Angina Stress – transient attacks of myocardial ischemia, resulting from physical or emotional stress with an increase in the oxygen demand of the heart muscle. Angina of exertion is manifested by pains in the heart area, a feeling of restraint and discomfort behind the sternum, lack of air, vegetative reactions that develop at the time of the action of adverse factors. In the diagnosis of stress angina, clinical and anamnestic data, ECG results during a painful attack, stress tests, Holter monitoring, heart ultrasound, coronaryography, PET are taken into account. Therapy of angina pectoris is carried out with nitrates, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists; According to indications, angioplasty of the coronary arteries or CABG is performed.
Angina pectoris is a clinical form of coronary heart disease, characterized by attacks of angina pectoris, developing on the background of increasing metabolic needs of the myocardium. Manifestations of angina pectoris stress occur and increase in connection with the load and stop at rest or after taking nitroglycerin.
The prevalence of angina pectoris is correlated with age: for example, in the 45–54 age group, the disease occurs in