Cramps occur in children with a variety of diseases.
At the same time, strong spontaneous muscle contractions, drooling, foam formation are often observed, intestine and bladder control are lost, the child may fall down and even stop breathing.
It is quite clear that timely and competently provided first aid in children with convulsions is of great importance. First aid to a child with convulsions. Despite the fact that convulsions in children usually cause severe fright in parents, they last no more than 30-45 seconds. Please be aware that the seizure that has begun cannot be stopped. It is necessary to call for emergency medical care and, before her arrival, take all measures to protect the baby from negative consequences and possible injuries.
If a child has cramps, what to do first:
– calm down and act confidently; – call an ambulance; – release the child from tight clothing, unbutton a belt, belt, collar; – choose a safe place with a flat surface and put it on the left side to open air access to the respiratory tract; – remove dangerous, sharp and hard objects; – between your teeth put a handkerchief rolled up in a tight bundle to avoid biting the tongue; – provide fresh air; – if the attack started from strong crying, the baby “stitched”, turned blue, then you need to reflexively restore his breathing: bring liquid ammonia, splash water, press the root of the tongue with a spoon, then give a sedative (you can get valerian tincture – as many drops as a child can) .
In the case of convulsions in infants, they require some additional measures. To ensure the airway is passable, first of all:
– clean the mouth and throat of infants from food debris, vomit or mucus (by mechanical means or using an electric suction unit); – prevent the tongue from falling down by installing an air vent (if any) or by raising the corners of the lower jaw; – turn the baby’s head on its side. What to do if the child’s temperature is accompanied by convulsions If the child’s temperature rises above 38 ° C, then he may develop so-called febrile convulsions. A cold, ARVI and even some vaccinations can provoke them.
Febrile seizures at a child’s temperature also require fast and competent first aid.
– undress the child; – to ensure the ventilation of the room and a decrease in air temperature; – Give the baby antipyretic (preferably candles with paracetamol); – use all sorts of methods to reduce the body temperature of the child (alcohol, acetic or water rubdown, fanning, putting cold (ice) on the carotid and femoral artery).
Are there leg cramps in children?
Sometimes children have spasms of the calf muscles, which are mistakenly called seizures. You should know that leg cramps in children is a disease of myoclonia, in which it reduces the muscles of the legs, without losing consciousness.
Spasms of the gastrocnemius muscles most often occur in cold water. Also, such cramps are often observed in a child in a dream, especially after a strong strain of the legs. These symptoms are associated with various diseases of the spine and brain, as well as a drop in the level of calcium in the body.
To remove these spasms it is recommended: to take the tips of the toes and pull over; Perform some strong tweezers.
Very effectively, the spasm of the calf muscles is removed by a needle prick, but this procedure should be carried out only by specially trained people who are well aware of the points of sticking. Self-injection may damage the nerves and vessels located on the surface, as well as introduce infection into the body.
Having provided appropriate assistance to the child with convulsions, it is necessary to let him fall asleep. Deep sleep will restore his strength.