The magician, keeper of the soul, black grass, bearberry, swamp, black dropsy, crowberry, purple, burgnovka, yarnik, tolkusha – these names were given shiksha for its healing properties. Her Latin pharmacy name – “Empetrum nigrum”, in English is called “Crowberry”, German – “Krähenbeeren”, Finnish – “Variksenmarja”, “Sianmustikka” (pork blueberries), French – “Camarine” (crow berry). She is a member of the Vetanic family (Empetraceae). And the name "crowberry"And its derivatives are given because of the richness of fresh juice and the almost absence of pulp.
As the abundance of names shows, they have heard and know about this magician in many countries, and here we can see it in the Far East, Siberia, alpine meadows, and polar-arctic zones. She chooses swampy areas, peatlands, wet coniferous, deciduous forests. This plant is cold, not growing near residential areas.
Once having seen this strongly branched evergreen shrub with edible black berries hidden in a mossy cushion by sprawling stems reaching up to 100 m, it is impossible to forget its picturesqueness. The leathery leaflets on the branches of the florets look like spruce needles from which dark red, small flowers appear from their sinuses in May-June. The fruits are black with a bluish bloom spherical berry with a diameter of 55 mm with 6-9 stones and bright juice inside. They begin to ripen from August to late autumn, preserving the sour taste, settling on the bushes all winter.
All parts of shiksha contain a large set of vitamins, biologically active substances. Ascorbic acid is up to 47 mg%. And non-fermented benzoic acid allows you to store berries without additional processing. The berries are saturated with carbohydrates, essential oil, triterpene coumarins, flavonoids, fatty oils, waxes, tannins, and also a rare, very useful trace element – andrometodoxin.
Application and healing properties
The medicinal value of the leaves lies in the alkaloids contained here, flavonoids, vitamin C, caffeic acid, coumarins, tannins.
For the preparation of decoctions, tinctures going to the upper parts of the shoots at the very beginning of flowering. Drying of raw materials is carried out in a ventilated room or shade. Shelf life – up to 2 years. Fruits are frozen. Of them also make a watery liqueur on vodka, prepare juices, jam or eat with yogurt, milk. The inhabitants of the North use the water cider to make a mixture of tolkushki (fish + seal fat).
In folk medicine, use the fruits and the entire aboveground part of the plant. As shown by clinical studies, the observation of drugs from shiksha is very effective in diseases of the brain, central nervous system, epilepsy, fatigue, chronic fatigue syndrome, sleep disorders, memory loss. They are used in various nervous disorders, insomnia, as a sedative for diseases caused by stress, nervous exhaustion, psychological discomfort. External use for skin problems (acne, rashes, wounds, ulcers).
The magician helps with edema, urination problems, metabolic disorders, kidney and liver diseases, as well as diarrhea, colitis, gastritis, dropsy, anthrax, scurvy.
For those who suffer from dry eye syndrome from working at a computer, you can use a strong shiksha infusion:
• strain through cheesecloth
• bury eyes every 2-3 hours
- If the "nerves" romp, you can take on ½ liter of water 2 tbsp. spoon, steam, hold over low heat for another 5-7 minutes, and then allow to cool in a bundled form. This means you need to take 3 tbsp. spoon 4-5 times a day to improve the condition.
In these and all other cases, before applying the decoctions, tinctures should consult with your doctor. After all, besides the obvious contraindications (pregnancy, breastfeeding) individual intolerance to drugs from shiksha can be detected.