What medications can you take while pregnant with a cold?
Ideally, future moms do not get sick at all, but, unfortunately, not everyone can avoid the flu and cold. What if you still get sick? What medications can I take for pregnant women with a cold? Let’s try to figure it out together.
The main thing pregnant women should remember: during the period of carrying a baby, but also with, because some herbs are sometimes more dangerous than medicines. many drugs (), which contain alcohol. Without a doubt, the prescription of medications for pregnant women should be kept to a minimum. But to start a cold, which can cause complications, is also impossible.
What can you take?
If you feel any discomfort, you should consult a doctor: even if it is not so dangerous for you, a cold can affect your child. In addition, you should know what can be used from traditional medicine, and what is not. When you have a cold, it is important to drink plenty of fluids, but with plenty of caution you need to be careful in the third trimester. Be sure to take if you have not taken them before. In their composition must necessarily be. When coughing and sore throat oil, honey and milk will help, as well as inhalation, but if you can not do without drugs, you can use “” (spray for the throat) and cough syrups – “” or “”. From the cold, sea water “” and vegetable drops “” will help. If your temperature rises above 38.5, then you can use paracetamol-based antipyretic drugs; they are also effective for headaches.
What should be discarded?
Remember that during pregnancy you are contraindicated in the use of dietary supplements and most antibiotics, which, in the treatment of influenza and ARVI, are also ineffective, since they affect not bacteria but bacteria. You can not take aspirin and drugs that contain it. in case of cold use, and if applied, very carefully. Under the prohibition of foot baths, as well as decoctions and tinctures of calendula.
It is unrealistic to list which medications can be taken by pregnant women with a cold and which are not. There are currently too many drugs. Therefore, at the first symptoms of a cold, be sure to contact a doctor, entrust the choice of a safe means to him.
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What cold remedies can be taken during pregnancy
During pregnancy, it is difficult to avoid colds, especially if the period of happy waiting falls in the autumn-winter period. In this case, the woman immediately has a question: what can overcome the disease so as not to harm the baby and get rid of discomfort in the shortest time possible? Cold medicine during pregnancy can be taken, but not all, and in a certain amount. Today we will look at what is possible and what cannot be done with ARVI and flu for expectant mothers.
Most importantly, remember that a medical consultation is required! Only he can accurately determine your diagnosis and prescribe the permitted dose of cold medicine that can be taken during pregnancy, even if you have already experienced a cold, a sore throat and fever a thousand times.
What not to do when you have a cold
If during pregnancy you feel unwell, weakness and you have symptoms of a cold, you should immediately start combating them. But, bearing a baby’s heart, it’s worth knowing that it’s strictly forbidden and can harm the fetus.
- Do not self-medicate. Even one pill of the forbidden medicine can lead to irreversible consequences for the health of the baby. Before using any cold medicine, be sure to read the instructions, paying particular attention to the point where contraindications are indicated;
- Do not abuse vitamins. Many believe that after a large dose of vitamin C, the disease will subside. But it is not. If you are already taking vitamins, then they are enough to maintain immunity, and the additional complex may entail an allergic reaction;
- Do not overheat. Do not float your feet, take hot baths and wrap yourself in warm blankets, especially if your body temperature is high.
How to deal with a cold
First of all, you should call the general practitioner at home. Even if you have no temperature or it is low, it is better not to go to the clinic. Now the body is weak and at risk of infection.
Treatment should begin as early as possible in order to prevent the development of the disease and the increase in temperature. Best of all, as a cold disease, and flu carry in bed. The body is better restored during sleep.
Regularly air the room in which you are located most of all.
Also during a cold it is worth remembering that you should not burden the body with heavy food. He now needs strength to fight off the infection. But in general, it is impossible to forget about nutrition, a new life is growing in you and she also needs energy and nutrients. Give preference to dairy and vegetable foods, you can eat dietary meat.
We treat a sore throat
According to the prescription of a doctor during pregnancy, you can use such medicines for throat: Hexoral and Ingalipt. These are aerosol preparations. Their composition does not affect the vital activity of the fetus, providing an antiseptic effect to remove inflammation from the throat mucosa.
