Personnel Management. Cheat Sheet: briefly, the most important
1. The value of personnel management as a practical activity, science and academic discipline
The current stage of development of the domestic and world economy is characterized by changes in the requirements for the personnel of the enterprise, the increasing role of this component in the organization as a single system. In the conditions of democratization of society and limited other resources, the famous motto Cadres solve everything! again gaining relevance. And in the presence of sufficient amounts of all the necessary resources without an effective team, the most successful market strategy cannot be implemented, the continuity and rhythm of business processes is ensured. This motto becomes especially significant for the Russian economy and production, the backlog of the technical and technological component of which is fully compensated by high professionalism, ability for non-standard, creative thinking, rich production and management experience, entrepreneurial activity of personnel of enterprises and firms. Today it can be argued that the leadership’s underestimation of the effective modern methods of production management at the macro and micro levels is becoming one of the main obstacles in managing the development of the economy. Acceleration of scientific, technical and socio-economic progress, complication of production and interpersonal relations, associated with a sharp increase in the role of the human factor, had an impact on the changing role of the personnel subsystem in the organization and put forward personnel management at the highest level of management.
The main purpose of the discipline of personnel management is the formation of theoretical knowledge and skills to build, change, improve the personnel management system of the enterprise, technology, human resource management. This goal has determined the range of tasks of the academic discipline. Personnel management: determining the place and role of this subsystem in the enterprise management system; analysis of the process of organizational design of the personnel management system, systematization of the goals and functions of the organization’s personnel management system; study of the process of providing the enterprise personnel management system with various types of resources; study of the content and technologies of recruitment, selection, business assessment, vocational guidance, training, motivation, staff release, etc. The object of the academic discipline of personnel management is the labor resources in the national economic system and personnel of business entities of various organizational and legal forms and forms of ownership. The subject of this discipline is the process of managing national resources, including the management of human capital of enterprises and organizations, including the formation of personnel policy and personnel strategies, the design of a personnel management system, the development of personnel management technology.
2. Personnel as an object of management
The acceleration of scientific, technical and socio-economic progress, the complication of production and interpersonal relations have had an impact on the formation of human resources management based on practical workforce management personnel processes.
Personnel management is a science that originated at the end of the XIX century. in the United States, and previously developed in the framework of other sciences (psychology and sociology, economics, business economics, organizational behavior, conflict management, labor economics). In the US, the development of this science was in line with the behavioral approach, and the selection of an independent field of knowledge was completed by the 1960s. In pre-reform Russia, there was no special science of personnel management, the most important base of its subject was missing – the market environment; nevertheless, labor relations management was also studied in the framework of economic, sociological and psychological sciences. Closest to personnel management is the science of Enterprise Economics.
Personnel (from the Latin. Personalis – personal) is the personnel of the organizations, including all wage workers, as well as working owners and co-owners.
It is necessary to present the following signs of the staff – this is the existence of labor relations with the employer, which must be legally (legally) formalized; the possession of certain qualitative characteristics (profession, specialty, competence, qualifications, etc.); the focus of staff activities,