods of studying the psyche, which allows us to speak about the validity of the results?

· What is the basis of the general interpretive position (explanatory principles) of the considered approaches?

d) own analysis of the problems considered in the abstract and argued (with the involvement of the experts in this field) the presentation of their point of view (at least 2-3 pages), but here you must show what the essence (from your point of view) is considered in the control work problems;

e) conclusion (

e) a list of references (at least 5 sources, for example: primary source, textbook, monograph, dictionary, article, textbook).

Ii. The dictionary of the basic concepts (it is required to define all the central categories (concepts) of those considered in the abstract (from 7 to 10 concepts).

Topics

1. Methodology of scientific knowledge. General scientific and special scientific methodology.

2. The object and subject of the methodology of psychology.

3. Classical and postclassical paradigms of science.

4. Formation of historical types of consciousness and corresponding types of knowledge.

5. Modern ideas about scientific knowledge.

6. Types and properties of knowledge. The basic operations of knowledge, the stages of the cognitive process.

7. The specifics of psychological knowledge and knowledge.

8. Scientific and unscientific psychological knowledge.

9. Common sense as a source of knowledge about the psyche.

10. Features of the methodology of psychology.

11. Methodological value of statements.

12. The ratio of theory and myth.

13. Methodology of scientific work.

14. Theory of argumentation and conceptualization.

15. Rules of correct argumentation, scientific opposition and criticism.

16. Features of scientific debate and scientific debate.

17. Methodology of scientific research programs in psychology.

18. Methodology and educational process.

19. Stages of theoretical work. Development of explanatory hypotheses as a stage of theoretical work.

20. The structure of scientific work and the requirements for its creation.

21. The problem of finding truth, criteria of truth and the problem of understanding.

22. Scientific language.

23. The main methodological problems of psychological science.

24. The problem of determining the subject and the main issues of psychology.

25. The object, subject and main issues, tasks, functions of psychology.

26. The problem of determining the specific features of psychological science.

27. The problem of developing and adopting a metalanguage.

28. Categorical structure of psychological science.

29. The problem of developing explanatory principles of psychology.

30. The problem of identifying key problems of psychology.

31. Psychogenetic problem.

32. Psychoenergy problem.

33. Psychopraxic problem.

34. Psychosocial problem.

35. Psycho-emotional problem.

36. Psycho-cognitive problem.

37. The structure of psychological teachings.

38. The problem of classification in psychology.

39. The main question of psychology.

40. The influence of features of psychological science on the methodology of psychology.

41. Features of domestic psychological science.

42. Features of the use of general scientific explanatory principles in psychology?

43. The ratio of theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice.

44. The problem of correlation of practical psychology and psychological practice.

45. The problem of isolation of psychological practice from psychological theory.

46. ​​The problem of severity of the desired patterns in a particular object of study.

47. The problem of disclosing the boundaries of the methodological significance of psychological practice.

48. Changes in the psychology of the researcher in the process of psychological research.

49. The problem of informational and substantive, problem isolation of theoretical psychology and practical, especially from the “popular, mass”.

50. Fields, objects and contexts of practical activity of psychologists.

51. Types of knowledge used in psychological practice.

52. The possibilities of psychological science in ensuring the practical work of psychologists.

53. Fundamental links between the main parts and spheres of psychology.

54. The boundaries of the methodological significance of psychological practice.

55. The content and limits of psychological impact.

56. The problem of determining the content, boundaries and the effectiveness of psychological impact.

57. The main functions of psychological impact.

58. The main types of determinants of the development and functioning of the psyche.

59. Free will, determinism and scientific research of the psyche.

60. Natural and artificial in the psyche and behavior.

61. Interdetermination of the functioning and development of mental processes.

62. The structure of psychological teachings.

63. What is the psychological impact.

64. The effectiveness of psychological impact.

65. The boundaries of psychological impact.

66. What might look like the structure of psychological teachings, built on the criterion of determining the main determinants of the development and functioning of the psyche?