Folk remedies that quickly relieve pain in the throat can be good helpers to medicines. Rinsing with a solution of salt and baking soda affects viruses and reduces inflammation. Rinse water should be warm, not hot. Permissible rinsing decoction of chamomile, St. John’s wort, eucalyptus and sage. Rinsing should be done about 4-5 times a day until the symptoms disappear.
Getting rid of cough
Coughing during pregnancy can be very dangerous. Dry paroxysmal cough can be a threat to abortion. In addition, it prevents the flow of oxygen to the fetus. It is necessary to fight with him. Drugs approved during pregnancy are Mukaltin and Bioparox. The second drug is antibiotic and is taken for bronchitis as prescribed by a doctor. It is practically not absorbed into the blood, so it does not have a negative effect on the fetus.
The use of certain drugs for cough should be correlated with the duration of pregnancy. It is possible to treat dry cough in the first trimester with the help of Bronhikum, Stodal, Sinekod.
In the second and third, the following are allowed: Stoptussin Syrup, Coldrex Knight, Preparations Falimint, Libexin.
For the treatment of wet cough throughout pregnancy, you can take (only by doctor’s prescription): Licorice Root Syrup, Bromhexin, Mukaltin, Bronchiprest, Gerbion, Tussin, Gadelix, Breast gathering, Doctor Mom, Linkas, Prospan.
Do not forget about folk remedies, which can also save you from discomfort and do not harm the child. Use inhalations with boiled potatoes and leaves or eucalyptus oil. Here you can add a drop of fir oil before you start breathing.
Drink tea from the leaves of mother-and-machihi, black currant, raspberry with honey, warm milk with butter. A spoon of honey can relieve coughing.
Treatment of rhinitis
Runny nose prevents live and mother and baby. Difficult breathing is a lack of oxygen. You can fight with a cold during pregnancy with the help of drugs, but remember that you can not drip vasoconstrictor drugs into your nose. These include Naphthyzinum, Tizin, Nazol, Oxymetazoline and others.
Treat rhinitis during pregnancy advised Aquamaris, Pinosol and Nazivin. These drugs relieve inflammation of the nasal mucosa, moisturize it and have antimicrobial properties.
Among the folk remedies, one can distinguish the rinsing of the nose with the following solutions and tinctures: a few drops of iodine and salt on the tip of a knife on the floor of a glass of warm water (drop 2 drops 3-4 times a day into the nose); per liter of water a teaspoon of soda (you can wash your nose every 40 minutes).
Aloe juice can be instilled, which is diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
If the temperature has risen
Colds, flu and ARVI are often accompanied by fever. It should be knocked down when it rises above 38 degrees. Antipyretic during pregnancy should be based on paracetamol. For example, Panadol. It is also allowed for headaches. Aspirin and all drugs containing it are contraindicated (Coldrex, Efferalgan).
Temperature can be overcome and traditional medicine. Many doctors even advise, first try the grandmother’s methods and only then take up the medication (but it is better to ask your doctor). You can be helped by:
- wet rubbing with warm clean water (without alcohol and vinegar);
- plentiful warm drink (tea from linden flowers, raspberry leaves, decoction of dried apples);
- carrot or beet juice;
- cranberries, mashed with honey and poured with hot water (2 large spoons of cranberries with a teaspoon of honey are poured with 3 tablespoons of water).
Treatment of any disease during pregnancy should occur under the strict supervision of a physician. If the term is still small, then you must inform the therapist about your situation, as there are a number of drugs to combat the symptoms of flu and ARVI, which are contraindicated during pregnancy.
Do not forget about the methods of preventing colds:
- temper before conception, during pregnancy you should not start;
- avoid hypothermia and contact with sick people;
- adjust your diet so that it is balanced and enriches the body with necessary vitamins.
Be attentive to your health and do not neglect the advice of doctors.
