What vitamins are better for pregnant women?

When a woman becomes registered for pregnancy, she has to undergo a medical examination.

After the diagnosis, the doctor makes recommendations on nutrition, the day regimen and the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes. Do you really need to drink vitamins from the first days of pregnancy?

Why are vitamins needed for pregnant women?

In the period of childbearing a woman’s body is subjected to a double load, as it is forced to provide the mother and the fetus that forms inside her with oxygen and nutrients.

To maintain your health, it is necessary to facilitate the functioning of internal organs and systems. To do this, it is recommended to use proper nutrition, as well as taking vitamin and mineral complexes.

In addition, many pregnant women in the first trimester suffer from toxicosis. Nausea provokes the rejection of certain types of foods saturated with vitamins that are beneficial in this period. Vomiting leads to the loss of necessary substances, for example, vitamin E and calcium, which can cause miscarriage.

When should I start taking vitamins?

At all, Doctors do not advise to use any vitamin-mineral complexes in early pregnancy, since at this time there is a bookmark of the baby’s organs, and the majority of multivitamins, in addition to nutrients, contain not very useful supplements that can harm the embryo.

Most of the complex vitamins for pregnant women should be taken from the second trimester.

Only in some cases, for example, with very strong toxicosis, early pregnancy, early pregnancy after the previous one, doctors prescribe certain vitamin-mineral complexes developed specifically for the first trimester of pregnancy.

In fact, at the preparatory stage for pregnancy, doctors advise focusing on nutrition in order to prevent a shortage of substances needed to maintain the proper development of the child and the mother’s well-being.

Should remember that an overabundance of vitamins is no less dangerous than a deficiency. Thus, excessive accumulation of vitamin E in the body can lead to disruption of platelet function, and excessive consumption of vitamin C provokes kidney disease in the mother and gestosis.

The excessive presence of vitamin D can cause calcification of the renal vessels of the mother and calcification of the placenta, as well as the bones of the skull and womb in the developing fetus.

Therefore, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the dose recommended by the gynecologist and use only the prescribed vitamins.

Vitamins and trace elements necessary for a woman during pregnancy

To understand why a pregnant woman needs intake of vitamins, you should carefully understand what effect they have on the mother and fetus:

Vitamin B9 or folic acid

It is recommended to start taking folic acid 3 months before the planned pregnancy, and continue 2-4 weeks, sometimes up to 16 weeks after conception.

Necessity for a fruit:

  • formation of the neural tube, from which the brain subsequently develops,
  • formation of the placenta, reduction of the risk of miscarriage and missed abortion,
  • reducing the risk of malformations such as cleft lip, hydrocephalus, spina bifida.

Need for mother:

  • increased immune defense
  • reduction of depression,
  • normalization of digestion,
  • prevention of anemia.

The recommended daily dose is 0.4-0.8 mg. From this amount, the child takes about 0.2.

Depending on the condition of the woman and the presence of chronic diseases, the dosage may be increased.

An overabundance leads to hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the epithelial layer of the kidneys, increased irritability and dyspepsia in a child.

Reception is recommended to begin 2-3 months before conception and continue until 2 months after fertilization.

Necessity for a fruit:

  • formation of bone tissue, retina, mucous membranes,
  • to stimulate red blood cells and nerve tissue cells.

Need for mother:

  • reducing the risk of dermatitis, visual acuity, conjunctivitis, bone fragility.

The recommended daily intake is 750 mg.

Overdose leads to pathologies of the nervous system, genital organs, kidneys and limbs of the fetus, carotene jaundice, congenital heart valve disease.

In pregnant women, an excess of vitamin causes headaches, fatigue, blood clotting disorders, sudden jumps in blood pressure.

It is recommended to start taking women who smoke 2 months before conception. In the first trimester is used for the purpose of the gynecologist.

What vitamins are better for pregnant women?

Necessity for a fruit:

  • prevention of possible infection by pathogenic microorganisms.

Need for mother:

  • increase immunity
  • strengthening the walls of blood vessels
  • facilitating the absorption of iron.

The recommended daily intake is 60-90 mg.

Overdose leads to impaired blood clotting, the risk of allergies, poor glucose uptake, kidney disease, preeclampsia.

It is recommended to start reception before conception and continue during the first trimester.