67. Methodological features of psychology in Russia and the conditions of its development.

68. The problem of disclosing the historical and substantive specificity of the domestic theoretical and practical psychology, psychological practice.

69. Permanence of the ideological factor in Russia.

70. Broad understanding of the "mental."

71. The influence of Marxism on the methodology of domestic psychology.

72. Mythologization of modern Russian culture and the methodology of psychological knowledge.

73. The concept of psychotechnology, content and levels of psychotechnics.

74. The methodological significance of psychoanalysis, psychotechnique and theory of activity in the development of new research approaches.

75. What is the peculiarity of understanding the subject of psychology in Russia?

76. The main methodological postulates of the theory of activity.

77. Perspectives of the “psychotechnical approach”.

78. The main problems of modern Russian psychology.

79. Strengths and weaknesses of the methodology of Russian psychology.

80. The fundamental paradigm of psychology.

81. The problem of determining the types of psychological reality.

82. The problem of determining the criteria of the degree of scientific and truth criteria of psychological theory.

83. The problem of the disclosure of the practical, transformative role of knowledge.

84. Two methodological schemes – “External Observer” and “Involved Actor” as two positions of a researcher in relation to reality.

85. The problem of fundamental paradigm of psychology.

86. The main approaches to solving the problem of methodological crisis in psychology.

87. The prevailing paradigms in psychology.

88. The specificity of activities, attitudes towards people, the methods of work of a psychologist, depending on the paradigm he shares.

89. What is "psychological reality."

90. The problem of determining the types of psychological reality (the origins of the problem and its solutions).

91. The transformative role of knowledge.

92. How to distinguish mental from non-mental.

93. The essence of the methodological crisis of psychological science.

94. "Psychology of psychology" and its prospects.

95. The problem of social, cultural responsibility of psychology for their own achievements.

96. The problem of culturalization of psychology and psychologization of culture.

97. The problem of creating a model and methods for studying the mental world of a holistic, living person.

98. The problem of determining the present state of psychological science.

99. The problem of opening methodological perspectives in psychology and science in general.

100. Forecast of the development of the methodology of psychology.

101. The value of methodology for psychological practice.

102. Methodology and activities of a practical psychologist.

103. Methodology and education.

104. The problem of methodological complexes of psychology.

105. The problem of adequate self-awareness of psychology, a psychologist researcher, a practical psychologist and a psychologist is a practice.

106. The main features of the crisis of science.

107. What requirements must meet the new psychology.

108. Ethical issues of practical and theoretical activities in psychology.

109. The value of methodology for psychological practice.

110. Effective cognitive attitude of the psychologist to psychology and himself.

111. Public opinion, everyday consciousness and the methodology of psychology.

Electronic tests on the website of the University for the purpose of self-testing

Instructions for students on the application of tests:

  1. Login to the testing server at www. test. utmn. ru;
  2. From the list of available tests, select a test by the name of the discipline;
  3. Take the test and view the test results.
  4. Independently eliminate gaps in knowledge identified through testing (using the list of references and instructions of this educational complex).

Electronic tests on the website of the University for the purpose of intermediate certification

For electronic tests, tests are used as electronic tests, the access to which is opened by the teacher only at the time of such certification, which is conducted for the whole group at once in a specially equipped classroom (computer class). Instructions on the test procedure, students receive orally from the teacher. Testing for the purposes of intermediate certification is preceded by mandatory training on the work of students with the INGRIS testing system.

Additional training and methodological support "Electronic resources"

The site is available for use, reading and downloading:

· Questions, guidelines, course program and additional materials (www. Orgpsiholog. En / metodich. Htm).

· Links to resources on the Internet (thematic sites, electronic libraries, theses bases, etc.) on the whole range of psychological topics. (www. orgpsiholog. en / ssilky. htm).

· A list of feature films, the viewing of which is useful for psychologists (these films provide the necessary phenomenology and diverse positions for interpreting the phenomena). (www. orgpsiholog. en / film. kn. htm).

