Human rights declared by the relevant document..
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides for the equality and freedom of all people since their birth.
Therefore, we should understand why the rights of the child are different from the rights of an adult in any country.
To determine the difference between children’s rights and adult rights, it is enough to remember who can participate in the political life of their state.
For example, only those who have reached the age of majority take part in elections. At the same time many years ago, in Greece, all free men who were 12 years old were considered adults.
In the modern world in most countries, voting is possible only after the age of eighteen.
Therefore, we can conclude that the child has less rights than his parents. It is necessary to thoroughly figure out what rights adults have, and children do not, and why such inequality is justified.
Up to a certain age, children are cared for by their parents or guardians. In most cases, some family norms parents determine for their child themselves.
Therefore, it often happens that what is acceptable in one family is absolutely not allowed in another.
What is the difference between the rights of children and adults
It is quite natural that all small children are limited in their rights and duties. Despite the equality, which is recognized by law, in fact it turns out that the older the child becomes, the more rights he acquires.
First of all, this is due to the care of the kids, because they do not have such an experience as adults and unconsciously can endanger their own lives and health.
Children are much weaker than adults and simply cannot bear full responsibility for their actions.
Therefore, the restriction of the rights of a minor child is connected with the fact that his inexperience and lack of education in some issues can harm others or him.
But, unfortunately, in practice it also happens that an adult suppresses his child as he has no rights. Not all parents take into account the fact that the child already understands everything and is able to be fully responsible for their actions.
Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CIT) was adopted in 1989 at the UN General Assembly. This document lists internationally recognized rights of a child.
The convention was drafted and approved by the relevant institutions to emphasize the fact that adults often forget.
A child is also a person with all the attendant rights, as in adults.. The convention treats a child as an individual who has human rights. And no one has ownership of the child, not even the parents.
The general rights of the child and adults are human rights, which means the following:
- act for everyone;
- age, gender, nationality and other signs do not matter.
Therefore, in many respects children have the same rights as adults. When it comes to the rights of the child, the human rights of the child are implied.
According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, children of different gender and age have different interests and needs, but they all have the same rights and must have equal treatment.
In addition to rights, children also have certain responsibilities, like all members of society.. The right of the child ends where the right of another child or adult begins.
This means that every child must respect the rights of other children and adults. Rights and duties go hand in hand.
Rights and duties of children:
- Children have the right to education, but at the same time, they are required to attend school.
- Children have the right to health care, and they must take care of their own health.
- Children have the inalienable right to freedom of speech, at the same time they are obliged to respect the rights of other children and adults and, above all, the right to protection of honor and dignity.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child grants him the right to independence. This means that he can exercise his rights and fulfill his duties independently.
As a child gets older, his decision-making rights and responsibilities will increase.
Until the moment when the child is not able to independently exercise their rights, the parents will make decisions and will be responsible for them. But you always need to act in the interests of the child.
In fact, even more adult children cannot always stand up for themselves, protect their own interests and rights. Therefore, they need help and protection from adults.
First of all, children need to be protected from such dangers:
In addition to protection, adults are obliged to give the child what is necessary for existence, to create good conditions for the development of the abilities and interests of the child.
Children must respect adults and other children.. In turn, adults are obliged to respect children and other adults.
After all, the basis of the environment, where people reckon with each other, is mutual respect and honor.
Basic principles of the convention
The Convention on the Rights of the Child lists 4 common basic principles:
- The ban on unequal treatment.
- The best interests of the child.
- Ensuring the existence of the child and his development.
- Respect for the views and interests of the child.
These 4 principles underlie the Convention.. They constitute the standard of a child-friendly society.
Observing the above principles, the child will be able to develop harmoniously and realize all his abilities.
The ban on unequal communication This is explained by the fact that all children have the same rights and it is impossible to communicate with one child worse because of a different gender, nationality, origin, or state of health.
Children who are different from the majority always want to be framed so that they are like everyone else. Therefore, such children are endowed with special rights – positive discrimination.
They should not feel limited in their ability to lead a happy and fulfilling life.
The best interests of the child. One of the basic principles of the Convention puts the interests of the child first. Making decisions and planning your actions, you should always take into account the interests of the child.
Of great importance in the observance of this principle is the ability to listen to the child and take into account his opinion.
Ensuring existence and development. All children have the right to life and development. The main duty of parents is to do everything possible so that the child has the opportunity to develop normally and realize their own abilities and skills.
At the same time, the state should offer parents all possible assistance, support and advice on certain issues.
If, despite the assistance provided by the state, the parents still cannot provide the child with the necessary conditions, the state should assume this responsibility.
Respect for the views of the child. In any matters relating to the child, it is necessary not only to listen, but also to take into account his opinion. This principle should be observed in all aspects of a child’s life.
According to the convention, which is valid in 2019, the rights of the child should come first. This principle concerns:
- public and private institutions.
But, unfortunately, the interests of the child are interpreted differently. When dealing with them, there may be a certain negative.
Thus, a child with regard to whom physical abuse was permitted grows up with a formed sadistic thinking.
Such children begin to raise their own children in the same way.
Therefore, the main principle of the convention, for which adults are responsible, should always be considered together with other, equally important principles.
Adults do not always take children’s rights seriously and responsibly. It is easier for some to think that they are right only because they are older.
Naturally, children have no life experience, and it is very difficult for them to answer for their own actions in such a contradictory world. Therefore, adults have such rights that children do not have.
As practice shows, it is quite difficult for adults to accept the right of children to their own opinions.. In most cases, parents forget about such a child’s right and act for it.