Cold and pregnancy. Pharmacologist tips
Pregnancy and medication
Medication during pregnancy
According to statistics, 80% pregnant at least once in nine months take medicine, simply by purchasing it at a pharmacy or by taking advantage of what is at home. Question: Is it possible to do this, and if not, then why?
Known fact: during of pregnancy need to take as little as possible medication. However, this does not apply to women with chronic diseases who require ongoing support with medications. It is, for example, about diabetes. Expectant mother should receive insulin – however, it is better if this happens under the supervision of a doctor: it is known that at different stages of pregnancy requires a certain dose of the drug.
By the way, for this reason, as soon as a woman with a disease that requires constant use medication, is coming pregnancy, she needs to see a doctor: perhaps the doctor will advise you to take another drug while waiting for the child.
Pregnancy and pills
And what if the future mother felt bad and she decided to make her life easier with the help of a proven tool? Try to learn the main rule: of pregnancy before you drink a pill, powder or syrup, consult a doctor, after all harmless medication can not be.
By the way, not only the child needs to think expectant mother. Because of the restructuring of the body during of pregnancy the liver and kidneys, which are responsible for processing and taking medicines, start to work differently, as a result of which the sensitivity to drugs increases, and the woman may begin allergies.
Medication at the beginning of pregnancy
Medicines especially dangerous at the beginning of pregnancy. The fact is that in the first 6-8 weeks the organs and systems of the embryo are formed, and some substances can cause malformations. In addition, the child’s body is not yet able to protect itself: its “cleansing” systems (liver, kidneys) are not yet ready to cope with this task.
At 16 weeks, the finally formed placenta begins to act as a barrier, and some drugs lose their ability to enter the child’s body. By the way, therefore, it is believed that in the second half of pregnancy take medication safer.
Forbidden medications for pregnant women
Almost all medications have contraindications and side effects: as a rule, this is referred to in the abstract. If medicine write out pregnant, it turns out that two people take him at once, one of whom is a tiny creature completely unable to protect himself. It also needs to be protected from undesirable action of the drug.
Give up the idea of self-treatment, and give the choice of medication to the experts: doctors know which drugs can harm the baby, and which do not. Remember that at different times the same drug is more or less dangerous for the child. The most “gentle” period is considered the beginning of pregnancy.
What drugs are especially dangerous for the development of the child?
Some antibiotics during pregnancy
It is known that tetracycline and its derivatives at the beginning of pregnancy can cause malformations in a child. In the later periods, it affects the growth of the child and the formation of the primordia of the teeth, which is why children often have strong caries. As for chloramphenicol, it has a bad effect on the blood organs of the future baby, and large doses of streptomycin can cause deafness.
It is known that this drug does not cause malformations in babies. It can not be taken for another reason: like all anti-inflammatory drugs, it affects the work of the heart and kidneys of the child. That is why if you have a cold or have a headache, it is better to use paracetamol.
The World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend taking this drug to adults or children, much less pregnant women. The fact is that it is very bad for the blood of a person, including very small.
Usually, it reduces high pressure. However, it is worth remembering that long-term use of the drug can cause depression in the newborn, lead to excessive sleepiness and even the so-called “reserpine” rhinitis. Fortunately, these manifestations disappear within a week after birth.
What to replace drugs for pregnant women
How to get rid of the discomfort, if doctors do not advise to abuse drugs? Take note of our tips.
It appears due to the fact that gastric acid remains in the esophagus, and does not pass into the intestine. To avoid heartburn, you should eat a little and often, drink mineral water without gas. If unpleasant sensations torment in the evenings, put big pillows under your back and sleep half-sitting. Do not get carried away with sour and spicy foods, try not to go to bed after eating.
There are plenty of reasons for their appearance: hormonal changes in the body, lack of dietary fiber and body fluids. If you just can not go “big”, rather take action: the crowded intestine puts pressure on the uterus and may cause a threat of abortion.