· A list of art books, the reading of which is useful for psychologists (these books provide the necessary phenomenology and versatile positions for interpreting phenomena, give an idea of ​​the lexical flexibility of the language describing psychological phenomena). (www. orgpsiholog. en / film. kn. htm).

· A collection of ridiculous students’ mistakes (pearls) when answering exams, tests, examinations (teaches a culture of using a scientific language, being attentive to statements, plays the role of a learning test for understanding what the error is). (www. orgpsiholog. ru / perly. htm).

· Biographies and main theses of great psychologists (you can read about the major milestones in life, learn the basic ideas of the teachings). (www. orgpsiholog. ru / velikie. htm).

· Some articles of the author (you can get acquainted with some of the scientific works of Lyovkin

· Email authoring (“Seven secrets of self-management). (www. orgpsiholog. ru).

  1. Electronic library on a laser disk "Library of the psychologist from Lyovkin

An electronic library with literature on the discipline (articles, manuals, monographs) is stored at the Department of General and Social Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology and is available for copying on the chair computer (bring your own disk for copying).

(recommended as the main course)

1. Allahverdov

2. Berulava

3. Petrovsky

4. Halperin

5. Ivin

(list of additional literature on the course)

3

4. Abramova

5. Abulkhanova

6. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya

7. Agafonov

8. Allahverdov

9. Allahverdov

10. Ananyev

11. Andreeva

12. Andreeva

13. Antsiferova

14. Antsyferova

15. Asmolov

16. Asmolov

17. Asmolov

18. Asmolov

19. Asmolov

20. Bass

21. Bakhtin

22. Bernstein

23. Berulava

24. Berulava

25. Berulava

26. Berulava

27. Bekhterev

28. Bodalev A. A. Personality and communication. M., 1983. 272 ​​p.

29. Brudniy

30. Brushlinsky

31. Budilova EA. Philosophical problems in Soviet psychology. M., 1972.

32. Bystritsky

33. Wagner

34. Vasilyuk

35. Vasilyuk

36. Vasilyuk

37. Wecker

38. Velichkovsky

39. Wertheimer M. Productive thinking. M., 1987. Potebnya A. A Thought and Language // Potebnya A. A. Word and Myth. M., 1989. S. 17-282.

40. Vilyunas

41. Vilyunas

42. Vygotsky, L. S. [The problem of the cultural development of a child]. Vestnik Mosk. un-that. Ser. 14. Psychology. 1991. No. 4. P. 3-19.

43. Vygotsky

44. Vygotsky

45. Gadamer H.-G. Truth and Method: Basics of Philos. hermeneutics: Trans. with him. / Tot. ed. and entry Art.

46. ​​Gadamer

47. Halperin

48. Gibson, J. Ecological approach to visual perception. – M .: Progress, 1988. – 464 p.

49. Greening T. The History and Tasks of Humanistic Psychology // Vopr. psychology. 1988. No. 4.

50. Descartes R. Discourse on the method. M., 1953.

51. Dilthey V. Descriptive psychology. – M .: Russian scribe, 1996 (1924). – 156s.

52. Discourse of self-understanding. / Under. ed.

53. Dubrovina

54. Dubrovsky

55. Ershova-Babenko

56. The mystery of human understanding. – M .: Politizdat, 1991.

57. Zinchenko

58. Zinchenko

59. Zinchenko

60. Ilyasov

61. The history of foreign psychology (30s – 60s of XX century). Texts / Under ed.

62. The history of psychology. The period of open crisis (the beginning of the 10s-mid 30s of the XX century). Texts, 2nd ed. / Ed.

63. Kan-Kalik

64. Knebel

65. Kovalev G. A., Radzikhovsky L. А. The problem of interiorization in psychology // Questions of psychology. 1985. No. 1. P. 110-120.

66. Kovalev

67. Koltsov

68. Kornilov

69. Kripner S., Karvalo R. The Problem of Method in Humanistic Psychology // Psychological Journal. 1993. № 2 ‘. Pp. 113-126.