Necessity for a fruit:

  • development of the placenta
  • preparation of the lungs
  • reducing the risk of miscarriage.

Need for mother:

  • normalization of the process of blood clotting and circulation,
  • increased tissue regeneration
  • reducing the risk of anemia.

The recommended daily intake is 15-20 mg.

According to individual indications, the dosage may be increased. However, an overdose causes a violation of platelet functionality in the fetus.

For women, the danger lies in apathy, high fatigue, visual impairment, problems with digestion. The excess of the element leads to a decrease in the digestibility of other vitamins.

It is taken on the recommendation of a doctor.

Necessity for a fruit:

  • formation of bone and connective tissue, nerve cells,
  • the formation of internal organs, skin, organs of vision, nails, hair.

Need for mother:

  • reducing the risk of tooth decay and increased bone fragility,
  • elimination of cramps of the gastrocnemius muscles, insomnia, nervousness.

The recommended daily dose of 1500 mg.

Depending on the period of development of the fetus, the amount of calcium consumed by the embryo varies significantly. In the early stages of the need is only 2-3 mg per day, closer to the birth for the formation of the skeleton – 200-250.

Overdose leads to impaired functionality of the urinary system, increases the risk of kidney stones, urinary and gall bladder, causes blood pressure spikes and vascular spasms, prevents the absorption of magnesium.

For the fetus, the danger lies in the calcification of the placenta, which prevents the supply of the required amount of nutrients, as well as to the early ossification of the skull.

In most regions of the country, iodine is recommended for permanent use in order to maintain the functionality of the thyroid gland.

Iodine should be consumed at least 6 months before the planned conception and throughout pregnancy.

Necessity for a fruit:

  • obtaining the necessary hormones from the mother’s body,
  • proper formation of the brain, heart muscle, genital organs, musculoskeletal system.

Need for mother:

  • maintaining normal hormonal balance,
  • decrease in depressions, drowsiness, fragility of bones.

The recommended daily intake is 200-250 mcg.

Overdose leads to swelling of tissues, conjunctivitis, allergies, yellowness of the skin, painful sensations in the joints, diarrhea, the appearance of blood in the urine, nausea, and impaired thyroid function.

This is another important element that is necessary during pregnancy. The fact is that by the second trimester, hemoglobin begins to decrease. And a common cause of this pathology is the lack of iron.

As a result, iron deficiency anemia develops. This condition is quite dangerous, since hemoglobin carries oxygen to the baby.

The daily need for pregnant women in this element is 60 mg.

Also during pregnancy it is important to get enough potassium, magnesium, selenium, phosphorus, manganese, selenium, vitamins D, PP, groups B, biotin, polyunsaturated fatty acids.

These are only basic microelements and vitamins that any vitamin complex for pregnant women should contain.

All the listed items a woman can get with food. However, in this case it is difficult to adjust the dosage. Therefore, doctors and advised to use special supplements.

What vitamins are necessary for pregnant women, why they are prescribed and the degree of their importance is described in this video.

Advantages and disadvantages of the popular vitamin-mineral complexes: the names of the best complexes

Often women are interested in which vitamins for pregnant women are good?

It is worth remembering – there are no best vitamins. The ideal drug for one pregnant woman can cause unpleasant side effects in another.

However, you can individually consider the advantages and disadvantages of the popular vitamin and mineral supplements.

Compliant “Mom”

Production Russia. One of the inexpensive vitamin complexes for pregnant women.

Designed specifically for use during pregnancy and lactation in women with increased thyroid function.

  • content of all recommended first trimester elements, except iodine;
  • compliance with the daily dosage of calcium, vitamins A, C, E and folic acid;
  • copper, zinc and manganese are needed for better calcium absorption;
  • small-sized vitamins are easy to swallow;
  • relatively low cost.
  • in some cases, there is a low efficiency;
  • The drug can cause side effects, such as increased toxicosis, allergic reactions, digestive disorders, diarrhea.
  • lack of iodine.

Vitrum Prenatal

Manufacturer Unipharm, Inc. (USA). Designed for pregnant and lactating women with increased thyroid function.

  • the presence of a set of all the necessary elements in the first trimester, except iodine;
  • The excess content of iron and folic acid is due to the inevitable loss of elements during intestinal absorption.
  • high price;
  • large pills difficult to swallow;
  • possible manifestation of side effects in the form of nausea allergy;
  • Often marked “black stools”, triggered by a high content of iron.

