Most of those who have never encountered the world of drugs, believes that the most dangerous of them are introduced into the vein, and the most terrible – heroin. The reality is much more cruel: the modern generation of synthetic drugs, by the simplicity of acquisition and use, by the strength of dependence and the severity of the effect, have already pressed opiates and have firmly entered the life of young people.
Synthetic drugs – definition
Synthetic drugs are understood as artificially created psychoactive substances that have narcotic properties and are capable of provoking physical and / or psychological dependence. All synthetic drugs or their individual components are produced in the conditions of chemical laboratories from a variety of substances that are distinguished by low cost. Some of them copy the pharmacological properties of herbal drugs, is their artificial counterpart.
Many drugs of synthetic origin were created on the basis of existing ones by amending their chemical formula. More rarely, but nevertheless, drugs of fundamentally new, often based on the side effects of any drug, are released. All synthetic drugs are banned for sale, prosecuted, although legislation in recent years has not coped with the creation of documented restrictive measures due to the appearance of a huge number of such psychoactive substances.
In terms of the form and type of use, all the “synthetics” can be conditionally done on the one used intravenously, orally, for smoking, for penetration through the mucous membranes (inhalation through the nose and even administration through the rectum, the vagina). Conditional division is because many drugs can be used in different ways – at will.
On pharmacological effects, most drugs are psychostimulants or hallucinogens, in addition to opiates and some other drugs that inhibit the work of the central nervous system. There are many types and groups of “synthetics”, and in the world each year up to 25-30 new names appear. Substances from which such drugs are synthesized are called precursors, there are a great many of them, and depending on the combinations they can form various drugs.
An approximate classification of "synthetics" with examples is given below:
- Opioids – methadone, heroin.
- Amphetamines – speed, ecstasy, methamphetamine.
- Smoking mixtures – a variety of spice.
- Empathogens and psychedelics – LSD, "salt".
- Hypnotics, tranquilizers – barbiturates.
- Inhalants – solvents, paints.
The most famous modern drugs:
- Speed, or speed. The crystals of this substance smoke, inhale. It is derived from ephedrine, like other amphetamines. It refers to the "club" drugs, as it stimulates the central nervous system, deprives sleep, gives a long, unnatural vigor to the body.
- LSD (acid). Odorless powder, or liquid, which is impregnated with paper. It is administered orally. It causes hallucinations, and has a cumulative effect, sometimes causing insanity.
- Ecstasy. Strengthens emotions, activity, the need for communication, deprives fear and anxiety. Often leads to the development of hallucinations.
- Salts, or synthetic cathinones. The effect of them is similar to that of amphetamines, in appearance they resemble bath salt crystals. They are one of the most dangerous, highly addictive, types of drugs. They are used in various ways – they can even be drunk as an additive to drinks.
- Spices. The common name for smoking blends containing synthetic cannabinoids. Some of them can cause hallucinations. Drugs are unpredictable effect.
Impact on the body
The fact that the addict does not need a syringe when consuming drugs aggravates the speed of addiction. It is sometimes impossible to detect the presence of spices and salts in the human body due to the lack of necessary test systems. But the effect of "synthetics" on the body is even more serious than the use of opiates.
Synthetic drugs very slowly decompose and are eliminated from the body. Some, probably, will not appear never, continuing to render the destructive action. Their effect lasts from 3 hours to 2-3 days, depending on the species. As for how much synthetic drugs hold in blood and urine, everything depends on the type of drug: 1-2 days – amphetamines; up to a week and more – salt, spice with regular use.
Substances give the following sensations:
- Insomnia (persistent);
- Increased activity;
- Hallucinations and
At the end of exposure there is a strong anxiety, fear of death, anxiety, and phobias appear. The man again begins to look for a drug, sometimes even not having enough sleep, he comes "marathon". Some even after 2-3 weeks of sobriety appeared hallucinations: this is how modern “salts” destroy the nervous system. Drugs bind to several types of brain receptors, integrating into normal processes and making it so that the body can no longer exist without them. Emotions without “synthetics” are dull, the pleasure from life is absent – a person almost instantly becomes addicted.