70. Krylov

71. Kuhn T. Structure of scientific revolutions. M., 1975; M., 1987.

72. Lakatos I. Falsification and methodology of research programs.

73. Lakatos. The history of science and its rational reconstruction. Structure and development of science. M., 1989.

74. Lange

75. Lebedev

76. Leontiev

77. Leontiev

78. Leontiev

79. Leontiev

80. Leontiev

81. Leontiev

82. Leontiev

83. Leontiev

84. Leontiev

85. Pubis

86. Lomov

87. Lomov

88. Losev

89. Luria

90. Mazilov

91. Malinovsky B. Magic, science and religion. – M .: Refl-beech, 1998. – 304 p.

92. Martsinkovskaya

93. Methodological problems of increasing the effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical research. M. 1985.

94. Methodological problems of linguistics // Vol. 2. Ed.

95. Munsterberg G. Osnovy psihotehniki. M .: Rus. scribe book, 1924.

96. Myasishchev VN Personality and neurosis. L., 1960. 420 p.

97. Myasishchev

98. Meat eater

99. Nayser U. Knowledge and reality. M., 1981.

100. Nalimov

101. Nalimov

102. Nikiforov

103. Pavlov

104. Petrovsky

105. Petrovsky

106. Petrovsky

107. Pechchei A. Human qualities. M., 1984. 340 p.

108. Polani M. Personal knowledge. M., 1983.

109. Polonnikov

110. Ponomarev

111. Psychological science in Russia of the twentieth century: problems of theory and history. M., 1997.

112. Psychology of natural science thinking. 1991

113. Bubbles A. A. Cultural-historical theory of L. S. Vygotsky and modern psychology. M. 1986. 116 p.

114. Radzikhovsky

115. Rakitov

116. Ricker P. Conflict of interpretations. M., 1995.

Social psychology topics

117. Rogers K. Several important discoveries. MSU Bulletin, sir. Psychology, 1990, №2.

118. Rosin

119. Rubinstein S. L. Problems of psychology in the works of Karl Marx / / Vopr. psychology. 1983. №2.

120. Rubinstein

121. Manual practical psychologist / Ed.

122. Sadovsky

123. Sechenov I. M. To whom and how to develop psychology. / ‘/ Sechenov

124. Sechenov

125. Smirnov

126. Sokolova

127. Stepin

128. Stetsenko

129. Theoretical methodological problems of social psychology / Ed.

130. Heat

131. Tikhomirov

132. Uznadze

133. Uznadze

134. Ulybina

135. Ukhtomsky A. A. Fav. works L., 1978. 358 p.

136. Ukhtomsky

137. Fabry

138. Feldstein

139. Philosophy of education. M., 1994.

140. The philosophy of the postmodern era. M., 1995.

141. Philosophical Dictionary / ed. Frolova

142. Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary / Ed.-Comp .:

143. Florenskaya, T. A. I – against “I”. M., 1985. 80 p.

144. Freud 3. Psychology and protective mechanisms. M., 1993.

145. Freud Z. Lectures on the introduction of psychoanalysis. M., 1992.

146. Fromm E. Escape from Freedom. M., 1989.

147. Kharash

148. Kjell L., Zigler D. Theories of personality. SPb., 1997.

149. Chelpanov

150. Schaff A. Introduction to semantics. – M .: Publishing house inostr. l-ry, 1963. – 376 p.

151. Shvyrev

152. Shpet

153. Schultz

154. Schedrovitsky

155. Etkind

156. Yudin

157. Jung

158. Yurevich

159. Yurevich

160. Yurevich

161. Yurevich

162. Yaroshevsky

163. Yaroshevsky

Evaluation criteria for answering questions (which skills are especially appreciated when answering any of the exam questions):

· Ability to single out the basis of the statement, its direct and indirect consequences.

· Ability to see and formulate a research problem, to reconstruct research hypotheses.

· Ability to operate with basic categories of psychology, to distinguish between their fundamental features.

· Ability to determine the general research paradigm, initial assumptions used.

· Ability to determine the theoretical novelty, trends and the horizon of practical applicability of the conclusions of theoretical constructions.

