Ultrasound – the most accessible, informative and safe method of diagnosis in various fields of medicine.
In gynecology, ultrasound of the pelvic organs, which is based on the principle of echolocation, is considered an integral part of the examination, which allows a special transducer emitting ultrasonic vibrations to display the state of internal organs, and using computer processing to get a clear image on the monitor screen.
Thus, it is possible to visualize disorders or pathologies in the pelvic organs and determine the shape, structure, structure, position of the uterus and its appendages, ovaries, and other organs of the genitourinary system.
Ultrasound in gynecology and obstetrics is used in almost all violations of the urogenital system, there are no contraindications to the procedure. However, like any other medical procedure, an ultrasound scan needs to be prepared, it will help the doctor to better visualize the genitals and get a reliable result that allows you to make a picture of the disease, make a diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
At the reception at the gynecologist, a woman should have a calendar of the menstrual cycle, this will help determine with accuracy on which day to prescribe an ultrasound examination.
The optimal time for ultrasound in gynecology
Ultrasound examination for prophylactic purposes or during the first examination can be performed on any day of the menstrual cycle, with the exception of menstruation.
If women have a history of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system, pathological symptoms, or when the first examination did not help the doctor to identify violations, then ultrasound diagnosis is prescribed on certain days, or often carried out, it allows you to monitor the condition of internal organs.
So, consider several common diseases, and physiological disorders in which the examination is carried out on specific days.
- uterine fibroids;
- inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system;
- after abortion and other surgical interventions;
- ovarian dysfunction;
- endometrial hyperplasia;
- ovarian tumors and cysts;
- suspicion of pregnancy.
The best day for ultrasound of the pelvic organs is considered the first 3-5 days after the end of menstruation, but no later than the 7–10th day of the menstrual cycle. As a rule, together with the examination of the uterus, the ovaries and fallopian tubes are examined, so this procedure is performed on the same day.
When a woman has a menstruation delay, or there is a suspicion of pregnancy, and more than 14 days have passed since ovulation, you can go to the doctor yourself, this delay can often indicate pregnancy or the presence of a cyst.
In addition to a specific day for examination, there are two diagnostic methods: transabdominal (through the front wall of the abdomen), transvaginal (ultrasound sensor is inserted into the vagina).
- Transabdominal – does not require special preparation, is carried out with a full bladder. This method allows the physician to conduct examinations during menstruation or intrauterine bleeding.
- Transvaginal – is considered more informative, allows you to assess the structure of organs from different angles, but is carried out only after menstruation in a certain phase of the menstrual cycle.
Based on the above information, it can be concluded that ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is better in the first phase of the menstrual cycle. During this period, the mucous membrane of the uterus is quite thin and is easily served inspection.
In the second phase, the endometrium thickens and it is much harder to diagnose the pathology. In the first days after menstruation, functional vesicles are formed in the ovaries that are completely harmless to women, but the doctor may mistake them for pathological cysts, therefore, when examining the ovaries, an ultrasound scan is recommended several times in a different cycle of the month.
Assign a day for the ultrasound diagnosis can only the attending physician. In order to prevent healthy women, ultrasound of the pelvic organs can be performed in the first phase of the cycle, because in this period the necessary organs in which the pathological process can develop are better. Also, given the safety of the procedure, if necessary, it can be performed frequently, this will help monitor the course of the disease and the functioning of the organs of the genitourinary system.