A neurosurgeon is a specialist doctor whose main duties include the qualified implementation of the diagnosis and treatment of patients with acute injuries of the nervous system requiring surgical intervention.
Thus, the surgeon deals mainly with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of various lesions of the human nervous system. In this review, we will examine in more detail the main qualifying features of the work of a neurosurgeon, what diseases he treats, and also what methods he uses.
What does a neurosurgeon treat?
First of all, let us designate which diseases are specifically treated by a neurosurgeon, in particular:
– diseases of the spinal cord and brain in children (of all age groups);
– diseases of the spine associated with neurological syndromes of irritation and impairment of certain functions (in particular, herniated intervertebral discs);
– syndromes associated with impaired normal development of cerebral vessels, as well as its membranes;
– disorders related to cerebral circulation, which are subject to surgical treatment;
– oncological diseases and various vascular anomalies of the spinal cord, as well as nerve membranes;
– tumors of the skull, including the base of the skull;
– peripheral and central pain syndrome;
In general, it is worth noting that the work of a neurosurgeon consists in the treatment of such organs and systems as the brain (head and spinal cord), the nervous system, the skull, and the spine.
When should I contact a neurosurgeon?
Consider the symptoms of certain diseases, for suspected the presence of which need a neurosurgeon, in particular:
one). Intervertebral hernia in different departments may manifest various symptoms, namely:
– a hernia in the cervical region may cause numbness of the fingers, pain in the arm (shoulder), fluctuations in blood pressure, dizziness (all these symptoms can be combined with each other);
– for hernias in the lumbar spine, numbness of the toes of the foot, persistent pain in the lumbar region, isolated pain in the lower legs or feet, as well as pain in the leg, which often give on the back side and less often on the front and side of the thigh to the foot;
– with hernias in the thoracic region, there may be constant pain in the sternum in people who work in a forced posture, and pain may occur against the background of scoliosis.
2). Traumatic brain injuries: loss of consciousness, nausea, dizziness, noise in the ears, difficulty in understanding information, impaired coordination, headaches, and other signs. It is worth noting that in the presence of such signs, hospitalization in the neurosurgery or neurology department is indicated.
3). Diseases and disorders of the nervous system and the activity of the brain (spinal cord), the symptoms of which can be studied in specialized sections of our site.
In our other publications, read more about the activities of a neurosurgeon doctor.