Manufacturer Merck KGaA & Co. WerkSpittal (Austria). Multivitamin complex recommended when planning conception and pregnancy.

  • the presence of potassium iodide;
  • easy digestibility;
  • the content of almost complete set of necessary elements, except for vitamin A;
  • optimal vitamin-mineral composition, selected for different periods of pregnancy
  • high price;
  • lack of vitamin A;
  • Among the side effects may cause headache, apathy, fatigue.

Manufacturer “Merkle ratiofarm” (Germany). Multivitamin complex recommended during pregnancy.

  • the content of vitamins A, C, E, folic acid, iron, dyscium phosphate;
  • optimal iron and folic acid levels inhibit the development of anemia.
  • high price;
  • lack of iodine;
  • side effects in the form of constipation, increased flatulence, skin rash allergies;
  • the presence of dye in the shell;

Mother’s health “Alphabet”

One of the series of vitamins “Alphabet”, intended for pregnant and lactating women, made in Russia.

The daily dose of all vitamins is divided into 3 tablets, each containing only the combined vitamins and trace elements.

  • division of the complex into 3 tablets to increase the digestibility of vitamins and minerals;
  • the presence of iodine;
  • one pack is enough for the full course;
  • cheap vitamins for pregnant women.
  • pills are taken at intervals of 3-4 hours, some women forget about the time of admission;
  • the size of the tablet with vitamin D is too large, it is difficult to swallow the pill, it is necessary to divide it into parts.

Elevit Pronatal

Manufacturer Roche (France). Multivitamin complex for pregnant women.

  • a complete set of vitamins, as well as trace elements necessary during pregnancy, except for iodine;
  • effectively maintains the condition of the skin, nail plates, hair;
  • increases vigor, reduces emotional instability.
  • high price;
  • lack of iodine;
  • large pill size is inconvenient for ingestion;
  • Side effects include a negative effect on kidney function, constipation, and an allergic reaction in the form of a skin rash.

Centrum Materna

Rottendorf Pharma GmbH (Germany), Pfizer Canada Inc. (Canada). This is a multivitamin complex for pregnant women.

  • the presence of iodine;
  • balanced composition;
  • improvement of hair, nail plates, skin.
  • individual intolerance;
  • high price.

Multi-tabs Perinatal

Manufacturer “Ferrosan A / C”, Denmark. Vitamin and mineral complex, designed specifically for pregnant and lactating women.

  • balanced composition, except iodine;
  • convenient form of tablets;
  • low cost;
  • one pack is enough for 2 months.
  • lack of iodine;
  • may increase toxicity;
  • side effects in the form of a skin rash, sometimes causing exacerbation of chronic diseases of the digestive tract;
  • reduced levels of iron, magnesium and vitamin C.

Solgar Prenatal Nutrients

Manufacturer Solgar (USA). Multivitamins recommended during pregnancy.

  • optimal combination of cost and quality;
  • full composition for pregnant women, including iodine.
  • large pill size;
  • daily need to drink 4 tablets;
  • constipation is among the side effects.
  • high price.

Manufacturer Argo Russia. Lonopan is a vitamin and mineral supplement for pregnant women.

  • pleasant taste;
  • separation of tablets into morning and evening intake to improve the efficiency of the assimilation of elements;
  • Separate complexes are provided which contain iodine and iron or calcium.
  • uncomfortable packaging;
  • one pack is enough for 2 weeks;
  • high price;
  • morning reception involves 2 tablets, evening – 2-4.

Ladys Formula

Prenatal Optima series of vitamins.

Producer Vita Pharm Canada (Canada), Pharmamed (USA). Recommended during preparation for pregnancy and after conception.

  • optimal composition with iodine content;
  • favorably affects the condition of hair, nail plates and skin;
  • good combination of price and quality;
  • reduce fatigue and emotional irritability.
  • the possibility of an allergic reaction;
  • lack of calcium.

Producer “World Medic”, UK, multivitamins for pregnant and lactating.

  • the content of almost all the necessary elements;
  • packing is enough for a month;
  • reception is divided into morning and evening;
  • small pill form makes it easier to take.
  • side effects include nausea, allergies;
  • high price.
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