Be sure to exercise (there is a special set of exercises that help in this situation), drink more (up to 1.5 liters per day), review the diet in favor of products containing dietary fiber (for example, wholemeal bread, vegetable salads). Before bed, eat fruits, do not forget about beets, dried fruits, eat yogurt every day, drink kefir. In extreme cases, help glycerin candles, drug Regulaks (it contains figs and senna extract), Dufalac laxative (Solvay Pharma).
Be careful with enemas, they can cause a threatened abortion!
This viral infection is accompanied by chills, fever, headache. If these symptoms appear, be sure to call the doctor. What tools will help you cope with the disease?
- Antipyretic with paracetamol.
- Natural “antibiotics”: Chew pureed propolis? teaspoon 2-3 times a day.
- Healing drink to strengthen the immune system: mix the juice of two squeezed apples, two carrots and one beet, add a tablespoon of cranberry juice. Drink up? 3 cups a day 20 minutes before meals.
As for drugs, they will be prescribed by a doctor. Depending on the course of the disease, the doctor may recommend antibacterial agents in combination with antihistamines (tavegil, suprastin) and antifungal (nystatin) drugs. Arbidol (“Dalkhimpharm”) helps the flu, the main action of which is directed to the infectious agent.
Do not take acetylsalicylic acid and analginum!
Hemorrhoids, varicose veins As the volume of blood increases during pregnancy and the elasticity of the vessel walls worsens, the blood begins to move worse from the legs to the heart, which causes enlarged veins in the legs, labia or rectum.
To cope with hemorrhoids, first of all you need to adjust the work of the intestines, because the difficulties make the future mother to strain and cause or aggravate the disease. As for drugs, they must be prescribed with extreme caution: they penetrate the uterus through the vessels of the rectum, and from there through the placenta to the baby.
In addition to safe laxatives, warm baths with disinfectants have a good effect: add to the water a solution of furacillin or chamomile and sit in it for a while. For hemorrhoids, special ointments and suppositories help reduce swelling and pain sensation (Anestezol, Nizhpharm; Anuzol, Nizhfarm; Prokto-glivenol, Novartis). At the time of exacerbation of the disease, butadion ointment will bring relief. Venoruton (Novartis), Hepatrombin G (Hemofarm), Troxevasin – gel (Balkanpharma), Ginkor fort (Beaufour Ipsen). With regard to varicose veins on the legs, experts advise expectant mothers to wear special support tights and use the ointment, which you will be prescribed by a doctor.
If high blood pressure joins the headache, it can be a signal of the onset of gestosis. In this situation, you need to quickly call a doctor. If you have a headache and you want to relieve the discomfort, take paracetamol and get some rest. Expectant mothers who are familiar with migraines should forget about the drugs they took before pregnancy: sometimes they contain a dangerous substance for the baby – dihydroergotamine.
Both are more often worried about the expectant mother at the beginning of pregnancy and mostly in the morning. Discomfort is aggravated if the woman has low blood pressure and a lack of sugar in the blood. As for mom twins and triplets, nausea can occur due to increased hormone levels.
What to do? In the morning on an empty stomach, lying in bed, eat cookies or an apple, and even better – have breakfast in bed. During the day, eat more often, in small portions, avoid “complex” foods (fats, animal proteins). Drink mineral water without gas, mint decoction (2
Do not use vasoconstrictor drops and cough syrups, which include codeine (a substance that is close to narcotic). If you have a cold or have a headache, take paracetamol. For cough, an infusion of herbs from a coltsfoot, a thermopsis, or drugs like mukaltin, bromhexin will help. A runny nose will help cure drops – naphthyzine, sanorin or pinasol. Try washing your nose with brine (1
To calm down, drink the infusion of motherwort, valerian or consult alternative medicine: yoga, massage. Give up tranquilizers, they can cause malformations of the baby.
Pregnancy: X-ray, vaccinations
Discard the procedure, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, when the organs and systems of the baby are formed. If this study is still necessary, the doctor is obliged to take precautions, for example, during an x-ray at the dentist, a lead apron is placed on the woman’s abdomen.
Vaccination should be carried out before the planned pregnancy. Do not forget to warn the doctor that you are expecting a child before he offers you to get the vaccine.