Harm and consequences
One who is "addicted" to a synthetic drug can rarely return to normal human society without consequences. Chemicals quickly destroy the cells of the central nervous system, adversely affecting the intellect, frustrate thinking, attention, memory. Many seriously disturb sleep: a dependent person sometimes does not sleep without pills, naturally for a month or more.
Drug addicts who have hooked on "synthetics" suffer greatly and physical health.
Immunity and hormonal balance are seriously impaired after a long reception, which leads to:
- Frequent colds.
- Fungal diseases.
- Ulcers on the skin.
- Change of the menstrual cycle.
- Infertility and impotence.
- Heart Disease.
The danger of synthetic drugs is in their unpredictability, because sometimes even their creators do not know exactly the formula that resulted from the combination of ingredients. Use threatens with schizophrenia and other serious consequences and never passes for nothing. In the video about the effects of taking different types of synthetic drugs:
Symptoms of the use of "chemistry"
It is impossible to detect certain drugs in the blood and urine, which exacerbates the complexity of diagnosing addiction. But according to external signs, it is difficult not to notice the development of drug addiction in a loved one – they are always bright, on the face.
Marked changes in the psyche will come later, after a few months, and at the beginning the symptoms of use may be:
- Decreased concentration, impaired thinking, loss of meaning in conversations.
- Sloppyness, lack of self-criticism.
- The frequent appearance of high spirits, anomalous energy.
- Various behavioral disorders.
- Too emotional speech.
- Excessive courage, bragging, bravado.
- Increased sexual desire (under the action of the drug).
- Mood swings – from fun to aggressive to an addict not far.
- Tantrums, whims (with abstinence syndrome), depression, up to suicide attempts.
- Dry, pale skin, or, on the contrary, redness of the cheeks.
- Weight loss.
Almost all people who consume salt for a long time have the appearance of an untidy, swollen face, hands, severely fallen intellect.
Is overdose possible?
Obtaining an overdose by using "chemistry" is somewhat more difficult than with opioid addiction. Still, these cases are not uncommon, and any drug addict who has become addicted to synthetic drugs has at least once felt the unpleasant symptoms of an overdose. The toxic threshold of "synthetics" is higher, so the death is less frequent, but in this state, drug addicts often settle scores with life because of the hallucinations that have arisen.
Overdose may have the following symptoms:
- Increase and jumps in pressure and pulse;
- Pupil dilation;
- Disruption of the liver and kidneys;
- Temperature rise;
- Mental disorders;
- Occasionally – swelling of the brain, coma.
Usually, when excessive salt is used, a state of acute psychosis develops, which is very difficult to remove. Often these patients go to psychiatric clinics for a long time. In 3-5% of cases of severe overdose, death occurs due to the failure of vital organs.
How to remove from the body?
Refusing synthetic drugs is a chance to save your own life. After the cessation of the use of "chemistry", it is important to detoxify the body and complete treatment. It is better to turn to an experienced narcologist for cleansing from drugs, because synthetic substances are very firmly fixed in the tissues.
At home, the following methods will help to partially remove the drug from the body:
- Consumption of a large volume of fluid.
- Acceptance of diuretic drugs.
- Gastric lavage (with recent drug use).
- Reception of sorbents.
- Drinking milk.
Drinking coffee, strong tea for synthetic drug addiction is prohibited, as they excite the nervous system and can aggravate the condition of the addict. In the hospital, the patient will be offered a much better purification of the blood and the whole body using the methods of plasma exchange, hemosorption. If the decision to give up the bad habit is firm, it is better to trust the professionals, and then contact the rehabilitation center.
According to doctors, it is very difficult to heal a salt addict, as well as a patient who abuses spice. The drug in certain tissues of the body is kept for years, and the addiction is very strong because of the strong connection of the active ingredients of the drug with the brain receptors.
Such people do detoxification and release, or put them in a psychiatric hospital. Therefore, it is important to abandon the drug as early as possible, to seek help and vocational rehabilitation. More often, the diagnosis is removed after a full and early treatment, which means a happy outcome!