What to do if the cat vomits? Do I need to immediately sound the alarm? What if he got poisoned?
The situation when the animal is sick, unpleasant for the pet, and for the owner. Cat vomiting occurs for various reasons: from unsuitable food to the violation of the internal organs. The attack does not always require veterinary care – in some cases, the owner successfully copes with the problem at home.
But for every situation when the cat is sick, you need to pay attention. Objects that vomit in the stomach can cause internal injury. Nausea can be a symptom of various animal diseases.
Causes of indisposition
Each cat periodically burp hair. The problem can also be observed in bald breeds adjacent to furry pets. When licking wool accumulates in the cat’s gastrointestinal tract and needs to exit. Do not be afraid if the cat periodically (1-2 times a week) burps dense hair sausages or balls. Problems are indicated by more frequent vomiting, constipation, lack of appetite, depression, and bloating. Symptoms indicate an overflow of the stomach and intestines with hair.
The list of reasons why cat vomiting is provoked:
- Inadequate nutrition. It means not only food. Kittens and adults show an interest in non-food products, such as broom twigs, houseplants, decor items (such as ikeban), foil, or Christmas decorations. Some enter the body by chance, during a game, others are eaten consciously. Vomiting of uncooked food is a potential sign that the selected feed or some product in the diet does not fit the pet.
Overeating A large portion or rapid ingestion of food does not allow the stomach to completely digest it, as a result, the food comes back through the mouth.
Pregnancy. The space for the stomach during the gestation period is reduced. Hormonal changes also contribute to nausea.
Age Problems with the assimilation of food are observed in kittens during the transition to solid food. Vomiting can also be provoked by a congenital abnormality of the gastric sphincter, due to which the entire volume of food eaten cannot pass into the intestine. Active play a short time after eating is also a potential cause of discomfort. Reflex eruption of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract also affects elderly individuals, whose body, due to age, is worse at handling food.
Poisoning. Stomach cleansing (including diarrhea) is the standard defense mechanism of the body when confronted with a toxin. In such cases, pets are often sick after each meal, their appetite decreases, there is aversion to food and there is a general deterioration.
Stress. Emotional overload can cause involuntary contraction of the muscles of the stomach.
Reaction to drugs. Involuntary contraction of the stomach is a side effect of taking a number of drugs. He is usually warned of prescribing treatment by veterinarians or instructions. Nausea is observed after general anesthesia. If the animal vomits soon after the operation, it means that it has not yet departed from anesthesia.
Infection. Bacterial and viral infections, such as plague and hepatitis, directly or indirectly affect the functioning of the stomach.
Parasites. Helminths of various species are a common cause of vomiting.
Injuries. Belching food provokes damage to the larynx, stomach, or intestines. It can cause injury to the brain and other internal organs.
Various pathologies. Vomiting is a possible companion of oncology, diseases of the liver, kidneys and gall bladder, gastritis, pancreatitis and other disorders.
Emetic masses differ in volume and composition:
- If a cat has vomited saliva or a white foamy substance, which is a protective gastric mucus, then the animal feels sick on an empty stomach.
Too dry mass may indicate dehydration.
The color of vomiting depends largely on the food; A greenish, reddish or yellowish substance may be stained with feed.
Bile and blood on the background of food shades will always stand out. Their presence indicates a serious violation.
The presence of excrement will also indicate a dangerous pathology. This is a sign of intestinal damage.
Mentioned cases of apparent illness require immediate treatment to a specialist.
To determine the exact cause will need the help of a veterinarian. The doctor will be able to take primary measures to alleviate the patient’s condition and to schedule further treatment in the hospital or at home. In less severe cases, self-help by the host is sufficient.
Treatment of vomiting in pets
In case of poisoning, it is important to block the action of the toxin, for which sorbents are used. The most convenient way is to use suspensions like Phosphalugel – the dose is taken at the rate of