1. The object and subject of the methodology of psychology. The concepts of methodology, paradigm, theory, method, methodology. Classical and postclassical paradigms of science. The value of methodology in research.

2. Formation of historical types of consciousness and corresponding types of knowledge.

3. Modern ideas about scientific knowledge. Knowledge properties and cognitive operations. Stages of the cognitive process.

4. Specificity of psychological knowledge and knowledge. Scientific and unscientific psychological knowledge. Common sense as a source of knowledge about the psyche and behavior.

5. Theory of argumentation and conceptualization. The rules of correct argumentation, opposition and criticism.

6. Methodology of scientific research programs in psychology. Methodology and educational process. Stages of theoretical work. Development of explanatory hypotheses as a stage of theoretical work.

7. Structure of scientific work (diploma, article, monograph, dissertation). Requirements for scientific work.

8. The main types of determinants of the development and functioning of the psyche. Free will, determinism and scientific research of the psyche. Natural and artificial in the psyche and behavior. Interdetermination of the functioning and development of mental processes.

9. Areas, objects and contexts of practical activity of psychologists. Types of knowledge used in psychological practice. Possibilities of psychological science in ensuring the practical work of psychologists.

10. The problem of determining the subject and the main issues of psychology. The object, subject and main issues, tasks, functions of psychology.

11. The problem of developing and adopting a metalanguage. The concept of scientific language. Categorical structure of psychological science (protopsychological, basic, metapsychological, extrapsychological levels of categories). Features of the content, structure and functions of the basic categories of psychological science.

12. The problem of developing explanatory principles of psychology. The main explanatory principles of psychology.

13. The problem of identifying key problems of psychology. Key problems of psychology.

14. Psychogenetic problem. Psychoenergy problem.

15. Psychopraxic problem. Psychosocial problem.

16. Psycho-emotional problem. Psycho-cognitive problem.

17. The problem of the isolation of psychological practice from psychological theory. The problem of the severity of the desired patterns in a particular object of study.

18. The problem of determining the types of psychological reality. The problem of determining the criteria of the degree of scientific and criteria of truth of psychological theory.

19. The problem of determining the content, boundaries and the effectiveness of psychological impact. The main functions of psychological impact.

20. The problem of social, cultural responsibility of psychology for their own achievements. The problem of the culturalization of psychology and the psychologization of culture. The problem of creating a model and methods for studying the mental world of a holistic, living person. Ethical issues of practical and theoretical activities in psychology.

21. The problem of disclosing the boundaries of the methodological significance of psychological practice. Does it mean that for a fundamentally new advances in psychology, the psychologist researcher himself must change?

22. The problem of informational and subject, problem isolation of theoretical psychology and practical, especially from the “popular, mass”. The structure of psychological teachings.

23. The problem of determining the specific features of psychological science. What is the meaning of disclosing the specifics of psychological science? Distinctive features of psychology.

24. The problem of the disclosure of the practical, transformative role of knowledge (as opposed to the contemplation of the "pure object"). Two methodological schemes – two positions of the researcher in relation to reality.

25. The problem of disclosing the historical and substantive specifics of the domestic theoretical and practical psychology, psychological practice.

26. The concept of psychotechnics (G. Munsterberg). Content and levels of psychotechnics.

27. The problem of correlation of practical psychology and psychological practice. Differences and common between theoretical psychology, practical psychology and psychological practice.

28. Methodological value of psychoanalysis, psychotechnique and theory of activity.

29. The problem of fundamental paradigm of psychology. Three main approaches to solving the problem of methodological crisis. Three prevailing paradigms in psychology.

30. The problem of opening methodological perspectives. Forecast of the development of the methodology of psychology. The value of the methodology for psychological practice. Methodology and activities of a practical psychologist. Methodology and education.

31. The problem of determining the present state of psychological science. Crisis or schizis? Features of the crisis of science (for example,

32. The problem of methodological complexes of psychology. The problem of an adequate self-awareness of psychology, a psychologist researcher, a practical psychologist and a psychologist is a practice.

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