During pregnancy, a runny nose can occur completely by chance and bring a lot of problems to the future mom. Even the most common cold can adversely affect the development of the fetus, and difficulty in nasal breathing disrupts the sleep of a woman.
The problem lies in the fact that during pregnancy the use of many drugs is undesirable, which greatly complicates the treatment of rhinitis. What causes the appearance of rhinitis, what can be dripped into the nose during pregnancy and how dangerous is this pathological condition of the body for the fetus?
Causes and symptoms of rhinitis
Pregnant rhinitis – physiological rhinitis caused by hormonal changes in the body
A runny nose during pregnancy is considered to be quite common, and there may be several reasons for its occurrence. Most often, rhinitis occurs in women with a weakened immune system during this period. The fact is that for the future mom is not difficult to catch a cold or catch a respiratory infection, and a runny nose is one of the associated symptoms of such pathologies. In the event that a woman has become infected with a viral disease, rhinitis is complemented by the appearance of sore throat, headache, cough and fever.
In such a situation, it is important to start treatment as soon as possible, since the infection can cause complications in the fetus. In some cases, the hormonal alteration of the female body becomes the main cause of the development of rhinitis during pregnancy. A severe swelling of the nasal mucosa develops, nasal congestion appears and mucus is secreted. This disease is non-infectious in nature and in medical practice has been called vasomotor rhinitis.
Most often, this disease is detected in a woman in the second half of pregnancy and passes on its own without special treatment immediately after giving birth.
With this type of rhinitis, special medical therapy is not required, but it is still necessary to alleviate the condition of the future mom.
In some cases, a runny nose may be allergic. With this pathology, a woman complains of a large amount of discharge from the nasal cavity and sneezing. Allergic rhinitis can be seasonal or develop under the influence of some factors:
Such a runny nose can disturb the patient both throughout life, and occur for the first time during pregnancy.
Rhinitis in women is accompanied by wheezing, and it is noticeably increased in the supine position or during any physical exertion. Medical practice shows that most often this
Viruses, bacteria or allergens can cause the common cold.
pathological condition develops in 2-3 trimester, but often worries and throughout the entire period of gestation. Nasal breathing problems affect a woman’s mood, and can also cause insomnia and refusal to eat.
The main difference between a runny nose during pregnancy and rhinitis of infectious origin is the absence of intoxication of the woman’s body and the inflammatory reaction. This means that the runny nose of pregnant women does not cause a rise in body temperature, headaches and aches in the limbs, which is characteristic of manifestations of a bacterial and viral disease. The appearance of heavy discharge from the nose is considered one of the signs of an infectious or allergic disease.
If a woman has a nasal nose during pregnancy for a long time, then sinusitis can develop when an infection is attached. With this disease, a feeling of fullness of the sinuses appears, and women say that the nose is completely clogged.
Is rhinitis dangerous for the fetus?
Infectious rhinitis can cause complications in fetal development
Often a runny nose in women during pregnancy indicates the presence of a viral infection in the body. In fact, viruses pose a serious danger to the child during his fetal development, and especially in the first trimester. In the event that fetal infection occurs during this period, the central nervous system suffers first.
With a stuffy nose, the future mom can’t breathe deeply. In such a situation, she is forced to actively breathe air through her mouth, taking superficial and less voluminous breaths. The volume of air that penetrates the lungs is noticeably reduced compared with normal breathing through the nose.
All this leads to the fact that the blood contains a smaller amount of oxygen, which penetrates through the placenta to the fetus. The result of this pathological condition is hypoxia, which causes delays in the development of the child.
With prolonged and severe rhinitis in a pregnant woman, mental retardation in a child is possible after birth.
In the event that a runny nose persists for more than a month, it becomes chronic. In this pathological condition, fetal hypoxia becomes chronic and the result is fetal death or the threat of miscarriage. The development of rhinitis on the background of acute respiratory infections or general hypothermia of the body can lead to premature labor or other abnormalities of pregnancy.
What drops can be used for a cold?
Only doctor can prescribe safe treatment of rhinitis!
In the event that a runny nose appears during pregnancy, it is important to choose the right and safe drops. The fact is that the independent use of drugs can cause the development of various problems in the fetus, for example, disruption of the pancreas or heart.
Usually, nasal drops contain substances that cause constriction of the blood vessels. The result of this is the fact that the fetus receives a much smaller amount of oxygen, which can adversely affect its development. It is for this reason that in the treatment of rhinitis during pregnancy it is necessary to use only special safe drops.
When choosing drops from rhinitis during pregnancy, preference should be given to those whose basis is essential little. In addition, experts recommend using drugs in the form of an ointment or spray for treatment.
A good effect in the fight against rhinitis in future moms give Protargol drops, which must be pre-ordered at the pharmacy.
Another safe and effective treatment for rhinitis in pregnant women are saline solutions. They can be used both for washing the nose and to eliminate the cold. The following means are considered the safest:
Especially popular in the treatment of rhinitis during pregnancy are nasal drops Pinosol. The main component of this drug are essential oils, which have a beneficial effect on the mucous membrane.
Prohibited drops during pregnancy
Before using the means for the nose you need to read the instructions!
It should be remembered that in the treatment of any diseases during pregnancy should consult a specialist. The fact is that many drops to eliminate the common cold contain substances that are absolutely contraindicated for women during pregnancy.
The following drugs are most dangerous:
- Pseudoephedrine – such a substance not only does not help a woman to get rid of the cold, but can also cause the development of various anomalies and complications in the fetus. The use of drops with such a substance can cause underdevelopment of the extremities and congenital tracheoesophageal fistula, which requires emergency surgical intervention.
- Phenylpropanolamine is part of some nasal drops and usually does not cause any harm to an adult. Using a drug with such a substance during pregnancy can cause congenital hearing abnormalities in the fetus. In addition, there is a danger of pyloric stenosis, which requires an emergency operation.
- Phenylephrine can cause irreparable harm to a developing fetus. Such a substance increases the detection of congenital heart defects in a child several times. With such a pathological condition of the child’s body, an emergency surgical intervention is necessary, otherwise death is possible.
Before you begin to use various nasal drops to eliminate the cold during pregnancy, you must carefully study the attached instructions. After all, inattention and unwillingness to visit a specialist can lead to irreparable consequences.
Treatment of allergic rhinitis
To cure allergic rhinitis, you need to identify and eliminate the allergen.
During pregnancy, a serious hormonal alteration of the body occurs, which can cause the development of allergic rhinitis. Such a disease should be treated with extreme caution, and if symptoms appear, seek medical help. The choice of a particular treatment method for allergic rhinitis during pregnancy is determined by the allergen that caused the reaction.
With such a disease, the use of vasoconstrictor drugs is usually not prescribed during pregnancy and the use of antihistamines is minimized. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of drugs in the event that allergic rhinitis occurred in the first trimester. The use of nasal corticosteroids is contraindicated in small periods of pregnancy.
More information on how to treat a runny nose during pregnancy can be found in the video:
The following agents can be used to flush the nose:
It is possible to carry out inhalations with weakly alkaline mineral water or breathe over boiled potatoes. To alleviate the overall condition, you can use the asterisk balm, applying it to the wings of the nose and temples.
A runny nose during pregnancy causes a lot of anxiety to the future mom and can be dangerous for the fetus. Any treatment must be agreed with the doctor, in order to avoid dangerous consequences for the woman and the fetus.